Gomes_Millennials CCAOM.2011

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Teaching 2.0 Staying Relevant for the 21st Century “Millennial” Student:

Teaching 2.0 Staying Relevant for the 21 st Century “ Millennial ” Student Stacy Gomes, Ed.D. VP Academic Affairs Professor Clinical Research, Teaching and Leadership Skills Pacific College of Oriental medicine May 14. 2011 Baltimore, Maryland

Slide 2:

“ If Universities (and faculty) can ’ t find the will to innovate and adapt to changes in the world around us , universities will be irrelevant by 2020. The challenge is not to bring technology into the classroom… the millennials - with their laptops and Facebook have already done that. The challenge is to capture the potential of that technology to both lower costs, improve access, and learning for all. ” David Wiley, Brigham Young University

Learning Outcomes:

Recognize characteristics of “ Millennial ” Learners Differentiate between “ pushing ” and pulling information Understand how technology supports “ active ” learning Learning Outcomes

Wordle.net: Millennial Students:

Wordle.net: Millennial Students

Slide 5:

When You Were Born Affects: VALUES (early years mold your values) ATTITUDES (values shape your attitude) CHOICES (attitude determine your choices)


GI/Veteran 1901 – 1924 Silent/Traditionalist 1925 – 1942 Baby Boomers 1943 - 1960 Generation X 1961 - 1981 Millennials 1982 - Today COMMON GENERATIONS


Children of late boomers and early “ GenXers ” “ Babies on Board ” of the early Reagan years “ Have You Hugged Your Child Today ” Sixth graders of the early Clinton years Teens of Columbine WHO are the MILLENNIALS?

Characteristics of Millennials:

Diverse Pressured to perform Ambitious Confident/optimistic Team Oriented Connected Service Oriented Structured Protected Read 8 books a year, 2181 Facebook pages, 2300 Web pages Will write 42 pages for classes, 500 e-mails in a typical semester Spend 3 ½ hours on-line, 2 hours on cell phone per day Multi-taskers Characteristics of Millennials

What has SHAPED their times?:

Focus on children and family Scheduled, Structured Lives Multiculturalism Terrorism Heroism Patriotism Parent Advocacy Globalism What has SHAPED their times?

Growing Up “Messages”:

Be smart – you are special (Nickelodeon, Baby Gap, Sports Illustrated for Kids) Leave no one behind (taught to be inclusive and tolerant of other religions and sexual orientations) Connect 24/7 (learned to be interdependent-on family, friends, and teachers) Achieve now! (right preschool = right college) Serve your community – think of the greater good – required school assignments school Growing Up “ Messages ”


Generation of “ wanted ” children Central to their parents ’ sense of purpose Many Boomer parents delayed having children until financially secure MILLENNIALS ARE SPECIAL


“ Baby on Board ” signs were created for this generation Their well being has dominated legislation (child restraints, home products, movie/video ratings, campus security) Boomer parents tend to be over-protective MILLENNIALS ARE SHELTERED


Raised by parents believing in the importance of self-esteem Optimistic yet practical Hopeful of the future Enjoy strong connections with their parents MILLENNIALS ARE CONFIDENT


They are used to being organized in teams They have spent much of their time working and learning in groups They have established tight peer bonds They are inclusive MILLENNIALS ARE TEAM-ORIENTED


They are very much into setting and meeting goals They have the benefit of best-educated parents They are the smartest ever with rising proficiency in math, science and standardized tests They are subject to mandatory testing MILLENNIALS ARE ACHIEVING


They are pushed to study hard They are pushed to succeed They are pushed to attend college They are pushed to choose careers that “ pay off ” nicely They are pushed to participate in extra curricular, after school activities MILLENNIALS ARE PRESSURED


They identify with their parents ’ values They feel close to their parents They are “ rule followers ” (if we give them clear rules they can understand) They accept authority “ Whatever ” – passive approach to dissent MILLENNIALS ARE CONVENTIONAL

