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DHS View of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Needs : 

AIAA 3rd Unmanned Unlimited Technical Conference Paul Polski Director, DHS Aviation Joint Programs Department of Homeland Security September 20, 2004 DHS View of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Needs

Outline: 

Background DHS UAV Application Evaluation DHS Needs UAV Integration into the Homeland Recent DHS UAV Activity The Future Unmanned UAV Airport Airside Summary Outline

Department of Homeland Security Vision : 

Department of Homeland Security Vision Preserving our freedoms, protecting America… we secure our homeland

Department of Homeland Security Mission “lead the unified national effort to secure America” “prevent and deter terrorist attacks” “promote the free flow of commerce” : 

Department of Homeland Security Mission “lead the unified national effort to secure America” “prevent and deter terrorist attacks” “promote the free flow of commerce”

Slide5: 

New Conflict Paradigm Traditional Conflict Peace Crisis War Post War Stability Peace Terrorism Peace Episodic Terrorist Event Instability Change War Fighters Expensive Complex Exposed Deliberate Terror Fighters Cheap Simple Hidden Random

DHS UAV Background: 

DHS UAV Background April 2003: Senate requests DHS to “explore use” of UAVs. June 2003: DHS (CBP) Investigates UAV use for Border Patrol. July 2003: DHS (S&T) Convenes UAV Working Group. October 2003: JPDO Starts UAV National Plan development. November 2003: FY-04 Defense Bill requires DHS UAV Report. January 2004: DHS (S&T) Starts UAV Executive Steering Group

DHS UAV Areas of Security: 

DHS UAV Areas of Security Land Borders North & South Ports of Entry Interior Coastal Areas Atlantic & Pacific Other Water Areas Overseas High Seas

Slide8: 

UAV Types, Operating Altitudes & Endurance Capabilities U-2 70K 60K Global Hawk Heron 1 Predator A 50K 40K 30K 20K 10K Altitude 10 20 30 Endurance (hours) Aerostar, Hermes, Sky Eye, Vigilante, Fire scout, Hunter, Endurance Tactical Heron 2 Predator B Small U-2 70K 60K Global Hawk Heron 1 Predator A 50K 40K 30K 20K 10K Altitude 10 20 30 Endurance (hours) Aerostar, Hermes, Sky Eye, Fire scout, Hunter, Endurance Tactical Heron 2 Predator B Small Shadow 200 Need to Define DHS National UAV Performance Regime

8 Major DHS Duties: 

8 Major DHS Duties Surveillance & Monitoring Communications and Information Management Apprehend/ Detain / Removal / Seize Targeting & Intelligence Identification & Assessment Training & Proficiency Deterrence Officer Safety

1. CBRNE Sensors 2. Visual Monitoring 3. Container Integrity 4. Non-Intrusive Inspection 5. Non-visual Monitoring 6. Suspect / Item Geolocation 7. Communications Interception 8. Tunnel ID and Surveillance : 

1. CBRNE Sensors 2. Visual Monitoring 3. Container Integrity 4. Non-Intrusive Inspection 5. Non-visual Monitoring 6. Suspect / Item Geolocation 7. Communications Interception 8. Tunnel ID and Surveillance Surveillance & Monitoring

Slide11: 

1. Interoperable Communications 2. Tactical Data Fusion 3. Multi-modal Access to Databases 4. Tactical Situational Awareness Communications and Information Management

Slide12: 

1. Facilities / Housing 2. Arrest Reports and Case Documentation 3. Pursuit Management & Prevention 4. Quarantine & Disposal 5. Safe Entry into Unknown Situation 6. Parole / Detain 7. Transportation of Detainees/Property 8. Securing of Travel Documents 9. Maintain Integrity of Seized and Personal Property 10. Notification of Rights 11. Consular Notification Apprehend/ Detain / Removal / Seize

Slide13: 

1. Ability to Read and Collect Biometrics 2. Document Verification & Validity 3. Composition Verification 4. Cultural/Linguistic Verification 5. Veracity Analysis Identification & Assessment

Slide14: 

1. Threat Assessment / Data Collection / Analysis 2. Threat Relevant Data Dissemination 3. Intelligence Preparation & Operations Support 4. Intelligence Support to Command Targeting & Intelligence Technology Directorate

Slide15: 

Training & Proficiency 1. Training 2. Training Management

Deterrence: 

1. Visible Security Systems 2. Multi-National Initiatives 3. Punitive Measures 4. Specialized Enforcement Operations 5. Public Information Deterrence

Slide17: 

Body Protection 2. Safe Search 3. Use of Safety & Emergency Equipment 4. Contingency Planning 5. Use of Force 6. Maintenance of Physical Fitness Officer Safety

