Workshop05

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Keyword Searching in STN Databases: 

Keyword Searching in STN Databases

Wild Card Symbol: 

Wild Card Symbol

Wild Card Symbol: 

Truncation symbols may be combined within the same term. Multiple uses of # and ! are allowed. Wild Card Symbol

Proximity Operators: 

Proximity Operators (W) or space fixed order (A) or (N) adjacent/near (L) links information units (S) same sentence (P) same paragraph

Slide5: 

Select

Slide6: 

Select The Select command is used to select term(s) contained in a field: => Sel rn => Sel hit rn => Sel ct => Sel cn => Sel ic => Sel it => Sel pn . . . . .

Slide7: 

The term(s) extracted by the Select command, if searched, are searched in the same field from which were extracted. (For example: Terms extracted from /CN field, if searched, are searched with /CN suffix.) Select

Slide8: 

You can change the searching field: => (terms from Select command)/BI Select

Slide9: 

There are in Registry two Select commands: => Sel chem => Sel name (the first extracts RNs and Other Names, the second extracts only Other Names) which change the fields of extraction to /BI. Select

Slide10: 

=> set smart on SET COMMAND COMPLETED => d set select   SET PARAMETER CURRENT PERMANENT LOGIN DEFAULT ------------- ------------ --------- ------------ ------------ SELECT 'CONTINUOUS' 'CONTINUOUS' 'CONTINUOUS'     => d set smart   SET PARAMETER CURRENT PERMANENT LOGIN DEFAULT ------------- ------- --------- ----- ------- SMARTSELECT 'ON' 'ON' 'ON'   Select settings Select

Slide11: 

The command Analyze put the Smart ON only for one Select, if you have the Smart OFF.   Select settings Select

Slide12: 

=> fil reg   => Buckminsterfullerene/cn L2 1 BUCKMINSTERFULLERENE/CN     => sel name   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L3 SEL L2 1- NAME : 21 TERMS Select

Slide13: 

=> sel l2 chem   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L4 SEL L2 1- CHEM : 22 TERMS Select

Slide14: 

=> d l3 1-21 L3 SEL L2 1- NAME : 21 TERMS   TERM # # OCC # DOC % DOC NAME ------ ------- ------ ------ --------------- 1 1 1 100.00 (5,6)FULLERENE C60 2 1 1 100.00 (5,6)FULLERENE-C60-IH 3 1 1 100.00 (60)FULLERENE 4 1 1 100.00 BUCKMINSTERFULLERENE (C60) 5 1 1 100.00 BUCKMINSTERFULLERENE 6 1 1 100.00 BUCKYBALL 7 1 1 100.00 CARBON (C60) FULLERENE 8 1 1 100.00 CARBON (C60) MOL. 9 1 1 100.00 CARBON (C60) 10 1 1 100.00 CARBON CLUSTER (C60) 11 1 1 100.00 CARBON, MOL. (C60) 12 1 1 100.00 C60 FULLERENE 13 1 1 100.00 FOLLENE-60 14 1 1 100.00 FOOTBALLENE (C60) 15 1 1 100.00 FOOTBALLENE 16 1 1 100.00 FULLERENE C60 CLUSTER 17 1 1 100.00 FULLERENE-C60 18 1 1 100.00 FULLERENE-60 19 1 1 100.00 FULLERENE 20 1 1 100.00 ICOSAHEDRAL C60 21 1 1 100.00 SOCCERBALLENE ********* END OF L3 *** Select

Slide15: 

=> set smart off SET COMMAND COMPLETED   => sel l2 name E1 THROUGH E21 ASSIGNED => d sel e1-e21 E1 1 (5,6)FULLERENE C60/BI E2 1 (5,6)FULLERENE-C60-IH/BI E3 1 (60)FULLERENE/BI E4 1 BUCKMINSTERFULLERENE (C60)/BI E5 1 BUCKMINSTERFULLERENE/BI E6 1 BUCKYBALL/BI E7 1 CARBON (C60) FULLERENE/BI E8 1 CARBON (C60) MOL./BI E9 1 CARBON (C60)/BI E10 1 CARBON CLUSTER (C60)/BI E11 1 CARBON, MOL. (C60)/BI E12 1 C60 FULLERENE/BI E13 1 FOLLENE-60/BI E14 1 FOOTBALLENE (C60)/BI E15 1 FOOTBALLENE/BI E16 1 FULLERENE C60 CLUSTER/BI E17 1 FULLERENE-C60/BI E18 1 FULLERENE-60/BI E19 1 FULLERENE/BI E20 1 ICOSAHEDRAL C60/BI E21 1 SOCCERBALLENE/BI Select

Slide16: 

Select => S e1-e5,e10,e15,e17,e20   => S l3<1-5,10,15,17,20>

LEFT hand truncation: 

LEFT hand truncation Simultaneous left and right-hand truncation is most often available in the /BI field of bibliographic databases EXPAND LEFT can be used to review terms with different prefix characters A minimum of 4 characters are needed for left-right hand truncated terms

Expand Left: 

Expand Left => FILE CAPLUS => e left esterification E1 1 TRANSESTERIFICATIOIN/BI E2 1 ESTERIFICATIOM/BI E3 93401 --> ESTERIFICATION/BI E4 1 4ESTERIFICATION/BI E5 1 7ESTERIFICATION/BI E6 2 ACETYLESTERIFICATION/BI E7 1 ALKALOIDESTERIFICATION/BI E8 1 ALKYLESTERIFICATION/BI E9 1 AMIDOESTERIFICATION/BI E10 1 AMINOESTERIFICATION/BI E11 1 ANDESTERIFICATION/BI E12 1 ANHYDRIDEESTERIFICATION/BI   => e6-e12   L1 8 (ACETYLESTERIFICATION/BI . . . . .

