workman compensation act

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A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE ACT

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Workman Compensation Act : 

Workman Compensation Act ROLL NO : 14 – 18 MFM PART-TIME

Objectives : 

Objectives The Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923, aims to provide workmen and/or their dependents some relief in case of accidents arising out of and in the course of employment and causing either death or disablement of workmen.

Scope and Coverage : 

Scope and Coverage The Act extends to the whole of India . The Workmen's Compensation (Amendment) Act, 2000. has brought all the workers within its ambit irrespective of their nature of employment i.e. whether employed on casual basis or otherwise than for the purposes of the employer's trade or business. For the first time, casual labourers will be provided compensation for death or disability. . Establishments which are covered by the Employees State Insurance Act, are outside the perview of this Act. The coverage of this act is also to cooks employed in hotels and resturants.

Employees Entitled : 

Employees Entitled Every employee including those employed through a contractor and also casual employees, who suffers an injury in any accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, shall be entitled for compensation under the Act. ' A person employed in a factory which is yet to commence production would not be deprived of the benefit of the provisions of the Act. The workman employed in a premises where manufacturing process is intended to be carried on is not necessarily required to be actually connected with manufacturing process. Any person engaged in such premises who is contributing for the intended manufacturing process would be deemed to be workman for the purpose of the Act.

Employees Entitled : 

Employees Entitled Whether Contractor is a Workman ? Where a person entered into a construction contract and agreed to work himself and also to employ his own labour, while construction material was to be supplied by the owner, and the contractor died while working himself, it was held that the dependents of the deceased were entitled to compensation

Administrative Authority : 

Administrative Authority The State Governments administer the provisions of this Act through the Commissioners appointed for specified areas. The State Governments also make rules for ensuring that the provisions of the Act are complied with.

Administrative Authority : 

Administrative Authority Jurisdiction of Commissioner Any matter under this Act, to be done by or before a Commissioner, shall be done by or before the Commissioner for the area in which (a) the accident resulting in the injury, took place or (b) the workman, or his dependent, claiming the compensation ordinarily resides, or (c) the employer has his registered office. Where a Commissioner is satisfied that any proceedings can be more conveniently disposed of by any other Commissioner, he may transfer the matter to such other Commissioner.

Definition : 

Definition DEPENDANT – Dependant means any of the following relatives of a deceased workman, namely: a widow, a minor legitimate or adopted son and unmarried legitimate or adopted daughter, or a widowed mother, and if wholly dependant on the earnings of the workman at the time of his death, a son or a daughter who has attained the age of 18 years and who is infirm, And any of the following wholly or partly dependent on the workman at the time of his death— a widower, a parent other than a widowed mother, a minor illegitimate son, a unmarried illegitimate daughter, a widowed daughter in law, a minor child of the deceased son & daughter & a paternal grandparent if not the parent of the workman is alive.

Disablement : : 

Disablement : Injury caused to a workman by an accident ordinarily results in the loss of the earning capacity of the workman concerned and this loss of earning capacity is technically "disablement". Disablements can be classified as (a) Total, and {b) Partial. It can further be classified into (i) Permanent, and {ii) Temporary..,

Cont.. : 

Cont.. Disablement, is said to be total when if Incapacitates a worker for all work he was capable of doing at the time of the accident resulting in such disablement. "Total disablement" is considered to be permanent if a workman, as a result of an accident, suffers from the injury specified in Part I of Schedule I or suffers from such combination of injuries specified in Part tl of Schedule I as would be the loss of earning capacity when totaled to one hundred per cent . Disablement is said to be permanent partial when it reduces for all times, the earning capacity of a workman in every employment which he was capable of undertaking at the time of the accident. Every injury specified in Part II of Schedule I is deemed to result in permanent partial disablement. Where the disablement is of a temporary nature and reduces the earning capacity of a workman in the employment in which he was engaged at the time of the accident it is "temporary partial disablement.

Accident Compensation-when payable : 

Accident Compensation-when payable The employer of any establishment covered under this Act, is required to compensate an employee: who has suffered an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, resulting into (i) death, (ii) permanent total disablement, (iii) permanent partial disablement, or (iv) temporary disablement who has contracted an occupational disease accident arising out of and in the course of Employment Accident arising out of and in the course of Employment An accident arising out of employment implies a casual connection between the injury and the accident and the work done in the course of employment.

What are the condition for receiving compensation for Personal Injury caused by the accident ? : 

What are the condition for receiving compensation for Personal Injury caused by the accident ? The three tests for determining whether an accident arose out of employment are : At the time of injury workman must have been engaged in the business of the employer and must not be doing something for his personal benefit; That accident occurred at the place where he was performing his duties; and Injury must have resulted from some risk incidental to the duties of the service, or inherent in the nature or condition of employment.

