IPA SOUND BOOKLET

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IPA Sound Booklet SAILI JUREIMY BUSTOS PABON. CODE: 1005061077 BACHELOR'S DEGREE IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES FIRST SEMESTER TEACHER: LUIS MIGUEL GONZALEZ ESPINOSA. GROUP B ENGLISH PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY

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INDEX: 2 What is the IPA? VOWELS ʌ …........... 5 ɑː ………... 6 æ ……….... 7 ɛ …………. 8 ə …………. 9 ɜː ………… 10 ɪ …………. 11 iː …………. 12 ɒ …………. 13 ɔː ………... 14 ʊ …………. 15 uː ………… 16 DIPHTHONGS ɪə ……….. 18 eə ………. 19 eɪ ……….. 20 aʊ ……….. 21 əʊ ……….. 22 ʌɪ ………... 23 ɔɪ ………... 24 ʊə ……….. 25 CONSONANTS b ………… 27 d ………… 28 f …………. 29 g ………… 30 h ………… 31 j …………. 32 k ………… 33 l …………. 34 m ……….. 35 n ………… 36 ŋ ………… 37 p ………… 38 r ………… 39 s ………… 40 ʃ ………… 41 t ………… 42 ʧ ………… 43 Θ ……...... 44 ð ..……… 45 v ………… 46 w ……….. 47 z ………… 48 ʒ ………… 49 ʤ ……….. 50 ………………………………… 3

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¿WHAT IS THE IPA? International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), an alphabet developed in the 19th century to accurately represent the pronunciation of languages. One aim of the International Phonetic Alphabet was to provide a unique symbol for each distinctive sound in a language—that is, every sound, or phoneme, that serves to distinguish one word from another. 3

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VOWELS 4

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/ʌ/ Turned v 5 Unbelievable /ˌʌnbɪˈliːvəbl/ Unfortunately /ʌnˈfɔːʧnɪtli/ Customer /ˈkʌstəmə/ Income /ˈɪnkʌm/ Oven /ˈʌvn/

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/ɑ:/ Single-story a 6 Marketing /ˈmɑːkɪtɪŋ/ Departure /dɪˈpɑːʧə/ Disaster /dɪˈzɑːstə/ Supermarket /ˈsjuːpəˌmɑːkɪt/ Classroom /ˈklɑːsrʊm/

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/æ/ Ash 7 Triangle /ˈtraɪæŋgl/ Advertising /ˈædvətaɪzɪŋ/  Application /ˌæplɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/ Contract /ˈkɒntrækt/   Attitude /ˈætɪtjuːd/ 

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/ɛ/ Épsilon 8 Chemistry /Kɛmɪstri/ Endeavor /ɪnˈdɛvə/ Method /ˈmɛθəd/ Memory /mɛməri/  Desk /dɛsk/

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/ə/ Schwa 9 Encyclopedia /ɪnˌsaɪkləˈpiːdiə/ Whisper /ˈwɪspə/ Ability /əˈbɪlɪti/  Administration /ədˌmɪnɪsˈtreɪʃ(ə)n/  Appearance əˈpɪərəns

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/ɜ:/ Reversed Épsilon 10 Entrepreneur /ˌɒntrəprəˈnɜː/  Surgeon /ˈsɜːʤən/  Birthday /ˈbɜːθdeɪ/  Purchase /ˈpɜːʧəs/ Nurse /nɜːs/

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/ɪ/ Small Capital I 11 Whistle /ˈwɪsl/   Investment /ɪnˈvɛstmənt/ Imagination /ɪˌmæʤɪˈneɪʃən/   Quality /ˈkwɒlɪti/  Electricity /ɪlɛkˈtrɪsɪti/

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/i:/ Lower-Case I 12 Economics /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪks/ Magazine /ˌmægəˈziːn/ Gasoline /ˈgæsəʊliːn/ Cheek /ʧiːk/  Agreement /əˈgriːmənt/

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/ɒ/ Turned single-story a 13 Policy /ˈpɒlɪsi/ Politics /ˈpɒlɪtɪks/ Population /pɒpjʊˈleɪʃən/ Technology /tɛkˈnɒləʤi/ Cotton /ˈkɒtn/