Different approach for small terms : 

Different approach for small terms => FILE HCAPLUS => S CIBA/PA L5 17340 CIBA/PA => S L5 AND ?AZO? '?AZO?' NOT LONG ENOUGH FOR LEFT TRUNCATION => S L5 AND 2000-2004/PY.B 4006817 2000-2004/PY.B L6 765 L5 AND 2000-2004/PY.B => ANALY L6 TI IT AB WITH "AZO" ENTER ANSWER NUMBER OR RANGE (1-):. ANALYZE IS APPROXIMATELY 94% COMPLETE L7 ANALYZE L6 1- TI IT AB WITH "AZO" : 237 TERMS

Display and search terms from analyze : 

Display and search terms from analyze => D L7 ANALYZE L6 1- TI IT AB WITH "AZO" : 237 TERMS TERM # # OCC # DOC % DOC TI IT AB ------ ------- ------ ------ --------------- 1 371 74 9.67 AZO 2 65 47 6.14 AZO 3 229 34 4.44 BENZOTRIAZOLE 4 68 34 4.44 DIAZO 5 32 32 4.18 AZO 6 40 21 2.75 BENZOTRIAZOLE 7 20 19 2.48 DIAZOTIZED 8 24 18 2.35 DISAZO 9 18 16 2.09 DIAZO 10 12 12 1.57 BENZOTRIAZOLE => S L6 AND L7/BI ALL TERMS IN L7/BI RETRIEVED. L10 203 L6 AND L9

Results from this approach : 

Results from this approach => D HIT 50-51 L10 ANSWER 50 OF 203 HCAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2004 ACS on STN TI Azo dyes incorporating anionic and cationic groups, their production and their use on paper PA Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc., Switz. PI WO 2003010239 A1 20030206 AB The invention relates to azo dyes (I and/or II; A = optionally substituted benzenesulfonic acid group; R = H, optionally substituted C1-4-alkyl; X1, X2 = N-containing group; n = 0, 1), the compds. being in an internal or external salt form. The dyes are prepared using ANH2 as the diazo components. The dyes are predominantly red and show high degrees of dyeing exhaustion and fastness to water and light. In an example, the condensation product of cyanuric chloride with 3-(diethylamino)propylamine and 6-amino-1-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (1:2:1) was prepared and coupled with diazotized 1-naphthylamine-6- sulfonic acid to give a red dye. L10 ANSWER 51 OF 203 HCAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2004 ACS on STN PA Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc., Switz. PI WO 2003010128 A2 20030206 IT 13472-08-7, VAZO-67 RL: CAT (Catalyst use); USES (Uses) (preparation of perfluoroalkyl-substituted amines, acids, amino acids and thioether acids used as surfactants)

Slide22: 

Indexing

File Record: 

File Record

File Indexes: 

File Indexes

File Indexes: 

File Indexes

Sources of Subject Terms: 

Sources of Subject Terms Title Abstracts Supplementary terms Indexing terms Words reflecting the topics covered in a CAplus record come from these indexed:

Slide27: 

Title: AN 1993:444926 CAPLUS DN 119:44926 TI Microbial transformation of L-696,474, a novel cytochalasin as an inhibitor of HIV-1 protease AU Chen, Tom S.; Doss, George A.; Hsu, Annjia; Hsu, Amy; Lingham, Russell B.; White, Raymond F.; Monaghan, Richard L. CS Merck Res. Lab., Rahway, NJ, 07065, USA SO J. Nat. Prod. (1993), 56(5), 755-61 CODEN: JNPRDF; ISSN: 0163-3864 DT Journal LA English CC 10-2 (Microbial, Algal, and Fungal Biochemistry)

Slide28: 

Abstract text:

Slide29: 

CAS Indexing: ST cytochalasin metab Actinoplanes IT Actinoplanes (cytochalasin metab. by) IT Virus, animal (human immunodeficiency 1, protease of, inhibitor of, cytochalasin) IT 148440-44-2 148440-45-3 148440-46-4 148440-47-5 148440-48-6 148440-49-7 RL: FORM (Formation, nonpreparative) (formation of, from cytochalasin L696 474, by Actinoplanes) IT 141994-72-1 RL: BPR (Biological process); BIOL (Biological study); PROC (Process) (metab. of, by Actinoplanes) IT 144114-21-6, Retropepsin RL: BIOL (Biological study) (of HIV-1 virus, cytochalasin inhibitor of)

File Indexes: 

Basic Index File Indexes

Files Containing Chemical Abstracts: 

Files Containing Chemical Abstracts CA CAPLUS HCAPLUS ZCAPLUS (CAOLD)

Slide34: 

In CAPLus series Files there are: Records completely indexed (1967-) Records not yet completely indexed (work is in progress) Records that will be never indexed Records 1900-1966 More recent records

Slide35: 

In CA File there are: Records completely indexed (1967-) Records not yet completely indexed (work is in progress) Records 1900-1966

Records in CAPLus: 

Records in CAPLus

=> fil caplus => 1997:135797/an L1 1 1997:135797/AN => d all : 

