Growth and Potential for Civil Engineers in the 21 century : Growth and Potential for Civil Engineers in the 21 century L.R.Manjunatha
email@example.com Civil Engineering –The mother of all Engineering : Civil Engineering –The mother of all Engineering History of Civil Engineering : History of Civil Engineering Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence. Civil engineering might be considered properly commencing between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia when humans started to abandon a nomadic existence, thus causing a need for the construction of shelter . Civil Engineering –The oldest profession : Civil Engineering –The oldest profession Civil engineering is one of the oldest disciplines of engineering and contains a variety of specialties like structural, water related, environmental, architectural, transportation , geo-technical engineering ,marine structure, ocean engineering,Industrial structures ,earth quake engineering.etc The Romans –the pioneers of civil engineering : The Romans –the pioneers of civil engineering The modern day Civil Engineering-MarvelsThe 10 tallest buildings in the world : The modern day Civil Engineering-MarvelsThe 10 tallest buildings in the world Civil Engineering Career Overview : Civil Engineering Career Overview Civil Engineering involves planning, designing and executing building and structural works.
The profession deals with a wide variety of engineering tasks including designing, supervision and construction activities of public works like roads, bridges, tunnels, buildings, airports, dams, water works, sewage systems, ports etc. and offers a multitude of challenging career opportunities Civil and Construction Engineering Job Description and Responsibilities : Civil and Construction Engineering Job Description and Responsibilities Civil and construction engineering jobs vary depending on skill level, expertise, and knowledge of the area. General responsibilities for a civil engineer include:
Analyzing blueprints and providing comprehensive summaries
Reporting problems or issues with plans
Participating in the planning, development, and implementation of various systems
Supervising a staff of civil engineers or training civil and construction engineering managers
Developing systems for new projects
Learning and adapting new techniques to implement new programs
Solving problems and putting ideas into action
Helping to improve the environment Civil Engineering –Job Profiles : Civil Engineering –Job Profiles Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government, the railways, private construction companies, military, engineering services, consultancy services etc.
Civil engineering graduates can also go in for research and take up teaching or they can open their own independent consultancy services. Civil Engineers are : Nomads : Civil Engineers are : Nomads Civil engineers are situated near chief industrial and commercial hubs and often work near construction sites and projects.
Some of these projects may also be out of the country in backward or secluded areas. Often, civil engineers are required to move to different places for the completion of each project. Civil Engineering Job and Employment Opportunities : Civil Engineering Job and Employment Opportunities The period through 2011-2020 is projected to hold very good growth and potential for civil engineers.
Due to the growth of population and the need for better infrastructural as well as security services, civil engineers will be required to build and design larger and safer buildings, complexes, automobiles, as well as more durable water supply, sewage and pollution control mechanisms. Inclusive Growth due to rehabilitation of old buildings and Retirement of existing civil engineers : Inclusive Growth due to rehabilitation of old buildings and Retirement of existing civil engineers Repairing existing roads, dams and other public conveniences will also be a major work allotment.
Also, more jobs will be crated due to retirement and transfers of existing civil engineering professionals. Opportunities vary Geographically : Opportunities vary Geographically Employment will differ according to geographic area because --
construction is undertaken where sites and land can be developed
and employment opportunities will be affected due to economic booms and depressions, considering the flow and use of funds in the construction business. Historical Earnings InformationUSA In the year -2002 : Historical Earnings InformationUSA In the year -2002 In 2002, the median salaries received by civil engineers were $60,070 annually. The middle 50 percent received between $48,360 and $74,700, the lowest 10 percent earned below $39,960 while the highest 10 percent earned above $91,010. Median annual earnings in the industries employing the greatest number of civil engineers in 2002 were:
Federal government- $67,410
Local government - $62,210
Architectural, engineering, and related services - $59,060
State government - $58,350
Nonresidential building construction - $54,190 Indian Scenario for civil Engineers : Indian Scenario for civil Engineers The earnings depend on the industries employing civil engineers such as Central or State government departments or private concerns.
In India, a bachelor's degree candidate in civil engineering can receive a starting salary of Rs.4000 up to Rs 7500 approximately with 1-2 years experience.
With more experience or as an established independent consultant one could earn more. Most employers prefer candidates with Computer (Autocad ) knowledge.
