Uzbekistan

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Works Cited https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/.../uz.htm www.gov.uz/en/‎ http://www.eurasianet.org/resource/uzbekistan

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Uzbekistan:

Uzbekistan

Introduction:

Introduction Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19 th century. During an important era, they called cotton “white gold” which led to a serious situation of cotton monoculture, Uzbekistan was part of the Soviet Union that was a communist government. It is located in the Central Asia.

Geography:

Geography Location: Central Asia Area: total: 447,400 sq. km country comparison to the world: 57 land: 425,400 sq. km water: 22,000 sq. km Climate: Mostly desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east Terrain: mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes Natural Resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum Environmental Issues: S hrinkage of the Aral Sea has resulted in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world

People and Society :

People and Society Ethnic Group Percentages: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Kara kalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% Languages: Uzbek (official) 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1% Religion: Uzbekistan is mostly Muslim, but consist of other religions like Eastern Orthodox. Population: The population is 28,394,180 and is rank 44 in the world. Age Structure: 0-14 years: 25.8% (3,757,958 male/ female 3,577,644) 15-64 years: 69.5% (9,805,718 male/ female 9,924,871) 65 years and over: 4.7% (567,148 male/ female 760,841 Birth Rate: 17.33 births/1,000 populat ion Death Rate: 5.29 deaths/1,000 population Net Migration: 2.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population Life Expectancy total population: 72.77 years male: 69.74 years female: 75.98 years Unemployment: NA

Government :

Government Uzbekistan is a republic, but it has little power outside of the executive branch. The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent. Suffrage: 18 years of age Constitution: adopted 8 December 1992; amended in 2002 Legal System: civil law system

Economy :

Economy Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country; 11% of the land is intensely cultivated, in irrigated river valleys. More than 60% of the population lives in densely populated rural communities. Export of hydrocarbons, primarily natural gas, provided about 40% of foreign exchange earnings in 2009. Other major export earners include gold and cotton. Uzbekistan is now the world's second-largest cotton exporter and fifth largest producer; it has come under increasing international criticism for the use of child labor in its annual cotton harvest. GDP: $ 96.46 billion GDP PER CAPTITA: $3,300 GDP BY SECTOR: agriculture: 21.9% industry: 37.7% services: 40.3%

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Labor force by sector: 16.11 million agriculture: 44% industry: 20% services: 36% Unemployment Rate: 1% (2011 est.) country comparison to the world: 7 note: officially measured by the Ministry of Labor, plus another 20% underemployed Inflation Rate: 13.5% Agricultural Products: cotton , vegetables, fruits, grain; livestock Industries: textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, mining, hydrocarbon extraction, chemicals Export Commodities: energy products, cotton, gold, mineral fertilizers, ferrous and nonferrous metals, textiles, food products, machinery, automobiles Imports: $ 8.53 billion Commodities: Russia 21.4%, South Korea 19.1%, China 15.1%, Germany 7.4%, Kazakhstan 5.6%

Communications:

Communications Telephone Systems: 1.864 million in use 20.952 million cellular devices T he state-owned telecommunications company, Uzbektelecom, owner of the fixed line telecommunications system, has used loans from the Japanese government and the China Development Bank to upgrade fixed-line services including conversion to digital exchanges. Broadcast Media: G overnment controls media; 8 state-owned broadcasters - 4 TV and 4 radio - provide service to virtually the entire country; about 20 privately-owned TV stations, overseen by local officials, broadcast to local markets; privately-owned TV stations are required to lease transmitters from the government-owned Republic TV and Radio Industry Corporation and are prohibited from broadcasting live. Internet Host and Users: 4.689 million users and 56,334 host

Transportation :

Transportation Airports There are 53 main airports in Uzbekistan, but there are only 33 with paved runways. Railways There are a total of 3,645 km railways in Uzbekistan. Unpaved Roads: There are a total of 10,985 km unpaved roads in Uzbekistan. There are more paved roads than unpaved roads. Paved Roads: There are 75,511 km paved roads in Uzbekistan. Waterways: About 1,100 km waterways located in Uzbekista n.

Military :

Military Military Branches: Army Air Air Define Forces 18 years of age for compulsory military service; 1-year conscript service obligation; moving toward a professional military Military Expenditures: 3.5% of GDP

Transnational Issues:

Transnational Issues People might not be big fans of Uzbekistan, because of how popular child labor is. If Uzbekistan could possibly be help out with some country bills they might be able to afford the tools that prevent them from using children to do the work. P rolonged drought and cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan created water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states. Women and young girls are often trafficked to Turkmenistan to be use inappropriately by the men located in Turkmenistan. Men are trafficked to be force to work in mines, pick cotton, cell drugs, tobacco industries, and construction. Men and women are trafficked for the use of domestics servitude and the for the commercial of sexual exploitation. Even though this is not a world problem Uzbekistan is needed with great attention, because their problems are only their, but in other places. This does not sound very important, but problems spread and Uzbekistan’s problem is spreading very wide.

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