A Vision of Today’s Students:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGCJ46vyR9o A Vision of Today ’ s Students

Moving From “Pushing” Content to “Pulling” Information:

Moving From “ Pushing ” Content to “ Pulling ” Information


“ Supply-push ” = mode of building up an inventory of knowledge in students ’ heads. “ Demand-pull ” = learning shifts the focus to enabling participation in flows of action, where the focus is both on “ learning to be ” through enculturation into a practice as well as on collateral learning. Brown, J.S. and Adler, R. (2008) Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0 Supply-push/Demand-Pull

Moving From “Pushing” Content to “Pulling” Information:

Choose Connect Create Collaborate Mash-ups Ripping Remixing Moving From “ Pushing ” Content to “ Pulling ” Information

Where Do Learners “Pull” Information they Need:

Podcasts Videos/YouTube Wikis Blogs Virtual Communities Social/Networking/Meet-ups sites Internships Experiential Conferences Workshops Mentors Websites Media (CNN/NPR/NBC/Wall Street Journal, etc) Where Do Learners “ Pull ” Information they Need

Social Production of Learning:

Social Production of Learning

Learning through Blogs, Texts & Tweets:

Learning through Blogs, Texts & Tweets

Know Your Millennials:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfWQLcTVKik “ How Millenial Are You Quiz ” Know Your Millennials

Translating these Characteristics To the Classroom :

Collaborative teamwork Respect/trust with group work, faculty projects, peer grading Communication with faculty through e-mail, instant messages, chats, text, Facebook Immediate feedback Scheduling, class expectations need to be clear Clarifying credibility of sources Translating these Characteristics To the Classroom

Millennial Student Perceptions:

Student Perceptions of Professors Who Are Familiar With Millennial Culture Versus Those Who Are Not The Millennials ' Ideal Professor The Millennials ' Ideal Learning Environment Price, C. Why Don't My Students Think I'm Groovy?: The New "R"s for Engaging Millennial Learners Millennial Student Perceptions

Hybrid Courses: Technology Can’t Make a Bad Teacher into a Good Teacher:

Increase Learning outcomes Test scores Grades Retention of information Persistence towards degree Satisfaction Graduation Active Learning Hybrid Courses: Technology Can ’ t Make a Bad Teacher into a Good Teacher

Best Practices: The 5 “R’s” for Engaging Millennial: MESSAGE _ MAKE IT ACTIVE!:

Relevance Rationale Relaxed Rapport Research-based methods Best Practices: The 5 “ R ’ s ” for Engaging Millennial: MESSAGE _ MAKE IT ACTIVE!

Facilitating Access to Information:

Access to “ Open Content ” (Open Educational Resources) Open CourseWare (MIT 1900 free courses, 63 million students) iTunesU Youtube.com/edu 4417 Open Access Journals “ Pocket ” School (smart phone aps) Free Web-based texts (Flat World Knowledge) Facilitating Access to Information


Brown, J.S. and Adler, R. (2008) Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0. http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Review/EDUCAUSEReviewMagazineVolume43/MindsonFireOpenEducationtheLon/162420 [Accessed April 10, 2011]. Kamenentz, Anya. (2011) DIY U: Edupunks, Edupreneurs and the Coming Transformation of Higher Education. Moore. A. (2007) They ’ ve Never Taken a Swim and Thought About Jaws: Understanding the Millennial Generation. College and University, Volume 82., 4. Pastorino, E. (2006) When Generations Collide in the Classroom. E -xcellence in Teaching, Volume 6, 16-19. Pew Research Center, How Millenial Are You Quiz . http://pewresearch.org/millennials/quiz/ [Accessed April 15, 2011] Price, C. (2009) Why Don't My Students Think I'm Groovy?: The New "R"s for Engaging Millennial Learners . Millennial Traits and Teaching. www.drtomlifvendahl.com/ Millennial %20Characturistics.pdf [accessed on April 10, 2011]. References

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