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Internationally sex ratio is defined as number of males per 100 females. At the Census 2001, sex ratio of population stood at 933 females per 1000 males a marginal increase from 927 recorded at the 1991 Census Slide4: Population of India (in millions) Slide5: Slide6: Child Sex Ratio Child sex ratio, i.e., sex ratio in the age group 0 to 6 years is a powerful indicator to examine the SOCIAL RESPONSE and ATTITUDE towards the GIRL CHILD in recent past. The presentation of data on child sex ratio has shown a grim picture of the status of girl child in some parts of the country as per the Census of India 2001. Slide7: Child Sex Ratio Slide8: 'It is clear that the sex ratio in the age group 0-6 has decreased at a much faster pace than the overall sex ratio of the country after 1981. The decreasing sex ratio in this child population perhaps has a cascading effect on the population over a period of time leading to diminishing sex ratio in the country… – Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2001 India Analysis of Census Data Slide9: By Birth Enumeration Mortality Migration Slide10: If it is accepted that the impact of differential sex selective undercount, age reporting and migration is negligible then, the sex ratio in the age-group 0-6 years will be principally influenced by : Sex ratio at birth Sex selective mortality at younger ages The sex ratio at birth is usually a biological constant with a value that lies between 943 to 954. As the male infant mortality is higher than female in normal populations, the child sex ratio would tend to increase and improve over the globally accepted constant. A technical note on sex ratio Slide11: Child Sex Ratio Total, SC, ST and General populations – India 1991 and 2001 Slide12: Sex ratio of 0-6 population by religious communities and residence, India - 2001 Slide13: Slide14: 31 States/Uts registered decline in Child Sex Ratio during 2001 Alarming trends seen in some of the major States as Child sex ratio turned from bad to worse Only Kerala,Pondicherry and Lakshadweep have shown increasing trends between 1991-2001 Slide15: Distribution of districts by ranges of Child Sex Ratio - India 1991 andamp; 2001 * : Excluding J andamp; K Slide16: India Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Districts) 1991 2001 Slide17: India Decline in child sex ratio During 1991-2001 (Districts) Declined in 477 districts Slide18: Punjab Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Districts) 1991 (875) 2001 (798) Slide19: Haryana Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Districts) 1991 (879) 2001 (819) Slide20: Delhi Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Districts) 1991 (915) 2001 (868) Slide21: Gujarat Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Districts) 1991 (923) 2001 (883) Slide22: Maharashtra Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Districts) 1991 (946) 2001 (913) Slide23: Tamil Nadu Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Districts) 1991 (948) 2001 (942) Slide24: Child sex ratio in selected cities ward wise Slide25: Agra Municipal Corporation Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Wards) Slide26: Ahmadabad Municipal Corporation Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Wards) Slide27: Delhi Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Wards) Slide28: Child sex ratio situation in villages of selected states Slide29: Distribution of villages by ranges of Child Sex Ratio, 1991 andamp; 2001 Census : PUNJAB Slide30: Distribution of villages by ranges of Child Sex Ratio, 1991 andamp; 2001 Census : HARYANA Slide31: Distribution of villages by ranges of Child Sex Ratio, 1991 andamp; 2001 Census : MAHARASHTRA Slide32: Distribution of villages by ranges of Child Sex Ratio, 1991 andamp; 2001 Census : GUJARAT Slide33: The situation at tahsil or taluk level ? Slide34: India Child sex ratio in age group 0-6 (Sub-Districts) Slide35: '... One thing is clear- the imbalance that has set at the early age-group is difficult to be removed and would remain to haunt the population for a long time to come. To say the least, demographically the sex ratio of 927 of the population in the age-group 0-6 does not augur well for the future of the country specially girl child…. Implications resulting from Census Data Slide36: Can we wait for the next census in 2011 to tell whether the sex ratio at birth have improved or further deteriorated ? DEFINITELY NOT. The answer lies in monitoring sex ratio at birth from the CIVIL REGISTRATION DATA, which gives monthly report for any administrative level. Instructions have been already issued in this regard by the Registrar General India, to all the CHIEF REGISTRARS OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS in the state for monitoring the monthly sex ratio at birth and disseminate this data back to the public and governments for timely intervention. What can we do? Slide37: Keeping a vigil on Sex Ratio at Birth Slide38: Sex Ratio at Birth (Institutional) – Few selected States Number of Births 6.7, 7.0 and 7.2 lakhs from 2000 to 2002 respectively. In 2003 it is slightly above 1 lakh. Slide39: Delhi Govt. should monitor and disseminate SRB to avoid further deterioration and for timely intervention TEN YEAR AVERAGE 866 (1994-2003) Slide40: Slide41: Response andamp; Actions to Census Findings Slide42: Government of Haryana acts .. Slide43: Efforts by Punjab Government Special Logo New Year’s Greeting Card Publicity Poster Slide44: GOVT. OF DELHI Issue of birth, survival and development of Girl Child: Issue of birth, survival and development of Girl Child Monitoring of Sex Ratio at Birth through CRS needs to be intensified and sustained Complete registration of Births and Deaths specially of girls - Reduction of Infant, Child, Maternal Mortality Rates Immunization, Nutrition, health care – Enculturation process and change in mind sets in bringing up of the Girl Child . Skewed Sex Ratio of young population and high sex ratio in the elderly population Demographic balance of the population is very crucial for equitable socio-economic relationship Slide46: Am I alone in this crusade? No. The Government and the civilised society is responding. Slowly but surely to save the girl child and restore balance . JOIN ME Slide47: LET US RETURN THEIR SMILE … Slide48: Thanks You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.