Traditional vs Functional /Formal grammar

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

TEFL

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation:

TRADITIONAL GRAMMAR VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR STUDENT'S NAME : SAMI UL HAQ PROGRAMME : PGD TEFL ROLL NO : AP509169 TUTOR'S NAME : SIR MUHAMMAD ALI

GRAMMAR :

GRAMMAR Introduction It is a set of rules usually in the form of a text book dictating correct usage . Grammar is the branch of linguistics dealing with the form and structure of words (morphology), and their interrelation in sentences (syntax).

Traditional grammar :

Traditional grammar It is the collection of prescriptive rules and concepts about the structure of language that is commonly taught in schools .Traditional English grammar (also known as school grammar) is largely based on the principles of Latin grammar

Concepts treated in traditional grammar :

Concepts treated in traditional grammar Subject Predicate Object Predicative Adverbial and adjunct Sentence Clause Phrase

Concepts treated in traditional grammar (Contd):

Concepts treated in traditional grammar (Contd) Noun Adjective Determiner Verb Adverb Preposition Conjunction Pronoun

Advantages of traditional grammar:

Advantages of traditional grammar It is the oldest model of language description. It has its roots largely in Latin grammar. It is focused on meaning.

Disadvantages of traditional grammar:

Disadvantages of traditional grammar Firstly, it is prescriptive in nature, attempting to lay down rules for speakers of a language. Secondly, its grammatical categories are merely based on European languages and are found inadequate in describing other languages. Thirdly, it lacks a theoretical framework and thus fails to account for the nature of language.

Disadvantages of traditional grammar (Contd):

Disadvantages of traditional grammar (Contd) It has given a distorted view of what language is, placing priority on rules rather than on functions of communication. Language is not a math. (Is there such a thing a 'traditional grammar'?) Though grammar can help, in the same way maths can help in Biology or other sciences. The grammar of English is constantly changing (oxymoronically). Though, one could argue that there is a universal grammar, as was thought in the Baroque and Classical eras, more esp. with music.

Functional Grammar:

Functional Grammar It is concerned with the meaningful arrangement of the basic word-building units (morphemes) and sentence-building units (constituents) can best be described. It gives priority to function.

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR:

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR S.NO TRADITIONAL GRAMMAR FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR 1 It is old and is declined after the eighteenth century. It is developed newly mainly in the twentieth century. 2 It is pre or unscientific. It is scientific. 3 It is illogical, inconsistent and unmethodological It is logical, consistent and methodological 4 Subjective or intuitive. Objective and verifiable. 5 Informal Formal

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR(CONTD):

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR(CONTD) S.NO TRADITIONAL GRAMMAR FUCTIONAL GRAMMAR 6 Studies language as they were all alike. Studies language as a mirror of culture. 7 Gives priority to written form, especially literary . Gives priority to spoken form, the contemporary usage 8 Lacks precision and economy. It is full of precision and economy. 9 Is a set of prescriptive or normative rules It is an inventory of phoneme, morpheme phrases, clauses and sentences. 10 Gives main emphasis to meaning. Since meaning is a very complex phenomenon it ignores meaning but is focusing functions

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR(CONTD):

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR(CONTD) S.NO TRADITIONAL GRAMMAR FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR 11 Based on Greek and Latin models. Based on factual study of language. 12 Fusion of all linguistic levels. Separation of all linguistic levels. 13 Explanatory (How and Why?) Observational and descriptive or functional. 14 Humanistic and philosophical study. Empirical science. 15 It could not express gesture and feelings It could express gesture and feelings.

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR(CONTD):

TRADITIONAL VERSUS FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR(CONTD) S.NO TRADITIONAL GRAMMAR FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR 16 It could not considerate language change. Since language is constantly in change it accepts new trends. 17 It emphasizes rules. It observes native speakers. 18 It is deductive. It is inductive. 19 It has long history. It has short history. 20 It ignores speaking. It emphasizes speaking.

Conclusion::

Conclusion: In spite of focusing on functional grammar Traditional grammar being full of short comings is still in use and is a source of good teaching specially in our country because of our system being based on it and in all those countries where English is taught as foreign language

QUESTION AND ANSWERS:

QUESTION AND ANSWERS

PowerPoint Presentation:

THANK YOU

authorStream Live Help