logging in or signing up The Case for a Moratorium in Shale Gas Drilling in PA - Clickable StephenCleghorn Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1320 Category: Science & Tech.. License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: January 23, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description An organic farmer in western Pennsylvania assembles the case for a moratorium on unconventional drilling for natural gas in the Marcellus Shale. He offers a deeply researched and deeply personal appeal to fellow citizens to understand the risks of this type of drilling and to advocate for a halt to it until it is known that it cannot cause irreparable harm to the environment and public health. (Advances on click, not automatically. Take as long as you like to study each slide. Click after voiceover finishes.) Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: Marcellus Shale Gas Drilling in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania The Case for a MoratoriumPowerPoint Presentation: Presented by:PowerPoint Presentation: Lucinda Hart- González , PhD March 31, 1950 - November 14, 2011PowerPoint Presentation: ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This presentation borrows heavily from the work of many people, both those in favor of and those opposed to unconventional drilling for natural gas. We have done our best to document the sources of information. If we have used or misused information under copyright we are most happy to correct such errors. Any person or anyone representing any corporate body whose work is utilized in this presentation is welcome to write the principal author Dr. J. Stephen Cleghorn at the email address included on the final slide and ask that their information either be altered or removed. http://www.go.to/stopmarcellusPowerPoint Presentation: How to Use: Some Necessary Technical Pointers http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/ Free Adobe Flash Player 11 here:PowerPoint Presentation: We begin with two words: “Experimentation” and “Sacrifice”PowerPoint Presentation: “(The natural gas) industry needs to practice" and there will need to be some " necessary sacrifice ” for Pennsylvanians. Dr. Terry Engelder , Penn State Univ., talking at LaPorte , PA – 1/14/11 “Industrial experiments usually take place in contained buildings , not out in the midst of our communities. The industry plan so far is Fire, Ready, Aim.” Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell Univ., talking at LaPorte , PA – 1/14/11 http://shaleshockmedia.org/2011/01/30/1-intro-cumulative-environmental-effects-of-gas-drilling/PowerPoint Presentation: The Marcellus Shale in PA Where the “experiment” and Pennsylvanian’s “necessary sacrifice” will take place over the next 50 yearsPowerPoint Presentation: Two very different visions of Pennsylvania's future are competing for our attention . What are they? Image at http://www.pxleyes.com/photoshop-picture/4b524a06542a7/BATTLE.htmlPowerPoint Presentation: The gas industry promotes these B enefits of Drilling Environmental – A proven practice, been doing it for 60 years Fewer well pads, less surface impact Minimal, temporary impact on quality of life Safe for our environment over the long term Energy – Natural gas burns cleaner than other fuels A bridge to renewable energy sources Meets US Energy needs, reduces imports Economic – Lots of jobs Billions in leasing and royalties for some Spurring of other businesses, lifting all boatsPowerPoint Presentation: However… …Many expert voices see something very different in Pennsylvania’s future.PowerPoint Presentation: Industrial development of huge areas, heavy equipment going 24/7/365. Per Dr. Terry Engelder, PSU estimate of square miles to be developed: http://www.geosc.psu.edu/~jte2/references/link155.pdf 50% of PA’s land mass (22,835 square miles) developed for gas extraction over the next 50 years. The Facts of Fracking – Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell University www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_05A3Rr4t0PowerPoint Presentation: “I am afraid for the future of this state. It is hanging in the balance.” John Quigley, former Secretary, PA Department of Conservation and Natural Resources "The cumulative impacts of Marcellus development will dwarf all of the impacts on Pennsylvania of timbering and oil and coal combined .”PowerPoint Presentation: Environmental – A proven practice, been doing it for 60 years. http://developers.omnimark.com/etcetera/EML2006bla0509.htmlPowerPoint Presentation: Conventional Drilling for Gas vs. Unconventional Drilling What’s the difference?PowerPoint Presentation: http://mdsenergy.net/what.php WHAT IS A MARCELLUS WELL? Not your father’s gas well… http://www.srbc.net/programs/docs/ProjectReviewMarcellusShale%28NEW%29%281_2010%29.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: UNCONVENTIONAL WELLS (from tight shales in narrow seams far below the surface) H igh V olume S lickwater F rac k ing from L ong L aterals HVSFLL The Facts of Fracking – Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell University http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_05A3Rr4t0PowerPoint Presentation: The Four New Technologies of HVSFLL The Facts of Fracking – Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell University http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_05A3Rr4t0 High Fluid Volume in fracking to release gas from existing and newly produced fractures “ Slickwater ” to maintain pressure over long distances to make fracking possible Directional or horizontal drilling into thin shale Multi-Well Pads to access all the gas, preferably over an entire square mile areaPowerPoint Presentation: HV SF LL -- High Volume Large amounts of water (2-9 Million gallons per well bore), mixed with tons of sand and chemicals Pressures up to 15,000 psi Fracture (“frack”) the shale and create cracks for gas to flow.PowerPoint Presentation: HV SF LL -- S lickwater F racking “Lubricating” the water with chemicals : Friction reducer --Make water travel far & fast Biocide -- Kills subsurface life to prevent slime Surfactant -- Prevent clogging Scale inhibitor -- Prevent pipe coating Rust inhibitor -- Prevent corrosion Includes cancer-causing agents & endocrine disruptors - some harmful enough to contaminate entire aquifers at very low levels The Facts of Fracking – Dr. Anthony Ingraffea & Dr. Theo Colburn, TEDX, http://www.marcellus-shale.us/pdf/Frac-Fluids-Pa.pdf http://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/2011/0417/New-warning-of-poisonous-chemicals-in-natural-gas-hydrofrackingPowerPoint Presentation: http://naturalgasforeurope.com/diagram-how-horizontal-drilling-and-hydraulic-fracturing-works.htm Hydraulic fracturing – Used in both conventional and unconventional wells but very different volumes, area, and direction .PowerPoint Presentation: HVSF LL -- L ong L aterals Directional/Horizontal