Semantic Devices: Semantic Devices By: Shelby Clark Metaphor : Metaphor suggests a comparison between two things of different nature that nevertheless have something in common. “My boyfriend is my knight in shining armor.” Simile: Simile Directly states a comparison between two things of different nature that nevertheless have something in common. (usually uses like or as.) “Her eyes shined as bright as the stars.” Personification: Personification Assigns human qualities or abilities to abstractions or to intimate objects. “The angry sky roared and threw lightning around.” hyperbole: hyperbole Exaggerates for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect. “He cried so long he made a lake!” puns: puns A play on words, such as repeating a word two different senses or using words that sound alike but have different meaning. “He was always amazed watching the flies fly.” oxymoron: oxymoron Couple two contradictory terms. “Jake tried his worst for the big game.” irony: irony A word intended to convey a meaning just the opposite of its ordinary or literal meaning. “Goldfish are the best pets! Who wouldn’t want a pet that shows you no affection, but yet spends some of your money every week?” alliteration: alliteration A term that describes a literary stylistic device. Alliteration occurs when a series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound. “Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore!” The end!!!!: The end!!!!