IRAQ WAR

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this ppt has a detailed description about the Iraq crises in the year of 2003.

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NAME-SHEEZAA PROGRAM-BA.LLB SEMESTER-03 SEC-A Iraq WAR ALLPPT.com _ Free PowerPoint Templates, Diagrams and Charts

Geographical Map of the war:

Geographical Map of the war

SHORT FACTS ABOUT IRAQ:

SHORT FACTS ABOUT IRAQ

Why is the Middle East Important?:

M.E is very important to the world because of its important oil-producing regions Oil is found in countries around the Persian Gulf These countries are referred to as the Gulf States They comprise Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE Most of them belong to OPEC (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries Aim of OPEC : To stabilise oil prices by controlling the amount of oil that its members can produce Why is the Middle East Important ?

SADDAM HUSSAIN:1979-2003:

Saddam Hussein was president of Iraq for more than two decades and is seen as a figurehead of the country's military conflicts with Iran and the United States. SADDAM HUSSAIN:1979-2003

Why is the Middle East Important?:

M.E is important because it controls a strategic waterway known as the Suez Canal which links Europe to the M.E and Asia. This is an important trade route for transporting goods and oil to other parts of the world. Countries like USA and Russia are very concerned with development in ME because of its strategic importance. Why is the Middle East Important?

Iraq war:

Called Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States military Conflict that occurred in Iraq from March 20, 2003 to December 18, 2011 Main Cause After the terror attack og 9/11 in United States: The United States and the United Kingdom claimed that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction (WMD) which was a threat to our security In 2002, the United Nations Security Council called for Iraq to completely cooperate with UN weapon inspectors to verify that Iraq was not in possession of WMD The United Nations found no evidence of WMD but believed that Hussein was trying to get WMD from Africa Due to the above intelligence, U.S invaded Iraq on March 20, 2003 Iraq war

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After the Iraqi invasion, it was concluded that Iraq had ended its WMD program in 1991 and had no active programs at the time of the invasion The invasion of Iraq led to an occupation and the eventual capture of President Hussein Hussein was later tried in an Iraqi court of law and executed by the new Iraqi government Other “Possible” Causes Some accused Saddam Hussein of harboring and supporting al-Qaeda but no evidence was ever found Iraqi government human rights abuses Wanted to spread democracy to the country Oil interests

Timeline of iraq war:

2003 March 17, 2003  -- President Bush gives Saddam Hussein and his sons 48 hours to leave Iraq. March 19, 2003  -- U.S.-led invasion begins. March 21, 2003  -- "Shock and awe" campaign begins. April 1, 2003  -- Pfc. Jessica Lynch is rescued. April 9, 2003  -- "Fall of Baghdad," as statue of Saddam Hussein gets toppled in the city's center. May 1, 2003  -- On board the USS Abraham Lincoln, President Bush makes his "Mission Accomplished" speech, declaring and end to major military operations. July 22, 2003  -- Saddam's sons Uday and Qusay killed in a U.S. raid on a house in Mosul. Dec. 13, 2003  -- In a "spider hole" near Tikrit, Saddam Hussein is captured by U.S. troops. He surrenders without a fight. 2004 March 31, 2004  -- Four American civilian contractors from Blackwater USA are killed by Iraqi insurgents in Fallujah. Their mutilated bodies get dragged through the streets before being hung over a bridge. April 29, 2004  -- Photos of abuse at Abu Ghraib prison are released, first seen in a report on "60 Minutes II." May 8, 2004  -- The decapitated body of Nick Berg found. Three days later (May 11), video of his beheading is posted on an Islamic Web site. June 28, 2004  -- The Coalition Provisional Authority, led by L. Paul Bremer, officially transfers "sovereignty" of Iraq to an Iraqi judge. Hours later, Prime Minister Iyad Allawi is sworn in. Timeline of iraq war

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2005 Jan. 30, 2005  -- Transitional National Assembly elections are held. Proud Iraqis show their purple ink-dipped fingers as a sign they participated in the election. Aug. 31, 2005  -- Nearly 1,000 people killed in a stampede at a Shiite ceremony in Baghdad. Oct. 15, 2005  -- Iraqi constitution ratified. Oct. 19, 2005  -- Saddam Hussein's trial begins. He's accused of war crimes against humanity for the ordered killings of 143 Shiites in Dujail in 1982. Dec. 15, 2005  -- General elections are held to elect a permanent government and Iraqi National Assembly. 2006 Feb. 22, 2006  -- In Samarra, the Al Aksari Mosque, with its famous golden dome, is blown up by Sunni insurgents. It was one of the holiest sites for Shiite Muslims. June 7, 2006  -- Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of Al Qaeda in Iraq, is killed during a U.S. air strike. Nov. 8, 2006  -- Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld resigns. Dec. 30, 2006  -- Saddam Hussein is executed by hanging after being found guilty of crimes against humanity. 2007 Jan. 10, 2007  -- President Bush addresses the nation, saying the situation in Iraq is unacceptable, and announces the "troop surge."

BACKGROUND OF THE WAR:

The Iraq War began on March 19, 2003 with an invasion by US-led forces and ended on December 18, 2011 when the last US combat forces left the country. Although the eight-and-a-half year war was successful in dismantling the regime of Saddam Hussein, it has produced a host of legal issues in its wake. The legitimacy of the initial invasion, the trial and execution of Saddam Hussein, the myriad problems associated with facilitating democratic elections and a stable government, accusations of war crimes against all sides in the conflict and continuing unrest in the region all played a role in the legal implications of the Iraq War. BACKGROUND OF THE WAR

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Another facet of this conflict was its enormous human and economic cost. As of November 30, 2011, the Brookings Institute  estimated  that 4,486 American troops were killed, 32,226 American troops were wounded and 179 British troops died. Estimates of Iraqi civilian death tolls have reached  168,000  through 2016. Financially, the war is estimated to have cost the US approximately US$3 trillion in total economic loss. The Iraq War also created domestic and international controversies, plaguing the administrations of presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama and leaving many unanswered legal questions. Long after the battlefield conflict ended in December 2011, the war's legacy continued to play out in courtrooms, legislatures and the international community.

President Bush’s Policies:

Started the war in 2003 War was supported at first but no WMD’s found led to war becoming very unpopular Abu Ghraib Accused of not having an “exit strategy” Helped establish a new democratic government in Iraq “The surge” took place in 2007. It helped get the violence under control in Iraq. Started troop reduction in 2008. President Bush’s Policies

conclusion:

This is a callous oil grab trying desperately to masquerade as a compassionate regime change.The bottom line is George W. Bush is sucking Americans into handing over their civil liberties and their lives at the request of big oil. The saddest part about the war is that Bush turned down Saddam’s surrender. Bush could have had internationally supervised elections, all of Iraq’s oil, an invasion force to search for  WMD  ( W eapon of  M ass  D estruction)  , all without a shot fired, not a single child killed. But Bush chose  shock & awe  instead. conclusion

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THANKYOU NAME-SHEEZAA SEMESTER-3 PROGRAM-BA.LLB SECTION-A

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