logging in or signing up H1N1 Rosauroibabaojr Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 43 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: April 03, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Swine Flu H1N1: Swine Flu H1N1 By: Rosauro Ibabao Jr. BSN, RN, ICN Muhayl NationaL Hospital Abha, Aseer Region, K.S.AWhat is swine flu?: What is swine flu? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by Type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. Swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person, but in the past, this transmission was limited and not sustained beyond three people.20th Century Pandemics: 20 th Century Pandemics 1918 (Spanish Flu) 40-50 (poss 100) million deaths worldwide 8000 + deaths in NZ (>0.8% population) 1957 (Asian Flu) High illness rate, low death rate 1968 (Hong Kong Flu) Relatively benignPandemic (H1N1) 2009: Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 New influenza virus, first detected in April 2009 in Mexico and shortly after in the USA Referred to as “swine flu” because preliminary laboratory testing showed that many of the genes were similar to influenza viruses that normally occur in pigs in North America Further testing has shown that this new virus contains two genes from flu viruses that normally circulate in pigs in Europe and Asia and avian genes and human genes (“quadruple reassortment” virus)What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people?: What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people? The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with swine flu. In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported with swine flu infection in people. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.How does swine flu spread? : How does swine flu spread? Spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be happening in the same way that seasonal flu spreads. Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing of people with influenza. Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with live flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose.Cold vs Flu – Influenza Info Sheet: Cold vs Flu – Influenza Info SheetHow are human infections with swine influenza diagnosed? : How are human infections with swine influenza diagnosed? To diagnose swine influenza A infection, a respiratory specimen would generally need to be collected within the first 4 to 5 days of illness (when an infected person is most likely to be shedding virus). However, some persons, especially children, may shed virus for 10 days or longer. Identification as a swine flu influenza A virus requires sending the specimen to a hospital laboratory for testing.CDC swab kit available Method: horizontal, away from nasal septum: CDC swab kit available Method: horizontal, away from nasal septumHow can someone with the flu infect someone else?: How can someone with the flu infect someone else? Infected people may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 7 or more days after becoming sick. That means that you may be able to pass on the flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick.How long can an infected person spread swine flu to others?: How long can an infected person spread swine flu to others? People with swine influenza virus infection should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are symptomatic and possible for up to 7 days following illness onset. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.Is there a vaccine for Pandemic Flu?: Is there a vaccine for Pandemic Flu? Because the virus is new, there will be no vaccine ready to protect against pandemic flu. Seasonal flu vaccine or past flu immunization will not provide protection.Are there medicines to treat swine flu? : Are there medicines to treat swine flu? Yes. The US CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) or zanamivir (Relenza®) for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with these swine influenza viruses. Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications. For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms).Slide 15: Oseltamivir Tamiflu® age dose 1-2yr 30 mg 3-5 yr 45 mg 6-12 yr 60 mg 13+ yr 75 mg Treatment: bid x5 days Prophylaxis: q day x10 days or duration >800,000 doses available in MissouriSlide 16: Zanamivir Relenza® 7+ yrs 10 mg bid treatment 5+ yrs 10 mg bid prophylaxisWhat surfaces are most likely to be sources of contamination? : What surfaces are most likely to be sources of contamination? The virus can be spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with the virus and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth. Droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person move through the air. The virus can then be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets from another person on a surface like a desk, doorknob, child’s toy or phone handset and then touches their own eyes, mouth or nose before washing their hands.How long can viruses live outside the body?: How long can viruses live outside the body? We know that some viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks. Frequent handwashing will help you reduce the chance of getting contamination from these common surfaces.What can I do to protect myself from getting sick?: What can I do to protect myself from getting sick? Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. The virus can spread this way. Try to avoid close contact with sick people. If you get sick with influenza, stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.What is the best way to keep from spreading the virus through coughing or sneezing? : What is the best way to keep from spreading the virus through coughing or sneezing? If you are sick, limit your contact with other people as much as possible. Do not go to work or school if ill. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick. Put your used tissue in the waste basket. Cover your cough or sneeze if you do not have a tissue. Then, clean your hands, and do so every time you cough or sneeze.What is the best technique for washing my hands to avoid getting the flu?: What is the best technique for washing my hands to avoid getting the flu? Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. Wash with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand cleaner. (Gojo) When you wash your hands -- with soap and warm water -- that you wash for 15 to 20 seconds. When soap and water are not available, alcohol-based disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers may be used. You can find them in most supermarkets and drugstores. If using gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry. The gel doesn't need water to work; the alcohol in it kills the germs on your hands.What should I do if I get sick?: What should I do if I get sick? If you live in areas where swine influenza cases have been identified and become ill with influenza-like symptoms, including fever, body aches, runny nose, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you may want to contact their health care provider, particularly if you are worried about your symptoms. Your health care provider will determine whether influenza testing or treatment is needed. Stay home if you’re sick for 7 days after your symptoms begin or until you’ve been symptom-free for 24 hours, whichever is longer. If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs (next 2 slides), seek emergency medical care.In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: : In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: Fast breathing or trouble breathing Bluish skin color Not drinking enough fluids Not waking up or not interacting Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough Fever with a rashIn adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: : In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen Sudden dizziness Confusion Severe or persistent vomitingCan people catch swine flu from eating pork? : Can people catch swine flu from eating pork? No. Swine influenza viruses are not transmitted by food. You can not get swine influenza from eating pork or pork products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork and pork products is safe. Cooking pork to an internal temperature of 160°F (72°C) kills the swine flu virus as it does other bacteria and viruses.Household Cleaning, Laundry, and Waste Disposal: Throw away tissues and other disposable items used by the sick person in the trash. Wash your hands after touching used tissues and similar waste. Keep surfaces (esp bedside tables, surfaces in the bathroom, children’s toys, phone handles, doorknobs) clean by wiping them down with a household disinfectant according to directions on the product label. Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick do not need to be cleaned separately, but importantly these items should not be shared without washing thoroughly first. Wash linens (such as bed sheets and towels) by using household laundry soap and tumble dry on a hot setting. Avoid “hugging” laundry prior to washing it to prevent contaminating yourself. Clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub right after handling dirty laundry. Eating utensils should be washed either in a dishwasher or by hand with water and soap. Household Cleaning, Laundry, and Waste DisposalSlide 27: Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.