Junk Stuff Extended

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Seeds into Trees - Junk into the Stuff of History : 

Seeds into Trees - Junk into the Stuff of History University of Iowa Libraries Chuck Piotrowski

Agenda Haiku: 

Agenda Haiku perceive history before you procure, preserve, profess history

Perceive : 

Perceive You must see the history around you. What you have seen as junk all these years is the stuff of your family’s history. You just gotta open your eyes, ears and mind! University of Iowa Libraries

Perceive: People: 

Perceive: People “Family Tree” What is GENEAOLOGY? Genealogy – an account of people descended from a person, usually based on genetic relationships.

Perceive: People: 

Perceive: People Finding your roots! Home We’ll get into this in a bit! Library Access to the Internet Access to books and magazines Access to original resources such as records

Perceive: People: 

Perceive: People Online: Cyndi’s List! http://www.cyndislist.com/ Use the world “genealogy” in Google

Perceive: People: 

Perceive: People Genealogy Books

Perceive: People: 

Perceive: People Specific Ethnic Resources of Note: African American http://www.afrigeneas.com Hispanic http://www.hispanicgs.com Asian http://www.cyndislist.com/asia.htm

Perceive: People: 

Perceive: People Santa Cruz Local History Santa Cruz Public Library http://www.santacruzpl.org/history/ UCSC Special Collections http://library.ucsc.edu/speccoll/index.html

Perceive: The Stuff!: 

Perceive: The Stuff! Apprenticeship papers Awards Baby books Biographies Birth Certificates Business licenses Christening records Citizenship papers Club membership cards Death certificates Deeds Diaries Diplomas Divorce papers Family Bibles Notebooks Obituaries Old letters Passports Pension records Personal letters Photographs and slides Professional licenses School records Service medals Tax records Telegrams Wills Year books Family books with inscriptions Family films Family histories: written, video and oral Hospital receipts Insurance papers Journals Land grants Leases Legends, myths and lore Marriage certificates and licenses Memorial cards Military records Mortuary records Naturalization papers Newspaper clippings


Procure You must research and gather the stuff that documents your family. Cornell University Library

Procure: Ask People!: 

Procure: Ask People! The taped, audio or video, interview is by far the best and most fun way of catching the past. Here are some tips : Quality digital or tape recorder with a plug-in microphone. TYPE OUT A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW!!!!!!!! Schedule an interview in advance. Wherever and whenever folks get together. Keep interview sessions under two hours. Use photos or objects to prompt.

Procure: Ask People!: 

Procure: Ask People! Be Specific - Ask about specific time periods in a person’s life such as childhood, school, their first job, the newlywed years, etc.. Sample questions can be found at rootsweb.com http://www.rootsweb.com/~genepool/oralhist.htm Don’t be afraid to guide discussion. Don’t Judge - Be Objective! (Or as Much as You Can) Don’t forget: TYPE OUT A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW!!!!!!!! Google “Oral History” for more resources.

Procure: Gather Stuff! : 

Procure: Gather Stuff! Family reunions, weddings, Bar and Bat Mitzvahs, christenings, family vacations, visits by the in-laws, holiday meals, and other significant family events… In your own home and in the homes of relatives. Yard sales and moves In public, private, and university libraries, local government records centers, and businesses. Library of Congress

Preserve : 

Preserve Once you gather the stuff you must save it! Ohio Historical Center Archives

Preserve: Triage!: 

Preserve: Triage! All items should be protected from: Heat & Temperature Change - attic Light – Wall in sunlight Humidity – wet basement Pollution – smokers, kitchen Remove: staples paper clips rubber bands

Preserve: Triage!: 

Preserve: Triage! Brush off mold when dry. Use mask. Use a soft brush to wipe away dirt. © Preview Graphics If there is mold present, spread out items in a well ventilated area away from children and let the documents dry.

Preserve: Triage!: 

Preserve: Triage! Unfold and flatten papers and photographs. Identify! Print clearly! Remember the next person to use this treasure may not be able to read your handwriting. Library of Congress

Preserve: Contain!: 

Preserve: Contain! Perfect Conditions! Temperature Consistent 60 Degrees! Light None! Humidity 40% Pollution None! Impossible at Home!

Preserve: Contain!: 

Preserve: Contain! What is … “Acid Free” or “Neutral” Paper which has had the acid removed from the pulp so that it has a neutral 7.0 pH is known as acid free paper. “Archival Paper” Acid free and lignin free paper that lasts longer than other papers and holds color well is referred to as archival paper. “Buffered” Material with a pH between 7-9

Preserve: Contain!: 

Preserve: Contain! All items should be placed in containers and folders. Label clearly. Identify contents. “Acid-free” paper folders and boxes. BEWARE! Heat Light Humidity Pollution

Preserve: Contain!: 

Preserve: Contain! Plastics which are suitable for archival storage are: Polypropylene (containers). Polyethylene (sleeves and bags). DuPont Mylar Type D and ICI Melinex 516 (sleeves, covers and encapsulation). Archive suppliers can be found on the web. BEWARE products claims to be “archival,” but may not be safe for your stuff!

