Chinese Politics

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Chinese Historical Survey: : 

Chinese Historical Survey: From the Yellow Emperor to Hu Jintao

Mythological Culture Heroes: 

Mythological Culture Heroes Fuxi and Nugua: half animal, half human Shen Nong: The Divine Farmer The Yellow Emperor Xi Ling: The discover of silk and inventor of weaving Emperor Yao Emperor Shun Emperor Yu

Fuxi and Nuwa: 

Fuxi and Nuwa

Pangu: 

Pangu …and from his bones the mountains were made, and from his blood the rivers and seas evolved, and from his hairs, the trees and plants were created.. And human beings? …they evolved from his body lice and fleas

Fuxi: The Ox Tamer: 

Fuxi: The Ox Tamer

Shennong: The Divine Farmer: 

Shennong: The Divine Farmer

The Yellow Emperor: the “Father” of the Chinese People: 

The Yellow Emperor: the “Father” of the Chinese People

Xi Ling: discoverer of Silk and inventor of Weaving: 

Xi Ling: discoverer of Silk and inventor of Weaving

Unreeling the thread: 

Unreeling the thread

Emperor Yao: 

Emperor Yao

Emperor Shun: 

Emperor Shun

Shun performing divinations in the Palace: 

Shun performing divinations in the Palace

Shun escapes the fire: 

Shun escapes the fire

YU: “Without whom we should all have been fishes”: 

YU: “Without whom we should all have been fishes”

The Xia dynasty: myth or reality?: 

The Xia dynasty: myth or reality? The Chinese claim that Yu’s son is the first emperor of the first dynasty No written records have been found No archeological sites definitely attributed to this dynasty But prehistoric cultures existed throughout China Was one of them Xia?

Prehistoric cultures in the Yellow River Valley: 

Prehistoric cultures in the Yellow River Valley

Yangshao Culture: 

Yangshao Culture

Banpo Village: 

Banpo Village

Shang Dynasty: Religious Conception of Ancestors: 

Shang Dynasty: Religious Conception of Ancestors

Oracle Bone: 

Oracle Bone

Shang Bronzes: symbols of power: 

Shang Bronzes: symbols of power

Taotie Designs: 

Taotie Designs

Last evil King of the Shang: the “Lake of Wine” and the “forest of meat”: 

Last evil King of the Shang: the “Lake of Wine” and the “forest of meat”

Zhou (Chou) Dynasty: King Wen (Cultured King): 

Zhou (Chou) Dynasty: King Wen (Cultured King)

King Wu (Martial King) and the Duke of Zhou: 

King Wu (Martial King) and the Duke of Zhou

Map of Western Zhou: 1100-771 BC: 

Map of Western Zhou: 1100-771 BC

Map of Eastern Zhou: 771-221 B.C.: 

Map of Eastern Zhou: 771-221 B.C.

The Mandate of Heaven: 

The Mandate of Heaven The Mandate of Heaven, How beautiful and unceasing! Oh, how glorious Was the purity of King Wen's virtue! With blessings he overwhelms us. We will receive the blessings. They are a great favor from our King Wen. May his descendants hold fast to them

Division of Eastern Zhou: 

Division of Eastern Zhou Spring and Autumn Period Weak government Relative peace 200 feudal states Warring States Period Almost non-existent government Anarchy and total warfare 7 major states

Warring States Ideal Military Commander: 

Warring States Ideal Military Commander

Who was Confucius? (Kong Fuzi): 

Who was Confucius? (Kong Fuzi)

Confucius traveled from state to state seeking employment: 

Confucius traveled from state to state seeking employment

Confucius playing the Qin (Zither): 

Confucius playing the Qin (Zither)

Filial Piety (Xiao) is the root of all ethics and politics: 

Filial Piety (Xiao) is the root of all ethics and politics

Veneration of Ancestors: 

Veneration of Ancestors

Ritual is Key to Confucian Government: 

Ritual is Key to Confucian Government

Mencius (Mengzi) developed Confucian ideas: 

Mencius (Mengzi) developed Confucian ideas

Zhou dynasty tomb: 

Zhou dynasty tomb

Warring States Artifacts: 

Warring States Artifacts

The Triumph of Qin: The Fa Jia (Legalist School): 

The Triumph of Qin: The Fa Jia (Legalist School) Lord Yang Han Feizi Li Su

Qin Shi Huang Di: The Unifier of China: 

Qin Shi Huang Di: The Unifier of China

Map of the Qin Dynasty: 

Map of the Qin Dynasty

Terracotta Warriors: 

Terracotta Warriors

Tomb of Qin Shi Huang: 

Tomb of Qin Shi Huang

Qin the Unifier: 