bores through the shale can extend more than a mile. Long Laterals via Directional Drilling from Multi-well PadsPowerPoint Presentation: Directional Drilling Vertical (Conventional) vs. Horizontal (Unconventional) ( More extensive hydraulic fracking in horizontal drilling )PowerPoint Presentation: Multi-Well PadsPowerPoint Presentation: Copyright WVSORO http://www.wvsoro.org/resources/industrialization_of_rural_wv/slide_02.htmlPowerPoint Presentation: Not just gas wells, but a gas field must be built. What else will be in that gas field? http://www.dcppartners.com/Company/Pages/MidstreamIndustryOverview.aspxPowerPoint Presentation: Compressor Stations Pipelines Wetzel County Action Group http://wcag-wv.org http://www.choosenepa.com/2010/01/22/marcellus-shale-opportunities-and-challenges-for-pennsylvania/PowerPoint Presentation: “Midstream” facilities for processing gas into marketable products http://www.marcellus-shale.us/Marcellus-gas-facilities.htmWaste Disposal: Waste Disposal http://www.efdsystems.org/Portals/25/Hydraulic%20Fracturing%20BMPs%20White%20Paper.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: And LOTS of TrucksPowerPoint Presentation: AFTER FRACKING– RECLAMATION (may take many years to “finish” a well and get to reclamation) http://marcelluscoalition.org/about/ Jack Ossont , Courtesy of Dr. Tony Ingraffea Cornell University Cooperative Extension http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange / NaturalGasDev /Documents/PDFs/ CCE_NatGas _Roadshow1a_2010_Final_.pdf “The size of a 2-car garage” ??? Industry says it’s… We’ll see.PowerPoint Presentation: What will living in a 22,835 square mile Pennsylvania gas field be like?PowerPoint Presentation: It will be everywhere, at a density of development never before seen in the state. over half the land mass of PennsylvaniaPowerPoint Presentation: DENSITY (“Ideal”) Experts such as Dr. Engelder , PSU and industry predict 1 pad per square mile (with each pad having 8 wells that frack into 80 acres each), with roads and pipelines going to each pad . Dr. Terry Engelder in Fort Worth Basin Oil & Gas article, August 2009PowerPoint Presentation: Ideal spacing — Per Chesapeake Energy proposal In New York State Chesapeake Energy Fewest well pads Some in residential areasPowerPoint Presentation: REALITY: Density of Marcellus development, so far, in southwest PA near Hickory & Houston. 40 sq mi, 82 well pads. Ideal would be 40 pads. Not done drilling in this area, yet already TWICE the ideal density.PowerPoint Presentation: The energy lobby says: “Hydraulic fracturing is not new.” “Fracking” for more than 60 years. “More than a million wells drilled using hydraulic fracturing ” A proven, safe technology http://www.energyindustryphotos.com/what_is_hydraulic_fracturing.htmPowerPoint Presentation: Scientists and Government Officials note the following: “Fracking” is not HVSFLL. Vertical Drilling (“conventional” drilling) has been fracking since the 1940s. Most of those million fracked wells are verticals. Only ≈ 30,000 are HVSFLL in the four largest U.S. shale plays* *Email communication with PSU Marcellus Center for Outreach and ResearchPowerPoint Presentation: Unconventional drilling – 4 technologies first developed and combined ( HVSFLL) 20 years ago. Dr. Anthony Ingraffea of Cornell University’s School of Civil & Environmental Engineering “The very first (PA) Marcellus gas well was drilled in 2005.” – John Hanger DEP Secretary John Hanger offers parting words | Pittsburgh Business Times http://www.bizjournals.com/pittsburgh/blog/energy/2011/01/dep-hanger-offers-parting-words.htmlPowerPoint Presentation: THIS: FRACTURING 22,835 SQUARE MILES OF SHALE UNDER PENNSYLVANIA, ALL OF IT , IF POSSIBLE. THIS: WILL NOT HAVE THE SAME IMPACT ASPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vMlRc0CSCc See also Shale Gas 101: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AW2qGewjb7k One-half of the land area of Pennsylvania fractured from below.PowerPoint Presentation: “Been doing it for sixty years…” a claim simply not true. An entirely new combination of technologies entailing many known risks and many risks not known or very poorly understood at this time.PowerPoint Presentation: The Gas Industry Promotes: B enefits of Drilling Environmental – A safe practice, been doing it for 60 years Fewer well pads, less surface impact Minimal, temporary impact on quality of life Safe for our environment over the long term Energy – Natural gas burns cleaner than other fuels A bridge to renewable energy sources Meets US Energy needs, reduces imports Economic – Lots of jobs Billions in leasing and royalties for some Spurring of other businesses, lifting all boatsPowerPoint Presentation: At the surface Marcellus well pads will require 72% more land during the construction and 52% more land after reclamation than all 350,000 conventional shallow wells ever drilled in PA since 1859. (not including land required for all other gas field infrastructure: compressor stations and mid-stream facilities) Figures developed by Dr. Cleghorn are based on Engelder projections of pads from: http://fwbog.com/upload/file/EngelderlayoutLowRes.pdf and estimated number of shallow wells from: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/38380210/ns/us_news-life/PowerPoint Presentation: The Gas Industry Promotes: B enefits of Drilling Environmental – A safe practice, been doing it for 60 years Fewer well pads, less surface impact Minimal, temporary impact on quality of life Safe for our environment over the long term Energy – Natural gas burns cleaner than other fuels A bridge to renewable energy sources Meets US Energy needs, reduces imports Economic – Lots of jobs Billions in leasing and royalties for some Spurring of other businesses, lifting all boatsPowerPoint Presentation: The truth: well pads (and their trucks, noise, bright lights, waste water & air pollution) may claim 5-10 acres of land for up to 30 years. PA State Law defines the “finish” of a well vaguely, and only after the “finish” of a well must the site be reclaimed to near its original look. Multiple wells per pad means the drill rigs can return many times over the years to drill, frack and re-frack wells.PowerPoint Presentation: Developing 50% of PA’s land mass For the next 50 YearsPowerPoint Presentation: The Gas Industry Promotes: B enefits of Drilling Environmental – A safe practice, been doing it for 60 years Fewer well pads, less surface impact Minimal, temporary impact on quality of life Safe for our environment over the long term Energy – Natural gas burns cleaner than other fuels A bridge to renewable energy sources Meets US Energy needs, reduces imports Economic – Lots of jobs Billions in leasing and royalties for some Spurring of other businesses, lifting all boatsPowerPoint Presentation: Gas Industry Claim Hydraulic fracturing “employed over one million times without a single incidence of drinking water contamination .” - Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA) http://www.marcellusfacts.com/pdf/HydraulicFracturingQ&A.