Book1 2

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Part A My Favorite Teachers Part B High school Versus college Part C First day at school


Comparison between high school and university Similarities: Learning is the goal. Students learn and teachers teach. Students have extracurricular activities. (add your opinion,please) Differences: College demands much independence of students and gives them more freedom. Teachers in college are usually advisers instead of monitors. (add your opinion,please)

Describe New Life on Campus: 

Describe New Life on Campus The buildings on campus: dormitory, apartment, teaching building,auditorium, language lab, lecture hall, library, gymnasium, cafeteria/canteen/dining hall, hospital/ infirmary New things: inauguration ceremony, orientation program, military training, signboard, school paper…

Describe New Life on Campus : 

Describe New Life on Campus Students: College student/ under-graduate, freshman, sophomore, junior, senior, graduate/ post-graduate, bachelor, roommate, classmate, alumnus/alumna Teachers: Academic, teaching staff,assistant, lecturer/instructor, assistant professor, professor, visiting professor, academic advisor, president, dean


What of a teacher usually impresses his/her students? What do you think a good teacher should be? Who are you favorite teachers? Why?


Structure Analysis (Pp1-Pp2) Wayne Booth is my favorite teacher in college. (Pp3-Pp4) Burke Severs is my favorite teacher in graduate school (Pp5) Both of them “ taught themselves to students”. “I remember,however, what he taught me about Wayne Booth.” “Burke Severs taught me the loving reverence of Burke Severs ”


☆How do you understand the following sentences: “I remember nothing specific about the writing or literature in any of the courses he taught me, but I remember what he looked like, both with and without his beard.” “I do not remember what Wayne Booth taught me about Jane Austen’s Emma. I remember, however, what he taught me about Wayne Booth.” ☆What can you learn from the two teachers? Wayne Booth is friendly, considerate; Burke Severs is serious with himself…


Please translate the following sentences: ☆ I remember his quiet sparkle when he was helping us to trace out an idea. Sparkle n.生气,活力;火花 a quality that makes something seem interesting and full of life 我记得他帮助我们清理我们的思绪时表现出的活力.


☆ I remember and try to emulate what he stood for: a carefulness, a scholarly rigor, an attention to detail, an absolute precision in the use of language, a cautious but genuine sense of humor, a quiet self-deprecation, and especially, a loving reverence for the poetry of Geoffrey Chaucer. 但我记得并且仍然在努力仿效的是他代表的一种治学态度:一丝不苟,治学严谨,注意细节,用词准确,小心翼翼,富有幽默感,谦恭,特别是对杰佛里·乔叟写的诗歌的喜爱与崇拜。

Chaucer : 

Chaucer Being born about 1300 in London, He is regarded as the founder of English poetry. The Canterbury Tales is his representative works. Copyright 1996-98 © Dale Carnegie & Associates, Inc.

Life and Literary career : 

Life and Literary career Chaucer was the son of a wine merchant who had connections with the Court. He began life as a page in a nobleman’s household. Then he went to France at 19 on one of the campaigns of the Hundred Years’ War, and was taken prisoner. On his return, he married Phillip pa, a maid of honour to the queen and relative of John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster, who became his patron. He died in 1400 and was buried in Westminster Abbey, thus founding the Poets’ Corner。 Chaucer ‘s literary career can be divided into three periods corresponding with the stages of his life. The first period consists of works translated from French, as The Romaunt of the Rose. The second consists of works adapted from the Italian, as Troilus and Criseyde. The third includes The Canterbury Tales, which is purely English.

Jane Austen : 

Jane Austen Jane Austen(1775-1817)   a major English novelist, lived and worked at the turn of the 19th century. She was the daughter of a country clergyman, and passed all her life in doing small domestic duties in the countryside. She was educated at home and began to write at an early age. Living a quiet life in the countryside, she kept her eyes steadily upon the people and incidents about her, and wrote about the small world she lived in. She wrote 6 novels: Northanger Abbey, Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park, Emma, and Persuasion. Pride and Prejudice is the most widely read among them.


4campus n freshman n. 4specific a. 4writing n. 4beard n. 4amuse vt. 4decade n. 4scholarly a. the land and buildings of a university a student in the first year of a university detailed and exact the activity of writing books, stories etc. hair that grows around a man’s chin to make someone laugh or smile a period of ten years of, relating to, or characteristic of scholars


4detail n. v. 4absolute a. 4precision n. 4genuine a. 4humor n 4poetry n. 4mostly ad. 4approach n. one of the small parts that make the whole complete the state or quality of being precise; exactness real (capacity to cause or feel)amusement the art or work of a poet mainly the method used in dealing with or accomplishing


4cock vt. 4intense a. 4concentration n. 4disappoint vt 4graduate n. 4reveal vt. to lift a part of your body so that it is upright, or to hold a part of your body at an angle (of qualities) high in degree the ability to think about something carefully or for a long time to make someone feel sad because something that they hoped or expected did not happen someone who is studying at a university to get a master’s degree or a PHD to show something that was previously hidden


decade A period of ten years.十年期 A group or series of ten. 十个一组,十个一系列十个构成的一组或一系列 E.g.United Nations Development D-,联合国十年发展计划 specific ad 详细而精确的;明确的;详尽的;清楚的 E.g. I want a specific answer. 我想要一个明确的回答。 特殊的;特种的;特定的 E.g. specific gravity比重


approach to come or go near or nearer to: E.g. approached the tunnel. to come close to, as in appearance, quality, or condition; approximate: E.g. The performance approaches perfection. to make a proposal or overtures to with a specific end in view: E.g. approached the administration for a raise. to begin to deal with or work on: E.g. approached the task with dread.