=> fil caplus => 1997:135797/an L1 1 1997:135797/AN => d all Indexed Records in CAPLus

AN 1997:135797 DN 126:261510 TI Sesquiterpenes. . . . AU Sanz, Marcela B.;. . . CS Area Quimica Organica,. SO Phytochemistry . . . PB Elsevier DT Journal LA English CC 11-1 . . . : 

AN 1997:135797 DN 126:261510 TI Sesquiterpenes. . . . AU Sanz, Marcela B.;. . . CS Area Quimica Organica,. SO Phytochemistry . . . PB Elsevier DT Journal LA English CC 11-1 . . . Indexed Records in CAPLus

GI : 

GI Indexed Records in CAPLus

Slide40: 

AB The sesquiterpenes . . ST hydroxy . . . IT Sesquiterpenes RL: BOC . . . (from Tessaria . . Indexed Records in CAPLus

Slide41: 

=> sel dn   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE . . . .   L2 SEL L1 1- DN : 1 TERM   Indexed Records in CAPLus

Slide42: 

=> fil ca => l2 'DN' IS NOT A VALID FIELD CODE L3 0 L2 Indexed Records in CAPLus

Slide43: 

=> l2/an L4 1 L2/AN => d all AN 126:261510 CA TI Sesquiterpenes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indexed Records in CAPLus

Indexing in Progress Records: 

Indexing in Progress Records => fil caplus   => ed>20050113 and nonindexed/fs   L1 5616 ED>20050113 AND NONINDEXED/FS   => d all

Indexing in Progress Records: 

AN 2005:36587 CAPLUS ED Entered STN: 14 Jan 2005 TI Cotton cultivar dp 560 bgii IN Leske, Richard PA Australia SO U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. CODEN: USXXCO DT Patent LA English IC ICM A01H005-10 ICS A01H001-00; C12N015-82; C12N015-87; Indexing in Progress Records

Slide46: 

=> d 1995:664163 all;d 1998:530988 all Never Indexed Records

Slide47: 

AN 1995:664163 CAPLUS TI Managing . . . AU Alstad, . . . CS Edp. Ecology. . . SO Science . . . DT Journal LA English AB The evolution . . . Never Indexed Records

Slide48: 

AN 1998:530988 CAPLUS TI New convenient . . . AU Harn, N. . . . CS Chemical . . . SO . . ACS National Meeting . DT Conference . . . LA English AB Acceleration . . . Never Indexed Records

Records in CAPLus -1967: 

Records in CAPLus -1967

Slide50: 

AN 1964:45257 CAPLUS DN 60:45257 OREF 60:7891d-f TI Mechanism of the Moehlau-Bischler indole synthesis. II. CS Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT SO Journal of the American Chemical Society (1964), 86(4), 684-7 CODEN: JACSAT; ISSN: 0002-7863 DT Journal LA Unavailable IT Isomerization (of -anilino ketones) IT Ketones (-anilino, isomerization of) IT 2-Propanone, (m-chlorophenyl)-, (2,4-dinitrophenyl)hydrazone IT Bischler (Mohlau-Bischler) indole synthesis (mechanism of) IT 710-20-3, Benzene, 1-chloro-4-(2-nitropropenyl)- 877-37-2,

Slide51: 

Reference-identifying fields for the -1966 records

Slide52: 

General content of the -1966 records

Slide53: 

Patent data for the -1966 records

Slide54: 

Indexing data for the -1966 records

Slide55: 

1CI-7CI records The 1CI-7CI index data for substances have been keyed from the print volumes. Each index entry, i.e., the CA index name for a substance, was matched against the names in the Registry file. Substances that matched are now searchable with both names and CAS Registry Numbers. The CA substance index names that did not match against Registry substance names have been added to the IT field and may be searched in the /IT field or in the Basic Index (6th or 7th CI index name). In the following example, the second IT is a substance that did not match any Registry names. Its name (as it appeared in the printed index) has been added to the IT field. No CAS Registry Number is included with the name. The third IT includes four substances that did match Registry names; both their CAS Registry Numbers and their names were included.

Slide56: 

=> S 1965:466441/an;d bib it AN 1965:466441 CAPLUS DN 63:66441 OREF 63:12236g-h TI Tea flavor of black tea. Sweeping method as a technique for flavor collection . . . IT Flavoring materials (detn. of, in tea) IT Butyl alcohol, pyridine (in tea) IT 64-19-7, Acetic acid 98-86-2, Acetophenone 100-52-7, Benzaldehyde 141-78-6, Ethyl acetate (in tea)

Slide57: 

=> sel l1 rn   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L5 SEL L1 1- RN : 9 TERMS   => d 1-9 L5 SEL L1 1- RN : 9 TERMS   TERM # # OCC # DOC % DOC RN ------ ------- ------ ------ --------------- 1 1 1 100.00 100-52-7 2 1 1 100.00 123-51-3 3 1 1 100.00 1365-19-1 4 1 1 100.00 141-78-6 5 1 1 100.00 503-74-2 6 1 1 100.00 505-57-7 7 1 1 100.00 64-19-7 8 1 1 100.00 78-70-6 9 1 1 100.00 98-86-2 ********* END OF L5 *** 

Slide58: 

=> sel L1 oref   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L2 SEL L1 1- OREF : 2 TERMS   => d L2 SEL L1 1- OREF : 2 TERMS   TERM # # OCC # DOC % DOC OREF ------ ------- ------ ------ --------------- 1 1 1 100.00 63:12236G 2 1 1 100.00 63:12236H ********* END OF L2 ***