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: But that claim has been revealed as false http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/11215/1164864-100.stm?cmpid=latest.xmlPowerPoint Presentation: “ EPA’s long-ignored 1987 report found that fracturing fluid from a shale gas well more than 4,000 feet deep had contaminated well water…(and) was ‘illustrative’ of the types of pollution associated with natural gas and oil drilling . “Cracks in the Façade” report by Environmental Working Group http://static.ewg.org/reports/2011/fracking/cracks_in_the_facade.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: “A former EPA official who worked on the 1987 report…said that the agency was aware of other cases of groundwater pollution involving hydraulic fracturing but did not include them in the report because the details were sealed under confidential legal settlements reached between affected property owners and energy companies.” “Cracks in the Façade” report by Environmental Working Group http://static.ewg.org/reports/2011/fracking/cracks_in_the_facade.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: “Wells drilled deep into an aquifer in Pavillion, Wyo. Contain high levels of cancer-causing compounds and at least one chemical commonly used in hydraulic fracturing…” More proof of water contamination by fracking chemicals http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=fracking-linked-water-contamination-federal-agencyPowerPoint Presentation: More than 1,000 cases of contaminated water reported from shale drilling areas around the country. http://www.propublica.org/article/buried-secrets-is-natural-gas-drilling-endangering-us-water-supplies-1113PowerPoint Presentation: The common story: My well was fine before the gas well went in. I have lived here many years. Water was fine. Then my water went bad after the well went in. Are these thousands of cases best explained as coincidence or preponderance of the evidence?PowerPoint Presentation: The Marcellus Shale Coalition calls it “this environmentally-proven production” MCS Issue Alert, 1-13-2011, http://marcelluscoalition.org/2011/01/what-are-you-waiting-for-new-york/PowerPoint Presentation: HVSFLL is so new that “ They’re still inventing it. It’s still an industrial process that has yet to reach a steady-state operating procedure , because every well is going to be different, every formation is going to be different .” (Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell University School of Civil & Environmental Engineering)PowerPoint Presentation: “I don’t think the actual optimum technology set for producing shale gas has yet been defined.” “At the moment, we’re doing it by brute force and ignorance.” - Andrew Gould, CEO of oil services giant Schlumberger http:// m.bnet.com/blog/clean-energy/schlumberger-smith-deal-a-11b-bet-on-hard-to-reach-oil-and-gas/1239PowerPoint Presentation: Safe for our environment over the long term? The plain truth is we do not know. “The Marcellus Shale is alive . It is more like a coral reef than it is an inert bunch of rock. We are destroying a living ecosystem without any real knowledge of what role it might play in the larger functioning of the biosphere .” Sandra Steingraber, Ph.D. Distinguished Scholar in Residence Department of Environmental Studies Ithaca College From her talk at Fracking the Finger Lakes Sept 15,2011 in Hammondsport NY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=euRmu3h_UbkPowerPoint Presentation: “Deep geological strata, including shale formations, are living ecosystems . They house complex communities of relic organisms that biologists collectively call deep life . Researchers now believe that, by weight, more than half of all life on Earth likely lies within deep geological strata. Indeed, these microbes play an important role in the formation of rock itself and in the cycling of elements in the biosphere . It is possible that deep life organisms thereby contribute to climate stability through pathways that we have not yet elucidated.” - Dr. Sandra SteingraberPowerPoint Presentation: Hydraulic fracturing for methane gas threatens to systematically destroy an ecosystem we do not yet understand .PowerPoint Presentation: “more like a coral reef than it is an inert bunch of rock.” – Dr. Sandra SteingraberPowerPoint Presentation: How can systematically fracturing the Marcellus Shale and injecting life-killing chemicals into it, on purpose, be considered as “safe for our environment over the long term”?PowerPoint Presentation: Risks to public health from a compromised environmentPowerPoint Presentation: RISKS: KNOWN AND UNKNOWN http://www.mvs.usace.army.mil/eng-con/expertise/fusrap-health.html#Exposure%20PathwaysPowerPoint Presentation: What are the RISKS of Drilling for Gas in the Marcellus Shale? Environmental Impacts Water Air Health – Human, Livestock, CropsPowerPoint Presentation: Contamination of Water Risks from below Migration (from new and old boreholes; from faulty casing; from the shale; over the short term and the long term) Risks from above Leaks / Spills (from frack ponds, pipes) Material handling (truck transport) Violations (well pads, trucks) Frack Water Disposal Migration from spills/leaksPowerPoint Presentation: Migration — The movement of gas or fluid through fissures and porous openings in the rock, whether pre-existing or caused by drilling. Dimock , PA well water contamination - by methane from shale & toxic chemicals - was from faulty casing while drilling. Result - Migration .PowerPoint Presentation: http://thetimes-tribune.com/news/epa-dimock-water-supplies-merit-further-investigation-1.1251334#ixzz1i7mmpVhb Dimock, PA: A Migration Story Not Finished YetPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/05/02/1100682108.full.pdf+html Duke University Peer-Reviewed Research 51 of 60 wells tested within 3,000 feet of wells were contaminatedPowerPoint Presentation: The Big Unanswered Question CAN chemical-laced drilling fluids, as well as toxic & radioactive components of the shale itself, migrate upwards into groundwater over time? Six views from experts…PowerPoint Presentation: 1. “It cannot happen.” Dr. Terry Engelder Geologist, Penn State University http://www.jlcny.org/site/attachments/article/293/Groudwater%20Protection%20Council%20Presentation%20by%20Terry%20Engelder.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: 2. “Improbable but not impossible.” Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell University http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_05A3Rr4t0PowerPoint Presentation: Existing connections to deeper strata can transmit pressurized fluids … upward to the vicinity of the fresh water aquifer… New York City Department of Environmental Protection, Final Impact Assessment Report by Hazen and Sawyer, Environmental Engineers and Scientists. p.40 http://www.cwconline.org/news/final%20hazn%20sawyr%20report-on-drilling.