The Fourth Cup : The Fourth Cup Copyrighted material that appears in this article is included under the provisions of the Fair Use Clause of the National Copyright Act, which allows limited reproduction of copyrighted materials for educational and religious use when no financial charge is made for viewing. The Passover Centers Around Four Cups : The Passover Centers Around Four Cups The first cup is the Kiddush cup, it’s used for the blessing of the festival day itself.
The second cup of wine is used at the singing of psalm 113
The third cup involves the actual meal of the unleavened bread etc.
The fourth cup is used after singing psalms 114, 115, 116, 117 and 118 and that marks the high point of the Passover. From the Gospel of Mark 14:22-26 we hear about The 3rd Cup : From the Gospel of Mark 14:22-26 we hear about The 3rd Cup 22 While they were eating, he took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, and said, “Take it; this is my body.”
23 Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
24 He said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed for many.
25 Amen, I say to you, I shall not drink again the fruit of the vine until the day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”
26Then, after singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. The 3rd Cup : The 3rd Cup The third cup involves the actual meal.
Clearly, verse 22 identifies that the disciples were eating, which is the third movement of the Passover meal.
V. 25 We hear Jesus say, “I shall not drink again the fruit of the vine until the day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” 26Then, after singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
Not 5 hymns but one. Where was The Fourth And Final Cup? : Where was The Fourth And Final Cup? No!
WHY DID THEY THEN LEAVE THE UNFINISHED PASSOVER AND GO OUT INTO THE NIGHT?
Like so many other times Jesus would accomplish His goal but not in the way that you might expect.
REMEMBER JESUS IS THE LAMB OF GOD. Did Jesus, a Jewish born, Jewish educated, teacher in the Jewish temple forget the fourth cup? From the Gospel of Mark 14:35-36 : From the Gospel of Mark 14:35-36 35 He advanced a little and fell to the ground and prayed that if it were possible the hour might pass by him;
36 he said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible to you. Take this cup away from me, but not what I will but what you will.”
Mt. 14:39 Withdrawing again, he prayed, saying the same thing.
What Cup is Jesus speaking about? Mark 14:41 : Mark 14:41 41 He returned a third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? It is enough. The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is to be handed over to sinners. Mark 15:22 They brought him to the place of Golgotha : Mark 15:22 They brought him to the place of Golgotha 23 They gave him wine drugged with myrrh, but he did not take it.
Because He just said, “I shall not drink again the fruit of the vine until the day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” Another reason is that he needed to endure the suffering for our sins. John 19:23 : John 19:23 23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his clothes and divided them into four shares, a share for each soldier. They also took his tunic, but the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from the top down. Mosaic law required a priest to wear a seamless garment while celebrating the Passover. (Ex 28:31-35)
Could this symbol mean that Jesus was a High Priest?
Of course it does. John 19:24-26 : John 19:24-26 24 So they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it will be,” in order that the passage of scripture might be fulfilled (that says):
“They divided my garments among them,
and for my vesture they cast lots.” This is what the soldiers did. 25 Standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdala.
26 When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son.” Mary, Mary, Mary & John : Mary, Mary, Mary & John The Blessed Virgin Mary.
“his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas.”
Mary of Magdala
John the Evangelist.
The youngest apostle, the least in age, but greatest in faith. John 19:27-30 “I Thirst” : John 19:27-30 “I Thirst” 27 Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her into his home.
28 After this, aware that everything was now finished, in order that the scripture might be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I thirst.”
29 There was a vessel filled with common wine. So they put a sponge soaked in wine on a sprig of hyssop and put it up to his mouth. 30 When Jesus had taken the wine, he said, “It is finished.” And bowing his head, he handed over the spirit. Hyssop Branch? : Hyssop Branch? Do you think it was by chance that a hyssop branch was used?
Of course not. Ex. 12:22 Then take a bunch of hyssop, and dipping it in the blood that is in the basin, sprinkle the lintel and the two doorposts with this blood.
Wasn’t hyssop part of the Hebrew’s salvation?
Why wine? The blood of the grape.
Hyssop, wine and the FOURTH CUP and Jesus the lamb said, “It is finished.”
The Passover meal began in the upper room was now finished on Calvary. John 19:31 : John 19:31 31Now since it was preparation day, in order that the bodies might not remain on the cross on the sabbath, for the sabbath day of that week was a solemn one, the Jews asked Pilate that their legs be broken and they be taken down. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and then of the other one who was crucified with Jesus. John 19:33-37 : John 19:33-37 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs,
34 but one soldier thrust his lance into his side, and immediately blood and water flowed out. 35 An eyewitness has testified, and his testimony is true; he knows that he is speaking the truth, so that you also may (come to) believe.
36 For this happened so that the scripture passage might be fulfilled: “Not a bone of it will be broken.”
37 And again another passage says: “They will look upon him who they have pierced.” Putting It All Together : Putting It All Together The soldiers broke the legs of the criminals that were crucified with Jesus but not Jesus’ legs
Remember back in Egypt the Passover lamb could not have any broken bones or it could not be used at the Passover meal? (Ex. 12:46) Jesus Acted Out The Planned Passion : Jesus Acted Out The Planned Passion The Passover or Seder meal began in the upper room.
Three of the four required cups were drunk.
Jesus asked His Father to let that cup pass Him by.
He wore the seamless priestly garment for the Passover. Jesus drank the last wine on the cross when he realized that everything was finished, and His Passover meal was finished.
His legs were not broken because He was the perfect offering, the perfect lamb.