Competency based education

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By: Amin1370 (6 month(s) ago)

hi could you please send this file to me to CNF_1990@yahoo.com?

By: Amin1370 (6 month(s) ago)

hi could you please send this file to me to CNF_1990@yahoo.com?

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Competency Based Education Presenter: Roohi Kaushik

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CBE emerged in the united states in 1970 and refers to an educational movement that advocates defining educational goals in terms of precise measureable descriptions of knowledge, skills and behaviors students should possess at the end of a course of study. INTRODUCTION

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Competency-based education is defined as an instructional system in which a performance-based learning process is used. The learner demonstrates his/her level of attainment on subject-area. Definition COMPETENCIES

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According to Richards and Rodgers:- Competency based education focuses on outcomes of learning. CBE addresses what the learners are expected to do rather than on what they are expected to learn about. Definition contd ….

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Competencies are carefully selected. Supporting theory is integrated with skill practice. Essential knowledge is learned to support the performance of skills. Methods of instruction involve mastery learning, the premise that all participants can master the required knowledge or skill, provided sufficient time and appropriate training methods are used. Characteristics of CBE

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Participants’ knowledge and skills are assessed as they enter the program Learning should be self-paced. Flexible training approaches including large group methods, small group activities and individual study are essential components. Characteristics o f CBE …. BOOKS,EDUCATION

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A variety of support materials including print, audiovisual and simulations (models) keyed to the skills being mastered is used. Satisfactory completion of training is based on achievement of all specified competencies. Characteristics Contd ….

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Subject material for courses in Competence Based Education is offered in four different modes for the registered students. DOWNLOADABLE MODE CLASS INTERACTION PRACTICE ORIENTATION READ ONLY MODE MODES OF CBE:

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Downloadable mode empowers to offer education in a dynamic form to students. Students can access lessons, assignments and submit their scripts online. They need not brood if they miss lessons - they can download their lesson notes and access archived lessons, tutorial sessions, lectures etc. Downloadable mode

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Students will be able to only read the course concepts. Downloading or interaction is unavailable. Read only mode

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The interactive learning provides an environment for students to talk and discuss freely about any related topics on line or off line. There are two ways of interaction Classroom interaction

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Xchat : Client Server Model that works with Internet Relay Chat Server Protocol, it allows servers to connect to each other effectively forming a network. Protocol is used by servers to talk to each other. Instructor and participants can talk with each other and discuss on related topic for stipulated time given by the instructor. Classroom interaction Contd …

Classroom interaction Contd…:

Classroom interaction Contd … Mailing Group : Participants can become member of Mailing-group by registering their names in their group. Once approved by the instructor, participants can post their questions to this group ID.  This way Course instructor or any other participant can reply to questions that will be read by all the members in that group including the instructor.

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Participants progress through the curriculum by demonstrating their competence in a variety of skill and knowledge areas. Student who demonstrates a competency is showing the ability "to do" something  to put knowledge and principles into practice.  After completing all examinations, students are required to apply the course content in his or her work setting and submit an example of how they achieved this goal. Practice orientation

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Participants will achieve competencies required in the performance of their jobs. Participants build confidence as they succeed in mastering specific competencies. Participants receive a transcript or list of the competencies they have achieved. ADVANTAGES OF CBE :

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Training time is used more efficiently and effectively as the trainer is a facilitator of learning as opposed to a provider of information. More training time is devoted to working with participants individually or in small groups as opposed to presenting lectures. More training time is devoted to evaluating each participant’s ability to perform essential job skills . ADVANTAGES CONTD..

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Unless initial training and follow up assistance is provided for the trainers, there is a tendency to “teach as we were taught” and CBT trainers quickly slip back into the role of the traditional teacher. A CBT course is only as effective as the process used to identify the competencies. When little or no attention is given to identification of the essential job skills, then the resulting training course is likely to be ineffective. DISADVANTAGES OF CBE:

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A course may be classified as competency-based, but unless specific CBT materials and training approaches (e.g., learning guides, checklists and coaching) are designed to be used as part of a CBT approach, it is unlikely that the resulting course will be truly competency-based. DISADVANTAGES CONTD…

Bibliography:-:

Bibliography:- http://cce.iisc.ernet.in/cbe_index.html http://nursingplanet.com/nr/blog6.php/2009/11/23/micro-teaching http://currentnursing.com/nursing_education/ http://www.competencybasededucation.net/