HTML5 Tutorial For Beginners

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HTML5 Tutorial For Beginners - Learning HTML 5 in simple and easy steps with examples covering 2D Canvas, Audio, Video, New Semantic Elements, Geolocation, Persistent Local Storage, Web Storage, Forms Elements,Application Cache,Inline SVG,Document

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HTML5:

HTML5 Gaurav Jaiswal Singsys Pte. Ltd.

What is HTML5?:

What is HTML5?

What is HTML5?:

What is HTML5? HTML5 is the new standard for HTML. The previous version of HTML was – HTML 4.01, came in 1999. HTML5 is designed to deliver almost everything you want to do online without requiring additional plugins. It does everything from animation to apps, music to movies, and can also be used to build complicated applications that run in your browser. HTML5 is also cross-platform (it does not care whether you are using a tablet or a smartphone, a notebook, notebook or a Smart TV).

Differences Between HTML4 and HTML5:

Differences Between HTML4 and HTML5

Differences Between HTML4 & HTML5:

Differences Between HTML4 & HTML5 HTML5 is a work in progress Simplified Syntax The New <canvas> Element for 2D drawings New content-specific elements, like <article>, <header>, <footer>, < nav >, <section> New <menu> and <figure> Elements New <audio> and <video> Elements New form controls, like calendar, date, time, email, url , search No More <frame>, <center>, <big>, and <b>, <font> Support for local storage

Browser Support for HTML5:

Browser Support for HTML5

Browser Support for HTML5:

Browser Support for HTML5 HTML5 is not yet an official standard, and no browsers have full HTML5 support. But all major browsers (Safari, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Internet Explorer) continue to add new HTML5 features to their latest versions.

HTML5 Document:

HTML5 Document

The HTML5 <!DOCTYPE>:

The HTML5 <!DOCTYPE> In HTML5 there is only one <! doctype > declaration, and it is very simple : <!DOCTYPE html>

Minimum HTML5 Document:

Minimum HTML5 Document Below is a simple HTML5 document, with the minimum of required tags: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8"> <title>Title of the document</title> </head> <body> Content of the document...... </body> </html>

HTML5 New Elements:

HTML5 New Elements

The New <canvas> Element:

The New <canvas> Element The <canvas> element is used to draw graphics, on the fly, via scripting (usually JavaScript).

New Media Elements:

New Media Elements Tag Description <audio> Defines sound content <video> Defines a video or movie <source> Defines multiple media resources for <video> and <audio> <embed> Defines a container for an external application or interactive content (a plug-in) <track> Defines text tracks for <video> and <audio>

New Form Elements:

New Form Elements Tag Description < datalist > Specifies a list of pre-defined option for input controls < keygen > Defines a key-pair generator field (for forms) <output> Defines the result of a calculation

New Semantic/Structural Elements:

New Semantic/Structural Elements Tag Description <article> Defines an article <aside> Defines content aside from the page content <bdi> Isolates a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it <command> Defines a command button that a user can invoke <details> Defines additional details that the user can view or hide <dialog> Defines a dialog box or window <summary> Defines a visible heading for a <details> element

New Semantic/Structural Elements:

New Semantic/Structural Elements Tag Description <figure> Specifies self-contained content, like illustrations, diagrams, photos, code listings, etc. <figcaption> Defines a caption for a <figure> element <footer> Defines a footer for a document or section <header> Defines a header for a document or section <mark> Defines marked/highlighted text <meter> Defines a scalar measurement within a known range (a gauge) <nav> Defines navigation links

New Semantic/Structural Elements:

New Semantic/Structural Elements Tag Description <progress> Represents the progress of a task <ruby> Defines a ruby annotation (for East Asian typography) <rt> Defines an explanation/pronunciation of characters (for East Asian typography) <rp> Defines what to show in browsers that do not support ruby annotations <section> Defines a section in a document <time> Defines a date/time <wbr> Defines a possible line-break

Removed Elements:

Removed Elements The following HTML 4.01 elements are removed from HTML5 : <acronym> <applet> < basefont > <big> <center> < dir > <font> <frame> <frameset> < noframes > <strike> < tt >

HTML5 Canvas:

HTML5 Canvas

HTML5 Canvas:

HTML5 Canvas The HTML5 <canvas> element is used to draw graphics, on the fly, via scripting (usually JavaScript). The <canvas> element is only a container for graphics. You must use a script to actually draw the graphics. Canvas has several methods for drawing paths, boxes, circles, text, and adding images.

