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The African Information Economy: ICTs in the National Budgets of African Countries: 

The African Information Economy: ICTs in the National Budgets of African Countries Assefa Bahta DISD 25 April 2005

Contents: 

Contents Background ICTs in the National Budget Statements ICTs in other sectors of the National Budget National ICT Policies in the National Budgets Comparative Analysis of the ICT Budget with other sectors Total ICT Expenditure of Countries

Background: 

Background Establishing an African Information Society The African Information Society Initiative (AISI) Information Society at the country level – National Information and Communication Infrastructure (NICI) Policies and Plans / e-strategies Creation of government bodies to execute the national e-strategy Funding for the government bodies – the ICT component of the National budget

ICTs in the National Budget Statements: 

ICTs in the National Budget Statements

ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued): 

Botswana describe ICT infrastructure deployed in the country in the process of developing the national ICT policy Ghana NICI policy approved (2003) 2003 national budget already contained allocations for the implementations of ICT projects ICT one of the “high growth sectors” 2004 cited as a year that played a critical role in the growth of the ICT industry towards the take–off of the Ghanaian Economy Programmes and projects to be unndertaken in 2005 listed ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued)

ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued): 

Malawi NICI Policy (June 2003) - foresees the Government mobilizing financial resources for development of the Malawian information economy and society not reflected in Malawi’s national budget statement 2004/05 ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued)

ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued): 

Mauritius tremendous progress in ICT development no total provision for ICTs listed as witnessed in other sectors figure available in the Government finance statistics table covers the whole Transport and Communications sector. Government with a grand vision of transforming Mauritius into a Cyber Island Sectoral ICT Applications (presented under each sector) Agriculture - Market Intelligence Unit Employment Creation - Labour Market Information System Health care - Purchase of additional hi-tech equipment and computers Tax Administration and Enforcement - Computerized Price Reference Database at Customs ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued)

ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued): 

South Africa Budget for the Department of Communications: Aim: develop ICT policies and legislation that stimulate and enhance the sustainable economic development of the South Africa exercise oversight on state-owned telecommunications entities Programmes: Administration Strategic Policy Co-ordination and Integration Policy Unit Finance and Shareholder Management Innovative Applications and Research Presidential National Commission ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued)

ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued): 

Swaziland describe ICT infrastructure deployed in the country in the process of developing a national ICT policy highlights the introduction of websites in the country’s ministries and the role of ICTs in modernizing the operations of the Government Tanzania no provision for ICT related activities in budget statements National ICT Policy (March 2003) highlights government ICT projects/ programmes: Integrated Financial Management System (IFMS), Personnel Control and Information System (PCIS), establishment of national TV Tanzania (TVT), Tanzania Global Development Learning Network, websites, the national payments system ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued)

ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued): 

Budget allocated to institutions in charge of ICT development (Countries covered are countries whose budget statements were readily available) 2005 allocations (percentage of total budget): 0.28% in South Africa, 1.89% in Mauritius, 1.27% in Botswana, 0.07% in Ghana and 1.47% in the case of Lesotho. ICTs in the National Budget Statements (continued)

ICTs in other sectors of the National Budget: 

ICTs in other sectors of the National Budget Mauritius 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 budget statements Civil Service Reform - computerisation of ministries and departments - Rs 150 million (USD 4.5 million) Health Care - the purchase of additional hi-tech equipment and computers - Rs 60 million (USD 1.8 million) Institutional Reforms - ICT training for public officers - Rs 12 million (USD 160,000) Capacity and Supply Constraints - liberalisation of the telecommunications sector Employment Creation - ICT training for School Certificate (SC) and Higher School Certificate (HSC) holders - Rs 45 million (USD 1.35 million) Tax Administration and Enforcement - work on a computerised Price Reference Database at Customs

ICTs in other sectors of the National Budget (continued): 

ICTs in other sectors of the National Budget (continued) Ghana Budget Speech for 2005 Sectoral applications are e-Government applications Road Safety Computerizing the operational system of the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Authority (DVLA) Ghana Police Service In-Service Training for Senior Police officers and other ranks in computer application The creation of a Police Website Ghana Refugee Board A comprehensive Registration of refugees and issuance of computer-readable Identity cards Ghana Audit Service Provision of computer facilities to all Regional, District and Branch offices of the Audit Service

ICTs in other sectors of the National Budget (continued): 

ICTs in other sectors of the National Budget (continued) Ghana Budget Speech for 2005 (continued) Ministry of Justice Fine-tuning the computerization process Creation of a website Provision of an ICT network for the Ministry of Justice and 9 regional offices of the Attorney-General’s Department Public Service Commission Modernization and computerization programme Internal Audit Agency Computerising operations of the Agency National Governance Programme provision of GIS Computer Software to the Electoral Commission for the demarcation of new constituencies and districts

National ICT Policies in the National Budgets: 

National ICT Policies in the National Budgets linkage of national ICT policies and plans making process to the national budget Botswana budget speech of 2004 an ICT Policy will be drafted during 2004/05 to determine how best to harness ICT for income generation, improving productivity and economic empowerment of Botswana citizens budget speech 2005 a draft Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Policy and Action Plan will be considered Ghana budget statement for 2004 production of two important policy documents to improve the legal and regulatory environment under which the Communication Policy of the country is to operate, so as to promote the development, deployment and exploitation of ICT within the economy submit to Parliament, a National Information Communication Technology Agency (NICTA) bill

National ICT Policies in the National Budgets (continued): 

National ICT Policies in the National Budgets (continued) Ghana (continued) budget statement for 2005 continued assistance to all sector Ministries, Regional Coordinating Councils and District Assemblies to validate their ICT Policies pursuit of strategies to address challenges in policy especially with regard to commerce and trade, culture, education, agriculture, tourism, governance, health and gender

Comparative Analysis of the ICT Budget with other sectors: 

Comparative Analysis of the ICT Budget with other sectors Ghana (2005 budget): ICT 0.07%, health 6.86%, education 12.02%

Comparative Analysis of the ICT Budget with other sectors (continued): 

Comparative Analysis of the ICT Budget with other sectors (continued) Mauritius (2005 budget): ICT 1.89%, health 8.3%, education 14.58%

Total ICT Expenditure of Countries: 

Total ICT Expenditure of Countries Includes non-budgetary ICT expenditures Private sector investment Projects by development partners World Development Indicators of the World Bank (2004) ICT expenditure figures for two countries in Africa as percentage of GDP (2002) - Egypt: 3.28, South Africa: 9.2 per capita in US$ (2002) - Egypt: 38.27, South Africa: 225.06

The Way Forward: 

The Way Forward need to properly maintain statistical data in ICTs, including investment and expenditure SCAN-ICT WSIS Measuring the Information Society Recommendations of the Africa WSIS Preparatory Conference (Accra 2005) on financing the information society

Slide20: 

Thank You! aisi@uneca.org http://www.uneca.org/aisi

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