Companies abroad in Singapore, UAE etc pay Rs 15000-20,000 approximately for candidates with 2-3 years experience Civil Engineer till 1990 -In India : Civil Engineer till 1990 -In India Till the liberalization of the Indian economy and opening of the private sector and FDI in 1990,
The civil engineers were mostly confined to the Govt departments like PWD and other public sector enterprises . After the liberalization and economic boom in India : After the liberalization and economic boom in India The prevailing boom in the infrastructure and construction sectors has brought the limelight back into civil engineering, with the demand for civil engineers growing exponentially. Infrastructure Boom in India : Infrastructure Boom in India With the Indian Government’s renewed thrust in the construction sector permitting 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment, the need for quality civil engineers will shoot up.
This sector is witnessing heightened activity as a result of which there has been a substantial increase in the number of projects. Thus there is a surge in demand for quality civil engineers. Infrastructure Projects In India : Infrastructure Projects In India Power ,Roads, Buildings, ports, Airports
11 th Plan Transport Sector : Transport Sector The transport sector has the following areas ,which are attracting huge Investment.
Shipping and Inland water transport. Projects and Investment in road networks : Projects and Investment in road networks National Highways
The central govt is likely to spend 1.21.758 crores for the development of National Highways in the 11 th five year plan(2007-2012).
The 11 plans envisages an expenditure of 1,00000 Crores for the development and up gradation of state roads. Of the above about 32000 crores of private investment is expected. Railways : Railways Railways have envisaged to spend about 75000 crore for the 11 th five year plan.
The works include new line and station
Up gradation and modernization Infrastructure projects -ports : Infrastructure projects -ports The govt is expected to spend 18533 crore and private sector about 36868 crores for new ports,improvement of old ports and their modernization upto the year 2013 in the 11 th plan. Civil Aviation -Airports : Civil Aviation -Airports The Govt is expected to spend about 52107 crores in the 11 th plan for up gradation and modernization of old airports and building new Airports Career Advancement –Govt sector : Career Advancement –Govt sector Civil Engineers working in government usually begin their careers as junior engineers.
As they gain experience, they may advance to assistant, AEE, Executive Engineer, Superintending Engineer and Chief Engineer,
To attain higher salaries, qualified engineers working in civil service (KES) can move into management and administrative positions like Secretary ,Principal Secretary etc Career Advancement –Private Sector : Career Advancement –Private Sector Civil Engineers working in private industry can be promoted to more responsible jobs such as planning Engineer, project engineer, principal engineer ,GM (Projects) ,VP ,Director (Projects) etc Career Advancement in the Consultancy Segments : Career Advancement in the Consultancy Segments When qualified, they can work as a Design Engineer, Consultant, Team leader in a private consultancy , Architectural and Project management firms or enter administrative work where they can advance to the upper management level.
A Master degree (ME/Mtech ) is becoming increasingly important for advancement in civil engineering. Career advancement in building materials Industry : Career advancement in building materials Industry Civil Engineers with MBA find employment opportunities in the building materials industry like cement, steel, RMC, Construction chemicals,Tiles ,Pipes etc ,etc.
The scope is huge in technical ,marketing and research sectors.
With years of experience They move to middle management and Top positions Growth of Readymix Business In India : Growth of Readymix Business In India Ready mix concrete business in India started 1992 .
Today almost all the major cities in India are having Ready mix Plants.
In India there are about more than 1800-2000 ready mix plants in the commercial ,projects and captive segments put together.
The conversion is about 7-8 % of site mix and still there is huge potential and scope in coming years Growth of Ready mix business in India : Growth of Ready mix business in India In another 10 years down ,most probably almost all the major district towns and cities in India will be having ready mix plants operating and supplying Readymix concrete and replacing site mix concrete. Career opportunities in Ready mix Business : Career opportunities in Ready mix Business Civil Engineers have very good scope and job opportunities in Ready mix business in
5.top management position in the concrete Industry.
The demand is growing as the business is expanding across India. Career opportunities in Construction chemicals sector : Career opportunities in Construction chemicals sector The construction chemicals and structural Repair and rehabilitation sector is growing very fast and there are many local and multinational companies operating in India.
