RomanArtsAndEngineer ing

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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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Model of Rome

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Characteristics During the Republic – Temple Architecture: blended Etruscan & Greek features. emphasis on the front of the building. example: Temple of Fortuna Virilis.

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Temple of “Fortuna Virilis”

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Characteristics CONCRETE: created a revolution in architectural design. create larger, heavier buildings. * example: - The Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina.

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Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina

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Model of Roman Forum

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Model of Trajan’s Forum

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Characteristics ARCH & VAULT: Coliseum Race Track – Circus Maximus Public Baths Amphitheaters

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Triumphal Arch of Titus

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Arch of Constantine

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Barrel or “Tunnel” Vault Windows can be placed at any point. These vaults require buttressing to counter-act the downward thrust of weight.

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Groin Vault Also called a cross vault. Needs less buttressing.

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Multi Groin Vaults A series of groin vaults can have open lateral arches that form Clerestories. Windows that allow light into the interior of churches. These concrete windows are fireproof [an important consideration since many early churches burned!]

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Early Roman Amphitheater Seats about 20,000

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Roman Theater

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Theater of Marcellus

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Roman Coliseum

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Roman Coliseum

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Interior of the Coliseum Arena is Latin for the sand, coating the floor that soaks up the blood of the combatants.

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Circus Maximus 300,000 seat capacity!

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Roman Bath in England

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Characteristics DOME: Basilicas - Large and relatively open space. - examples: ► Pantheon ► early Christian churches

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Cylindrical Dome With the dome, the Romans could surpass earlier cultures by their ability to span space. Light enters through the oculus on top.

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The Pantheon Plans

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The Pantheon

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Pantheon’s Dome

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The Pantheon Interior

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The Pantheon Interior Painting by Giovanni Paolo Pannini (18c)

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Innovative Engineering Techniques Roads – macadam Aqueducts Arch Bridge

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Via Appia All roads lead to Rome!

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Roman Aqueduct

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Aqueduct in Segovia

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Roman Arch Bridge in Spain

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Hadrian’s Wall in Britain

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Characteristics of Roman Sculpture Collectors and copiers of Greek works [more idealistic]. Categories: Portrait sculpture Statues Paintings & mosaics Relief sculptures More realism [show the wrinkles, the bulges, and ageing!]

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Roman Copy of Greek Art Original created by the Greek sculptor, Polyclitus, 5c BCE

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Republican Couple Realistic portraits – like Hellenistic Greek style.

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Portraits of Emperors Julius Caesar Nero Hadrian Marcus Aurelius

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Mosaics on a Roman Villa Floor

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Roman Citizens

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Column Of Trajan

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Base Relief Legionnaires on Trajan’s Column

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Roman Sarcophagus Marble base relief – Etruscan influence?

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Roman Villa

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House in Herculaneum

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Frescoes on aVilla’s Walls

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Roman Crafts 1c BCE glass bowl Ivory Cameo Gold earrings

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Jefferson Memorial

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Lincoln Memorial

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The US Capitol Building

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Statue of Justice US Supreme Court Building

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Federal Court Building in NYC

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Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Statue of Liberty

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