Slide59: 

=> fil caold => l2 L3 1 L2  => l2/an L4 1 L2/AN  => l2/oref 'OREF' IS NOT A VALID FIELD CODE L5 0 L2/OREF   => d all L3 L3 ANSWER 1 OF 1 CAOLD COPYRIGHT 2003 ACS on STN AN CA63:12236h CAOLD TI tea flavor of black tea-sweeping method as a technique for flavor collection AU Saijo, Ryoyasu; Kuwabara, Y. IT 1365-19-1 2305-21-7

Slide60: 

=> sel it   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L4 SEL L3 1- IT : 2 TERMS   => d L4 SEL L3 1- IT : 2 TERMS   TERM # # OCC # DOC % DOC IT ------ ------- ------ ------ --------------- 1 1 1 100.00 1365-19-1 2 1 1 100.00 2305-21-7 (non presente in CAPlus) ********* END OF L4 ***  

Slide61: 

Some Hints: In CAOLD CAS RN assignment was based on Molecular Formula Index and substances with less of 50 references were not indexed by CAS RN. For a complete search in –1967 records you should use RN and trivial names, in CAOLD For a complete search in –1967 records you should use RN, trivial names, and pieces of names from 6th or 7th CI, in CAPLus

Slide62: 

L3 ANSWER 1 OF 1 REGISTRY COPYRIGHT 2006 ACS on STN RN 20604-88-0 REGISTRY ED Entered STN: 16 Nov 1984 CN 2-Propenal, 3-chloro- (9CI) (CA INDEX NAME) OTHER CA INDEX NAMES: CN Acrolein, 3-chloro- (6CI, 7CI, 8CI) OTHER NAMES: CN -Chloroacrolein CN 3-Chloro-2-propenal CN 3-Chloroacrolein FS 3D CONCORD Search pre-1967 references with CAS Registry Numbers and substance names.

Slide63: 

=> sel chem   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L4 SEL L3 1- CHEM : 4 TERMS   => d L4 SEL L3 1- CHEM : 4 TERMS   TERM # # OCC # DOC % DOC CHEM ------ ------- ------ ------ --------------- 1 1 1 100.00 -CHLOROACROLEIN 2 1 1 100.00 20604-88-0 3 1 1 100.00 3-CHLORO-2-PROPENAL 4 1 1 100.00 3-CHLOROACROLEIN Search pre-1967 references with CAS Registry Numbers and substance names.

Slide64: 

=> fil caplus => l4 L5 85 L4 ALL TERMS IN L4 RETRIEVED.   => SET RANGE=(1CI, 7CI) SET COMMAND COMPLETED   => Acrolein(1a)3-chloro   L6 35 ACROLEIN(1A)3-CHLORO   => d hit L6 ANSWER 1 OF 35 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2006 ACS on STN IT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acrolein, 3-chloro-, cis- Acrolein, 3-chloro-, trans- Search pre-1967 references with CAS Registry Numbers and substance names.

Slide65: 

Search pre-1967 references with CAS Registry Numbers and substance names. => sel l5 oref   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L7 SEL L5 1- OREF : 110 TERMS   => sel l6 oref   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now Available See HELP TRANSFER and HELP ANALYZE for Details   L8 SEL L6 1- OREF : 105 TERMS

Slide66: 

=> fil caold  => l4 L9 18 L4   => l7 L11 53 L7 => l9 not l11 L13 1 L9 NOT L11   => l8 L14 49 L8 => l13 not l14 L16 0 L13 NOT L14 Search pre-1967 references with CAS Registry Numbers and substance names.

Patent Assignee Search (-1966): 

Challenges include name changes and nonstandard formats for names Consider using EXPAND to verify names HCAplus if many search terms Web, business databases and news reports to locate company names Patent Assignee Search (-1966)

Patent Assignee Search (-1966): 

Patent Assignee Search (-1966)

Patent Assignee Search (-1966): 

=> FILE CAPLUS => SET EXPAND CONTINUOUS => E BASF/PA E1 1 BASEVICH/PA E2 1 BASEVICH VALENTIN YAKOVLEVICH/PA E3 19213 --> BASF/PA E4 774 BASF A G/PA • • • => E BAD/PA E27 214 --> BAD/PA E28 6 BAD ANILIN SODA FAB/PA E29 1 BAD ANILIN SODA FAB GERMANY/PA E30 32 BAD ANILIN SODA FABR/PA • • • Patent Assignee Search (-1966)

Patent Assignee Search (-1966): 

=> E BADI/PA • • • E61 2 BADISCBE/PA E62 1 BADISCBE ANILIN SODA FABRIK A G/PA E63 1 BADISCBE ANILIN SODA FABRIK GERMANY/PA E64 1 BADISCEE/PA E65 1 BADISCEE ANILIN SODA FABRIK/PA E66 4 BADISCH/PA E67 1 BADISCH ANILIN SODA FABRIK/PA E68 2 BADISCH ANILIN SODA FABRIK GERMANY/PA E69 1 BADISCH ANILIN U SODA FABRIK GERMANY/PA E70 11308 BADISCHE/PA Patent Assignee Search (-1966)

Patent Assignee Search (-1966): 