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: The steel and concrete of closed gas wells will degrade over time, providing “conduits” for gas under extreme pressure from below to “become manifest on the surface Dr. Marc Durand, Professor of Applied Geology, University of Quebec at Montreal http://www.facebook.com/notes/shale-gas-info/conventional-gas-vs-hydrofracturing-gas-shale/189332287769369PowerPoint Presentation: 4. (Continued) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AW2qGewjb7k&feature=mfu_in_order&list=UL Thousands of feet of protective rock between all who live on the surface and the shale (with its toxic hydrocarbons, naturally occurring radioactive materials, and the tons of hazardous chemicals injected into it) will be compromised for generations to come by hundreds of thousands of permeable well bores throughout PA. “Even perfectly sealed, the (wellbore) has a permeability many thousands of times greater than the rock in which it was drilled .”PowerPoint Presentation: 5. A 2004 EPA study noted that hydraulic fracturing fluids “ migrated unpredictably -- through different rock layers , and to greater distances than previously thought.” http://www.propublica.org/article/buried-secrets-is-natural-gas-drilling-endangering-us-water-supplies-1113 A s noted before, a 2007 EPA study in West Virginia and a 2011 study in Pavillion, WY found that fracturing fluids had contaminated groundwater and private water wells. http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/11215/1164864-100.stm?cmpid=latest.xmlPowerPoint Presentation: 6. Migration modeling Computer modeling shows that theoretically the gas & fluids can rise thousands of feet . (perhaps to enter old well bores or faults and fractures extending to the surface) Dr. Michel C. Boufadel, Hydrology Temple University http://mediasite.cidde.pitt.edu/mediasite/Viewer/?peid=7948d41114454ab2ae4d35c1e0f356b7PowerPoint Presentation: “ There’s no such thing as a perfect well seal. Occasionally sooner, often later, well seals can and do fail, period. Hydraulic fracturing as it’s practiced today will contaminate our aquifers . Not might contaminate our aquifers. Hydraulic fracturing will contaminate New York’s aquifers. If you were looking for a way to poison the drinking water supply here in the Northeast you couldn’t find a more chillingly effective and thorough method of doing so than with hydraulic fracturing. ” - Paul Hetzler http://www.watertowndailytimes.com/article/20111213/OPINION02/712139975PowerPoint Presentation: Other risks from below : what gets mobilized down there and what can come up with the “flowback” or “produced” water? http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=marcellus-shale-natural-gas-drilling-radioactive-wastewater http://www.buffalo.edu/news/11885PowerPoint Presentation: Another RISK FROM BELOW Gas industry is exempt from federal Safe Drinking Water Act, and the industry is fighting hard to keep it that way Why is this important? http://www.ima-na.org/Hydraulic-Fracturing-Exclusion-from-the-Safe-Drinking-Water-Act http://www.energyindepth.org/2010/08/house-call-on-the-frac-act/PowerPoint Presentation: “Not a problem,” says the gas industry’s lobby Energy in Depth: only about 0.49% of the fracking fluid is chemicals . http://www.energyindepth.org/tag/petroleum-distillates/PowerPoint Presentation: But 0.49% of a typical hydraulic fracturing job is still a lot. 0.49% = 90 tons of chemicals in a typical 4 million gallon fracturing job. http://www.powderriverbasin.org/assets/Uploads/files/cbm-publications/hydraulic-fracturing-facts-2010.pdf http://www.chk.com/Media/Educational-Library/Fact-Sheets/Marcellus/Marcellus_Water_Use_Fact_Sheet.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: LET’S DO THE MATH… If 90% of drilling fluids stay in ground,* a typical four million gallon frack job will leave 81 tons of chemicals in the ground, per well bore * Email communication from Marcellus Center for Outreach and Research, Penn State UniversityPowerPoint Presentation: Doing the math: Each square mile of shale, assuming 8 wells drilled at 80-acre spacing, will have 648 tons of chemicals injected into and staying in the shale. That’s one ton per acre of chemicals left below. 22,835 square miles in PA expected to be drilled. Thus: the gas industry over 50 years will place 14.8 Million tons of chemicals, many of them toxic,* under half of Pennsylvania. * http://www.marcellus-shale.us/pdf/Frac-Fluids-Pa.pdf http://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/2011/0417/New-warning-of-poisonous-chemicals-in-natural-gas-hydrofrackingPowerPoint Presentation: Many chemicals used are toxic to humans in small quantities. Some like biocides kill everything . Then there are the petroleum distillates . Industry states that about 18% of these chemicals are petroleum distillates . That comes to about 14.5 tons of petroleum distillates per well. (.18 x 81 tons per well = 14.5 tons) Still doing the math on risk from below:PowerPoint Presentation: Industry says “Not to worry” about petroleum distillates . They claim that the “petroleum distillates” used to “slick” the water are not much different than what we use in make-up remover, laxatives and candy. http://www.energyindepth.org/tag/petroleum-distillates/PowerPoint Presentation: But according to the Environmental Working Group “ Petroleum distillates are likely to contain all of the so-called BTEX chemicals – benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene. The EPA has concluded that all of these substances are toxic in water at very low levels .” http://www.ewg.org/EWG_Warns_of_Drilling_Threat_to_NYC_Drinking_WaterPowerPoint Presentation: Risks from Above Spills and Leaks (from fracwater/ flowback ponds, truck accidents) Violations (by illegal dumping, burying waste) Resulting Migration Fracwater (Waste) DisposalPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/27/us/27gas.html?emc=eta1 New York Times Major investigation finds: More than 1.3 billion gallons of waste-water… sent to treatment plants not equipped to remove many of the toxic materials in drilling waste. “contains radioactivity at levels…far higher than…is safe for these treatment plants to handle.”PowerPoint Presentation: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/02/science/earth/youngstown-injection-well-stays-shut-after-earthquake.htmlPowerPoint Presentation: Spills Red on liner at back of pond shows overflow spots on that side. Brown in foreground is spill line dead vegetation. Foam is surfactant from frack fluid. Note dead vegetation in foreground. http://www.marcellus-shale.us/impoundments.htmPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/11156/1151527-503.stm Like this stream in Moshannon State Forest, contaminated two years ago with chemical pollutants spiked to as much as 200 times safe