Short Story Elements - English Teacher's Friend

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Elements of a Short Story:

Elements of a Short Story

Plot:

Plot Plot Music Video

Conflict:

Conflict A struggle between two opposing forces or characters in a text. Conflict can be external or internal .

Conflict:

Conflict Internal Conflict – a character struggles within himself person vs. himself

Conflict:

Conflict External Conflict – a character struggles against an outside force person vs. person person vs. nature person vs. society person vs. fate person vs. supernatural

Characterization:

Characterization The way an author conveys the character’s personality Two methods: Direct (telling) Indirect (showing)

Characterization:

Characterization Direct The Durselys liked everything neat and ordered; the Weasley’s house burst with the strange and unexpected.

Characterization:

Characterization Indirect – What the character says Dudley, meanwhile, was counting his presents. His face fell. “Thirty-six,” he said, looking up at his mother and father. “That’s two less than last year.” What does Dudley’s comment reveal about his personality?

Characterization:

Characterization Uncle Vernon chuckled. “Little tyke wants his money’s worth, just like his father. ‘Atta Dudley!” He ruffled Dudley’s hair. Indirect - What another character says about that character What does Uncle Vernon’s comment reveal about Dudley?

Characterization:

Characterization Indirect - What the character looks like Dudley looked a lot like Uncle Vernon. He had a large pink face, not much neck, small, watery blue eyes, and thick blond hair that lay smoothly on his thick, fat head. Does J.K. Rowling describe Dudley in a positive or negative manner? What connotations does his description carry?

Characterization:

Characterization Indirect - What the character does “I… don’t… want… him… t-t-to come!” Dudley yelled between huge, pretend sobs. “He always spoils everything!” He shot Harry a nasty grin through the gap in his mother’s arms. What do Dudley’s actions reveal about his personality?

Types of Characters:

Types of Characters PROTAGONIST the most important, or leading character; the person the reader is supposed to side with; sometimes a hero, but not always

Types of Characters:

Types of Characters ANTAGONIST the character (or force) pitted against the protagonist

Types of Characters:

Types of Characters DYNAMIC one who goes through internal growth over the course of the story

Types of Characters:

Types of Characters STATIC one who remains the same

Types of Characters:

Types of Characters FLAT having only one or two traits; can be summed up in one sentence

Types of Characters:

Types of Characters ROUND complex and many-sided

Setting:

Setting The time and place of action in a narrative, created by description

Mood:

Mood The overall atmosphere or emotional feeling of a text. The mood is often suggested by descriptive details.

Point of View:

Point of View FIRST PERSON Narrator as major character: The story is told by the narrator and is chiefly about him. Narrator as minor character : The narrator tells a story that focuses on someone other than himself, but he is still a character in the story.

Point of View:

Point of View FIRST PERSON Innocent-eyed narrator: The character telling the story may be a child or a developmentally disabled person. The contrast between what the innocent-eye narrator perceives and what the audience understands may produce an ironic effect. Stream of consciousness: The author tells the story through an unbroken flow of thought and awareness. The technique attempts to capture exactly that which is going on in the mind of a character.

Point of View:

Point of View FIRST PERSON Innocent-eyed narrator: The character telling the story may be a child or a developmentally disabled person. The contrast between what the innocent-eye narrator perceives and what the audience understands may produce an ironic effect. Stream of consciousness: The author tells the story through an unbroken flow of thought and awareness. The technique attempts to capture exactly that which is going on in the mind of a character.

Point of View:

Point of View THIRD PERSON Omniscient narrator: The author can enter the minds of all the characters. Limited omniscient narrator: The author limits her omniscience to the minds of a few of the characters or to the mind of a single character. Objective narrator: The author does not enter a single character’s mind but instead records what can be seen and heard.

Imagery:

Imagery A word or group of words which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smell.

Symbolism:

Symbolism The purposeful use of a symbol: a word or object that stands for another word or object.

Theme:

Theme Explanation video Not simply the subject of a literary work, but rather a statement that the author seems to be making about that subject.   How to (easily) write a theme statement:   Identify the main subject(s) of the work. Family Ask yourself, “What is the author saying about that subject?” It’s complicated Write your answer in a complete sentence.   Family relationships are complicated.

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