Anointing of the Sick : Anointing of the Sick © 2004 Daniel E. Mayne, Sr., MA Copyrighted material that appears in this article is included under the provisions of the Fair Use Clause of the National Copyright Act, which allows limited reproduction of copyrighted materials for educational and religious use when no financial charge is made for viewing. What is a Sacrament? : What is a Sacrament? A sacrament is an outward sign established by Jesus Christ to convey God’s grace to the recipient through the power of the Holy Spirit The History : The History Let’s begin by turning to the Catechism of the Catholic Church section 1511 which says: “The Church believes and confesses that among the seven sacraments there is one especially intended to strengthen those who are being tried by illness, the Anointing of the Sick:
This sacred anointing of the sick was instituted by Christ our Lord as a true and proper sacrament of the New Testament.
It is alluded to indeed by Mark, but is recommended to the faithful and promulgated by James the apostle and brother of the Lord. (Council Of Trent 1551).
The sacrament’s name has change over time. It was called extreme unction (the last anointing), and was typically referred to as the “last rites.” Mark 6:13 : Mark 6:13 What is the Biblical basis for the sacrament and when and how did Jesus authorize the curing of the sick?
Turning to the Gospel of Mark in chapter 6:7 we see Jesus sending out the apostles two by two and gave them authority over unclean spirits.
In verse 13 we read, “?13? ?They drove out many demons, and they anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them.
Jesus had shared His priestly authority with the apostles and authorized them to cure the sick. What’s The Catechism Say About the Anointing of the Sick? : What’s The Catechism Say About the Anointing of the Sick? 1526 "Is any among you sick? Let him call for the presbyters of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil
in the name of the Lord; and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven" (James 5:14-15). When Should I Be Anointed? : When Should I Be Anointed? 1528 The proper time for receiving this holy anointing has certainly arrived when the believer begins to be in danger of death because of illness or old age.
1529 Each time a Christian falls seriously ill, he may receive the Anointing of the Sick, and also when, after he has received it, the illness worsens. Who Can Anoint? : Who Can Anoint? 1530 Only priests (presbyters and bishops) can give the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, using oil blessed by the bishop, or if necessary by the celebrating presbyter himself.
1531 The celebration of the Anointing of the Sick consists essentially in the anointing of the forehead and hands of the sick person (in the Roman Rite) or of other parts of the body (in the Eastern rite), the anointing being accompanied by the liturgical prayer of the celebrant asking for the special grace of this sacrament. What are the Sacraments that Heal and Save? : What are the Sacraments that Heal and Save? There are three sacraments that both heal and save.
Anointing of the Sick
Sacrament of Reconciliation/confession. The Sacrament of the Anointing is a Continuation Of: : The Sacrament of the Anointing is a Continuation Of: Our Lords Compassion for the sick.
Remember many of Jesus miracles reported in the Bible involved curing the ill and suffering. The Sacrament Gives Grace : The Sacrament Gives Grace It unites the sick person to the sufferings of Christ.
Strengthens the person with courage and peace to endure the sufferings of disease or old age.
Forgives all sins for the person who has true sorrow but is unable to confess.
Sometimes the grace of the sacrament restores health if it is appropriate for the salvation of the person. The Essential Rite : The Essential Rite When anointing the forehead the Priest says:
“Through this holy anointing, may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit.”
Anointing the hands the priest says,
“May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up.”
Eastern Churches continue to anoint other parts of the body. Anointing is Often Preceded by : Anointing is Often Preceded by The Sacrament of Penance, Reconciliation, or Confession.
When Holy Communion/Eucharist is received it is called Viaticum.
Viaticum loosely translated from the Latin means food for the journey. If the Anointing occurs in the Home : If the Anointing occurs in the Home Use a small table covered with a white linen cloth.
If Holy Communion is to be received, candles should be burning.
The priest usually will bring holy water. A Communal Setting : A Communal Setting Often times parishes will have “Healing Services” that will include the “Anointing of the Sick.”
Such services will include all members of the parish who wish to avail themselves of the grace given by the sacrament. Slide 15: To go to our website click on the above Saint Paul Ministries