Qin the Unifier Standardized writing Standardized weights and measures Standardized axle widths Abolished feudalism and class separation by birth Created private property of land and government taxation of land Set up centralized governmental structures

Han Dynasty: a class struggle between feudal and centralized government: 

Han Dynasty: a class struggle between feudal and centralized government Xiang Yu Liu Bang

Map of the Han Dynasty: China’s first Imperial Dynasty: 

Map of the Han Dynasty: China’s first Imperial Dynasty

Map of the Silkroad: the great trading highway between East and West: 

Map of the Silkroad: the great trading highway between East and West

Han: 202BC to 220 AD: 

Han: 202BC to 220 AD

Han: Centralized government, control of trade: 

Han: Centralized government, control of trade

Han dynasty tomb: 

Han dynasty tomb

Iron Dagger : 

Iron Dagger

Gold and Silver Acupuncture needles: 

Gold and Silver Acupuncture needles

Achievements of Han: 

Achievements of Han Establishment of Exam system for selecting civil servants Creating silk road trade with Rome and expanding empire Adopting Confucianism as state ideology State school system Invention of Paper

The Three Kingdoms: A Time of Romance or a Time of Chaos?: 

The Three Kingdoms: A Time of Romance or a Time of Chaos?

Era of Division: 220: 581: 

Era of Division: 220: 581

Map of Northern and Southern Dynasties: 

Map of Northern and Southern Dynasties

Arrival of Buddhism: 

Arrival of Buddhism

Changes in Era of Division: 

Changes in Era of Division Integration of the South as central to the Chinese state Introduction of Buddhism Development of Religious Daoism Intermarriage with non-Chinese Development of art and literature

Sui dynasty: 581:618: 

Sui dynasty: 581:618 The Reunification of China

The Grand Canal: 

The Grand Canal

Map of Tang China: 

Map of Tang China

Tang Taizong: 2nd Emperor of Tang: 

Tang Taizong: 2nd Emperor of Tang

Taizong attended by Palace women: 

Taizong attended by Palace women

Empress Wu, China’s only female Emperor: 

Empress Wu, China’s only female Emperor

Spirit Way to Empress Wu’s tomb: 

Spirit Way to Empress Wu’s tomb

Empress Wu’s spirit way: 

Empress Wu’s spirit way

Stelae at Empress Wu’s Tomb: 

Stelae at Empress Wu’s Tomb

The Ultimate cheat sheet: 

The Ultimate cheat sheet

Examination Cells: 

Examination Cells

Emperor Taizu: First Emperor of the Song Dynasty: 

Emperor Taizu: First Emperor of the Song Dynasty

Northern Song: 

Northern Song

Emperor Gaozong of Southern Song: lover of art and poetry: 

Emperor Gaozong of Southern Song: lover of art and poetry

Southern Song: 

Southern Song

Yue Fei: supreme loyalty: 

Yue Fei: supreme loyalty

Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi): Neo-Confucian Synthesizer: 

Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi): Neo-Confucian Synthesizer

Genghis Khan: 

Genghis Khan

Map of Mongol Empire at its height: 

Map of Mongol Empire at its height

Khubilai Khan: Yuan Shisi: First Emperor of Yuan: 

Khubilai Khan: Yuan Shisi: First Emperor of Yuan

Shisi’s Empress: 

Shisi’s Empress

Map of Yuan China: 

Map of Yuan China

Founder of Ming dynasty: Emperor Taizu: 

Founder of Ming dynasty: Emperor Taizu

Emperor Chengzu: the Creator of Imperial Beijing: 

Emperor Chengzu: the Creator of Imperial Beijing

Temple of Heaven: 

Temple of Heaven

Forbidden City: Imperial Palace: 

Forbidden City: Imperial Palace

Ming Tombs: 

Ming Tombs

Treasure fleet of Admiral Zheng He: 

Treasure fleet of Admiral Zheng He

The Great Wall: 

The Great Wall

Founder of Qing Dynasty: 

Founder of Qing Dynasty

Kangxi: longest reigning Emperor in Chinese history: 61 years: 

Kangxi: longest reigning Emperor in Chinese history: 61 years

Cixi (Tzu Hsi): Ruler from 1861-1907: 

Cixi (Tzu Hsi): Ruler from 1861-1907

The Last Emperor: 

The Last Emperor

Sun Yat Sen (Sun Zhongshan) and Republican China: 

Sun Yat Sen (Sun Zhongshan) and Republican China

Chiang Kai Shek (Jiang Jie Shi): 

Chiang Kai Shek (Jiang Jie Shi)

Chairman Mao Zedong (Mao Tse Tung): 

Chairman Mao Zedong (Mao Tse Tung)

Deng Xiaoping and Zhang Zemin: 

Deng Xiaoping and Zhang Zemin

Hu Jintao: 

Hu Jintao

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