drinking water standards when a plastic liner of a frac fluid pond failed. Leakage through flowback fluid impoundment liners that can be multiple sheets of plastic held down by rocks or can tear and leak.PowerPoint Presentation: “A deadly swath was carved from the drilling pad to our pond, killing everything. Big old oak trees to tiny peppermint plants that we planted. ” Bradford County http://www.fractracker.org/2011/01/whats-impact-of-one-spill.html Or spills from well drilling padsPowerPoint Presentation: Accidents that can spill toxic waste Also an emergency preparedness (HAZMAT) issuePowerPoint Presentation: Migration from a spill – a 200 year legacy Spill Year 1 Drinking Water Wells Spill Year 2 Spill Year 7 Spill Year 10 Spill Year 12 Spill Year 18 Spill Year 50 Spill Year 200 http://mediasite.cidde.pitt.edu/mediasite/Viewer/?peid=7948d41114454ab2ae4d35c1e0f356b7PowerPoint Presentation: Violations WELLS (from Jan. 2008 to August 2010) 45 drilling companies 1614 violations 1056 violations with environmental risks On average 1.7 violations every day 1.1 environmental-risk violations every day Pennsylvania Land Trust Association http://conserveland.org/violationsrptPowerPoint Presentation: PA Data Shows Marcellus Wells 1.5 to 4 Times More Likely to Have Violations than Conventional Wells http://www.fractracker.org/2010/11/pa-data-shows-marcellus-wells-15-to-4.html Marcellus Shale wells clearly have more violations per well than their conventional counterparts, and that among the Marcellus wells, those that were drilled horizontally have more violations associated with them than vertical wells do. …and consequences more serious.PowerPoint Presentation: Violations TRUCKS (3 days in October 2010) 1,100 trucks inspected 208 trucks removed from service 140 trucks removed were wastewater trucks 45 drivers removed “Leaking” tanks was a common violation 41 percent of inspections on Marcellus shale trucks and truckers resulted in violations that took them off the road . The trucking industry average is 23 percent http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_703110.htmlPowerPoint Presentation: The Human Risk : Moving Too Fast http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/12008/1202172-503-0.stmPowerPoint Presentation: Whether from below Or from the surfacePowerPoint Presentation: CONCLUSIONS on Water Contamination Q: WILL GROUNDWATER BE CONTAMINATED FROM SURFACE-LEVEL EVENTS? A: YES. “How often?” and “Where” are points of contention and risk analysis not yet done. Q: WILL GROUNDWATER BE CONTAMINATED FROM HVSFLL OF DEEP SHALE FORMATIONS? A: YES, but... Not enough known. IT’S A GAMBLE.PowerPoint Presentation: What about Air Quality ? Yes, we need clean water. But we also need clean air. What are the risks?PowerPoint Presentation: There is this.PowerPoint Presentation: And this. About 1,500 truck trips for each Marcellus well http://www.lockhaven.com/page/content.detail/id/525487/Marcellus-Shale--Rebuilding-our-workforce-and-infrastructure.html?nav=5015PowerPoint Presentation: Flaring a Well Flares emit a host of air pollutants. People living near flaring report headaches and nausea. Researchers have measured more than 60 air pollutants downwind of natural gas flares . http://www.earthworksaction.org/airpollutionsources.cfm#FLARINGPowerPoint Presentation: Air pollution beyond trucks: Fugitive Emissions Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) seen escaping through use of an infrared cameraPowerPoint Presentation: “A frack pond … will offgas its organic compounds into the air.” Little data available, research needed Dr. Conrad “Dan” Volz, formerly with University of Pittsburgh Center for Healthy Environment and Communities Leaks and Off-Gassing of VOCsPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.marcellus-shale.us/impoundments.htmPowerPoint Presentation: Air pollution in Dallas-Fort Worth area Barnett Shale gas drilling = All traffic SMU 2009 study http://www.marcellus-shale.us/Marcellus-air-quality.htm http://www.edf.org/documents/9235_Barnett_Shale_Report.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: http://wilderness.org/content/la-style-pollution-greater-yellowstone Sublette County, WY (Winter 2010-2011): ground level ozone layers “equal to those experienced on bad air pollution days in the summer in Los Angeles.”PowerPoint Presentation: Health Problems Being Reported by People Living in Natural Gas Development Areas Water+Air=HealthPowerPoint Presentation: Health Problems Reported by People Living Near Gas Wells (water & air problems) Loss of smell and taste Nosebleeds Onset of asthma Shortness of breath Swelling Skin rashes and lesions Chemical sensitivities Severe headaches Nausea Vomiting “Same stories, different people, thousands of miles apart.” Abraham Lustgarten, ProPublica http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2AnUq3L1PzUPowerPoint Presentation: Lisa Parr, Wise County, TX Barnett Shale country Breathing trouble Nausea Headaches Violent rashes up and down her body Body scarred with pockmarks Balance and neurological problems Chemicals in her blood that match those in an air sample taken by state of TX.PowerPoint Presentation: 7-year old Emma and 50-year old Bob Parr dealing with nosebleeds from air pollution http://earthworksaction.org/TXOGAP-CaseStudy-Parr.cfmPowerPoint Presentation: From Silt Mesa, Colorado Beth Strudley and family Severe nosebleeds Rash over much of their bodies Passing out Grand Junction physician, Dr. Joseph Wezensky of Kokopelli Health & Wellness told the Strudleys: ‘Get out of that house, now!' http://www.postindependent.com/article/20110104/VALLEYNEWS/110109981PowerPoint Presentation: From Silt Mesa, ColoradoPowerPoint Presentation: Phyllis Carr family Fayette County, PA Lives downhill from three compressors “A strong chlorine-like smell comes in waves” “A good whiff will put blisters up your nose .” Children covered in rashes and lesions air analysis revealed measurable levels of several toxic compounds including acetone, benzene, chloromethane, ethanol, hexane, methylene chloride, and toluene. http://www.frackcheckwv.net/2011/01/17/a-good-whiff-will-put-blisters-up-your-nose/PowerPoint Presentation: Even Death? Dr. Kendall Gerdes of Colorado Springs: “I think that [Mobaldi's exposure to drilling chemicals] was causative. I am simply looking at time, cause and effect relationships.” http://www.postindependent.com/article/20101117/VALLEYNEWS/101119897 See also: http://splitestate.com/PowerPoint Presentation: http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-01-09/fracking-moratorium-urged-as-doctors-call-for-health-study.html The U.S. should declare a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing for natural gas in populated areas until the health effects are better understood, doctors said at a conference on the drilling process.PowerPoint Presentation: Conclusion: Health issues associated with living near gas wells Many