GCC2002 G JavaMPI

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G-JavaMPI:A Grid Middleware for Distributed Java Computing with MPI Binding and Process Migration Supports : 

G-JavaMPI: A Grid Middleware for Distributed Java Computing with MPI Binding and Process Migration Supports Lin Chen, Cho-Li Wang, Francis C. M. Lau and Ricky K. K. Ma Department of Computer Science and Information Systems The University of Hong Kong {lchen2+clwang+fcmlau+kk1ma}@csis.hku.hk


Outline Motivation Overall system architecture Detailed Issues Related works Conclusion andamp; Future Work


Motivation Grid computing: large-scale resource sharing, high performance Globus Project: basic services required by building and using a Grid (authentication, security, resource allocation, remote data access, information services, etc.) However long-running applications  continuous computation Better utilization of resource  scheduling and load balancing Java process migration architecture-independent bytecode makes migration easier


Motivation Let the programmer write a grid application easily no care about inter-site communication and intra-site communication (we must care about it if directly using globus communication libraries) SPMD: one program can be executed in multiple places or sites MPI paradigm a group of distributed processes, they can do peer-to-peer or collective communication Communication source or destination addresses are unrelated with the real physical network address (adaptable)

System Overview: 

System Overview

System overview: 

System overview

Layered design: 

Layered design Hardware Migration Instructions

Java-MPI binding: 

Java-MPI binding Restorable communication layer Daemon, a running MPICH-G2 process, providing MPI communication services Communicate with JavaMPI process through IPC Post-migration message re-direction Restorable Communication Process space

Java Process Migration: 

Java Process Migration State capturing: a probe attached in each JVM, saves the process context through JVMDI (JVM Debugger Interface) All runtime data: PC register, stack frames, objects, method area (local variables), etc. Event notification: method_entry, frame_pop, etc. Use object serialization to package all reachable objects in heap New JDK1.4.0 andamp; 1.4.1 released in Aug. 2002 support 'full-speed debugging' JVM probe JVMDI 1. Execution state data 2. Event notification

Java process migration: 

Java process migration State Restoration: Exception handler inserted in bytecode (pre-processing before execution) to restore local variables and 'jump' to the original execution point Re-allocate objects when re-starting JVM Dynamic class loading

Information update: 

Information update Migration Source site Migration Destination site Other sites Migration begin Notify other sites (including destination site) The process arrives the safe migration point (consume all legacy messages) Update local site of the process’s new place Begin process state capturation

Process Restart: 

Process Restart Original Process New-started Process creates a new user certificate proxy (proxy_init_cred ) delegated to remote site get the resource allocation The new process can be started (similar to normal globus job submit) JVM initialization At the same time, the probe started Process suspended in the beginning, Probe read out context from dumpfile Restoring the execution context Process resumed and continued from the last point

Experiment Results: 

Experiment Results Hardware 32-node Cluster 'ostrich' configured as two grid points of 16 nodes 733MHz Pentium III processor 392MB of memory connected by a 24-port Fast Ethernet switch Software Linux 2.2.14 Gloubs 2.0 Sun JDK 1.4.0_02 (supporting JVMDI with full-speed debugging mode) MPICH 1.2.4 (MPICH-G2)

Experiment results: 

Experiment results Bandwidth comparison between inter-site and intra-site communication with the installation of the MPI communication layer.

Experiment results: 

Experiment results Latency comparison for small messages between intra-site and inter-site communication with the installation of the MPI communication layer.

Experiment results: 

Experiment results Time spent in capturing and restoring objects

Experiment results: 

Experiment results Time spent in capturing and restoring frames

Related Works: 

Related Works Java bindings for MPI: 'mpiJava', 'JavaMPI', 'MPIJ', etc. Java process or thread migration: Add additional backup codes in programs [Aglets[IBM96]] Insert backup statements in the source or byte code, a backup object is used to store state [Wasp project [Funfrocken98]] Extend the JVM, make state accessible from Java programs, support type recognition of Java stack [sara Bouchenak 2000] Use JVMDI to capture state, insert bytecode instructions in program body to help restoring [Torsten2001] JESSICA (supports thread migration in JVM)


Conclusion a new middleware for the Grid with Java-MPI communication and transparent process migration features. write MPI-style programs in Java language Java process migration mechanism supports the development of any dynamic load balancing policy or fault tolerance mechanism

Future Plan: 

Future Plan Develop some scientific and engineering applications on top of this middleware Support of the transfer of other I/O (including file stage-in/out) Load balancing algorithm for the grid environment (both CPU and network load)

The End: 

The End Thanks !

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