nonlinear history

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Slide1: 

Andrey Smirnov Nonlinear History Bolshaya Nikitskaya 13, 125871, Moscow, Russia Phone: (495) 629-7678 asmir@theremin.ru http://asmir.theremin.ru http://theremin.ru

Slide2: 

Rudolf Koenig’s “osciloscope”

Slide3: 

Spectrum analyzer Rudolf Koenig’s

Slide5: 

“Wavetable” synthesis Rudolf Koenig’s

Slide6: 

Pneumatic Additive synthesizer Rudolf Koenig’s

Slide7: 

Rudolf Koenig (?) With his pitch standard

Slide10: 

Inventor Lev Theremin (1896-1993) playing his thereminvox - first electronic musical instrument. Early 1920-s.

Slide11: 

Lev Theremin at NKVD (KGB) prison after his return to Soviet Russia. 1939-1947

Slide12: 

Building of Moscow “Sharashka” - special prison for scientists

Slide13: 

Classical heterodyning type Theremin Circuitry

Slide16: 

Lev Theremin’s Great Seal Bug, “donated” to American Ambassador by Soviet “Pioneers” in 1945

Slide17: 

Great Seal Bug construction – a sort of microwave theremin

Slide19: 

Soviet radiolocation systems, capable to produce and detect directed microwave radiation in 1940-s

Slide20: 

Commercial Laser-monitoring eavesdropping system, based on the same principle as Lev Theremin’s “Buran” system built in 1947

Slide22: 

The poster of Lev Theremin’s lecture-concert (1920-s), where he presented different technical possibilities to combine music and color, music and gesture, music and tactile senses, music and smelts.

Slide23: 

Lev Theremin’s light instrument to control colored light during the performance, 1923.

Slide24: 

Lev Theremin’s TV system (Dalnovidenie), 1925, St.Petersburg/Moscow

Slide26: 

Klara Rokmore (left) dancing on TERPSITON - instrument for dancer to control sound by means of body movement, New York, 1932

Slide29: 

Lev Theremin’s automatic door opening system

Slide30: 

Audio delay line, based on heating (1960-s)

Slide32: 

Military research at Moscow State Conservatory, 1940-s

Slide33: 

Poet Alexei Gastev (right), founder of the Central Institute of Labour, 1922 and psychologist Nikolai Bernshtein (left) with Maxim Gorki (center).

Slide35: 

Nikolay Bernshtein’s biomechanics

Slide44: 

Nikolai Bernshtein’s live Kimo-cyclograms of the swimming sportsmen. Different styles.

Slide45: 

The concept of Alive Motion

Slide46: 

Composer Aeseny Avraamov

Slide50: 

Ultruchromatic music - 96 (48) steps per octave

Slide51: 

One key of the Bow-Polychord (1916) The instrument for Ultrachromatic Music (the kind of microtonal music) 48 steps/octave

Slide52: 

Symphony of Sirens 1921-1923 Bacu / Moscow

Slide54: 

Symphony of Sirens, part of the score

Slide55: 

The beginning of the Symphony of Sirens. Parts of Sirens (top), motor-guns and cannons, used as a kind of percussion group.

Slide56: 

The basic setup of Moscow performance of Avrahamov’s Symphony of Factory Sirens (1921-1923) On the picture - alarm organ, including 50 steam alarms. Conductor (Avraamov) - on the roof.

Slide57: 

Arseny Avrahamov conducting his Symphony of Sirens, Moscow 1923

Slide59: 

“Shorinophone” - device to produce sound films, late 1920’s, Russia

Slide60: 

Basic principles how to produce sound tracks

Slide61: 

Evgeny Sholpo working with his VARIOPHONE - device to produce artificial sound tracks.

Slide62: 

First painted soundtracks by Arseny Avrahamov 1930-1931

Slide63: 

Polyphonic sound track by Evgeny Sholpo, created on his VARIOPHON instrument in 1931-1934

Slide64: 

Nikolay Voinov working with his paper-sound technique (1931-1933)

Slide65: 

Nikolay Voinov’s NIVOTONE instrument

Slide66: 

Loading of the variophone disk into the optical system

Slide67: 

Variophone cardboard disks with the basic wave shapes

Slide68: 

Painted polyphonic soundtrack

Slide69: 

Boris Yankovsky soundtracks, created on his VIBROEXPONATOR in 1931-1936

Slide70: 

Basic principles of the Vibroexponator operation

Slide71: 

Basic principles of the Vibroexponator operation

Slide72: 

Explanation of the additive synthesis and resynthesis of the syntones

Slide73: 

Boris Yankovsky explanations of the additive and formant synthesis, 1932-1936, Moscow

Slide74: 

Boris Yankovsky soundtracks of violin and speech sounds

Slide75: 

Boris Yankovsky synthesis of speech sounds and sounds of brass wind instruments

Slide76: 

Boris Yankovsky explanation syntones - spectral mutations from early 1930-s

Slide77: 

Boris Yankovsky explanation of his syntones - spectral mutations from early 1930-s

Slide78: 

Boris Yankovsky explanation of his syntones - spectral mutations from early 1930-s

Slide79: 

AudioSculpt (IRCAM, 90-s) The software for spectral analysis and spectral transformations: Spectral mutations and cross-synthesys MetaSynth (90-s) The software for spectral analysis, Synthesis, resynthesis and various spectral transformations

Slide80: 

Inventor Evgeny Murzin and ANS Synthesizer (development started in 1936, finished in 1958, Moscow)

Slide81: 

Big version of the ANS Synthesizer (1962) 720 sine oscilators 72 steps/octav Graphical score

Slide82: 

Composers, working with ANS synthesizer in 1968 (left to right): Eduard Artemiev, Alfred Schnitke, Alexander Nemtin, Edison Denisov. Sitting: Oleg Buloshkin, Sofia Goubaidulina, Stanislav Kreichi

Slide83: 

The operation principle of electro-optical ANS Synthesizer

Slide84: 

ANS Optical disc - oscillator (144 sine sound tracks) and example of the graphical score - sonogram

Slide85: 

Composer Stanislav Kreich working with ANS, late 1990-s, Moscow

Slide86: 

The document of the State Committee for Radio-electronics and Ministry of Culture, 1962. Special commission of experts, including Lev Theremin, Andrei Volodiv, Evgeny Murzin etc. make a decision to support further development of ANS synthesizer.

Slide88: 

Contact information: Andrei Smirnov Theremin Center for Electroacoustic Music at Moscow State Conservatory Address: Bolshaya Nikitskaya 13 Moscow, 235871, Russia Phone: (495) 629-7678 E-mail: asmir@theremin.ru Web: http://asmir.theremin.ru http://theremin.ru