Module 23

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By: Bonwang (107 month(s) ago)

Intelligence

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Module 23: Intelligence: 

Module 23: Intelligence

Defining Intelligent Behavior: 

Defining Intelligent Behavior Intelligence The capacity to understand the world, think rationally, and use resources effectively when faced with challenges Intelligence tests Tests that are developed in order to identify a person’s level of intelligence

Measuring Intelligence: 

Measuring Intelligence Mental age The average age of individuals who achieve a particular level of performance on a test Chronological age Physical age

Measuring Intelligence: 

Measuring Intelligence IQ = MA CA X 100

IQ Tests: Gauging Intelligence: 

IQ Tests: Gauging Intelligence Stanford-Binet IV Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – III (WAIS-III) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - III (WISC-III)

Achievement and Aptitude Tests: 

Achievement and Aptitude Tests Achievement test A test designed to determine a person’s level of knowledge in a given subject area Aptitude test A test designed to predict a person’s ability in a particular area or line of work

Reliability and Validity: Taking the Measure of a Test: 

Reliability and Validity: Taking the Measure of a Test Reliability A tests ability to consistently measure what they are trying to measure Validity The tests ability to measure what it is supposed to measure Norms Standards of test performance

Variations in Intellectual Ability: 

Variations in Intellectual Ability Mental retardation Significantly below-average intellectual functioning, plus limitations in at least two areas of adaptive functioning involving Communication skills Self-care Ability to live independently Social skills Community involvement Self direction Health & safety Academics Leisure & work

Mental Retardation: 

Mental Retardation Classification Mild Retardation IQ Range Moderate Retardation Profound Retardation 55 - 69 40 - 45 Below 25 Severe Retardation 25 -39

Identifying Roots of Mental Retardation: 

Identifying Roots of Mental Retardation Biological causes Down syndrome Familial retardation Care and treatment Least restrictive environment Mainstreaming Full inclusion PhotoLink/Getty Images

Intellectually Gifted: 

Intellectually Gifted 2 to 4 % of the population have IQ scores greater than 130 Most often are well adjusted, popular, and outgoing

Individual Differences in Intelligence: 

Individual Differences in Intelligence Culture-fair IQ test A test that does not discriminate against members of any minority group Ryan McVay/Getty Images

Individual Differences in Intelligence: 

Individual Differences in Intelligence Heritability A measure of the degree to which a characteristic is related to genetic, inherited factors “The Bell Curve” A widely debated study that suggested that there was an inherent difference in the ability levels of African American and Caucasion subjects.

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