=> S ((BASF OR BAD? ANI? OR BADISCHE)/PA OR E54-E57, E60-E66) RAN=,1966 L1 7282 ((BASF OR BAD? ANI? OR BADISCHE)/PA OR => S ((BASF OR BAD? ANI? OR BADISCHE)/PA OR E54-E57,E60-E66) AND PY<1967 L2 7384 ((BASF OR BAD? ANI? OR BADISCHE)/PA OR (BADICHE/PA OR => S L2 NOT L1 L3 237 L2 NOT L1 Patent Assignee Search (-1966)

Patent Assignee Search (-1966): 

=> D L3 ANSWER 1 OF 237 HCAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS AN 1974:467877 HCAPLUS DN 81:67877 TI Fiber- and water-containing fire-protection plates protected against moisture and carbon dioxide IN Gaeth, Rudolf; Stastny, Fritz; Breu, Rudolf; Gaertner, Friedhelm; Koerner, Heinz H. PA Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik A.-G. SO Ger., 3 pp. CODEN: GWXXAW DT Patent LA German FAN.CNT 1 PATENT NO. KIND DATE APPLICATION NO. DATE ---------- ---- --------- --------------- ------- PI DE 1546845 A 19691218 DE 1965-B82034 19650520 DE 1546845 B2 19731025 DE 1546845 C3 19740522 BE 681246 A 19661118 BE 1966-681246 19660518 <-- PRAI DE 1965-B82034 19650520 Patent Assignee Search (-1966)

Slide73: 

Searching in /BI

Subject Search Strategy: 

Subject Search Strategy

Known Subject Search Strategy: 

Known Subject Search Strategy Offline preparation Determine the search question Build the search query Online implementation Conduct a preliminary search/evaluate results Fine-tune the strategy Run revised strategy/display final answers in detail

Slide89: 

Locate references discussing antioxidants in chocolate.

Determine the Search Question:: 

Determine the Search Question: General Antioxidants Antioxidants in food Antioxidants in chocolate Specific

Initial Search Query:: 

Initial Search Query: Main concepts of the search question Synonyms for the main concepts (if known) Search precision for combining the concepts

Main Concepts:: 

Main Concepts:

Synonyms: 

Synonyms New Terminology Acronyms Abbreviations (preliminary search)

Subject Searching with the CA Lexicon: 

Subject Searching with the CA Lexicon

Slide95: 

CA Lexicon

Slide96: 

Benefit Summary Identify new and useful subject and chemical keywords Search for specific or broader subject areas Gather records for classes of compounds Search for literature on organisms You can use the lexicon terms or in /CT, or in /BI

CT Field Thesaurus: 

CT Field Thesaurus The CA Lexicon is implemented as a: Content is in the Controlled Terms (/CT) field, which are inside the Indexing Terms (IT) View using Relationship Codes (RCODES) Thesaurus

What is a thesaurus?: 

What is a thesaurus? Lists controlled terminology assigned by indexers Subject headings in hierarchical relationships: Broader terms Narrower terms Related Terms O O O O

Online Thesauri: 

Online Thesauri Many STN files have one or more thesauri Subject thesaurus Specialized thesauri Thesauri assist in developing file specific search strategies enhance Basic Index search strategies

CAplus Thesauri: 

CAplus Thesauri

Relationship Codes (Rcodes): 

Relationship Codes (Rcodes)

CA Lexicon: 

IT Actinoplanes (cytochalasin metab. by) IT Virus, animal (human immunodeficiency 1, protease of,inhibitor of, cytochalasin) IT 148440-44-2 148440-45-3 148440-46-4 148440-47-5 148440-48-6 148440-49-7 RL: FORM (Formation, nonpreparative) (formation of, from cytochalasin L696 474, by Actinoplanes) CA Lexicon

CA Lexicon: 

=> fil zcaplus => e antioxidant/ct E# FREQUENCY AT TERM -- --------- -- ---- o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o E11 40259 48 ANTIOXIDANTS/CT o o o o o o o o o o o o => e e11+all CA Lexicon

CA Lexicon: 

o o o o o o o o o E16 6462 BT1 Stabilizing agents/CT E17 40259 --> Antioxidants/CT HN Valid heading during volume 66 (1967) to present. E18 UF Antioxygens/CT E19 UF Oxidn. inhibitors/CT E20 UF Oxidn. retardants/CT E21 828 NT1 Antiozonants/CT o o o o o o o o o o CA Lexicon

CA Lexicon: 

=> e chocolate/ct E# FREQUENCY AT TERM -- --------- -- ---- E61 0 1 CHOCOCA/CT E62 0 1 CHOCOLATA/CT E63 1744 8 --> CHOCOLATE/CT o o o o o o o o o o => e e63+all CA Lexicon

CA Lexicon: 

E75 772 BT1 Cocoa products/CT E76 1744 --> Chocolate/CT HN Valid heading during volume 66 (1967) to present. E77 NT1 Beverages (L) chocolate/CT E78 NT1 Confectionery (L) candy,chocolate/CT E79 477 RT Candy/CT E80 3233 RT Confectionery/CT CA Lexicon

Slide107: 

Chocolates Cocoa Candy Confectionery Antioxidant Antioxidizing Oxidn inhibitor Oxidn retardant Antiozonants Antyoxygen Chocolate Anitoxidants

Slide108: 

Chocolat? Cocoa Candy Confectionery Antiox? Oxid?(w)inhib? Oxid?(w)retard? Antiozon? Any of these terms: OR All of these terms: AND, (L), (S), (A), (W)

