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Impacts of Multi-Fiber Arrangement Removal on Textile & Cotton Trade: 

Impacts of Multi-Fiber Arrangement Removal on Textile & Cotton Trade Slide Presentation of a Poster Presented at the Annual Meetings of the Southern Agricultural Economics Association Orlando, Florida – February 6-8, 2006 Yan Xia, and Parr Rosson Center for North American Studies Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Texas A&M University

Multi-Fiber Arrangement (MFA): 

Multi-Fiber Arrangement (MFA) Protect Importing Countries’ Textile Sector Caused an increase in the textile & apparel prices in importing countries, a decrease in the prices in exporting countries and reduction in trade volume. Emerged into WTO’s Agreement on Textile Clothing from 1995 Removal of all MFA Quotas by Jan. 2005 Impact on Textile/Apparel Trade & Cotton Market

Objective: 

Objective Analyze and Quantify the Impact of Elimination of the Multi-Fiber Arrangement on Textile, Apparel and Cotton Market with Alternative Scenarios by Using Equilibrium Displacement Model (EDM)

The United States: 

The United States Leading Textiles & Apparel Importer 10.6% & 31.7% of world T&A Imports, 2002 (WTO) Decade Trend of Import Expansion Exports Remain Steady (ERS) Leading Cotton Exporter 41.82% of world cotton exports, 2003 (NCC) Cotton Exports Increased Domestic Consumption Declined (ERS)

U.S. Cotton Textile Trade: 

U.S. Cotton Textile Trade

U.S. Cotton Exports & Share of World Trade: 

U.S. Cotton Exports & Share of World Trade

U.S. Cotton Mill Use: 

U.S. Cotton Mill Use

People’s Republic of China: 

People’s Republic of China Largest textile exporter to the U.S. under MFA 19.62% of U.S. textile/apparel imports, 2003 (AMTAC) Third largest importer of U.S. cotton 28% of U.S. cotton, 2003 (FAS) Accession into the WTO Textile: Quota-free access to the U.S. and EU market, but still with tariff Cotton: Agree to reduce TRQ on cotton imports

U.S. Farm Program: 

U.S. Farm Program Direct Payment Fixed Decoupled from current production (ERS) Counter-Cyclical Payment CCP rate = Target price – (DP rate + max{loan rate, price}) Reduce revenue variability and risk Loan Deficiency Payment Fixed Directly coupled to current production Incorporated in the simulation

Scenario 1:Removal of MFA quota : 

Scenario 1:Removal of MFA quota U.S. import demand for textiles (.2396, .2416) U.S. import demand for apparel (.3513, .3524) U.S. domestic demand for textiles (-.0382, -.0374) U.S. domestic demand for apparel (-.2593, -.2591) U.S. import price of textiles (-.1863, -.1855) U.S. import price of apparel (-.2213, -.2194) China textiles export supply (.3455, .3454) China apparel export supply (.30, .3165) U.S. cotton price (-.0169, .0028) World adjusted cotton price (.0043, .0201) U.S. cotton supply (-.0079, .0013) U.S. demand for domestic cotton (-.1281, -.1217) China’s demand for U.S. cotton (.1037, .1737) AO’s demand for US cotton (.0942, .1014)

Scenario 2:Removal of MFA, and 3% decrease in LDP : 

Scenario 2:Removal of MFA, and 3% decrease in LDP U.S. import demand for textiles (.244, .2604) U.S. import demand for apparel (.3419, .3503) U.S. domestic demand for textiles (-.046, -.039) U.S. domestic demand for apparel (-.2607, -.2595) U.S. import price of textiles (-.1847, -.1786) U.S. import price of apparel (-.2175, -.2030) China textiles export supply (.344, .360) China apparel export supply (.332, .458) U.S. cotton price (.0243, .1794) World adjusted cotton price (.035, .156) U.S. cotton supply (-.019, .054) U.S. demand for domestic cotton (-.179, -.132) China’s demand for U.S. cotton (.112, .651) AO’s demand for US cotton (.057, .104)

Scenarios 3: Removal of MFA, 5% increase in foreign cotton supply: 

Scenarios 3: Removal of MFA, 5% increase in foreign cotton supply U.S. import demand for textiles (.234, .2405) U.S. import demand for apparel (.3538, .354) U.S. domestic demand for textiles (-.0376, -.0374) U.S. domestic demand for apparel (-.2602, -.26) U.S. import price of textiles (-.1868, -.1866) U.S. import price of apparel (-.2223, -.2219) China textiles export supply (.3682, .3704) China apparel export supply (.2807, .2831) U.S. cotton price (-.0186, -.014) World adjusted cotton price (-.0143, -.012) U.S. cotton supply (-.044, -.0332) U.S. demand for domestic cotton (-.1311, -.1248) China’s demand for U.S. cotton (.0003, .0597) AO’s demand for US cotton (.0461, .0493)

Scenario 4: Removal of MFA, 3 % decrease in LDP & 5% increase in foreign cotton supply : 

Scenario 4: Removal of MFA, 3 % decrease in LDP & 5% increase in foreign cotton supply U.S. import demand for textiles (.2413, .2416) U.S. import demand for apparel (.3535, .3537) U.S. domestic demand for textiles (-.038, -.0379) U.S. domestic demand for apparel (-.2605, -.2604) U.S. import price of textiles (-.1865, -.1863) U.S. import price of apparel (-.2215, -.2212) China textiles export supply (.3736, .3748) China apparel export supply (.286, .2874) U.S. cotton price (-.0073, -.0048) World adjusted cotton price (-.0092, -.0078) U.S. cotton supply (-.0473, -.0413) U.S. demand for domestic cotton (-.133, -.1305) China’s demand for U.S. cotton (.0099, .0442) AO’s demand for US cotton (.0315, .0361)

Conclusions – Textile & Apparel Market : 

Conclusions – Textile & Apparel Market The United States Increase in import demand Decrease in domestic demand Decrease in import price China Significant increase in export supply with different export mix of textile and apparel Take a larger market share

Conclusions – Cotton Market: 

Conclusions – Cotton Market Decrease in LDP rate affected future U.S. cotton price and adjusted world price Demand for cotton U.S. Domestic demand continue falling Increase in China and AO with different import mix depending on the presence of increase in foreign cotton supply U.S. cotton supply decreased slightly

More Conclusions: 

More Conclusions U.S. cotton sector evolves from a primary supplier to its textile industry to a stronger exporting competitor in the global market Policy shock in textile market, MFA quota elimination, have significant impact on cotton (input) market Policy shock in cotton market, decrease in LDP rate, doesn’t have explicit effect on textile market

Slide17: 

For More Information, Please Contact Yan Xia at sonataxia@tamu.edu, or Parr Rosson at prosson@tamu.edu

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