Opportunities exist for civil engineers in
4.Repair and Rehabilitations.
5.Water proofing application. etc Career in Teaching and Research : Career in Teaching and Research Civil Engineers with master degrees have very good opportunites in teaching at colleges and universities and also in research institutes like CBRI,SERC,IITS,IISE etc
Engineers also find opportunities in materials testing labs, Institutions , banks ,valuation of buildings etc. Finding the JOB : Finding the JOB When filling entry-level positions, some employers conduct college campus interviews.
Others request referrals from college placement centers or engineering department faculty.
Higher-level jobs may be advertised in newspapers and professional journals.
Employers and applicants may also use the placement services of professional societies, private employment agencies,
Government agencies generally issue civil service announcements describing all current openings which are filled through civil service hiring procedures. Job web sites : Job web sites www.naukri .com
Engineers can register in these websites and search for job opportunities in India and abroad.
There is a separate website for civil engineers
www.civilengineeringjobs.com Future of Civil Engineering : Future of Civil Engineering Civil engineers have one of the world's most important jobs: they build our quality of life. With creativity and technical skill.
Civil engineers are problem solvers, meeting the challenges of pollution, traffic congestion, drinking water and energy needs, urban redevelopment and community planning . Future of Civil engineering : Future of Civil engineering As the technological revolution expands, as the world's population increases, and as environmental concerns mount, civil engineering skills will be needed throughout the world.
Whatever area you choose, be it design, construction, research, planning, teaching or management, civil engineering offers you a wide range of career choices.
there's no limit to the personal satisfaction you will feel from helping to make our world a better place to live. Skill set for civil Engineers : Skill set for civil Engineers More and more, those entering the civil engineering field must have skills in communication, computers, management and foreign languages, as well as advanced knowledge in a speciality within civil engineering Skill sets for -Future civil Engineers : Skill sets for -Future civil Engineers Civil Engineers need to learn Auto cadd
Softwares for design and project management like
STAAD, SATAAD.Pro etc 21 st century Civil Engineers : 21 st century Civil Engineers The day-to-day job of a civil engineer hasn't changed much since the Romans built roads, harbors, and aqueducts across Europe.
The job is still about serving a client and helping them to realize their ideas, whether the project involves one square feet or spans a continent. 21 st century civil engineers : 21 st century civil engineers Some aspects of the profession, though, have changed dramatically.
We have many new materials, such as steel and textile fabrics, Geo Synthetics
. Most recently, technology — including personal computers, design software, GPS devices, and GIS systems — has brought the profession squarely into the digital age. 21 st century civil engineers : 21 st century civil engineers During the next decade, technology will continue to drive some of the most significant changes in the practice and application of civil engineering.
These transformations will be as diverse as meeting increased client expectations to decreasing the fear of liability. The Road Ahead- 21 st century civil engineer need to work on ???? : The Road Ahead- 21 st century civil engineer need to work on ???? World wide population growth and rapid urbanization.
Creating new and sustainable infrastructure.
Green building concepts and sustainable technologies.
Smart building materials .
High strength and High performance concretes.
Innovations in designs and project management.
new and modern Transportation systems.
Shortage of fresh water supply and finding the solution.
Repair and Rehabilitation Working with colloboration : Working with colloboration Working with other firms, contractors, surveyors, and architects is one of the requirements of civil engineering, even if it isn't one of the joys
As projects increase in complexity, more specialists become involved. Therefore, efficient, effective, and accurate collaboration is vital.
It is particularly important in this age of global projects, when collaborators often are located in different countries or on different continents, and projects are impeded by different time zones and languages Professional development : Professional development Today, engineers must continue their education long after their bachelor's degree. Whether through continuing education and professional development programs by
ICI,ACCE, Institution of Valuers. Institution of Engineers, BAI, INSTRUCT etc Quote on Civil Engineering by Herbert Hoover-Engineer and the 31 st US President : Quote on Civil Engineering by Herbert Hoover-Engineer and the 31 st US President It is a great profession.
There is the fascination of watching a figment of the imagination emerge through the aid of science to plan on paper.
Then it brings jobs and homes ,roads ,bridges, flyovers….. etc. It elevates the standards of living and adds to the comfort of life.
That is the civil engineer’s high Privilege. Slide 47: Thanks