When is an Employer not liable to pay compensation ? : 

When is an Employer not liable to pay compensation ? BUT, the employer shall not be liable to pay compensation in the following cases: if the injury did not result in total or partial disablement of a workman for a period exceeding three days, if the workman was at the time of the accident under the influence of drink of drug, or if the workman willfully disobeyed an order expressly given or a rule expressly framed for the purpose of securing safety of workman, or If the workman willfully removed or disregarded any safety guard or other device which to his knowledge was provided for the purpose of securing his safety.

Doctrine of Notional Extension: : 

Doctrine of Notional Extension: The expression in the course of his employment', connotes not only actual work but also any other engagement natural and necessary thereto, reasonably extended both as regards work-hours and work-place. It refers to the time during which the employment continues. . However, this is subject to the theory of notional extension of the employer's premises so as to include an area which the workman passes and re-passes in going to and in leaving the actual place of work. There may be some reasonable extension in both time and place and a workman may be regarded as in the course of his employment even though he had not reached or had left his employer's premises. This is also called as the Doctrine of Notional Extension. The doctrine of notional extension could not be placed in a strait jacket; it was merely a matter of sound common sense as to when and where and to what extent this doctrine could be applied.

AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION –section 4 : 

AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION –section 4 The amount of compensation payable to a workman depends on the nature of injury caused by accident, the monthly wages of the workman concerned, and the relevant factor for working out lump sum equivalent of compensation amount as specified in Schedule IV. There is no distinction between an adult and a minor worker with respect to the amount of compensation.

COMPENSATION FOR DEATH : 

COMPENSATION FOR DEATH In case of death resulting from injury, the amount of compensation shall be equal 50% of the monthly wages of the deceased workman multiplied by the relevant factor. Or an amount of Rs 80,000/- whichever is more.

Example: : 

Example: A workman is employed in a factory on a monthly wage of Rs 3000. While working he met with an accident and dies on oct 2000. His date of birth is july 18 , 1970. The amount of compensation payable to his dependent would be 50* monthly wages* Relevant factor of age 30 100 0r 80,000 whichever is higher 50* 3000* 207.98 = 3,11,970 100 Since Rs 311970 is more than 80000 the compensation payable to him shall be Rs 311,970

COMPENSATION FOR PERMANENT TOTAL DISABLEMENT : 

COMPENSATION FOR PERMANENT TOTAL DISABLEMENT In case of permanent total disablement resulting from the injury, the amount of compensation shall be 60% of the monthly wages of the injured workman multiplied by the relevant factor or Rs 90,000/- thousand whichever is more. For the above example the compensation would be 60* 3000* 207.98 = 3,74,365 100 Since Rs 3,74364 is more than 90,000 the amount of compensation payable should be Rs 3, 74364

COMPENSATION FOR PERMANENT PARTIAL DISABLEMENT : 

COMPENSATION FOR PERMANENT PARTIAL DISABLEMENT Where permanent partial disablement occurs, the amount of compensation payable shall be as follows: in case of an injury specified in part II of the schedule I, the amount of compensation shall be such percentage of the compensation which would have been payable is the percentage of loss of earning capacity caused by that injury. in case of an injury not specified in schedule I, such percentage of the compensation is payable which is proportionate to the loss of earning capacity (as assessed by a qualified medical practitioner) permanently caused by the injury.

Example: : 

Example: A worker whose monthly wages is RS 3000 loses one eye AS A RESULT OF Injury caused to him on Nov 15, 1995. On Oct 1, 1995. He had completed 20 years of age. The amount of compensation payable to him would be 40% of 60* 3000* 224 = 1,61,280 100

COMPENSATION FOR TEMPORARY DISABLEMENT (TOTAL OR PARTIAL) : 

COMPENSATION FOR TEMPORARY DISABLEMENT (TOTAL OR PARTIAL) If the temporary disablement, whether total or partial results from the injury, the amount of compensation shall be a half monthly payment of the sum equivalent to 25% of the monthly wages of the workman to be paid in accordance with the provisions. The half monthly payment shall be payable on the sixteenth day from the date of disablement In cases where such disablement lasts for a period of 28 days or more compensation is payable from the date of disablement In other cases After the expiry of a waiting period of three days from the date of disablement.

COMPENSATION TO BE PAID WHEN DUE AND PENALTY FOR DEFAULT (section 4A) : 

COMPENSATION TO BE PAID WHEN DUE AND PENALTY FOR DEFAULT (section 4A) As per this section, compensation has to paid as soon as it is due In case the employer does not accept the liability of paying the compensation, he is bound to make provisional payment to the extent of the liability he accepts. Such amount has to be deposited with the commissioner or paid to the workman. If he defaults, the commissioner may order: the payment of the amount with interest at12 % per year if the default to be unjustifiable then the commissioner may order payment of a further sum not exceeding 50% of the amount due, by way of penalty.

