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Slide1: 

Connecting Bucks with the Cosmos: Six Policy Questions for the New Fiscal Year Joel Parriott Office of Management and Budget

#1: What is the nature of the Executive Office of the President?: 

#1: What is the nature of the Executive Office of the President? Office of the Vice President* Chief of Staff* Council of Economic Advisers Council on Environmental Quality Domestic Policy Council National Economic Council National Security Council Office of Homeland Security Office of Management and Budget* Office of National Drug Control Policy* Office of Science & Technology Policy Office of the United States Trade Representative* * Cabinet rank members EXOP includes:

OMB Structure: 

OMB Structure Political Director & Deputy Directors Program Associate Directors Run the RMOs (next slide) Career Division Associate Directors Branch Chiefs Program Examiners There are also important statutory & support offices.

OMB Resource Management Office Jurisdiction: 

OMB Resource Management Office Jurisdiction Natural Resource Programs DOE, NASA, NSF, USDA, EPA Human Resource Programs NIH, DoEd General Government Programs DHS, NOAA, NIST National Security Programs DOD, NNSA

#2: How is the President’s Budget sausage made each year?: 

#2: How is the President’s Budget sausage made each year? Agency internal reviews: March-August OMB sends guidance to agencies: May/June Agencies brief OMB: September-October OMB internal reviews: October-November OMB response (“passback”): Thanksgiving Appeal and settling process: Early December-Early January Budget numbers & text locked: January Budget sent to Congress: Early February

#3: Are there different colors of money?: 

#3: Are there different colors of money? OSTP’s Mike Holland (as quoted in Science): “It helps to think of the government as an insurance company with an army.”

Federal 2004 Budget ($2.2 Trillion in Outlays): 

Federal 2004 Budget ($2.2 Trillion in Outlays) Federal S&T: $60 billion (~15%) Homeland Security

#4: What are the Administration’s priorities for the 2004 Budget? : 

#4: What are the Administration’s priorities for the 2004 Budget? Making our people safe Strengthening our economy

The Unwelcome Return of Deficits: 

The Unwelcome Return of Deficits Surplus(+)/Deficit(-) in billions of dollars Education Veterans Homeownership Global AIDS Initiative Health Care for the Uninsured Other Priorities NB: Does not include $79 billion Supplemental Bill for War on Terrorism

The 2004 Budget Increase Reflects the Nation’s Priorities : 

The 2004 Budget Increase Reflects the Nation’s Priorities

The Big Five Percent Change in S&T Budgets: 

The Big Five Percent Change in S&T Budgets Defense

#5: What about the “M” in OMB?: 

#5: What about the “M” in OMB? From Examiner Training Materials: “The fact that [a program] ‘serves’ a ‘needy’ population is immaterial to you, if the service is not effective, is not adequately or efficiently provided, or is not worth the investment.”

“Government should be results-oriented—guided not by process but by performance.” – George W. Bush: 

“Government should be results-oriented—guided not by process but by performance.” – George W. Bush Most sweeping assessment of federal programs - 234 programs ($494 billion) 20% of programs to be added each year Introduced this year: Performance Rating Assessment Tool (PART) Of the 234 programs, 32 were R&D.

Not Just How much but How well Ratings of Sample R&D Programs: 

Not Just How much but How well Ratings of Sample R&D Programs

#6: Are there policy issues at exceedingly small dollar amounts?: 

#6: Are there policy issues at exceedingly small dollar amounts? Priorities, priorities, priorities If the science community doesn’t set them, someone else will. OSTP-OMB Guidance Memo International context Interagency cooperation

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