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Premium member Presentation Transcript Workshop on Management of Intellectual Property by Photographers Beijing, China, December 8 and 9, 2005: Workshop on Management of Intellectual Property by Photographers Beijing, China, December 8 and 9, 2005The Business of PhotographyPart 1: Marketing Photography and the Role of Intellectual Property: The Business of Photography Part 1: Marketing Photography and the Role of Intellectual Property Lien Verbauwhede Consultant, SMEs Division World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Slide3: PART 1 INTRODUCTION From agent to buyer: From agent to buyer Old days: getting photos to wide public was costly and time consuming most photographers needed to rely on employers or agencies to do sales for them Digital photography & Internet: allows to produce a lot of good quality images allows photographers to market and sell directly to the buyerSlide5: Consequence of Internet: Getting noticed among the “noise” of images that buyers see marketing has become leading competitive tool Marketing itself has also changed Slide6: Type of marketing method will depend on personal business model Assignments (travel outfitters, marriage, portraits, fashion, business, etc) market your services mouth-to-mouth; reputation; local market Stock photography (licensing images for commercial use or print orders) market your pictures - marketable pictures reach the large public; worldwide Combination OnRequest ImagesSlide7: PART 2 10 MARKETING SECRETS FOR PHOTOGRAPHY 1.First find your market,then create: 1. First find your market, then createRohn Eng: The Buyers Are Waiting: Rohn Eng: The Buyers Are Waiting But: they need to know you exist You need to supply them what they need + at the time they need it How to market your business? How to find your market? Who are the buyers?: Assignments wedding business fashion travel portraits ad agencies Stock photography book publishers & magazines newspapers stock photo agencies paper product companies ad agencies, web designers, graphic design studios, et art photography sales Who are the buyers?Stock Photography:Marketable pictures: Stock Photography: Marketable pictures Good picture is not always marketable Difficult to market on your own Sell only once in a while Place in stock agenccy What do they need? Marketable picture Photo illustrations Sells and resells and resells … Extra income at retirement Passes over to your heirs Slide12: How to create marketable pictures? Express single idea simple background Include people involved in some activity (doing or observing something) not posed portraits showing enjoyment, unhappiness, fear, etc model release Include a symbol brings certain idea to mind Tractor, pilot’s uniform, fishing pole, etc Source: Rohn Engh, Sell and Re-sell your Photos, 20032.Become a monopoly: 2. Become a monopolySlide14: Specialize Find yourself: determine what you love animals, adventure, fashion, sports, etc And find buyers who need it More chance that buyers will target their search3.Target your audience: 3. Target your audienceSlide16: Cfr your specialization Build personalized market list Directories: Photographer’s Market Online resources: www.photosource.com Internet search engines Photo newsletters Narrow down your market list Competition Purchasing power, etc4. Customize to your clients: 4. Customize to your clientsSlide18: Give what the customer exactly needs to see Artsy images, showing your skills with camera Images that demonstrate you know to address real-world client needs Just showing you are out there (famous) Understand how customer makes choices Passions, social background, etc. Luck is what happens when preparation meets opportunity 5.Choose your marketing model: 5. Choose your marketing modelSlide20: Traditional (off-line) You may loose business opportunities Look unprofessional Digital (online) Simply as business card or portfolio E.g. Picture of the month + contacts Platform to sell online Stock photographySlide21: Own website If many marketable pictures Create yourself? Outsource web development: ownership? Linking, using other’s copyright material, choosing DN, etc. Join existing websites No need to design website Profit from other’s reputation But: search engines usually do not index such sites But: some sites do not allow to sell pictures But: customer service in hands of others But: fee6.Choose a good domain name …and USE it !: 6. Choose a good domain name … and USE it !Slide23: Easy to remember Associated with you your name, unless difficult to read and spell “www.abcdidier.ch” No trademark conflict Slide24: Use wherever possible advertising, watermarks, copyright information, business cards, stationary, invoices, emails Website should be part of your signature Ask others to use it: Publishers When you license photos, request clients to link back to your website If you participate in photo reviewsSlide25: Make sure people find your website Contact search engines Links7.Choose a good trademark or logo …and USE it !: 7. Choose a good trademark or logo … and USE it !Slide27: A distinctive sign: distinguishes your goods or services from those of competitors Exclusive rights: To prevent others from using identical or similar marks on identical or similar goods Renewable indefinitely ! Registration is required in most countries What is a trademark?Slide28: Distinctive logo or design Common error: obvious logo camera, tripod, etc Adapt it to make it unique Associated with your specialization Simple and easy to remember Export markets E.g. “Windigo” (Wendy – windsurfing) Slide29: Trademark search Register Use it! Indicate that it is protected: ® or TM Can help your correspondence to start looking familiar8.Place a copyright notice: 8. Place a copyright noticeSlide31: No legal obligation Advantages Warning to infringers Information who owns the rights In some countries: requirement to get compensation for certain damages Free advertising Require others to include notice Publishers, agencies, licensees, etc Also electronically 9.If you join existing website,choose carefully: 9. If you join existing website, choose carefullySlide33: (a) Photo-forum websites Have your images onto their website Often for free Generally not possible to sell Benefit: No need to build own website Benefit from their goodwill Forums: interaction with other photographers Drawback: Many photographers: buyers not likely to find yours Photos.yahoo.com; photos.msn.com www.photo.net; www.pbase.comSlide34: (b) Websites that allow sales Upload your photos and set your own prices Benefit: don’t need to build a website No part of ordering, printing an delivery Drawback Editing criteria: paper size, style, etc Customer service not in your hands Search engines rarely index such sites www.shutterfly.com Slide35: (c) Stock agencies Traffic number (ranking) Entrance fees & royaltie split Long term or short term Royalties vary from 10 – 90% of sales price Specialization Big libraries: Getty Images, Corbis Small, specialized agencies Slide36: How many photographers do they take Competition Where are you in the ranking Marketing strenghts Can they make your images more visible to a target market segment (beware of agencies that ask fee for promotion) Do they have royalty-free work? Can you opt out? Do they demand exclusivity over your work? Length of contract10.Provide big images online: 10. Provide big images onlineSlide38: * Big enough to see in detail, but nothing that could be copied for print use * If client asks higher resolution: watermark Big images encourage longer visits, more page views, more interest …so more business High resolution: risk of ‘stealing’ Low resolution: less attractive + risk to loose opportunity Slide39: CONCLUSIONS Slide40: A photographer’s contribution doesn’t start and end with “taking pictures”. A good marketing strategy shows all assets: that is, photography + business senseSlide41: Thank You for your Attention. WIPO’s website for SMEs : www.wipo.int/sme You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.