Slide109: 

=>S antiox? or oxid?(w)inhib? or oxid?(w)retard? or antiozon? L1 =>S chocolat? or cocoa or candy or confectionery L2 =>S L1 and L2 or =>S L1(L)L2

CA Lexicon: 

CA Lexicon The CA Lexicon links together controlled terminology for: Subject headings - e.g. Virus, animal Taxonomic headings - e.g. Tomato Compound classes - e.g. Epoxides Vitamins

CA Lexicon -SUBJECT HEADINGS: 

CA Lexicon -SUBJECT HEADINGS

Slide112: 

Find reviews on using tumor necrosis factors in treating arthritis

Tumor necrosis factors concept: 

Tumor necrosis factors concept

Slide115: 

Arthritis concept

CA Lexicon-Taxonomic and General Subjects: 

CA Lexicon-Taxonomic and General Subjects

Slide120: 

Find patents dealing with the use of roses in perfumes

Taxonomic Concepts : 

Taxonomic Concepts Original Document Specific species studied: e.g. “Damascene rose” Group of organisms named: e.g. “rat” Index Entry Made Specific entry: Rose (Rosa damascena) /CT General term: Rat /CT

Slide122: 

Rose concept

Rose concept: 

Rose concept

Perfumes concept: 

Perfumes concept

CA Lexicon-Compound Classes: 

CA Lexicon-Compound Classes

Slide130: 

Chemical Classes Steroids Aldehydes Quinones Functional classes Dyes Antibiotics Cytochromes CA Lexicon provides access to substances

Slide131: 

Find references that discuss the use of polyamides in sunscreens

Slide132: 

Specific substances (Registry Numbers), may appear as: Narrower Terms (NTs) for chemical classes Related terms- chemical substances (RTCS) for functional classes

Polyamides concept (Chemical Class): 

Polyamides concept (Chemical Class)

Sunscreens concept (Functional Class): 

Sunscreens concept (Functional Class)

CA Lexicon- Basic Index Searches: 

CA Lexicon- Basic Index Searches

Slide141: 

Investigate the use of supercritical fluids in green chemistry

Green chemistry concept: 

Green chemistry concept

Supercritical fluids concept: 

Supercritical fluids concept

Refine results using CAS Roles: 

Refine results using CAS Roles

Finding Search Terms – Controlled Vocabulary: 

Finding Search Terms – Controlled Vocabulary

Slide151: 

Finding Search Terms – Controlled Vocabulary Find art that mentions a wound dressing that releases an antibiotic only when triggered by an infection at the wound site. Increasing Search precision

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=> d l1 1-7 ti L1 ANSWER 1 OF 24 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Polymer matrixes for storage and sustained release of drugs and chemicals L1 ANSWER 2 OF 24 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Sustained-release antimicrobial metal-polymer composites L1 ANSWER 3 OF 24 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Drugs release from impregnated wound dressings L1 ANSWER 4 OF 24 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI In vitro elution of antibiotic from antibiotic-impregnated biodegradable calcium alginate wound dressing L1 ANSWER 5 OF 24 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Polyelectrolyte complex composed of chitosan and sodium alginate for wound dressing application L1 ANSWER 6 OF 24 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Antibiotic delivery system stimulated by microbial infection L1 ANSWER 7 OF 24 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Adhesion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to collagen biomaterials: effect of amikacin and ciprofloxacin on the colonization and survival of the adherent organisms

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Revise the search...

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=> d l5 ti 1-7 L5 ANSWER 1 OF 7 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI A polymer-based controlled delivery system for hair care products L5 ANSWER 2 OF 7 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Immunoregulatory effects of L-arginine and therapeutical implications L5 ANSWER 3 OF 7 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI A Novel Microbial Infection-Responsive Drug Release System L5 ANSWER 4 OF 7 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Antibiotic delivery system stimulated by microbial infection L5 ANSWER 5 OF 7 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI A new drug delivery system with controlled release of antibiotic only in the presence of infection L5 ANSWER 6 OF 7 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI Uses for underivatized, aqueous soluble (1-3)glucan and compositions comprising same L5 ANSWER 7 OF 7 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS TI DIMAC: a new delivery system for silver sulfadiazine

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Finding Search Terms – Controlled Vocabulary Find art on clearcoats that have an anti-static layer. The intended use is for optical devices. Increasing Search results

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Broaden the search using the appropriate vocabulary

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Before… L1 “clearcoat” 2688 answers After... L5 “clearcoat” as well as CA indexing terms 5992 answers

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Finishing the search... => l5 and l2 L6 326 L5 AND L2   => l6 and optic? 750914 OPTIC? L7 47 L6 AND OPTIC?   => d hit 1-2

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L7 ANSWER 2 OF 47 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2002 ACS IT Antireflective films (antistatic; high-refractive-index elec. conductive coating compns. for transparent antireflective materials with good antistaticity) IT Coating materials (elec. conductive, transparent; high-refractive-index elec. conductive coating compns. for transparent antireflective materials with good antistaticity) IT Optical imaging devices Refractive index (high-refractive-index elec. conductive coating compns. for transparent antireflective materials with good antistaticity)

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Controlled Terms, Controlled Words

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Search „Plastics“ as Controlled Term. => Fil zcap => e plastics/CT E# FREQUENCY AT TERM -- --------- -- ---- E454 0 1 PLASTICIZING/CT E455 0 2 PLASTICIZING AGENTS/CT E456 105472 91 --> PLASTICS/CT

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=> e e456+all E466 105472 --> Plastics/CT .. . HNTE Valid heading during volume 51(1957) to present. E477 679 NT1 Extruded plastics/CT. . E488 8689 NT1 Molded plastics/CT. . E494 5132 NT2 Laminated Plastic films/CT. . E507 15400 NT1 Reinforced plastics/CT. . E550 3128 NT1 Waste plastics/CT. . E551 2001 NT1 Waste plastics and rubbers/CT E552 NT1 Waste solids (L)plastics/CT => fil hcap => s e466-552 L1 208134 E466-552 => d scan Search „Plastics“ as Controlled Term.

