Forms and Boundaries of Art with Aesthetic cognition in Art Therapy

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Forms and Boundaries of Art with Aesthetic cognition in Art Therapy Ms.Akila L.K Jain University, India

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Hosted by: In search of: The Exclusivity of Sri Lankan Fe Forms and Boundaries of Art with Aesthetic cognition in Art Therapy Ms.Akila L.K Jain University, India

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ICOAH CONFERENCE 03 April 2014 Aesthetic cognition in Art Therapy . Research paper presented by Akila L K, MFA, M. Phil , PhD Scholar, ICSSR fellow. Guide: Dr. Choodamani Nandagopal Dean School of Humanities and Social Sciences Jain University 2

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The point of departure for this essay is two assumptions, the first is that art has no boundaries and the second is that art brings out aesthetic cognition of all kinds of feelings and thoughts. Introduction 3

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This article argues that the Art therapy is self generated intervention that occurs between, mind and body (soul and sole) which is known as Art as Therapy. Introduction 4

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Cohen, H. N., Carr, R (2008), Art Therapy and Clinical Neuroscience lays down tentative outlines for a scientific theory of art therapy and provides basic information concerning the structures and functions of the various areas of the brain, relates this information to the process and product of art and art therapy. Review of Literature 5

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Dissanayake , e. (2003). Core of Art: Making Special. This article address the complex, critical challenges of searching common denominator of the mysterious entity ‘Art’. Emphasises on making special and its relationship with Art. Review of Literature 6

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Malchiodi (2003). Hand Book of Art Therapy Book provides a complete and practical overview of art therapy.  The process of art therapy is illustrated in helping clients manage and cope with such problems as trauma, sexual abuse, developmental and learning disabilities, drug and alcohol misuse, serious mental illness, and medical illness. Review of Literature 7

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Rubin J. A. 2005 Child Art Therapy Set the conditions for creative growth, assess progress, and set goals for therapy. Use art in individual, group, and family situations, including parent-child pairings, mothers' groups, and adolescent groups Review of Literature 8

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Perhaps to become truly immortal, a work of art must escape all human limits: logic and commonsense will only interfere. But once these barriers are broken, it will enter the realms of the childhood visions and dreams – Giorgio De Chirico Review of Literature 9

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“If I didn’t think what I was doing had something to do with enlarging the boundaries of art, I wouldn’t go on doing it.” - Claes Oldenberg Review of Literature 10

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Art therapy displays predilection towards Psychotherapeutic benefits whereas Act of involving in the art process set off the sub conscious mind towards greater awareness and realization, which is therapeutical by itself. Enquiry of the paper 11

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Art therapy has its roots in Singapore, France, Slovac Republic, Canada, Ireland, Australia, the UK, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, South Korea, Belgium, New Zealand, Hungary, Honduras, the United States, South Africa, Germany, Peru, Bulgaria, Indonesia, Jamaica, Chile, and Hong Kong, China . South-East Asia still waits for an appropriate opening into the field of Art Therapy. 12

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‘Making of art’ is knowledge creating process, and ‘the art’ is the knowledge of creating process. Discussions 13

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When one tries to prove that art has boundary (e.g. paper edge) and form (what they create) referring to an artwork, they are merely referring to a piece of art and not to art as a whole. Discussions 14

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“art is creating form from chaos”!!! Individuals have little time for others grieves and sorrows, if art is the outcome of pains and sufferings Discussions 15

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1. How will people trust a system which defines art in this manner? 2. Will future generation be horrified to do art work under normal circumstances knowing art and chaos defines personality? 3. Will the parents encourage children or be worried to see a chalk or crayon in their hands thinking what sort of disturbance their child must be going through? Discussions 16

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Breaking communication barriers art provides a bridge between conscious, and inaccessible unconscious hemispheres of brain, through which deepest of unrealized agony, grief, and chaos and the unattained urge of pleasures, along with the perceived satisfaction, and joys can be depicted by means of art materials. Discussions 17

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Art Therapy different perspectives : Art Psychotherapy is an adjunct to Psychotherapy, facilitating the process through both image making and verbal exchange with the therapist. 2. The creative process involved in art making, whether it be drawing, painting, sculpting or some other art form, is what is life enhancing and ultimately therapeutic. Discussions 18

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Art (as) therapists believe that nothing worthwhile can be communicated unless the client has reached the point where some rudimentary technical skills have been mastered. Art psychotherapists and Psychotherapists believe that the sense of form is innate and the visual sense so prominent in human beings that much information can be conveyed by persons entirely untutored in the visual arts ( Nucho 2003: 14), Discussions 19

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Discussions Verbal Interview: “Should I?” Verbal Interview driven through art making: “Shall I?” Communication with inner self: “I Shall.” 20

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Creativity and spontaneity Express feelings emotions, conflicts Work with fantasy and unconscious Insight, self-awareness, reflection Confidence building self-validation realisation of own potential Increase personal autonomy and motivation, develop as individual Freedom to make decisions, experiment, test out ideas Ordering of experience visually and verbally Relaxation   Sources: Liebmann (1979:27; 1981:27; 1984:159). Benefits of Art therapy 21

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Predilection towards Art Therapy “One of the things that isn't being addressed here is the difference between art AS therapy and art psychotherapy: in the former, the art making itself is a healing force......but pardon me for asking, what about the legions of sick, drug addicted and crazy artists who have given us their works, even dying in the process.....not healed at all by their art making......then art psychotherapy, requires unpacking that which the unconscious brings to the surface, to the bubble tension space of exploration bringing integration and recognition in the therapeutic process” Linked-In : an Advanced Mental Health Practitioner, Art Psychotherapist, Sydney area, Australia 22

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Suicides in Profession Tori DeAngelis says several studies support the idea that psychologists may have an elevated risk for suicidal ideation and behaviour compared to general population.* Moreover, case studies suggest that a therapist's suicide can profoundly and negatively affect clients, while other studies indicate that psychologists are often insufficiently educated on the best ways to intervene with a distressed colleague**   * DeAngelis , Tori 2011: 19 ** J. S. MAUSNER and R. C. STEPPACHER http ://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/98/6/436 23

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Art Psychotherapy Upon psychological foundations, art psychotherapy incorrectly emphasises empirical evidence as the key criteria for assessing the efficacy of art therapy, limitation is the implicit idea that reliability is an absolute property of a set of scores, regardless of interpretation and generalization (Reynolds & Kamphaus , 2003: 273). 24

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Depictions Science fails to analyze why a person has depicted a certain image when the circumstance of action and depictions controls the mood and brings out false positive response from the client. Which is not the case in Art therapy. 25

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Conclusion and Observations This article discussed about art, form, and boundaries, presented information about efficacy and need of art therapy. Representations involve the use of acquired skills and these skills are employed to create a transformation from low self esteem, oblivion, and limitations.   Art bypasses the rational side of the brain that may censor expression, so it helps a person discover and reveal their feelings, establish connections with others and memorialize losses, as well as develop skills in art, creativity, and social activities. 26

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Conclusion and Observation More recent therapeutical interpretations of these studies are examined to develop the new interpretation further. Consideration of these specific theories and studies is intended to develop incrementally a new module of the art as therapy without external intervention approach. Art has no boundaries and art brings out aesthetic cognition of all kinds of feelings and thoughts is concluded 27

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