Preserve: Drawings: 

Preserve: Drawings Use plastics (archivally sound plastics) only when documents are frequently handled or are too brittle to be handled without support. Charcoal and pastels should not put in plastic sleeves as static electricity will smudge the document. Special Collections Department, University of Iowa Libraries

Preserve: Paper: 

Preserve: Paper Paper will deteriorate no matter what you do, but if you manage the use, LIGHT, TEMPERATURE, POLLUTION and HUMIDITY you have done the best you can do. If the document is fragile or faded you should type out the contents of the document on an acid free sheet of paper. Library of Congress

Preserve: Paper: 

Preserve: Paper Use a No. 1 pencil to write information on the document. For example, you may wish to supply the date of a letter found on an envelope. Be sure to print small and legibly in a corner. Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library

Preserve: Scrapbooks: 

Preserve: Scrapbooks Beware of “magnetic storage albums.” Use acid free paper. Use “corners.” Do not use glue or tape. Identify photographs and items in pencil on the scrapbook page, not on the document. Do not laminate or seal anything in plastic (or anything else!).

Preserve: Newsprint: 

Preserve: Newsprint Should be photocopied onto acid free paper and the original kept away from other documents. Most newsprint made prior to 1880 is cotton based and should remain in good condition for a long time if stored out of the LIGHT and in the right TEMPERATURE. Newsprint after 1880 in generally made out of highly acidic wood pulp and will turn to dust at the mere touch. This newsprint should be photocopied onto acid free paper and the original should be disposed. Mystic Seaport Museum, Inc.

Preserve: Photographs: 

Preserve: Photographs All items should be protected from HEAT, LIGHT, HUMIDITY and POLLUTION. To provide long term protection, storage containers, folders and envelopes should be made of materials that are strong, durable and chemically stable. Edward S. Curtis Collection. Library of Congress.

Preserve: Photographs: 

Preserve: Photographs Keep out of direct sunlight! Display a copy. Make a negative if you do not have negatives of the original. Making a negative allows nearly limitless reproduction without harming the original. Torn or badly damaged photos should have a copy negative and a use print made. When handling a photograph wear gloves or hold at the edges. BEWARE! Heat Light Humidity Pollution

Preserve: Photographs: 

Preserve: Photographs Color photographs and slides will fade no matter what you do. To slow down this process: Store color photos together (not in the same folder as black and white photographs) Use acid free folders and keep out of the light. Color photocopies and most scans have an even shorter life span but are useful for display. Unless removal threatens to damage the original image, remove the mat. Many mats have a high acidity and will stain a photograph.

Preserve: Photographs: 

Preserve: Photographs It is currently safe to use polyester plastics such as DuPont Mylar Type D and ICI Melinex 516, untreated polypropylene, and polyethylene. Black and white prints, negatives (both nitrate and acetate) should be in a buffered folders (8.5 pH) Use a No. 1 pencil when writing on the back of a photo. If necessary photocopy photograph onto acid free paper and using a No. 1 pencil label the copy.

Preserve: Photographs: 

Preserve: Photographs Identification of Major 19th C. Photographic Print Processes, online guide http://albumen.stanford.edu/id/messier2000.html

Daguerreotype: 1840- ca.1860: 

Daguerreotype: 1840- ca.1860 The “dag” has a mirror-like surface - they switch from positive to negative depending on the angle at which they are held. Usually are in cases. Library of Congress

Ambrotypes: 1855- ca.1865: 

Ambrotypes: 1855- ca.1865 1855 to about 1865 (popular in the late 1850s.) A negative image on glass (“support”). Images appear negative when examined by light transmitted through the glass. The back of the glass may have a black varnish or the supporting case will have a black fabric to “reverse” the image. Usually cased. Copyright © 2001 The Henry Ford

Ambrotype v. Daguerreotype: 

Ambrotype v. Daguerreotype The ambrotype normally appears as a positive image no matter what the angle of view. Daguerreotypes switch from positive to negative depending upon the angle of viewing.

