Vietnam War.ted

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Essential Question:

Essential Question What events led to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War?

Introduction What events led to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War? :

Introduction What events led to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War? The Vietnam war occurred in Vietnam. Laos and The war started when communist North Vietnam tried to take over the Republic of South Vietnam. It was the longest war America has ever fought in and it lasted 15 years. North Vietnam wanted to take over South Vietnam. If they succeeded then it was likely that Laos and Cambodia would also fall to Communism. Laos and Cambodia were very vulnerable to communism.

The United States and Vietnam:

The United States and Vietnam


Vietnam Controlled by France until WWII Seized by Japan Pushed for independence after the war

Ho Chi Minh:

Ho Chi Minh Leader of a nationalist movement in Vietnam Founded the Vietminh- which is was a communist national independence coalition formed on May 19, 1941. The Việt Minh initially formed to seek independence for Vietnam from the French Empire.

North Vietnam:

North Vietnam Ho Chi Minh and the Vietminh controlled the north Communist supporters

South Vietnam:

South Vietnam Pro-western regime Led by Ngo Dinh Diem Supported by the U.S.

Diem’s Government:

Diem’s Government Diem regime became corrupt and repressive Refused to hold promised elections


Vietnam Ho Chi Minh formed the National Liberation Front (NLF) to reunite the country Guerrilla terrorist forces known as the Vietcong


Vietnam November 1, 1963 Diem overthrown and assassinated


Vietnam Johnson followed idea of global containment “I am not going to lose Vietnam” Intended to increase troops

PowerPoint Presentation:

Domino Theory The Domino Theory was that if North Vietnam won the war then Laos Cambodia and the rest of Asia will turn communist. America and south Vietnam did not wan to be communist and let it spread throughout Asia.

Vietnam Warfare:

Vietnam Warfare Vietcong used ambushes, booby traps and guerilla warfare in the thick Asian jungles Guerrilla  warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and extraordinary mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

Vietnam Warfare:

Vietnam Warfare U.S. carried out search and destroy missions Get rid of thick jungle hiding places by using napalm and Agent Orange (kills foliage)

Ho Chi Minh Trail:

Ho Chi Minh Trail Main supply line for the North Vietnamese Passed through Cambodia and Laos Received military support from China and Vietnam

Tet Offensive :

Tet Offensive January 1968 Vietcong launched assaults on South Vietnam, nearly overran Saigon Americans viewed war as unwinnable The  Tet Offensive   (Vietnamese: Sự kiện tết mậu thân 1968, or Tết mậu thân) was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against the forces of South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies.

Antiwar Movement:

Antiwar Movement By 1967 – U.S. public discontent with the war Television coverage, body counts, carnage

Counterculture Movements:

Counterculture Movements Youth attack on mainstream America Student protests Revolution against middle class respectability

Election of 1968:

Election of 1968 Democrat – Hubert Humphrey Republican – Richard Nixon Independent – George Wallace

Troop Withdrawal:

Troop Withdrawal June 1969 Nixon announced the withdrawal of 25,000 troops

Paris Peace Accords:

Paris Peace Accords January 27, 1973 Ceasefire agreement that accepted North Vietnamese troops in South Vietnam Troop withdrawal began

Vietnam Reunification:

Vietnam Reunification March 1975 – final offensive of North Vietnamese against the South April 29, 1975 – Vietnam was reunited Saigon renamed Ho Chi Minh City

Fall of Saigon:

Fall of Saigon The  Fall of Saigon  was the capture of Saigon the capital of South Vietnam by the People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Viet Cong) on April 30, 1975. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period leading to the formal reunification of Vietnam into a Socialist Republic governed by the Communist Party . By the afternoon of the next day, North Vietnamese troops had occupied the important points of the city and raised their flag over the South Vietnamese presidential palace . The fall of the city was preceded by the evacuation of almost all the American civilian and military personnel in Saigon, along with tens of thousands of South Vietnamese civilians associated with the southern regime. The evacuation culminated in  Operation Frequent Wind , the largest helicopter evacuation in history

Fall of Saigon:

Fall of Saigon The city was renamed Ho Chi Minh City, after the Democratic Republic's President Ho Chi Minh. The fall of the city was preceded by the evacuation of almost all the American civilian and military personnel in Saigon, along with tens of thousands of South Vietnamese . They initially fled to an U.S. Military base in the Phillipines and then back home to the US. The evacuation culminated in Operation Frequent Wind, the largest helicopter evacuation in history

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Vietnam War caused the breakdown of many families and also a breakdown of the Vietnamese culture. Thousands upon thousands of children were orphaned during the war and ended up either in orphanages or on the streets without a home. Napalm was used and it caused a mass number of damage to the jungles, and it burned many innocent people during the war. What are the effects of the Vietnam War?

Deaths During the War:

Deaths During the War S. Vietnam

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