favourite one that enjoys special favor or regard. 受宠的人或物受到特别喜爱或对待的人或物; one that is trusted, indulged, or preferred above all others, especially by a superior: 受宠的人,亲信受到信任、宠爱或比其他人都受欢迎的人,特指被上级 E.g. a favorite of the monarch.帝王的宠臣 a contestant or competitor regarded as most likely to win最有希望获胜的选手或竞争者 favorite ad. Liked or preferred above all others; regarded with special favor 受宠的比其他所人都更受喜爱的;得到特别宠幸的


amuse to occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion. 娱乐,消遣以愉快、欢乐或娱乐的方式占有 E.g. The boy amused themselves by drawing caricatures of their teacher. To cause to laugh or smile by giving pleasure. 逗乐,逗笑通过娱乐而使大笑或微笑 E.g. The children were amused at the storyteller’s jokes.


reveal to make known (something concealed or secret) 揭露,泄露使(某些隐藏的事或秘密)为人所知 E.g. revealed a confidence. 泄露机密 to bring to view; show. 使显露;显示 to make known by supernatural or divine means 启示,默示通过超自然或神学的方式使为人知 E.g. “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven” (Romans 1:18) “上帝的愤怒是从天国显露的”(罗马书1:18) 大笑或微笑


major ad 较大的;较多的;主要的 E.g. One of the major aims of the air raid was the complete demolition of all means of communications by bombing. 这次空袭的一个主要目的,就是通过轰炸彻底摧毁敌人的通讯设施。 E.g. major city 主要城市 (同姓学生中)较为年长的 E.g. Brown major 大布朗 〈音〉大调 有较大风险的(手术)

Absolute ad. : 

Absolute ad. perfect in quality or nature; complete 完美的质量上或本质上的完美的;完全的 not limited by restrictions or exceptions; unconditional 无限制的,无条件的不受限定或例外所限制的;无条件的: absolute trust 绝对信任 unqualified in extent or degree; total 绝对的在范围或程度上绝对的;完全的 (See: infinite) E.g. absolute silence 绝对安静 not mixed; pure 未混合的;纯粹的 (See: pure) unconstrained by constitutional or other provisions 不受限制的,独裁的不受宪法或其它修正案的限制的: E.g. an absolute ruler 一个独裁统治者 not to be doubted or questioned; positive 确凿的,不容置疑的不容怀疑或质疑的;肯定的: E.g. absolute proof 不容置疑的证据


  “ He sat, almost Buddha-like, at the end of the seminar table.” -like  typical of, or suitable to something (You can add -like to the end of nouns in order to form adjectives. Adjectives formed in this way describe things as similar in appearance or nature to the thing referred to by the noun.) Examples:  childlike simplicity... ladylike behavior... The landscape has a dream-like air.    

Phrase Study: 

Phrase Study major in : to have or take as a major subject of study 主修,专攻 E.g. Christian majors in two subjects in Yale University. E.g. He's majoring in Political Science. trace out : to find out; to suggest 找出,探索 E.g. On the basis of these theories, one can then trace out the various consequences that flow from them. E.g. So far, the chairman has has only been able to trace out the outline of the plan, without any details.

Phrase Study: 

Phrase Study speak of : to mention, to talk about   提及 E.g. They seemed to be speaking of someone whom he hardly knew. E.g. He hadn't been able to speak until now of what had happened. V.+ of : tell/talk/speak of; hear of; inquire of; know/learn of ; dream of; approve of; complain of; remind sb. Of; convince sb. of; accuse sb. of; assure sb. of

Phrase Study: 

Phrase Study stand for : to support a particular set of ideas, values, or principles; to advocate, favor; to represent, symbolize,imply; 支持,代表 E.g. They oppose capitalism and all that it stands for. E.g. T.E.C. stands for Technical Education Certificate. stand by: to up-hold; support E.g. Stand by your parents in their time of need. stand up for: to defend, support


IN order to impress the reader deeply or emphasize his opinion, the author can use repetition or paralleled structure. In the first and second paragraph of part A, by using ten “I remember …”sentences, the author write “my” impression of Wayne Booth ’s appearance(his bear, his soft smile), his special manner while listening to students and his affection towards his family. In the third paragraph, by using paralleled structure, “but I remember and try to emulate what he stood for: a carefulness, a scholarly rigor, … a loving reverence for the poetry of Geoffrey Chaucer.” the author try to emulate what Burke Severs stood for: carefulness, graveness, preciseness, cautious, self-deprecation…


When describe a person, we usually say something about his appearance , character and manner. Examples from Part A: “I remember how he smiled when he was amused--- his was a soft smile, not a brittle one.” “I remember how he cooked his head, looking with intense concentration at the classroom floor, when he was listening to someone try to express a thought,” “ He sat ,almost Buddha-like, at the head of the seminar table.”


Examples from Emma, Chapter One: “Emma Woodhouse, handsome, clever, and rich, with a comfortable home and happy disposition, seemed to unite some of the best blessings of existence; …” Examples from Jane Eyre , Chapter Twelve: “ Something of daylight still lingered, and the moon was waxing bright; I could see him plainly. His figure was enveloped in a riding cloak, fur collared, and steel clasped; its details were not apparent, but I traced the general points of middle height, and considerable breadth of chest. He had a dark face, with stern features and a heavy brow; his eyes and gathered eyebrows looked ireful and thwarted just now; …”


Do translation exercises. Describe a person you like best. Prepare Unit Three

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