Tintype: 1856- ca.1930: 

Tintype: 1856- ca.1930 The image is on a thin sheet of blackened (japanned) iron. Known as a ferrotype and melainotype. Popular 1860-1890. Denver Public Library

Albumen - 1855- ca.1920: 

Albumen - 1855- ca.1920 A printing paper using albumen (egg white) as the medium for the active chemicals. Distinctive and characteristic gloss. Most have a warm toned brownish hue. Online Conservation Resource http://albumen.stanford.edu/ Library of Congress

Cartes-De-Visite: 1860- ca.1900: 

Cartes-De-Visite: 1860- ca.1900 Mostly small albumen prints glued to cards about 2.5” x 4.5”. “Mosiac cards” are many portraits combined on one card. “Cardomania” was popular from 1860 through 1900. The verso of the image may have some good info! Library of Congress

Cabinet Cards: 1866 - ca.1920: 

Cabinet Cards: 1866 - ca.1920 Usually 6” x 4” inches with an albumen photograph glued to the card. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Cabinet Cards: 1866 - ca.1920: 

Cabinet Cards: 1866 - ca.1920 Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Stereoviews: ca.1850-1925: 

Stereoviews: ca.1850-1925 Stereoviews, or stereographs, as they are otherwise known, are almost identical side-by-side images of a single scene, viewed simultaneously through an optical device. Popular from ca. 1850 - ca. 1925.

Stereoviews: ca.1850-1925: 

Stereoviews: ca.1850-1925 Mystic Seaport Museum, Inc.,

Lantern Slides: ca.1880’s- ca.1920’s: 

Lantern Slides: ca.1880’s- ca.1920’s Positive images on glass which are sometime colored. Sometimes confused with glass plate negatives. Library of Congress Berkeley Geography Collection

Engravings & Related Graphic Processes: 

Engravings & Related Graphic Processes Such as lithography, offset printing and other process. The images created by these processes are not technically photographs, however they do contain images akin to the photograph which are of historical value. Library of Congress

Photomechanical Graphic Processes : 

Photomechanical Graphic Processes This example is a photogravure in brown ink. Used in books, magazines, “sets” and other multiple distributions. Northwestern University Library

Postcards: ca.1900 - present: 

Postcards: ca.1900 - present Postcards can either be lithographs (or a related planographic process) or photographs. Usually void of substantive information. However, you are obliged to check the verso for good info!

Negatives (ca. 1851 to present): 

Negatives (ca. 1851 to present) Negatives are reverse images that are used to make “positive prints.” Negatives may be paper, glass, nitrate cellulose, or other material. BEWARE! Heat Light Humidity Pollution

Nitrate Film! (1889-1939): 

Nitrate Film! (1889-1939) Lack of markings along the edge of the film. (after 1913 has “nitrate” embossed along the edge). Amber, brown or yellowish discoloration of the film. Faded image affecting anything from a small patch to the entire film.

Nitrate Film! (1889-1939): 

Nitrate Film! (1889-1939) The film is ‘tacky’ or ‘sticky’, possibly stuck together and feels soft. There is blistering or bubbling of the surface of the film (possibly with yellowish froth) A noticeable acrid odor that may range from being a faintly irritating smell to strongly irritating fumes. The film is decomposed beyond recognition into a brittle residue. See The Dangers of Cellulose Nitrate Film: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/cellulose.pdf

Slides (ca. 1935-present): 

Slides (ca. 1935-present) 35 mm transparency film, often color, and in a paper-based or plastic mount. Should be placed in polypropylene slide sleeve pages. Copyright 2003, The Trustees of Indiana University Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection, Indiana University Archives

Preserve: Audio Cassette Tape: 

Preserve: Audio Cassette Tape Keep in cool dry place. All items should be protected from HEAT, LIGHT, HUMIDITY and POLLUTION. Cassettes are poorly made and you should make a duplicate of any cassette recording and let the original become you “archival master.” Digitize and migrate. If the recording contains an oral history make a paper based transcript! This transcript will last much longer than the tape or a digital copy.

Preserve: Films: 

Preserve: Films Keep in cool dry place. All items should be protected from heat, light, humidity and pollution. Have a digital (or the current format you have) copy made for viewing, but save the original because technology will change and the original film will have the clearest contrast. Place original film on polyurethane film core in a polyurethane canister, avoid metal cans and reels for long term storage.

Preserve: Video: 

Preserve: Video Keep in cool dry place. All items should be protected from heat, light, humidity and pollution. There is not a standard preservation method available for video tapes. Have a second copy made for viewing and save the original as a “master copy.” If the recording contains an oral history make a paper based transcript! This transcript will last much longer than the tape or a digital copy.

Library of Congress: 

Library of Congress Caring for Your Collections http://www.loc.gov/preserv/careothr.html Care, Handling and Storage of Books Care, Handling and Storage of Asian Bindings Care, Handling and Storage of Motion Picture Film Caring For Your Photographic Collections Emergency Drying Procedures For Water Damaged Collections Leather Dressing Guide to Preservation Matting and Framing Preserving Newspapers Preservation Photocopying Preserving Works on Paper: Manuscripts, Drawings, Prints, Posters, Maps, Documents Cylinder, Disc and Tape Care in a Nutshell


Profess Once you save history you must pass it on to others. Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University

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