VALUE, ASSUMPTIONS AND BELIEFS IN ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT : VALUE, ASSUMPTIONS AND BELIEFS IN ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Mintu Bhattachariya
Shakeeb A Khan
MDRA 2009-11 CONTENTS : INTRODUCTION
ROLES OF VALUES, ASSUMPTION AND BELIEF.
EARLY STATEMENT OF OD VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS.
IMPLICATION OF OD VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS.
CONCLUSION CONTENTS INTRODUCTION : OD- “Process that applies behavioral science knowledge & practices to help organizations achieve greater effectiveness, including increased financial performance & improve quality of work life.” Edgar Schein (1980)
It differs from other planned change efforts, such as technological evolution, R&D, because the focus is on building the organizations ability to asses its current functioning & to achieve its goals. INTRODUCTION BELIEF : A proposition how the world works that individual accept as a truth.
Propositional attitude is the mental state of having some attitude, stance, take or about potential state of affairs in which proposition is true. BELIEF Slide 5: Belief and Knowledge
TRUE BELIEF Justification KNOWLEDGE
Belief divided into
Dispositional Belief. ASSUMPTIONS : Assumptions are beliefs that are regarded so valuable and obviously correct that they are taken for granted and rarely examined or questioned.
Taken as true based upon presupposition without preponderance of the facts.
Occasionally incorrect too. ASSUMPTIONS Slide 7: Politicians are corrupt!
Variations in assumptions
Biological make up
Idiosyncrasy VALUES : Values are belief about what is desirable or good.
Determines what action or life is best to do or live.
Deals with right conduct and good life, in the sense that a highly, or at least relatively highly.
Valuable action or may be regarded as ethic "good" , and an action of low, or at least relatively low, value may be regarded as "bad" VALUES Slide 9: Absolute and relative values.
Intrinsic and extrinsic values ROLE OF VALUES, ASSUMPTION AND BELIEF : Provide structure and stability for people as they attempt to understand the world around them.
Constitute and integral part of the OD , shapes goals and methods of the field and distinguish OD from other strategies. ROLE OF VALUES, ASSUMPTION AND BELIEF Scheins cultural iceberg : Scheins cultural iceberg Behaviors, Norms, Artifacts
Stated Beliefs, Values
Assumptions Slide 12: Idea of a cultural iceberg Edgar Schein
That change in an organization can occur
at many levels.
It is difficult to “see” the assumption that underlie our behaviors.
As behaviors and their associated artifacts are readily visible to others, OD can effect change in these relatively easily. Slide 13: When organizational change needs to penetrate deeper, change is much more difficult.
efforts to bring about change through OD should not attempt to go deeper than necessary to accomplish the objective.
If changes in behaviors or artifacts are sufficient (i.e., at the tip of the iceberg or the outer layer of the onion), then no further effort is necessary. EARLY STATEMENT OF OD VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS : EARLY STATEMENT OF OD VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS WARREN BENNIS PHILOSOPHY : OD practitioners share set of normative goals based on their human philosophy.
Improvement in interpersonal competence.
Shift in values so that human factors and feelings come to consider legitimate.
Development of increased understanding between working group in order to reduce tension WARREN BENNIS PHILOSOPHY ASSUMPTIONS OF RICAHRD BECKHARD : Assumptions held by OD practitioners are:
Basic unit of change are group not individuals.
Relevant change goal is reduction of inappropriate competition between parts of the organization.
Decision making in healthy organization is located in information source ASSUMPTIONS OF RICAHRD BECKHARD ROBERT TANNENBAUM VIEWS OF OD VALUES : People as essentially bad toward a view of people as basically good.
Avoidance of negative evaluation of individual toward confirming them as human being.
Individual as fixed, toward seeing them in process.
Fearing from resisting individual differences toward accepting and utilizing. ROBERT TANNENBAUM VIEWS OF OD VALUES IMPLICATION OF OD VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS : Implication for dealing with individuals
People have drives for personal growth and development.
Develop their potential.
People desire to make and are capable of making higher level of contribution to the organization than most organizational environment permits. IMPLICATION OF OD VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS Slide 19: Implication for dealing with group.
Team flourish because they are the best way to get the work done and best way to satisfy social and emotional need.
Leader should invest in group.
Adopt a team leadership style.
Organization requires interactive and transactional solutions. Slide 20: Implication for running organizations
Experiment with organization structure and new form of authority.
Win loose situation to be replaced by win win situations.
Cooperative organization behavior than competitive one Concluding comments : OD rests on foundation of values and assumptions about people and organizations.
Help to define what OD is and guide its implement.
OD Values are highly accepted
today Concluding comments Slide 22: THANK YOU