l2115 lecture 9

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Faith based development institutions: 

Faith based development institutions

Why consider faith based institutions?: 

Why consider faith based institutions? Of increasing interest to secular institutions: DFID’s DRC on ‘faiths in development’ WFDD - an initiative of James Wolfensohn and the Archbishop of Canterbury 2004: USAID grants to faith based organisations more than $522 million The links between faith and ‘radicalisation’ The emergence of ‘spiritual capital’

Overview: 

Overview The links between religion and development Variation in faith based development organisations Protestants and evangelicals The Catholic Church Islamic NGOs Emerging issues - religion and the US right

The links between religion and development: 

The links between religion and development The philosophical links with development One of the 5 pillars of Islam involves charitable giving Judaic tithing: 1/10 of earnings Jubilee 2000 based on religious principals of debt relief Rights or duties? The roots of religious NGOs The practical links Estimate in Uganda that nearly half of primary health services comes from FBDIs Muslim primary schools in West Africa ‘Voices of the poor’ and FBDIs Size: Salvation Army, World Vision, CRI: combined income of over US$1.6 billion (Berger 2003) Religious NGOs and secular donors More than 260 faith based NGOs affiliated to ECOSOC and DPI

Variation in faith based devt institutions – some examples: 

Variation in faith based devt institutions – some examples

Protestant evangelicals – World Vision: 

Protestant evangelicals – World Vision Founded 1950 by Bob Pierce ‘World Vision is an international partnership of Christians whose mission is to follow Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ in working with the poor and oppressed to promote human transformation, seek justice and bear witness to the good news of the Kingdom of God’. 80% of its budget comes from private donations About half of programmes funded through child sponsorship

The Catholic Church: 

The Catholic Church The reach of the Catholic Church Vatican II, 1962-5 Globally nearly 1 billion Catholics mid 1990s 1/5 of Africa’s population baptised Catholic Catholic NGOs Caritas - umbrella for 160 Catholic organisations in 200 countries CAFOD. Income £47m. ’respectful of Catholic teaching and beliefs’ it will not fund the ‘supply distribution or promotion of condoms’ CRS. Income $550m of which $436m from US govt The Vatican at Cairo and Beijing

Islamic NGOs: 

Islamic NGOs The spread of Islamic NGOs More than 100 International Islamic NGOs Motivations Zakat: 2.5 of wealth to the needy Khoms: International politics Faiths in competition

Faith-based development and the US: 

Faith-based development and the US Charitable Choice Amendment of the Welfare Reform Act (1996) White House Office for Faith Based and Community Initiatives Since 2002, Centre for Faith Based Initiatives in USAID

Emerging issues: 

Emerging issues Religion in opposition to liberal immorality or ‘human rights’? Questions of representation Determining achievement Undermining state sovereignty - the ‘unsecularisation of the world’ (Weigel)?

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