NAIS Overview Neil Hammerschmidt

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NAIS Overview: 

National Animal Identification System (NAIS) NAIS Overview Neil Hammerschmidt, NAIS Coordinator

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Agriculture Secretary announced USDA would implement a national animal identification system December 27, 2003

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April 27, 2004 Agriculture Secretary announced that $18.8 million would be transferred from the USDA Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to provide initial funding for the program during FY 2004.

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April 27, 2003 Agriculture Secretary announced that $18.8 million would be transferred from the USDA Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to provide initial funding for the program during FY 2004. … the 'official' beginning of the National Animal Identification System (NAIS)

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To establish the information system necessary to support our animal disease control, eradication, monitoring and surveillance programs. …animal health is the focus! Why does USDA want Animal ID?

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More timely response! Critical to be able to trace animals quickly to control spread of disease Minimize detrimental effects of disease outbreak Less economic loss What does Animal ID provide?

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Goal The goal of the NAIS is to have the capability to identify all premises and animals that had direct contact a disease of concern within 48 hours after discovery.

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'National ID' is all about… standards!

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A uniform premises identification system; A uniform and nationally recognized individual animal numbering system; A uniform and nationally recognized numbering system for groups or lots of animals; and A uniform numbering system for non-producer participants (such as tag distributors, animal health officials, labs, etc). The USAIP identified four key data elements for standardization: Nov. 2004 – CFR: Interim Rule 'Use of Alternative Numbering Systems'

How will the system work? : 

The NAIS will be established over time through the integration of these key components: Premises Registration Animal Identification Animal Tracking How will the system work?

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Premises Registration

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Premises Registration Foundation of the system Unique ID for all locations that manage or hold livestock Farms/ranches, markets, fairs/exhibitions, public sales, etc. Provides ability to: Locate subject animal(s) Locate other potentially exposed animals

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Premises Registration Premises Identification Number (PIN) Nationally unique number The number has no meaning Example: 02345Y7 7 Characters

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Premises Registration Premises Identification Number (PIN) States/Tribes responsible for the administration of premises registration

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Standardized Premises Registration System (SPRS) 37 States, 2 US Territories, and 3 Tribes

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Compliant Premises Registration System (CPRS) 7 Systems 13 States, 2 Tribes

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Animal Identification

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Animal Identification Unique Group/Lot Identification

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Animal Identification Unique Individual Animal Identification

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USDA is 'technology neutral'. So how are official ID tags with the '840' number determined? Technologies/methods recommendations from Species WG/NAIS Subcommittee Authorized use of the '840' by USDA APHIS Animal Identification

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Cattle industry recommends ISO 11784 and 11785 compliant radio frequency identification ear tags RF/AIN Tags have 15-digit code printed on the tags Meets minimum requirements Tamper evident Number printed on the tag AIN/RF Tags - Cattle 840 will replace 982 when AIN implemented

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How will producers obtain '840' ID tags? Animal Identification

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Web-based AIN Management System

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Web-based Public 'Area' Listing of authorized ID devices Authorized Users Tag Manufacturers Tag Managers Tag Resellers State/federal animal health authorities AIN Management System

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Web-based Public Listing of authorized ID devices Authorized Users Tag Manufacturers Tag Managers Tag Resellers State/federal animal health authorities AIN Management System Requires Level 2 eAuthentication

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an identity verification system used by the USDA to provide a single authorization for multiple USDA accounts. eAuthentication http://www.eauth.egov.usda.gov

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AIN Management System Distribution of AIN/RF Tags USDA Allocates AINs to authorized Tag Manufacturers Producers obtain tags from: AIN Tag Managers AIN Tag Resellers

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AIN Management System Distribution of AIN/RF Tags USDA Allocates AINs to authorized Tag Manufacturers Producers obtain tags from: - AIN Tag Managers - AIN Tag Reseller An entity authorized by APHIS to distribute AIN Tags to a premises. Has a marketing agreement with an approved AIN Tag Manufacturer. Agrees to validate premises # of tag recipient Reports distribution of the AINs

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AIN Management System Distribution of AIN/RF Tags USDA Allocates AINs to authorized Tag Manufacturers Producers obtain tags from: - AIN Tag Managers - AIN Tag Reseller Who are AIN Tag Managers? Private companies andamp; service providers States/Tribes, AVIC offices Breed registries, NDHIA Veterinarians Note: AIN Tag Manufacturers may also be AIN Tag Managers

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Animal Tracking

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Trace back To find source of infection To find additional exposed animals Trace forward To find where exposed animals may have been moved to. To determine additional exposed animals. Animal Tracking Must provide information for:

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Animal Tracking What information is needed …just enough to initiate traceback/trace forward Animal Identification Number Premises Number Date Event

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Animal Number - 840 834 502 584 384 07-12-03 A23L449 1 - Tag Shipped to premises 03-15-04 A23L449 2 – Tag Applied 10-15-04 A23L449 4 – Moved Out 10-16-04 SB3T552 3 – Moved In 05-04-05 SB3T552 4 – Moved Out 05-04-05 5245G3D 3 – Moved In 05-05-05 442DW31 10 - Slaughtered

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Animal Tracking Collecting animal movement data Most challenging task Ability to achieve 48-hour traceback hinges on completeness of animal movement data Must automate collection of animal ID

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Animal Tracking Achieved with the allocation of the ID Tag to a Premises and recording the allocation. 'Point of Origin' ID

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Animal Tracking Electronic Interstate Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (ICVI) Interstate Movements Build data collection infrastructure overtime

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Animal Tracking Interstate Movements Build data collection infrastructure overtime Termination (Slaughter Plants )

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Animal Tracking Interstate Movements Build data collection infrastructure overtime Termination High Concentration Points Markets, etc. Feedlots

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DRAFT Program Standards and Strategic Plan Developed through 2 plus years of collaborative efforts Published May 6 Approx 600 comments reviewed

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How the NAIS will work A 'Work in Progress' document Continual updates as Species WGs provide additional details DRAFT Program Standards

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Focus on the future Identifies key milestones Provides timelines 2005 - 2009 DRAFT Strategic Plan

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NAIS Timeline 2005 2006 2007 2008 Animal Identification All States Operational Premises Registration Animal Tracking NAIS …the Gold Standard Full Implementation of Animal ID andamp; Tracking 2009 50 States, 5 Tribes and 2 Territories Are operational on National Premises Registration System 120,000 premises registered through NAIS

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NAIS Timeline 2005 2006 2007 2008 Initiate '840' ID # Animal Identification AIN Fully Operational ICVI Fully Operational Premises Registered 'Alert' All States Operational Premises Registration 25% Prems Registered Animal Tracking Build IT and Data Collection Infrastructure NAIS …the Gold Standard Full Implementation of Animal ID andamp; Tracking 2009 Mandatory Premises Registration Animal ID 'Alert' ICVI Incentive Mandatory Animal ID Point of Origin for Animals in Voluntary NAIS Mandatory Movement Reporting Collect Termination and Defined Movements Ramp Up Collection of Termination Records

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Funding Cost sharing: State-Federal-Industry April 2004 $18.8M Commodity Credit Corporation FY 2005 and FY 2006 $33M

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Confidentiality USDA committed to working with Congress to protect producer information

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How do I get started? Register your premises Obtain AIN Tags from an AIN Manager Attached tags when most practical for your management system

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National Animal ID … essential to protect animal agriculture! … greatest benefit – MARKET ACCESS! … opportunities for industry to build upon NAIS infrastructure!

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… an enormous undertaking that can only be successful with an industry/government partnership! National Animal ID

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