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=> fil hcap => s plastics/cw L1 212786 PLASTICS/CW => d scan L1 209484 ANSWERS HCAPLUS IT Reinforced plastics RL: TEM (Technical or engineered material use); USES (Uses). . . /CT /CW Search „Plastics“ as Controlled Word.

Analysis and Visualization with STN® AnaVistTM: 

Analysis and Visualization with STN® AnaVistTM

Polymorphism: 

Polymorphism => fil hcaplus => polymorph? and p/dt range=2005 14576 POLYMORPH? 430412 P/DT L1 1189 POLYMORPH? AND P/DT

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Slide213: 

The Ca Sections (80), are located in 5 areas: Biochemistry (Sections 1-20) Organic (Sections 21-34) Macromolecular (Sections 35-46) Applied (Sections 47-64) Physical/Inorganic/Analytical (Sections 65-80)

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The Sections’ content has been changed during the time. And recently has been introduced in CA Files a thesaurus in order to help customers to select the correct Sections (/CC), all over the time spanned from CA.

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An Example => fil zcaplus => e pharmacology/cc E# FREQUENCY AT TERM -- --------- -- ---- E1 0 1 PHARMACOGNOSTIC/CC E2 0 2 PHARMACOGNOSTIC PRODUCTS/CC E3 750905 2 --> PHARMACOLOGY/CC . . . . . . . .

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=> e e3+all E13 750905 --> PHARMACOLOGY/CC E14 558202 USE 1 PHARMACOLOGY, 1982 TO PRESENT/CC ********* END***

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=> e e14+all E15 7197814 BT1 BIOCHEMISTRY/CC E16 558202 --> 1 PHARMACOLOGY, 1982 TO PRESENT/CC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E17 154788 OLD 1 PHARMACODYNAMICS, 1972-1981/CC E18 119975 OLD 11H BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY: PHARMACOLOGY, 1912-1961/CC E19 44480 OLD 15 PHARMACODYNAMICS, 1967- 1971/CC E20 2290 OLD 17 PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY, 1907-1909/CC E21 28810 OLD 17 PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY, 1911-1935/CC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E25 0 NT1 1-0 PHARMACOLOGY, 1982 TO PRESENT, REVIEWS/CC E26 0 NT1 1-1 PHARMACOLOGY, 1982 TO PRESENT, METHODS/CC E27 0 NT1 1-10 PHARMACOLOGY,1982 TO PRESENT, EFFECTS OF AGENTS FOR TREATING METABOLIC AND ENDOCRINE DISORDERS/CC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E30 0 NT1 1-2 PHARMACOLOGY,1982 TO PRESENT,DRUG METABOLISM/CC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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=> e drugs metabolism/cc E# FREQUENCY AT TERM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E49 0 2 DRUGS, METABOLISM/CC => e e49+all E50 0 --> DRUGS, METABOLISM/CC E51 558202 USE 1 PHARMACOLOGY, 1982 TO PRESENT/CC

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  => 1988:222965/an L1 1 1988:222965/AN    => d cc L1 ANSWER 1 OF 1 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2003 ACS on STN CC 39-13 (Synthetic Elastomers and Natural Rubber)   => e 39-13/cc E# FREQUENCY AT TERM -- --------- -- ---- E1 12802 2 39-12/CC E2 0 3 39-12 SYNTHETIC ELASTOMERS AND NATURAL RUBBER, 1982 TO PRESENT, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND TESTING/CC E3 6696 2 --> 39-13/CC E4 0 3 39-13 SYNTHETIC ELASTOMERS AND NATURAL RUBBER, 1982 TO PRESENT, TIRES AND TIRE COMPONENTS/CC

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=> 39/sc (or /cc) L2 147117 39/SC  => 39/sx L3 40235 39/SX  => d l2 cc L2 ANSWER 1 OF 142274 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2003 ACS on STN CC 39 (Synthetic Elastomers and Natural Rubber)    => d l3 cc L3 ANSWER 1 OF 38083 CAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2003 ACS on STN CC 38-3 (Plastics Fabrication and Uses) Section cross-reference(s): 39 => 39/sc,sx L4 187352 39/SC,SX

Identify the CA Section Code: 

Identify the CA Section Code Several ways ANALYZE the section codes in an answer set Identify section code assignment for one or two “good” examples from an answer set

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Sections codes have changed over time, but often a word in the title can be used in a search

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=> degussa/pa L1 2867 DEGUSSA/PA   => l1 and p/dt 4612833 P/DT L2 2867 L1 AND P/DT   => degussa/cs L3 4595 DEGUSSA/CS   => l3 and p/dt 4612833 P/DT L4 2868 L3 AND P/DT   => degussa/co L5 421 DEGUSSA/CO   => l5 and p/dt 4612833 P/DT L6 59 L5 AND P/DT