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/ɔ:/ Open o 14 Importance /ɪmˈpɔːtəns/ Storage /ˈstɔːrɪʤ/ Resource /rɪˈsɔːs/ Fortune /ˈfɔːʧən/ Recording /rɪˈkɔːdɪŋ/

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/ʊ/ Upsilon 15 Wood /wʊd/ Notebook /ˈnəʊtbʊk/ Childhood /ˈʧaɪldhʊd/  Bull /bʊl/ Pull /pʊl/

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/u:/ Lower-Case U 16 Mood /muːd/ Truth /truːθ/ Newspaper /ˈnjuːzˌpeɪpə/ Revenue /ˈrɛvɪnjuː/ Prove /pru:v/

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DIPHTHONGS 17

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/ɪə/ 18 Atmosphere /ˈætməsfɪə/ Championship /ˈʧæmpiənʃɪp/ Fear /fɪə/  Beer /bɪə/ Spear /spɪə/

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/eə/ 19 Software /ˈsɒftweə/ Airport /ˈeəpɔːt/ Awareness /əˈweənəs/ Care /keə/ Pair /peə/

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/eɪ/ 20 Failure /ˈfeɪljə/ Steak /steɪk/ Elevator /ˈɛlɪveɪtə/ Shake /ʃeɪk/ Yesterday /ˈjɛstədeɪ/ 

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/aʊ/ 21 Crowd /kraʊd/  Town /taʊn/ Down /daʊn/ Doubt /daʊt/ Sound /saʊnd/

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/əʊ/ 22 Growth /grəʊθ/ Overwhelming /ˌəʊvəˈwɛlmɪŋ/ Quote /kwəʊt/ Soldier /ˈsəʊlʤə/   Poetry /ˈpəʊɪtri/  

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/ʌɪ/ 23 Environment /ɪnˈvʌɪərənmənt/ Psychology /sʌɪˈkɒləʤi/  Science /ˈsʌɪəns/ Climate /ˈklʌɪmɪt/  Assignment /əˈsʌɪnmənt/

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/ɔɪ/ 24 Boyfriend /ˈbɔɪˌfrɛnd/ Embroidery /ɪmˈbrɔɪdəri/ Poisonous /Pɔɪznəs/ Asteroid /ˈæstərɔɪd/ Boisterous /ˈbɔɪstərəs/

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/ʊə/ 25 February /ˈfɛbrʊəri/ Insecure /ˌɪnsɪˈkjʊə/ Insurance /ɪnˈʃʊərəns/ Bureau /ˈbjʊərəʊ/ Manicure /ˈmænɪkjʊə/

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CONSONANTS 26

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/b/ Lower-Case B 27 Membership /ˈmɛmbəʃɪp/ Umbrella /ʌmˈbrɛlə/ Ambition /æmˈbɪʃ(ə)n/ Cabinet /ˈkæbɪnɪt/ Nobody /ˈnəʊbədi/

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/d/ Lower-Case D 28 Development /dɪˈvɛləpmənt/ Difference /ˈdɪfrəns/ Freedom /ˈfriːdəm/ Distance /ˈdɪstəns/  Industry /ˈɪndəstri/

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/f/ Lower-Case F 29 Failure /ˈfeɪljə/ Foreigner /ˈfɒrɪnə/ Freight /freɪt/ Effort /ˈɛfət/ Emphasis /ˈɛmfəsɪs/

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/g/ Lower-Case G 30 Category /ˈkætɪgəri/ Cigarette /ˌsɪgəˈrɛt/ Language /ˈlæŋgwɪʤ/ Government /ˈgʌvnmənt/ Struggle /ˈstrʌgl/

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/h/ Lower-Case H 31 Behavior /bɪˈheɪvjə/ Headache /ˈhɛdeɪk/ Hippopotamus /hɪpəˈpɒtəməs/ Highway /ˈhaɪweɪ/ Hall /hɔːl/

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/j/ Lower-Case J 32 Yeast /jiːst/ Youth /juː θ /   Yoghurt / ˈ jɒgə(ː)t  / Year /jɪə/   Tube /tjuːb/

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/k/ Lower-Case K 33 Obstacle /ˈɒbstəkl/ Complaint /kəmˈpleɪnt/   Camera /ˈkæmərə/ Physics /ˈfɪzɪks/ Secretary /ˈsɛkrətri/

