Poverty in Nepal: A challenge for sustainable.....

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Poverty in Nepal: A challenge for sustainable human development Trilochan Pokharel

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PowerPoint Presentation:

Hosted by: Poverty in Nepal: A challenge for sustainable human development Trilochan Pokharel

Poverty in Nepal: A challenge for sustainable human development :

Poverty in Nepal: A challenge for sustainable human development Trilochan Pokharel, tpokharel@nasc.org.np

What I will talk on? :

What I will talk on? Poverty trends and distribution in Nepal Characteristics of poverty Where are the gaps? Focus areas ©NASC 3

Nepal in global poverty map (% of population below national poverty line):

Nepal in global poverty map (% of population below national poverty line) Source: World Bank, 2013 ©NASC 4

Income vs HPI:

Income vs HPI Source: World Bank, 2013, UNDP, 2013 ©NASC 5

Convergence in poverty measurement (Nepal):

Convergence in poverty measurement (Nepal) Source: World Bank, 2013 ©NASC 6

But…:

But… Source: World Bank, 2013 ©NASC 7

% pop below poverty line ($225 per annum):

% pop below poverty line ($225 per annum) ©NASC 8 Source: CBS, 2011

Progress made so far...:

Progress made so far... ©NASC 9 Source: CBS, 2011

Gini coefficient:

Gini coefficient ©NASC 10 Source: CBS, 2011

Share of Income (%):

Share of Income (%) Source: World Bank, 2013 ©NASC 11

Per capita consumption deciles (in NRs.):

Per capita consumption deciles (in NRs .) ©NASC 12 Source: CBS, 2011

% of hh receiving remittance:

% of hh receiving remittance ©NASC 13 Source: CBS, 2011

Utilization of remittances:

Utilization of remittances ©NASC 14 Source: CBS, 2011

Education (of hh head) and poverty:

Education (of hh head) and poverty ©NASC 15 Source: CBS, 2011

Education (most educated female) and Poverty:

Education (most educated female) and Poverty ©NASC 16 Source: CBS, 2011

Distribution of HPI (NHDR 2014):

Distribution of HPI (NHDR 2014) ©NASC 17 Source: NPC, 2014

There has been improvement:

There has been improvement ©NASC 18 Source: NPC, 2014

Policy Response:

Policy Response Increase productive employment and opportunities Emphasize on capacity development, productivity, distributive justice and equitable development Coordinate poverty reduction programmes organized by different sectors and organizations Implement demand based targeted programmes ©NASC 19

Big questions:

B ig questions What have made contributions to poverty reduction? Government policy interventions? Labour migration? Anything other? Reaching the bottom of pyramid? Decomposed analysis? Targeting the targets? ©NASC 20

Story from Nepal:

Story from Nepal ©NASC 21

The missing links :

The missing links 22 Who? Where? How many? Why? What would happen? Who connects? How long will it take? What can we do? What cost? ©NASC

Policy gaps:

Policy gaps ©NASC 23 Overlap and contradiction between peace and development agenda creating opportunities reducing vulnerabilities improving institutions empowering communities improving public functioning

Policy…:

Policy… ©NASC 24 Poverty reduction and employment Mainstreaming poverty reduction programmes Poverty as a cross-cutting issue Effectiveness of poverty reduction policies Utilization of fragmented money

The focus areas…:

The focus areas… ©NASC 25 Pro-poor and inclusive growth Investing in human capital (health, education, food security etc) Investing in physical capital (water, sanitation, rural roads, electricity, rural development etc ) Redefining investment- nutrition, health, education Reducing social inequality Good governance Rights-based approach to development

Establishing the links:

Establishing the links 6/23/2014 Trilochan Pokharel, NASC 26 Improving state interventions

:

6/23/2014 Trilochan Pokharel, NASC 27 Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity, it is an act of justice. It [poverty] is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. YOU can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Thank you for your attention Bohama Isthuthiy ©NASC 28

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