people are reporting health issues living near gas development. Symptoms much the same . Onset of asthma. More studies are underway to determine causation, but doctors treating patients see the connection. Q: Will people get ill in the presence of this industry? A: People in gas fields are saying “Yes.” Q: Will those people be my family? A: Depends on where we live, what we do.PowerPoint Presentation: What About Our Food and Livestock? http://www.alternet.org/food/147634/fracking_with_food:_how_the_natural_gas_industry_poisons_cows_and_crops/ http://www.propublica.org/article/16-cattle-drop-dead-near-mysterious-fluid-at-gas-drilling-site-430 A tomato farmer in Avella, Penn . reported a series of problems with the water and soil on his property after drilling started: he found arsenic levels 2,600 times what is recommended, as well as dangerously high levels of benzene and naphthalene – all known fracking components .PowerPoint Presentation: July 1, 2010 28 cows drink spilled frac pond fluid, are quarantined http://www.sungazette.com/page/content.detail/id/545449.html?nav=5011 http://protectingourwaters.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/dead-calves-and-silences-quarantined-cows-gave-birth-to-stillborn-calves/ October 18, 2011 “of the eleven calves born this spring, eight were born dead or were so weak that they died shortly afterwards .”PowerPoint Presentation: http://video.nytimes.com/video/2011/02/26/us/100000000650773/natgas.html?ref=us Garfield County, Colorado Floyd and Lisa Green, Silt, CO, move off their farm after this happened to their chickens and one goat, which they attribute to gas field air pollution. Chickens drop dead Goat kids mortality, birth defectsPowerPoint Presentation: The most common cause of illness or death following exposure to petroleum hydrocarbons is aspiration pneumonia , which may cause a chronic progressive deterioration of health , with death after several days or weeks. Toxicology of oil field wastes. Hazards to livestock associated with the petroleum industry http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2667711PowerPoint Presentation: Cornell University study on health impacts to livestock and humans calls for a ban on shale gas drilling until these impacts are fully understood. http://slopefarms.com/blog/2012/01/09/hydrofracking-impact-on-the-health-of-livestock-and-humans-new-study-from-two-cornell-researchers/PowerPoint Presentation: A growing literature on the threats posed to the food supply by unconventional gas wells. http://www.pasafarming.org/resource/publications/Local.pdf http://www.gilttaste.com/stories/327-what-will-fracking-do-to-your-food-supply http://www.foodsystemsnyc.org/article/jaffe-cdc-letter-fracking “The first statement by a federal (CDC) health official raising concern about risks to the food supply from hydrofracking.”PowerPoint Presentation: http://un-naturalgas.org/organizers.htm http://www.sportsmenalliance.org/ Sportsmen are concerned that wildlife will be degraded or become unfit to eat if contaminated.PowerPoint Presentation: So is unconventional drilling for gas safe for the PA environment over the long term? Now, let’s look at the other claims made by the gas industry on the ENERGY and ECONOMIC benefits. NO, and Don’t Know YetPowerPoint Presentation: The gas industry promotes these: B enefits of Drilling Environmental – A safe practice, been doing it for 60 years Fewer well pads, less environmental impact Minimal, temporary impact on quality of life Safe for our environment over the long term Energy – Natural gas burns cleaner than other fuels A bridge to renewable energy sources Meets US Energy needs, reduces imports Economic – Lots of jobs Billions in leasing and royalties for some Spurring of other businesses, lifting all boatsPowerPoint Presentation: Gas Industry Claim The end product (natural gas) burns cleaner than other fossil fuels, will be a bridge to renewable energy sources.PowerPoint Presentation: The reality is more complex. What does it take to get the natural gas?PowerPoint Presentation: http://www.springerlink.com/content/e384226wr4160653/fulltext.pdf Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Footprint of Natural Gas from Shale Formations Obtained by High-Volume, Slick-Water Hydraulic Fracturing Robert W. Howarth, David R. Atkinson Professor of Ecology & Environmental Biology, Cornell University “Lifecycle” analysis of shale gas extraction (what it takes to get it out of shale and to market) suggests it may be as harmful or more harmful than coal or oil.PowerPoint Presentation: http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/6/4/044008/pdf/1748-9326_6_4_044008.pdf On Shale Gas, Warming and Whiplash http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/06/on-shale-gas-warming-and-whiplash/PowerPoint Presentation: Annual federal subsidies to coal, oil, gas, nuclear and ethanol (which is based on fossil fuels) = $ 64 Billion Annual federal subsidies to renewable energy sources (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal) = $ 6 Billion Fossil fuels subsidies crowd out national investment in renewable energy sources. http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2011/0309/Budget-hawks-Does-US-need-to-give-gas-and-oil-companies-41-billion-a-yearPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.rechargenews.com/business_area/politics/article284626.ece “Frankly, if we build the future economy on shale gas, we will have lost the fight to control climate change.” James Leape, director-general of World Wildlife Fund InternationalPowerPoint Presentation: The reality: Extreme gas extraction burns the bridge to renewable energy sourcesPowerPoint Presentation: Natural Gas for America? American energy independence?PowerPoint Presentation: What the Industry Is Doing Assembling 500,000 acres in Butler, Armstrong, Jefferson, Indiana and Clarion counties for sale by the Royal Bank of Canada to Japanese and other foreign investors . Preparing to ship LNG overseasPowerPoint Presentation: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/26/us-lng-cheniere-idUSTRE79P3DO20111026PowerPoint Presentation: http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_741745.html The Global Market: profits for gas companies come before keeping prices lower for AmericansPowerPoint Presentation: Is that why U.S. natural gas exports are way up in the era of shale gas drilling since 2000? http://www.eia.doe.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9130us2a.htmPowerPoint Presentation: But here’s the problem: “A corporate business plan is not a national energy strategy." Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell UniversityPowerPoint Presentation: The gas industry promotes: B enefits of Drilling Environmental – A safe practice, been doing it for 60 years Fewer well pads, less environmental impact Minimal, temporary impact on quality of life Safe for our environment over the long term Energy – Natural gas burns cleaner than other fuels A bridge to renewable energy sources Meets US Energy needs, reduces imports Economic – Lots of jobs (88,588 by 2010) Billions in leasing and royalties for some Spurring of other businesses, lifting all boatsPowerPoint Presentation: Economic Impacts Yes, some will get rich. But will the money stay in the regional economy? Will the community be better off when the drilling is over? Too soon to tell on that.PowerPoint Presentation: UNANSWERED QUESTIONS Who will get the jobs that are created? What are the public costs of shale gas drilling? How will the costs and benefits be distributed? How will other regional industries, such as tourism and farming, be affected? Where will the royalty money be spent? How long will the boom last, and what happens when it ends? What will be short-term (economic impact) and long-term (economic development) consequences? http://catskillcitizens.org/learn_one.cfm?t=2&c=22 http://catskillcitizens.org/learnmore/SCNRUpdatedfinalMarcellusPolicyWorkingPaper5.6.11.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: “Marcellus core industries have created about 9,300 jobs since the shale boom began in 2007 - far below projections.” Hydrofracking a boom-bust endeavor Dr. Susan Christopherson, Professor: City and Regional Planning Department, Cornell University http://www.timesunion.com/default/article/Hydrofracking-a-boom-bust-endeavor-1971392.phpPowerPoint Presentation: Studies of Oil & Gas Drilling Counties out West & in gas-producing PA counties : Loss of People Fewer Types of Jobs Bigger Gap between Haves and Have Nots http://headwaterseconomics.org/pubs/energy/HeadwatersEconomics_EnergyFocusing.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: Industrializing the countryside could compromise and diminish other larger drivers of rural economies. Will gas field jobs destroy other jobs that employ more people? http://www.cepr.net/index.php/blogs/cepr-blog/fracking-nonsense-the-job-myth-of-gas-drillingPowerPoint Presentation: IN PA (Marcellus): Pike County Courier (Northeast PA) Jennifer Canfield, a real estate broker in the Upper Delaware Valley. “The phone stopped ringing when it became widely known how many thousands of acres were signed up.” http://www.strausnews.com/articles/2010/06/08/pike_county_courier/news/1.txt http://video.nytimes.com/video/2011/02/26/us/100000000650773/natgas.html?ref=us Property Values $ $PowerPoint Presentation: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/20/us/rush-to-drill-for-gas-creates-mortgage-conflicts.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all “some banks have become reluctant to grant mortgages on properties leased for gas drilling.”PowerPoint Presentation: At the bottom line, not one of the promoted benefits of unconventional drilling withstands close scrutiny.PowerPoint Presentation: An Occupying Army? http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/11317/1189273-503-0.stm “recommended using military-style psychological operations strategies, or psyops, to deal with media inquiries and citizen opposition “PowerPoint Presentation: TO CONCLUDE… Why a moratorium is required. Now.PowerPoint Presentation: “Shale gas development is rushing forward in the absence of sufficient knowledge- -the science on geology, health, and climate, for example, is just now getting started--and protections for health and air & water quality. It does so with special exemptions from provisions of major environmental laws designed to protect all Americans.” Nadia Steinzor, Earthworks http://www.earthworksaction.org/library/detail/loopholes_for_polluters It is happening so fast, with the state so ill-prepared for it, that even DEP does not have a record of almost 500 gas wells in production or ready to produce. http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/12008/1202172-503-0.stm Rushing Ahead Without Adequate ControlsPowerPoint Presentation: Not Good Enough Reasons The profit motives of multinational corporations A few tens of thousands of present-day jobs in an industry that could ruin Pennsylvania for future generationsPowerPoint Presentation: And why now? What’s the rush? The shale is not going anywhere. There are other new energy sources that we know are safe. Let’s work on those . New technologies for shale gas extraction might be safe There is plenty of other natural gas to use if we need a “bridge” http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-01-09/shale-bubble-inflates-on-near-record-prices-for-untested-fields.htmlPowerPoint Presentation: “Mitigation strategies make fracking seem less destructive than it really is. Mitigation builds time bombs with longer fuses. To advocate for mitigation is to sanction gas drilling.” Dr. Sandra Steingraber http://www.psehealthyenergy.org/data/Steingraber.pdfPowerPoint Presentation: The Precautionary Principle When credible evidence exists that irreparable harm to the public health or the environment is possible, and in the absence of scientific consensus that an activity cannot cause such irreparable harm, the burden of proof for proceeding with such activity falls upon those who wish to undertake it. (Based on UNESCO statement of the principle) SOURCE: World Press Review, Aug. 1998PowerPoint Presentation: Such proof has not been provided by the gas industry, nor by science, nor by government. That makes the current activity which risks irreparable environmental harm fundamentally unethical . In the European Union such risks are illegal .PowerPoint Presentation: So now we reside in Dr. Engelder’s era of “experimentation” in which many Pennsylvanians will be asked to make a “necessary sacrifice” of their homes and farms, water and air and health , in the name of national energy security or something noble like that, while private corporations and a few people make lots of…PowerPoint Presentation: All because on August 17, 2009: Investor’s Business Daily proclaimed the Marcellus… http://www.investors.com/NewsAndAnalysis/Article.aspx?id=503603PowerPoint Presentation: But too few have asked: Do we really want to be Saudi Arabia? Do we want the wholesale industrialization of Pennsylvania?PowerPoint Presentation: “The face of this state is about to change. This gas drilling will dwarf all the others that came before it — timber, oil, coal. This will dwarf all of those combined.” http://www.pennlive.com/midstate/index.ssf/2011/03/commentary_governor_should_reg.html John Quigley, former Secretary Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources SecretaryPowerPoint Presentation: It is time to Time to call for a moratorium – NOW - before Pennsylvania is ruined.PowerPoint Presentation: If the government will not stop it, the people will.PowerPoint Presentation: RESOURCES & SOURCES on Natural Gas Drilling Basic Information and Presentations of Unconventional Natural Gas Drilling Issues: Video: PBS Documentary on YouTube , “The Price of