Robert Lee Frost: R o b e r t L e e F r o s t By- Simran Natasha Robert Frost(1874-1963): Robert Frost(1874-1963) 4 Pulitzer Prizes read poetry at a presidential inauguration. received honorary degrees from 44 colleges unofficial poet Laureate, one of the most celebrated American’s modernist poets Slide 3: Birth: San Francisco, March 26 th , 1874 Death: January 29 th , 1963 Married: Elinor Miriam White, December 19 th ,1895 – March 26 th , 1938 Parents: father:William Prescott Frost, Jr. -journalist, 1985ish mother: Isabelle Moodie , November 1900 Siblings: sister Children: son, named Elliot in 1896 – July 8 th , 1900 daughter, named Lesley son, named Carol –1940 daughter, named Marjorie - 1934 Education: High School: Lawrence High School (Massachusetts) University: Dartmouth College Harvard (special student) I.Biographical Introduction: I.Biographical Introduction born in San Francisco in 1874. his mother brought him to New England at his eleven, with which his poetry has always been associated. After graduating from high school in 1892, Frost entered Dartmouth College but soon left to work at old jobs and to write poetry. In 1897, he was accepted as a special student by Harvard but withdrew after two years because of his increasing dislike for academic convention. For the next twelve years, Frost made a minimal living by teaching and farming while continuing to write his poems. Slide 5: In 1912, he and his family moved to England, where he found a publisher for his first book of verse, A boy’s will (1913). Determined tow in recognition in his native land, Frost returned to the US and settled on a farm in his native land. By the end of his life he had become a national poet; he received honorary degrees from forty-four colleges and universities and won four Pulitzer Prizes; the United States senate passed resolutions honoring his birthdays and when he was eighty-seven he read his poetry at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy. Slide 6: Robert Frost!! Robert Frost – Key things: Robert Frost – Key things Had to try many times for Elinor . Grandfather Frost was very useful, providing the money for many things. Felt son’s death was his fault. Moved to England on September 2 nd , 1912. Returned to the United States in February, 1915. Traveled on many good will missions. Last fourteen years of his life, he was the most esteemed American poet of the twentieth century. Twelve day trip to USSR, by President’s request to meet fellow writers. Slide 8: Entered hospital in December, 1962, after his last address at the Ford Forum Hall in Boston, where he stayed until his death. Many people had mixed feelings on Frost’s writing, some felt it was sad, others praised him. Fire and Ice: Fire and Ice Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice. From what I've tasted of desire I hold with those who favor fire. But if it had to perish twice, I think I know enough of hate To say that for destruction ice Is also great And would suffice. What the poem is saying to me…: What the poem is saying to me… “Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice.” Each person has their own opinion. “But if it had to perish twice, I think I know enough of hate” He is relating fire to burning and torture, which he then connects to hate, which he has seen enough of. “To say that for destruction ice Is also great And would suffice.” He believes that ice would get the job done, but in a nicer, more pleasant way. The poem ends up asking two questions commonly thought about, how will the world terminate? And which would be the best way for it to occur? II. Main Works: II. Main Works A Boy’s Will 1913 North of Boston , 1914 Mountain Interval , 1916 New Hampshire 1923 Collected Poems 1930 A Further Range 1936 A Witness Tree 1942 III. Frost’s View and Theme: III. Frost’s View and Theme His poetry concerns New England’s nature. He saw nature as a storehouse of analogy and symbol, so his concern with nature reflected deep moral uncertainties. His poetry often probes mysterious of darkness and irrationality in the bleak and chaotic landscapes of an indifferent universe. The quest of the solitary person to make sense of the world has become the central theme of all Frost’s collections and made his poetry among the most accessible of modern writers. The poetry of Robert Frost combined pastoral imagery with solitary philosophical themes. IV. Frost’s Style: IV. Frost’s Style rejected the revolutionary poetic principles of his contemporaries, used traditional forms such as the blank verse, plain language of rural New Englanders, and a graceful style. there is a steady tone of wry humor, and a virtually inexhaustible verbal grace. He used symbols from everyday country life to express his deep ideas. As a whole, Frost’s art is an act of clarification, which, without simplifying the truth, renders it in some degree accessible to everyone. V. About the Poem “The Road Not Taken”: V. About the Poem “The Road Not Taken” Frost claims that he wrote this poem about his friend Edward Thomas, with whom he had walked many times in the woods near London. Frost has said that while walking they would come to different paths and after choosing one, Thomas would always felt wondering what they might have missed by not taking the other path. About the poem, Frost asserted, “You have to be careful of that one; it’s a tricky poem– very tricky.” Superficially, the poem has been and continues to be used as an inspirational poem, encouraging self-reliance, not following where others have led. But a close reading of the poem proves not so. Slide 15: Thank You!