Periodic Limb Movement Disorder

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Category: Others/ Misc
     
 

Presentation Description

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder refers to repetitive cramping or jerking of the leg during sleep that is so powerful it can wake you up during the night. The same disorder can occur during the day when you are awake (PLMW), but the nighttime version (PLMS) is more common and disruptive.

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Presentation Transcript

Periodic Limb Movements and Disorder:

Periodic Limb Movements and Disorder

Periodic Limb Movements:

Periodic Limb Movements Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) refers to repetitive cramping or jerking of the leg during sleep that is so powerful it can wake you up during the night The same disorder can occur during the day when you are awake ( PLMW ) This night time version ( PLMS ) is more common and disruptive .

Symptoms:

Symptoms When you experience PLMD during sleep, you may frequently extend your big toe, while your knee, or ankle might also move rapidly; as frequently as every 20 to 40 seconds for as long as 2 minutes at a time  The pattern of PLMD can change from night to night so that one or both legs, as well as your upper arms, are involved.

Causes:

Causes The medical community is still unaware of what causes primary periodic limb movement disorder, although it is assumed to result from abnormal patterns of nerves passage from the brain to the limbs. PLMD is also linked to conditions such as Spinal cord injuries or tumors Diabetes or other medical conditions

Common Conditions associated with PLMD:

Common Conditions associated with PLMD Narcolepsy or the urge to sleep during the day Restless leg syndrome (RLS) REM sleep behavior disorders (RBD) Iron deficiency Anemia or low levels of oxygen rich hemoglobin Reactions to medications Withdrawal from medication .

Diagnosis & Treatments:

Diagnosis & Treatments Benzodiazepine to suppress muscle contraction and sedate you to reduce periodic limb movements each hour. Variations such as clonazepam ( Klonopin ) are most often prescribed for PLMD. Anticonvulsant agents such as gabapentin ( neurontin ) to reduce muscle contractions.

Thanks for reading !!!:

Thanks for reading !!! If you are experiencing symptoms of PLMD, please  contact us online  or call us at 708-364-0261 to set up an appointment our sleep specialists.

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