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Slide1: 

Evidence (証據) Changes and Continuity (改變與延續) Time and chronology (時序) (因果) (異同)

Evidence: 

Evidence An example: Do you believe what he says?? Using this picture as evidence, we know that the Japanese were once invaders. No apology, we were never invaders

Explanation about evidence: 

Explanation about evidence Evidence is genuine that can be used to support and explain past events. History without evidence is only myths, legends, guesses, rumours and lies. The related thinking skills are classification, selection, inference, interpretation, distinguishing facts and opinion. Can you give an example of common events showing the concept of evidence?

Evidence of a common event: 

Evidence of a common event It can be used as evidence to support: The relationship of a child and parents The date of birth of somebody (Can you think of more?) Can you give an example of historical events showing the concept of evidence? A birth certificate

A historical event showing evidence: 

A historical event showing evidence It is evidence to prove that Peking man learnt to use fire in the ancient time.

Slide6: 

Evidence (証躆) Changes and Continuity (改變與延續) Time and chronology (時序) (因果) (異同)

Time and Chronology: 

Time and Chronology An example: Look at the picture, can you find out the mistake about ‘time’? Answer: It was a picture of anachronism.(時代錯亂) Hong Kong, a thousand years ago

Another example of time and chronology: 

Another example of time and chronology Can you tell whether A occurred before / after B? A B Answer : Before Opium war Japanese invasion of the Pearl Harbour The return of Hong Kong to China America’s atomic bombing of Japan

Explanation about time and chronology: 

Explanation about time and chronology History means past events and is closely related to the concept of time. The concept of time has to be valid in order to avoid anachronism. To make the study of History easier, it is important to measure time correctly and arrange events in the right sequence / chronological order. The related thinking skills are sequencing, classification. Can you give a common event showing the concept?

Common events showing time and chronology: 

Common events showing time and chronology Pictures showing the sequence of the “turning points” in my life. My wedding My first son born My two sons grow You may have an alternate sequence! Can you think of a historical event showing time and chronology?

Historical events showing time and chronology: 

Historical events showing time and chronology A Picture showing the sequence of the following events:

Slide12: 

Evidence (証據) Changes and Continuity (改變與延續) Time and chronology (時序) (因果) (異同)

Change and Continuity: 

Change and Continuity From the two photos, can you see the changes that took place and the things that continue / remain unchanged? Answer: Changes: many new high-rise buildings, a new ferry pier….. Continuity: the star ferry company is still operating; Central is still the central business district in Hong Kong. Central, Hong Kong, in the 1950s Central, Hong Kong, in the 1999s

Explanation about change and continuity: 

Explanation about change and continuity Change means that things become different as time goes by. Continuity means that things stay the same through every age. All history is a mixture of change and continuity. The related thinking skills are analysis and synthesis, deduction, comparing and contrasting. Can you give an example of common events showing the concept?

A common event showing change and continuity: 

A common event showing change and continuity You can see the effect of time on human face but I am still a history teacher teaching in Lee Shau Kee College. Can you apply the concept to describe the historical event of the “handover” in 1997? A photograph of Mr. Lau in 1980 A photograph of Mr. Lau in 1999

A historical event showing changes and continuity: 

A historical event showing changes and continuity Hong Kong has been changed to be part of China but its system remains unchanged.

Another historical event showing changes and continuity: 

Another historical event showing changes and continuity There have been changes in Chinese top leaders but the aim of unifying China remains unchanged.

Slide18: 

Evidence (証據) Changes and Continuity (改變與延續) Time and chronology (時序) (因果) (異同)

Causes and Effects: 

Causes and Effects Can you classify the following pictures into causes and effects? Answer: one cause leads to several effects Animals burned to death forest on fire Lightning & thundering Cooked food is easier to eat and more delicious

Another example of causes and effects: 

Another example of causes and effects Can you tell the causes and effects of the historical event shown by the picture? Crushed by the pressure from the ___________ outside China and the _____ inside China, the Qing government was forced to start the _______________. Answer: foreigners / Taipings / Self-Strengthening Movement

Explanation about causes and effects: 

Explanation about causes and effects From the first exercise, we know that one cause may lead to several effects. From the second exercise, we know that several causes may bring about one effect. Offering your views about the causes and effects of a historical event may help you become a thinking person. The major related thinking skills are logical thinking, classification, analysis and synthesis. Can you give an example of common events showing the concept?

Common events showing causes and effects: 

Common events showing causes and effects Chui Ming had spent too much time on playing computer games so he failed in his final examination and did not get promoted to a higher class. Can you think of a historical event showing causes and effects?

A historical event showing causes and effects: 

A historical event showing causes and effects The countries had different reasons for fighting one another in World War One.

Slide24: 

Evidence (証據) Changes and Continuity (改變與延續) Time and chronology (時序) (因果) (異同)

Similarity and Difference: 

Similarity and Difference Can you tell one similarity and one difference between the two buildings shown in the photos? Suggested answer: They are both secondary schools organized by the Shun Tak Fraternal Association. Yet the one on the left is in Kwai Chung while the other is in Tuen Mun. Lee Shau Kee College Leung Kau Kui College

Explanation about similarity and difference: 

Explanation about similarity and difference One way to analyse historical information is to compare and contrast the data. This can help us understand historical events better. The related thinking skills is comparing and contrasting, analysis and synthesis. Can you give an example of common events showing the concept?

Common events showing similarity and difference: 

Common events showing similarity and difference Comparing the differences and similarities among these three pictures about the Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong: All three pictures shows a busy harbour but the buildings at the two sides of the harbour were becoming higher and higher. 1999

Another Common event showing similarity and difference: 

Another Common event showing similarity and difference Comparing different flat advertisements to make a choice: Can you give an example of historical events showing the concept? 900 square feet / 3 rooms / 5 years / park view / urban area / shops nearby / no schools nearby / Mass Transit available 925 square feet / 2 rooms / 10 years / sea view / rural area / no shops nearby / schools nearby / only bus available

Historical events showing similarity and difference: 

Historical events showing similarity and difference Comparing the governments in European countries in different historical periods: Can you fill in the blanks? There should be some one in power in a society from the past to present. Yet, in the Middle Age, the ______, _______ and ________ had power. In the 16th – 18th centuries, the _______ had power. While in the 18th-20th centuries, the ________ have power through parliament. Answers: Church / kings / nobles / absolute monarchs / people The Middle Ages The 16th - 18th centuries The 18th - 20th centuries

Slide30: 

Evidence (証據) Changes and Continuity (改變與延續) Time and chronology (時序) (因果) (異同)

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