Payment of Compensation to Contract Labour : 

Payment of Compensation to Contract Labour The principal employer is liable to pay compensation to contract labour in the same manner as his departmental labour. He is entitled to be indemnified by the contractor. The principal employer shall not however be liable to pay any interest and penalty leviable under the Act

Occupational Diseases : 

Occupational Diseases Workers employed in certain types of occupations are exposed to the risk of contracting certain diseases which are peculiar and inherent to those occupations. A worker contracting an occupational disease is deemed to have suffered an accident out of and in the course of employment and the employer is liable to pay compensation for the same.

Statement of Fatal Accidents : 

Statement of Fatal Accidents Where a commissioner receives information from any source that a workman has died as a result of an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, he may require the employer, by serving upon him a registered notice, to submit within 30 days of its service, a statement in the prescribed form ; (a) Giving the circumstances attending the death of the workman, and (b) Indicating whether he is or, is not, liable to pay accident compensation. If the employer feels that he is liable to pay compensation, he shall make the deposit within 30 days of the service of the notice. If the employer disclaims his liability, he should indicate the grounds for such disclaimer.

Accident Report : 

Accident Report Where the accident results in death or serious bodily injury, the employer should send a report to the Commissioner, within 7 days of the accident, in the prescribed from giving the circumstances attending the death or serious bodily injury

Mode of Payment : 

Mode of Payment The employer becomes liable to pay the compensation as soon as the personal injury was caused to the workman by the accident which arose out of and in the course of the employment. The amount of compensation should be paid as soon as it falls due. It will be computed on the date of accident. If the amount is not paid within one month from the date it fell due, the Commissioner may after giving reasonable opportunity of being heard, direct the employer to pay simple interest @ 12% p.a. or at such higher rate as may be specified not exceeding the. Maximum lending rate of any scheduled bank. Besides, if there is no justification for the delay, the Commissioner may after giving reasonable opportunity of being heard, direct the employer to pay a further sum not exceeding 50% of the compensation, by way of penalty. The amount of penalty (earlier payable to the Government) and also interest shall be paid to the workman or his dependent as the case may be The half-monthly installments of compensation (payable in case of temporary disablement) should be paid within the time specified. The half-monthly installments can be converted into a lump sum payment, by an agreement between the employer and the employee or by applying to the Commissioner.

Compensation to be deposited with Commissioner : 

Compensation to be deposited with Commissioner The amount of compensation is not payable to the workman directly. It is generally deposited along with the prescribed statement, with the Commissioner who will then pay it to the workman. Any. payment made to the workman or his dependents, directly, in the following cases will not be deemed to be a payment of compensation : (i) in case of death of the employee; (ii) in case of sump sum compensation payable to a woman or a minor or a person of unsound mind or whose entitlement to the compensation is in dispute or a person under a legal disability. Besides, compensation of Rs. 10 or more may be deposited with the Commissioner on behalf of the person entitled thereto. The receipt of deposit with the Commissioner shall be a sufficient proof of discharge of the employer's liability.

Notice of Accident : 

Notice of Accident A 'notice of accident' should be sent to the Commissioner, by the concerned employee as soon as practicable after the happening thereof. The notice should contain such particulars as the name and address of the person injured, the date and cause of accident, etc. A Copy of the notice should also be sent to the establishment wherein he was employed. The notice of accident may be served either personally or by registered post or by means of an entry in the notice-book maintained by the employer.

Medical Examination : 

Medical Examination The employer may get the concerned workman examined by a qualified medical practitioner, within 3 days from receiving the notice of accident. The employee must present himself for such examination otherwise he shall loose his right to the compensation. Failure of employer to have the workman medically examined does not debar him from challenging the medical certificate produced by the workman.

Attachment and Assignment of Compensation : 

Attachment and Assignment of Compensation No compensation payable under this Act, whether in lump sum on half-monthly payments, can be attached, charged or passed on to any person other than the workman by operation of law, nor can it be set-off against any other claim.

Obligations of Employers : 

Obligations of Employers To pay compensation for an accident suffered by an employee, in accordance with the Act. To submit a statement to the Commissioner (within 30 days of receiving the notice) in the prescribed form, giving the circumstances attending the death of a workman as result of an accident and indicating whether he is liable to deposit any compensation for the same. To submit accident report to the Commissioner in the prescribed form within 7 days of the accident which results in death of a workman or a serious bodily injury to a workman. To maintain a notice book in the prescribed from at a place where it is readily accessible to the workman. To submit an annual return of accidents specifying the number of injuries for which compensation has been paid during the year, the amount of such compensation and other prescribed particulars.

Obligations of Employees : 

Obligations of Employees To send a notice of the accident in the prescribed form, to the Commissioner and the employer, within such time as soon as it is practicable for him. This notice is precondition for the admission of the claim for compensation. To present-himself for medical examination, if required by the employer.

THANK YOU : 

THANK YOU

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