Testing for Autism | Best Autism Centres in Bangalore | CAPAAR

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Testing for Autism | Best Autism Centres in Bangalore | CAPAAR has a team of specialists, teachers, therapists, and doctors for autism diagnoses.

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Written By DR. P. SUMITHA HEMAVATHY PT - CAPAAR Founder Director TESTING FOR AUTISM

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What is autism

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What is autism Autism is a complicated neurobehavioral state that involves impairments in human interaction and developmental communication and communication skills combined with hard repetitive behaviors. Because of the variety of signs this position is now termed as an autism spectrum disorder. autistic disorder pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified PDD-NOS Asperger syndrome

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Who is at risk for autism

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Who is at risk for autism Autism serves to move in families and having one autistic child raises the risk of having another: Parents who have one autistic child have a 1 in 20 — or 5 per cent — the chance of having another child with autism. " A younger sibling of a child with autism is 5 to 10 times more likely to have autism than a child in the general population. Like twins are also more liable to give autism than twins who do not share all the same genes.”

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What are the symptoms of autism

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What are the symptoms of autism Some kids who are on the spectrum begin showing signs as young as a few months old. Others appear to have healthy development for the first few months or years of their lives and then they start showing symptoms. However every child with autism experiences problems with one or more of the following: communication verbal and nonverbal social interaction repetitive behaviors Infants are normally very involved in the life and the people around them. A child with ASD might not be involved or have trouble communicating with the world around them.

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What are the symptoms of autism

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A child may show early symptoms of ASD if they: develop language skills late don’t point at objects or people or wave goodbye don’t track people with their eyes show a lack of responsiveness don’t imitate facial expressions don’t reach out to be picked up run into or close to walls want to be alone don’t play make-believe games e.g. feeding a doll have obsessive interests cause injury to them-self have temper tantrums display unusual reactions to the way things smell or taste What are the symptoms of autism

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How is autism diagnosed

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Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder ASD can be challenging since there is no medical test like a blood test to diagnose the disorders. Doctors look at the child’s behavior and development to make a diagnosis. ASD can seldom be identified at 18 months or younger. By age 2 a determination by an expert professional can be viewed very reliably. Still many children do not get a final diagnosis until much older. This delay suggests that children with an ASD might not get the help they need. a. Early Indicators b. Developmental screening c. Comprehensive behavioral evaluation d. Genetic testing How is autism diagnosed

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a. Early Indicators

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a. Early Indicators Toddlers usually like to interact with people and the environment they live in. Parents are typically the first to notice that their child is showing atypical behavior. Parents should be aware of the early warning signs of autism and they should share any concerns with a doctor. Some of the early indicators of ASD include: How is autism diagnosed not making eye contact not responding to their name not babbling by 1 year of age not smiling or showing joyful expressions by 6 months of age not gesturing like pointing showing or waving by 1 year of age not uttering meaningful phrases by 2 years of age losing speech or social skills

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b. Developmental Screening

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b. Developmental Screening If you think your child might have ASD or you notice that your child plays learns speaks or acts in unusual ways share your concerns with your child’s doctor. How is autism diagnosed Starting from birth your doctor will screen your child for developmental disorders during routine and regular visits. If you’re concerned about your child’s development your doctor may refer you to a specialist especially if a sibling or other family member has ASD. The specialist will conduct tests to determine if there’s a physical reason for the observed behaviours such as a hearing test to evaluate for deafness/difficulty hearing. They’ll also use other screening tools for autism such as the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers.

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c. Comprehensive Behavioral Evaluation

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According to the National Institutes of Health NIH the checklist is an updated screening tool that parents fill out. It helps determine a child’s risk of having autism as low medium or high. The test is free and consists of 20 questions. If the test indicates that your child has a high risk for ASD your child will receive a more comprehensive diagnostic evaluation. If your child is at medium risk follow-up questions may be necessary to help definitively classify the results. c. Comprehensive Behavioral Evaluation How is autism diagnosed The next step in autism diagnosis is a complete physical and neurologic examination. This may involve a team of specialists.

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The specialists may include: How is autism diagnosed developmental pediatricians child psychologists child neurologists speech and language pathologists occupational therapists The evaluation may also include screening tools. There are many different developmental screening tools. No single tool can diagnose autism. Rather a combination of many tools is necessary for an autism diagnosis. Some examples of screening tools include: Ages and Stages Questionnaires ASQ Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule ADOS Childhood Autism Rating Scale CARS Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic ADOS-G

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How is autism diagnosed Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test—Stage 3 Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status PEDS Gilliam Autism Rating Scale Screening Tool for Autism in Toddlers and Young Children STAT There are also specific screening tools available for Asperger syndrome. Asperger syndrome typically involves difficulty with social and communication skills. Particular screening tools include: Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire ASSQ Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test CAST According to the CDC Trusted Source Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V also offers standardized criteria to help diagnose ASD.

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d. Genetic testing

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d. Genetic testing How is autism diagnosed Genes are made of DNA. DNA instructs our bodies on how to grow and develop properly. Genetic testing can find changes in a person’s DNA associated with specific disorders or conditions. It can help diagnose a genetic disease. It can also help determine the risk that other family members have the same condition or can pass it to future generations. Some laboratories can test for some of the biomarkers believed to be indicators for ASD. They look for the most common known genetic contributors to ASD. An abnormal result on one of these genetic tests means that genetics probably contributed to the presence of ASD. A normal result only means that a specific genetic contributor has been ruled out. It means the cause is still unknown and your child will need more testing.

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What is the takeaway

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What is the takeaway Diagnosing ASD early and correctly is extremely important. Early mediation and treatment can considerably decrease the challenges your child may encounter. It also gives them the best chance of independence. If doctors find that your child’s ASD is due to a genetic cause notify your family members so that they can get counseling on the disease. Customizing therapy to meet your child’s individual requirements is most successful. A team of specialists teachers therapists and doctors should create a program for each individual child. In common the first a child starts treatment the better their long-term vision.

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Dr. P. Sumitha Hemavathy PT Founder Director CAPAAR Centre for Advanced Pediatric And Adult Rehabilitation

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Lets Connect To Know More www.capaar4autism.com CONCLUSION

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