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/l/ Lower-Case L 34 Cell /sɛl/ College /ˈkɒlɪʤ/ Skill /skɪl/ Philosophy /fɪˈlɒsəfi/   Analyst /ˈænəlɪst/  

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/m/ Lower-Case M 35 Maintenance /ˈmeɪntənəns/ Museum /mju(ː)ˈzɪəm/   Equipment /ɪˈkwɪpmənt/ Management /ˈmænɪʤmənt/ Marriage /mærɪʤ/  

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/n/ Lower-Case N 36 Neighborhood /ˈneɪbəhʊd/ Inflation /ɪnˈfleɪʃən/ Instance /ˈɪnstəns/ Sentence /ˈsɛntəns/   Wind /wɪnd/  

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/ŋ/ Eng 37 Finding /ˈfaɪndɪŋ/   Meaning /ˈmiːnɪŋ/ Housing /ˈhaʊzɪŋ/ Setting /ˈsɛtɪŋ/ Building /ˈbɪldɪŋ/

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/p/ Lower-Case P 38 Payment /ˈpeɪmənt/ Percentage /pəˈsɛntɪʤ/ Performance /pəˈfɔːməns/ Perspective /pəˈspɛktɪv/ Company /ˈkʌmpəni/

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/r/ Lower-Case R 39 Riddle /ˈrɪdl/ Reality /ri(ː)ˈælɪti/  Spring /sprɪŋ/ Property /ˈprɒpəti/   Courage /ˈkʌrɪʤ/  

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/s/ Lower-Case S 40 Society /səˈsaɪəti/ Stereotype /ˈstɪərɪətaɪp/   Successful /səkˈsɛsfʊl/   Survey /sɜːˈveɪ/  Sword /sɔːd/

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/ʃ/ Esh 41 Insurance /ɪnˈʃʊərəns/ Obnoxious /əbˈnɒkʃəs/ Shortage /ˈʃɔːtɪʤ/   Direction /dɪˈrɛkʃən/ Collection /kəˈlɛkʃən/

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/t/ Lower-Case T 42 Turtle /ˈtɜːtl/   Article /ˈɑːtɪkl/   Estate /ɪsˈteɪt/   Statement /ˈsteɪtmənt/   Strategy /ˈstrætɪʤi/  

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/tʃ/ Tesh 43 Feature /ˈfiːʧə/ handkerchief /ˈhæŋkəʧɪf/ Infrastructure /ˈɪnfrəˌstrʌkʧə/ Overwhelming /ˌəʊvəˈwɛlmɪŋ/ Charity /ˈʧærɪti/

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/ θ / T heta 44 Earthquake /ˈɜːθkweɪk/ Enthusiasm /ɪnˈθjuːzɪæzm/ Theory /ˈθɪəri/  Depth /dɛpθ/ Length /lɛŋθ/

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/ð/ Eth 45 Algorithm /ˈælgərɪðm/ Rhythm /ˈrɪðəm/   Mouths /maʊðz/ Smooth /smuːð/ Southern /ˈsʌðən/

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/v/ Lower-Case V 46 Vegetable /ˈvɛʤtəb(ə)l/   Vibrate /vaɪˈbreɪt/ Advice /ədˈvaɪs/ Variety /vəˈraɪəti/ Village /ˈvɪlɪʤ/  

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/w/ Lower-Case W 47 Consequence /ˈkɒnsɪkwəns/ Intertwined /ˌɪntə(ː)ˈtwaɪnd/   Quaint /kweɪnt/ Squirrel /ˈskwɪrəl/ Weird /wɪəd/

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/z/ Lower-Case Z 48 Disease /dɪˈziːz/ Reasonable /ˈriːznəbl/ Xenophobia /ˌzɛnəʊˈfəʊbɪə/   Anxiety /æŋˈzaɪəti/ Enthusiasm /ɪnˈθjuːzɪæzm/

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/ʒ/ Ezh 49 Leisure /ˈlɛʒə/ Explosion /ɪksˈpləʊʒən/ Asia /ˈeɪʒə/ Measure /ˈmɛʒə/ Vision /ˈvɪʒən/

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/dʒ/ Dezh 50 Gorgeous /ˈgɔːʤəs/ Jewelry /ˈʤuːəlri/ Knowledge /ˈnɒlɪʤ/ Sausage /ˈsɒsɪʤ/ Justice /ˈʤʌstɪs/

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THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION 51

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