DHS UAV Security Needs Summary: 

DHS UAV Security Needs Summary Coast Guard Border Patrol Oil Fields and Pipe Lines Power Facilities, Transmission Lines and Grids Security Sensitive Events and Facilities Airports, Seaports and Land Transportation Hubs Transportation Conveyances Other

DHS UAV Functional Needs Summary: 

DHS UAV Functional Needs Summary Integration into the Homeland Safety and Acceptability to the Populace Pre-Planned Product Improvement for new Threats Attack Capability Delivery Function (i.e. Smart Dust) Multi-Purpose Commonality Acceptable Cost Standards

Slide20: 

DHS UAV – Homeland Integration

DHS UAV Standards Requirements: 

DHS UAV Standards Requirements RTCA ASTM AIAA SAE NDIA International DHS UAV Types Cooperative Approach HALE MALE LALE LASE Standards Developers

X-45A GPS-Guided Weapon Delivery 18 April 2004: 

X-45A GPS-Guided Weapon Delivery 18 April 2004

DHS of the Future?: 

DHS of the Future?

DHS UAV Pilot Programs: 

DHS UAV Pilot Programs August 2002 - CG R&D Sentry UAV Demo (Galveston) August 2003- CBP/JTF-6 UAV Missions (Zapata, TX.) October 2003- CBP UAV Demonstrations (Fort Huachuca) November 2003 ICE Operation Desert Safeguard (AZ Border) w/Predator B June-September 2004- Arizona Border Control Initiative w/Hermes November 2003/July 2004- USCG UAV Missions (Alaska) w/Altair (Predator B+)

Slide25: 

UAVs in Future Homeland Surveillance USAF Fusion Center

Next Generation Air Transportation System Goals     1. Reduce aviation system costs by 25% 2. Create 100’s of thousands of new jobs 3. Provide three times current capacity 4. Meet future air transportation demand 5. Reduce curb-to-curb transit time 30% 6. Limit traveler airport time to less than 30 minutes 7. 95% of arrivals & departures to be on-time 8. Seamless security with other aviation operations 9. Maintain aviation as safest mode of travel. 10. Retain role as aviation world leader : 

Next Generation Air Transportation System Goals     1. Reduce aviation system costs by 25% 2. Create 100’s of thousands of new jobs 3. Provide three times current capacity 4. Meet future air transportation demand 5. Reduce curb-to-curb transit time 30% 6. Limit traveler airport time to less than 30 minutes 7. 95% of arrivals & departures to be on-time 8. Seamless security with other aviation operations 9. Maintain aviation as safest mode of travel. 10. Retain role as aviation world leader

Unmanned UAV Airport Airside The Comprehensive Airport Program (CAP): 

Unmanned UAV Airport Airside The Comprehensive Airport Program (CAP) Decreased fuel use and emissions Reduced ramp clutter and its effects Improved security and safety Streamlined transport of passengers & cargo

Slide28: 

1) Fuel Conservation & Fewer Emissions Aircraft on taxiway, and ground service vehicles contribute significantly to fuel consumption and air pollution The proliferation of vehicles also increases the incidence of ramp collisions and debris damage to aircraft

The current ground services configuration: 

The current ground services configuration 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

The fuel trucks removed: 

The fuel trucks removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Potable water truck removed: 

Potable water truck removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Lavatory service truck removed: 

Lavatory service truck removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Electrical power removed: 

Electrical power removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Cabin cleaning crew truck removed: 

Cabin cleaning crew truck removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Air conditioning truck removed: 

Air conditioning truck removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide36: 

Galley truck removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide37: 

Air-start truck removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide38: 

Cargo loading equipment removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide39: 

Baggage loading equipment removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide40: 

Passenger bridges removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide41: 

Tow truck removed 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide42: 

Possible reconfigured ground services 2) Reduce Ramp Clutter and Its Effects

Slide43: 

Fewer ramp vehicles mean fewer service staff requiring SIDA clearances – more extensive screening of fewer employees may be possible Jetways for passengers, baggage and cargo may contain in-line security screening systems to speed loading while increasing security 3) Better Security

Slide44: 

Automated systems used to move passengers, baggage and cargo through the airport environment to, and from, the aircraft with the highest level of security 4) More Efficient Air Transport of Passengers, Baggage & Cargo

The CAP Initiative: 

The CAP Initiative Reduced fuel and emissions Reduced ramp clutter and its effects Improved safety and security Streamlined transport of passengers and cargo

Summary: 

Summary DHS UAV needs are complex. DHS UAV Needs are developing. DHS UAV needs are Vital.

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