HTML5 Inline SVG:

HTML5 Inline SVG

HTML5 Inline SVG:

HTML5 Inline SVG SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics SVG is used to define vector-based graphics for the Web SVG defines the graphics in XML format SVG graphics do NOT lose any quality if they are zoomed or resized Every element and every attribute in SVG files can be animated SVG is a W3C recommendation

SVG Advantages:

SVG Advantages Advantages of using SVG over other image formats (like JPEG and GIF) are : SVG images can be created and edited with any text editor SVG images can be searched, indexed, scripted, and compressed SVG images are scalable SVG images can be printed with high quality at any resolution SVG images are zoomable (and the image can be zoomed without degradation)

Difference Between SVG & Canvas:

Difference Between SVG & Canvas Canvas SVG Resolution dependent Resolution independent No support for event handlers Support for event handlers Poor text rendering capabilities Best suited for applications with large rendering areas (Google Maps) You can save the resulting image as . png or .jpg Slow rendering if complex (anything that uses the DOM a lot will be slow) Well suited for graphic-intensive games Not suited for game applications

HTML5 Geolocation:

HTML5 Geolocation

HTML5 Geolocation:

HTML5 Geolocation The HTML5 Geolocation API is used to get the geographical position of a user. Since this can compromise user privacy, the position is not available unless the user approves it.

Information you get from Geolocation API:

Information you get from Geolocation API Property Description coords.latitude The latitude as a decimal number coords.longitude The longitude as a decimal number coords.accuracy The accuracy of position coords.altitude The altitude in meters above the mean sea level coords.altitudeAccuracy The altitude accuracy of position coords.heading The heading as degrees clockwise from North coords.speed The speed in meters per second timestamp The date/time of the response

HTML5 Video:

HTML5 Video

HTML5 Video:

HTML5 Video Many modern websites show videos. HTML5 provides a standard for showing them.

Video Formats and Browser Support:

Video Formats and Browser Support Browser MP4 WebM Ogg Internet Explorer YES NO NO Chrome YES YES YES Firefox NO Update: Firefox 21 running on Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows Vista, and Android now supports MP4 YES YES Safari YES NO NO Opera NO YES YES

HTML5 Audio:

HTML5 Audio

HTML5 Audio:

HTML5 Audio HTML5 provides a standard for playing audio files.

Audio Formats and Browser Support:

Audio Formats and Browser Support Browser MP3 Wav Ogg Internet Explorer YES NO NO Chrome YES YES YES Firefox NO Update: Firefox 21 running on Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows Vista, and Android now supports MP3 YES YES Safari YES YES NO Opera NO YES YES

HTML5 Input Types:

HTML5 Input Types

HTML5 Input Types:

HTML5 Input Types HTML5 has several new input types for forms. These new features allow better input control and validation. color Date datetime datetime -local email month number range search tel time url week

HTML5 Form Elements:

HTML5 Form Elements

HTML5 Form Elements:

HTML5 Form Elements HTML5 has the following new form elements: < datalist > < keygen > <output>

HTML5 <datalist> Element:

HTML5 < datalist > Element The < datalist > element specifies a list of pre-defined options for an <input> element. The < datalist > element is used to provide an "autocomplete" feature on <input> elements. Users will see a drop-down list of pre-defined options as they input data. Use the <input> element's list attribute to bind it together with a < datalist > element.

HTML5 <keygen> Element:

HTML5 < keygen > Element The purpose of the < keygen > element is to provide a secure way to authenticate users. The < keygen > tag specifies a key-pair generator field in a form. When the form is submitted, two keys are generated, one private and one public. The private key is stored locally, and the public key is sent to the server. The public key could be used to generate a client certificate to authenticate the user in the future.

