Home Spirometry

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Describes about Spirometer and its significance and Telemedicine performance and procedures on patients. For more information visit: http://www.transformhealth-it.org/

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Presentation Transcript

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Home Spirometry : Assessment of patient's compliance and satisfaction and its impact on early diagnosis of pulmonary symptoms in post-lung transplantation patients Lida Fadaizadeh MD Assistant prof of Anesthesiology, Head of Telemedicine Research Center, NRITLD, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran

Telemedicine::

Telemedicine: Telemedicine has the potential to improve quality of care by allowing clinicians in one “control center” to monitor, consult and even care for and perform procedures on patients in multiple locations.

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ITU-T Workshop on Standardization in E-Health, Geneva, 23-25 May 2003

Introduction:

Introduction Monitoring patients, in particular those with chronic illnesses and life threatening diseases , is of great importance. Lung transplant recipients are high risk patients that can benefit from telemedicine. These patients have the least life expectancy in comparison to other transplant recipients . Thus early detection of diseases and following up these patients is of particular importance

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Distance from specialized medical centers, economic and social problems as well as immune deficiency make these patients susceptible to infection while traveling to the medical centers, pose as impediments to the timely post-transplant follow-ups.

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Remote spirometry is an approach that contributes to timely monitoring of patients, because it is an efficient tool for assessment of lung function and prognosis of transplantation . The measured respiratory volumes together with clinical symptoms can effectively contribute to timely diagnosis of infection or transplant rejection .

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The present study proceeded on assessing the issue of patient adherence and the involving effective elements. Moreover, due to the importance of spirometry findings and clinical symptoms in early diagnosis of complications such as respiratory infections, the relationship between them was studied.  

Methods:

The present study is a prospective cohort study conducted on lung transplant recipients. The patients who were willing to participate in the study and had undergone transplant six months earlier were recruited. Methods

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Each of the participants was asked to send the results of the home spirometry as well as their clinical symptoms via SMS messages. For this purpose, they were given special forms to record variables such as forced expiratory volume (FEV1), volume and color of sputum, cough, wheezes and dyspnea at rest.

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For the first three months , participants were asked to send SMS's on a daily basis . The information was examined by the investigating physician and recorded on the relevant form allocated to each patient. If a patient failed to send SMS, he/she was called by phone and was encouraged to cooperate with the study .

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After three months , all the participants were contacted by phone and were asked to send the results of their respiratory tests on a weekly basis thereafter. They were also asked to perform additional tests whenever symptoms occurred during the week.

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The suggestions and critical remarks received from the patients in the course of the study were recorded and eventually special forms were completed indicating the patient's level of satisfaction.

Results:

Results The study was conducted with 15 participants. Average compliance of patients during the study was rated 78% .

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Level of compliance significantly declined over time (p value ≥0.001), but an increase was noticed in the middle of the study which coincides with the stage at which patients began to send SMS's on a weekly basis

Percent of patient adherence to performing home spirometry test :

Percent of patient adherence to performing home spirometry test

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Qualitative assessment of satisfaction parameters was conducted to determine the patients' level of satisfaction in the course of the study. Sense of increased support from the medical staff was rated highest (92.9%), while satisfaction with the spirometer was rated at the lowest (35.7%).

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Changes in FEV1 over time were examined to assess the patients’ respiratory function during the study. There was no statistically significant difference between values of initial FEV1 (mean baseline FEV1=2.26±0.92152) and values of FEV1 recorded during the study (mean FEV1during the study=2.39±1.07, p value≥0.835 ), which means that this variable had remained stable in the course of the study.

Graph of changes in FEV1:

Graph of changes in FEV1

Conclusion:

Conclusion Results showed a relatively good adherence and satisfaction but the correlation between clinical symptoms and FEV1 results was not significant. In our study, participants expressed their highest satisfaction with support provided by the medical staff (92.9% expressed full satisfaction). This suggests that constant contacts and follow-up by the physician can encourage and ensure the patient of the support provided by the medical team and therefore increase patient satisfaction .

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The patients were least satisfied with using the spirometer device (35.7% expressed full satisfaction) and the causes of such low level of satisfaction were: Inability to sterilize the device. Concerns about device errors. Concerns about improper use of the device.

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Using the mobile phone was another factor with which the patients expressed a relatively high sense of satisfaction (85.7% expressed full satisfaction).

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The main purpose of telemedicine is to avoid unnecessary commuting of patients between home and hospital as well as unnecessary hospitalization.

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Performing home spirometry is a useful method of monitoring chronic and rare cases such as lung transplant recipients which not only leads to the patient's satisfaction and sense of security , but also avoids unnecessary patient refer to hospital .

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Thank you for your attention

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