6_ Ms. Anuradha Ellawala and Ms. Ayani Imeshika Jayathungage

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Hosted by: Strategic Partner: Age-related trends in value of general health, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction Jayathungage , A. I., Dissanayake , M. P., Rupasinghe , P. D., Samarasinghe , H. L., Ellawala , A., Gunawardene , N. N., & Vidanagamage , M. South Asian Institute of Technology and Medicine

Age-related trends in value of general health, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction :

Age-related trends in value of general health, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction Jayathungage , A. I., Dissanayake , M. P., Rupasinghe , P. D., Samarasinghe , H. L., Ellawala , A., Gunawardene , N. N., & Vidanagamage , M. South Asian Institute of Technology and Medicine International Conference on Social Sciences 2015

Outline :

Outline Introduction Specific Aims Method Results Conclusion

Introduction :

Overarching aim: To examine the relationships among age, value of general health, self-efficacy and life satisfaction and the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between value of general health and life satisfaction Major constructs of interest: Value of general health Self-efficacy Life satisfaction Age Introduction

Literature :

Health “Health is a state of complete physical , mental and social well - being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity .” (WHO definition) Biopsychosocial approach of health and illness Impact of psychological factors (beliefs, emotions attitudes) Health psychology Understand psychological factors that affect health and illness Literature

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Self-efficacy Belief about one’s personal ability to carry out a recommended action An important factor for health promotion Life satisfaction one’s overall appraisal of different aspects of life domains such as self-esteem, career, interpersonal relationships and health ( Suh , Diener , & Oishi , 1998) (Wu, Tang, & Kwok, 2004; Aspinawall & Franco Durán , 1999)

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Valuing general health and perceived benefits of taking actions are associated with positive affect ( Trankle & Haw, 2009) Psychological factors such as beliefs, emotions and attitudes may cause unhealthy behaviors that lead to chronic conditions ( Schneiderman , 2004; Aspinawall & Franco Durán , 1999) Individuals’ health beliefs have an effect on individuals’ decisions to engage in health behaviors (Al- Eisa & Al- Sobayel , 2012; Aspinawall & Franco Durán , 1999) A significant relationship between self-efficacy beliefs and mental health ( Bavojdan , Towhidi , Rahmati , 2011)

Specific Aims :

Specific Aims Aim 1 To examine the relationships among age, value of general health, self-efficacy and life satisfaction

Specific Aims :

Aim 2 To examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between value of general health and life satisfaction Value of general health Life satisfaction Self-efficacy Specific Aims

Method:

Method Participants 164 patients (62 Males & 101 females) who attended clinics and OPD at a private hospital Age range from 18 and 80, ( M age = 49 years) A questionnaire Health Beliefs Model A subscale in the Health Belief Model (HBM): general health value subscale Self-Efficacy Assessment Scale Satisfaction With Life Scale

Results :

Scales Number of items Reliability ( α ) ( n =164) General Health Value 3 .61 Self-efficacy 9 .70 Satisfaction with life 5 .65 Table 1 Internal Reliability for Each Scale Results

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Measures M SD Value of general health 3.52 0.54 Self-efficacy 3.56 0.36 Satisfaction with life 5.56 0.88 Table 2 Means and standard deviations for all measures

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Measures Age Value of general health Self-efficacy Value of general health . 19 * Self-efficacy . 16 * .22 **   Satisfaction with life . 24 ** .27 ** .44 ** Table 3 Inter-correlations among age related trends valuing general health, self-efficacy and life satisfaction * p< 0.05, ** p< 0.01

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Life Satisfaction B SE β Predictors Step 1 Value of general health .45 .12 .27 *** Self-efficacy Step 2 Value of general health .14 .05 .22 ** Life Satisfaction Step 3 Value of general health .30 .12 .19 * Self-efficacy .98 .18 .40 *** Table 4 Hierarchical Regression for the mediation R 2 = .08 for step 1; ∆R 2 = .23 for step 3 * p < .05** p < .01*** p < .001

Conclusion:

Conclusion Value of general health, self-efficacy and life satisfaction increase with age. Self-efficacy significantly mediated the relationship between value of general health and life satisfaction

References :

References Al- Eisa , E. S. & Al- Sobayel , H. I. (2012). Physical activity and health beliefs among Saudi women, Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 1-6.doi:10.1155/2012/642187 Aparicio , M. D. C., Moreno- Rosset , C., Díaz , M. D. M., & Ramírez – Uclés , I. (2009). Gender differences in affect, emotional maladjustment and adaptive resources in infertile couples: a positive approach. Annuary of Clinical and Health Psychology, 5, 39-46 Bavojdan , M. R., Towhidi , A., & Rahmati , A. (2011). The Relationship between Mental Health and General Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Coping Strategies and Locus of Control in Male Drug Abusers. Addiction & Health , 3, 111-118 Schneiderman , N. (2004). Psychosocial, behavioral, and biological aspects of chronic diseases. Current Directions in Psychological Science , 13 (6) , 247-251. Suh , E., Diener , E., & Oishi , S. (1998). The shifting basis of life satisfaction judgments across cultures: Emotions versus norms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 74 (2), 482-493. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.74.2.482 Trankle , S. A. & Haw, J. (2009). Predicting Australian health behaviour from health beliefs. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology , 5(2), 9-17.  Wu, A. M. S., Tang, C. S. K., & Kwok, T. C. Y. (2004). Self-efficacy, health locus of control, and psychological distress in elderly Chinese women with chronic illnesses. Aging and Mental Health , 8(1). 21–28.

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