Logic Model

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Logic Models: Linking Program Activities to Desired Outcomes: 

Logic Models: Linking Program Activities to Desired Outcomes Assuring Implementation Fidelity

Initial Steps (Already Done): 

Initial Steps (Already Done) Identify target population (e.g., adolescents) Define problem (e.g., substance use) Identify prevention solution(s) with scientific credibility (e.g., Life Skills Training)

Scientifically Proven Prevention Model Example: 

Scientifically Proven Prevention Model Example Life skills training curriculum (Botvin) 15 sessions 1st year (6th or 7th grade) 10 booster sessions 2nd year 5 booster sessions 3rd year Taught one to five times per week in regular class period

Life Skills Training: Proven Effectiveness: 

Life Skills Training: Proven Effectiveness Reduces alcohol, cigarette and marijuana initiation by up to 50% Long term effects (6 years) Urban, suburban, rural White, African-American, Hispanic Transfer skills Violence Risky driving Risky sexual behavior Other anti-social behaviors

The LST Logic Model: 

The LST Logic Model Question: how does LST actually work? Does increased knowledge alone create change? Do we just need to impact attitudes in order to alter behavior? How does drug resistance relate to other problem behaviors? Does LST tell youth to just say “no”?


The Big Picture: Potential Points of Intervention


Targets of Change in Youth Points of Intervention General Competencies (e.g., self management, social skills, planning skills, problem solving decision making) Resistance Skills Cognitive Expectancies (attitudes, normative expectations, knowledge) Targets of Change

LST Logic Model Focuses on Individual Factors : 

LST Logic Model Focuses on Individual Factors Change cognitive expectancies Increase general competencies Resist social influences

Change Cognitive Expectancies: 

Change Cognitive Expectancies Encourage anti-drug attitudes Develop accurate normative expectations Increase knowledge about the risks of substance use

General Competencies: 

General Competencies Problem solving Decision making Coping with stress and anxiety Personal behavior change (setting goals and monitoring progress) Analyzing own behavior and interests Learning to take action (initiative) Effective communication

Resistance Skills: 

Resistance Skills Ability to be autonomous within peer context Awareness of pro-drug influences Teach and practice drug refusal skills

Fidelity of Implementation: How Do We Know That the Program Was Delivered Correctly? : 

Fidelity of Implementation: How Do We Know That the Program Was Delivered Correctly? Implementation as a question of quality assurance: was the LOGIC MODEL delivered in its entirety by competently trained individuals? Was each element of the logic model covered? Was the style of presentation appropriate? (E.G., Coaching, practice time)

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