Gas” www.youtube.com/watch?v=2AnUq3L1PzU (20-minute general introduction to the issue of water and air contamination near gas well sites) Video : Dr. Ingraffea “The Facts of Fracking” on YouTube: www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_05A3Rr4t0 (A 1 hr, 50 minute detailed explanation of the fracking and its environmental risks) Video: Dr. Michel Boufadel (Temple Univ.) Long term and cumulative assessment of the impact of Marcellus Shale drilling: (Discussion of how fracwater contamination will migrate through the ground) http://mediasite.cidde.pitt.edu/mediasite/Viewer/?peid=7948d41114454ab2ae4d35c1e0f356b7 Videos: OGAP Peoples Summit November 2010: www.earthworksaction.org/POGsummit2010.cfm Eyewitness testimony from people living near gas wells; expert testimony re various issues Earthworks (OGAP) Hydraulic Fracturing Myths and Facts: www.earthworksaction.org/publications.cfm?pubiD=395 Video: YouTube video of fracking job : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RMBFXzluFaY&feature=related (Provides a sense of noise, air pollution associated with the Fracking process) Amy Mall (Natural Resources Defense Council): Incidents where hydraulic fracturing is a suspected cause of drinking water contamination http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/amall/incidents_where_hydraulic_frac.html Video: James Northrup - Hydrofracking & Aquifer Pollution via Faults : http://vimeo.com/14295502PowerPoint Presentation: RESOURCES & SOURCES on Natural Gas Drilling News Reports (Series or Multiple Articles) Examining Natural Gas Drilling ProPublica series: www.propublica.org/series/buried-secrets-gas-drillings-environmental-threat (The most comprehensive reporting available on the Internet) Pitts.Tribune-Review series: www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/news/specialreports/marcellusshale/ Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: extensive reporting, use Google to search Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Marcellus Find articles on all Marcellus issues, like this http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/10099/1048898-28.stm Organizations Working on Natural Gas Drilling: West Virginia Surface Owners; Rights Organization: www.wvsoro.org/index.html (One of the very best sources of practical advice on leasing, pipelines etc and many good pictures) The Industrialization of Rural WV (outstanding set of pictures): http://www.wvsoro.org/resources/industrialization_of_rural_wv/slide_01.html Damascus Citizens for Sustainability: www.damascuscitizens.org/ (Led by some of nation's leading scientists and experts and top environmental lawyers) Responsible Drilling Alliance: www.responsibledrillingalliance.org/ ShaleTest: www.shaletest.org/ (helps with air and water testing for low-income households) FrackCheckWV: www.frackcheckwv.net/ See report: www.frackcheckwv.net/2011/01/17/a-good-whiff-will-put-blisters-up-your-nose/ Marcellus Protest: www.marcellusprotest.org ShaleShock: http://shaleshock.org/ Sustainable Otsego: www.sustainableotsego.org/PowerPoint Presentation: The Endocrine Disruption Exchange: www.endocrinedisruption.com/home.php Video: The Endocrine Disruption Exchange: www.endocrinedisruption.com/chemicals.videoplayer.php (an examination of health risks associated with fracking chemicals) U-Pitt Center for Healthy Environments and Communities (CHEC): www.chec.pitt.edu/ FracTracker : www.fractracker.org/ - a project of CHEC Un-natural Gas: www.un-naturalgas.org/index.htm Marcellus-Shale. US: marcellus-shale.us/ (excellent source of photos) Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund: www.celdf.org/ (Providing leadership on local ordinances, such as Pittsburgh’s, to ban natural gas drilling) Allegheny Defense Project: www.alleghenydefense.org/ (focus on forest & riparian rights) Journey of the Forsaken: www.journeyoftheforsaken.com/ (from Divide Creek, Colorado) Blue Daze Drilling Reform for Texas (Barnett Shale): An informative blog from “Texas Sharon” http://txsharon.blogspot.com/ Pennsylvania Alliance for Clean Water and Air: www.pacwa.org/ (local organization) Industry Resources: Chesapeake Energy YouTube video : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73mv-Wl5cgg&feature=related (one of the better videos on how hydraulic fracturing works) Range Resources : http://www.rangeresources.com/ Marcellus Shale Coalition : http://marcelluscoalition.org/PowerPoint Presentation: Important Documents EPA Outline for Research on Hydraulic Fracturing : yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/0/3B745430D624ED3B852576D400514B76/$File/Hydraulic+Frac+Scoping+Doc+for+SAB-3-22-10+Final.pdf Natural Gas Drilling Better for the Environment? www.damascuscitizens.org/GHGemissions_Cornell.pdf Riverkeepers: www.riverkeeper.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Riverkeeper-Gas-Drilling-Reporter-Vol.-6.pdf Riverkeepers’ “Fractured Communities” Report : www.riverkeeper.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Fractured-Communities-FINAL-September-2010.pdf Dr. Terry Engelder PowerPoint to Groundwater Protection Council: http://www.jlcny.org/site/attachments/article/293/Groudwater Protection Council Presentation by Terry Engelder.pdf (Technical presentation on whether gas & chemicals can migrate upwards) Cornell Cooperative Extension/PRI Introduction to Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Development http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Documents/PDFs/CCE_NatGas_Roadshow1a_2010_Final_.pdf (an excellent overview of the gas drilling processes in PowerPoint) SMU Study on Air Quality in Barnett Shale – Dallas-Fort Worth area: http://www.edf.org/documents/9235_Barnett_Shale_Report.pdf Videos Available through Netflix : GasLand : http://movies.netflix.com/Movie/GasLand/70129353?trkid=2361637#height1707 Split Estate : http://movies.netflix.com/Movie/Split_Estate/70124096?trkid=2361637#height838PowerPoint Presentation: Elected Officials to Contact: State Senator Joseph Scarnati - (717) 787-7084 (Harrisburg) or (814) 726-7201 (Warren office) http://www.senatorscarnati.com/ Speaker (District 66 Rep.) Samuel H. Smith : (717) 787-3845 (Harrisburg) or (814) 938-4225 (Punxsutawney) U.S. Representative Glenn Thompson : http://thompson.house.gov/ Phone: (202) 225-5121 or (814) 353-0215 Member of the US House of Representatives Natural Gas Caucus http://naturalgascaucus.murphy.house.gov/ U.S. Senator Robert P. Casey, Jr .: (202) 224-6324 (D.C.) http://casey.senate.gov/ (Co-sponsor of FRAC Act) U.S. Senator Patrick Toomey : (202) 224-4254 (D.C.) http://www.senate.govPowerPoint Presentation: Presented by: http://www.pacwa.org/ PowerPoint presentation researched and prepared by: J. Stephen Cleghorn, PhD Lucinda Hart-Gonzalez, PhD Paradise Gardens and Farm LLC Contact: email@example.com http://www.go.to/stopmarcellus More detailed presentation is available here: You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.