HTML5 <output> Element:

HTML5 <output> Element

HTML5 <output> Element:

HTML5 <output> Element The <output> element represents the result of a calculation (like one performed by a script ).

HTML5 Semantic Elements:

HTML5 Semantic Elements

HTML5 Semantic Elements:

HTML5 Semantic Elements A semantic element clearly describes its meaning to both the browser and the developer. Examples of non-semantic elements: <div> and <span> - Tells nothing about its content. Examples of semantic elements: <form>, <table>, and < img > - Clearly defines its content.

HTML5 Semantic Elements:

HTML5 Semantic Elements HTML5 offers new semantic elements to clearly define different parts of a web page: <header> < nav > <section> <article> <aside> < figcaption > <figure> <footer>

HTML5 Web Storage:

HTML5 Web Storage

HTML5 Web Storage:

HTML5 Web Storage With HTML5, web pages can store data locally within the user's browser. Earlier, this was done with cookies. However, Web Storage is more secure and faster. The data is not included with every server request, but used ONLY when asked for. It is also possible to store large amounts of data, without affecting the website's performance. The data is stored in key/value pairs, and a web page can only access data stored by itself.

HTML5 Web Storage:

HTML5 Web Storage There are two new objects for storing data on the client: localStorage - stores data with no expiration date sessionStorage - stores data for one session The sessionStorage object is equal to the localStorage object, except that it stores the data for only one session. The data is deleted when the user closes the browser window.

HTML5 Application Cache:

HTML5 Application Cache

HTML5 Application Cache:

HTML5 Application Cache HTML5 introduces application cache, which means that a web application is cached, and accessible without an internet connection. Application cache gives an application three advantages: Offline browsing - users can use the application when they're offline Speed - cached resources load faster Reduced server load - the browser will only download updated/changed resources from the server

HTML5 Cache Manifest Example:

HTML5 Cache Manifest Example The example below shows an HTML document with a cache manifest (for offline browsing ): <!DOCTYPE HTML> <html manifest=" demo.appcache "> <body> The content of the document...... </body> </html>

Cache Manifest Basics:

Cache Manifest Basics To enable application cache, include the manifest attribute in the document's <html> tag. <!DOCTYPE HTML> <html manifest=" demo.appcache "> ... </html > Every page with the manifest attribute specified will be cached when the user visits it. If the manifest attribute is not specified, the page will not be cached (unless the page is specified directly in the manifest file) . The recommended file extension for manifest files is: ". appcache ”

The Manifest File:

The Manifest File The manifest file is a simple text file, which tells the browser what to cache (and what to never cache). The manifest file has three sections: CACHE MANIFEST - Files listed under this header will be cached after they are downloaded for the first time NETWORK - Files listed under this header require a connection to the server, and will never be cached FALLBACK - Files listed under this header specifies fallback pages if a page is inaccessible

CACHE MANIFEST:

CACHE MANIFEST The first line, CACHE MANIFEST, is required : CACHE MANIFEST / theme.css / logo.gif / main.js The manifest file above lists three resources: a CSS file, a GIF image, and a JavaScript file. When the manifest file is loaded, the browser will download the three files from the root directory of the web site. Then, whenever the user is not connected to the internet, the resources will still be available.

NETWORK:

NETWORK The NETWORK section below specifies that the file " login.asp " should never be cached, and will not be available offline. NETWORK: login.asp An asterisk can be used to indicate that all other resources/files require an internet connection : NETWORK: *

FALLBACK:

FALLBACK The FALLBACK section below specifies that " offline.html " will be served in place of all files in the /html/ catalog, in case an internet connection cannot be established: FALLBACK: /html/ / offline.html

Updating the Cache:

Updating the Cache Once an application is cached, it remains cached until one of the following happens: The user clears the browser's cache The manifest file is modified (see tip below) The application cache is programmatically updated

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