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L6 ANSWER 1 OF 1 HCAPLUS COPYRIGHT 2005 ACS on STN AN 2000:381376 HCAPLUS Full-text DN 133:29655 TI Novel method for fermentation production of amino acids and vitamins CS Degussa-Huls Aktiengesellschaft, UK SO Research Disclosure (2000), 433(May), P828-P829 (No. 433020) CODEN: RSDSBB; ISSN: 0374-4353 PB Kenneth Mason Publications Ltd. DT Journal; Patent LA German PATENT NO. KIND DATE APPLICATION NO. DATE --------------- ---- -------- -------------------- -------- PI RD 433020 20000510 PRAI RD 2000-433020 20000510

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=> e degussa/pa 6 E1 2 DEGUSS AG/PA E2 1 DEGUSS AG GERMANY/PA E3 2867 --> DEGUSSA/PA E4 1616 DEGUSSA A G/PA E5 644 DEGUSSA A G FED REP GER/PA E6 923 DEGUSSA A G GERMANY/PA   => e degussa/co 6 E# FREQUENCY AT TERM -- --------- -- ---- E7 2 DEGUSS AG/CO E8 1 DEGUSS AG GESCHAFTSBEREICH EDELMETALLE/CO E9 421 2 --> DEGUSSA/CO E10 1 DEGUSSA A B/CO E11 2017 3 DEGUSSA A G/CO E12 1 DEGUSSA A G CHEM PRODUCTS DIV/CO

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=> e e9+all E13 923 NAME DEGUSSA AG/CO E14 421 --> DEGUSSA/CO ********** END **********   => e e13+all E15 0 CNUM CAS1000242/CO E16 923 --> DEGUSSA AG/CO NOTES 1847: Chemische Fabrik Th. Goldschmidt founded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E154 0 JV1 FASERWERKE HUELS GMBH/CO E155 10 JV2 FASERWERKE HUELS G M B H/CO ********** END **********

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=> e16-e155 923 "DEGUSSA AG"/CO 34 "B LAPORTE LTD"/CO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L7 14994 ("DEGUSSA AG"/CO OR "B LAPORTE LTD"/CO OR . . . .

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Controlled vocabulary for MEDLINE (called MeSH) Like LEXICON, it’s a good source for finding search terms

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Find documents on techniques for diagnosis of heart disease (include also Patents).

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How can I broaden the search above to include more terms that describe heart disease(s)?

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Define the search...

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Extend the search in patents file Wpindex => fil wpindex   => l2 L3 2636 L1 AND DIAGNOS?

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=> d kwic . .diagnosing, preventing, treating or ameliorating a pathological condition or a susceptibility to a pathological condition (claimed) such as neuronal disorders e.g. Addison's disease, male reproductive disorders e.g. infertility, metabolic disorders e.g. diabetes, cardiac diseases. . . .

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=> fil uspatfull => e ribozyme/it E1 1 RIBOTYLAMINE/IT E2 1 RIBOXIN/IT E3 228 --> RIBOZYME/IT E4 1 RIBOZYMEE/IT E5 668 RIBOZYMES/IT . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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=> e3 228 RIBOZYME/IT 668 RIBOZYMES/IT L1 673 RIBOZYME/IT ((RIBOZYME OR RIBOZYMES)/IT)

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=> d it L1 ANSWER 1 OF 673 USPATFULL IT Repetitive DNA (B2, ribozyme . . . IT Ribozymes (multi-; . . .

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=> e ribozyme/ct E13 11 RIBOSOME. ./CT E14 20 RIBOSOME. ./CT E15 0 --> RIBOZYME/CT E16 612 RIBOZYMES/CT . . . . . . . . .

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=> e16 L2 612 RIBOZYMES/CT => d l2 kwic L2 ANSWER 1 OF 612 USPATFULL IT Ribozymes (multi-; . . . . . .

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=> ribozymes/it L3 668 RIBOZYMES/IT => l3 not l2 L4 56 L3 NOT L2 => d kwic L4 ANSWER 1 OF 56 USPATFULL IT Ribonucleic acids (ribozymes,. . . . .

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=> fil caplus => e ribozymes/ct E# FREQUENCY AT TERM -- --------- -- ---- E1 661 5 RIBOTYPING/CT E2 0 1 RIBOZYME/CT E3 4016 16 --> RIBOZYMES/CT . . . . . . . . . . . .

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=> e3+all L1 790277 RIBOZYMES+ALL/CT(16 TERMS)   => sel 1-1000 hit ct   SmartSELECT INITIATED New TRANSFER and ANALYZE Commands Now . . . . . . . . . . .  L2 SEL L1 1-1000 CT HIT : 26 TERMS

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=> fil uspatfull => l1 RELATIONSHIP 'ALL' IGNORED RELATIONSHIPS DO NOT EXIST FOR FIELD 'CT' L3 913 RIBOZYMES+ALL/CT (1TERM)

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=> l2 L4 33097 L2   => d kwic L4 ANSWER 1 OF 23666 IT Enzymes, analysis . . IT Antigens. . . . . . IT Nucleic acids. . . . . . .

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=> l2/it,ti,clm L5 125025 L2/IT,TI,CLM   => d kwic L5 ANSWER 1 OF 109233 TI . . nucleic acids . . .

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