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PROBLEMATIC OF ENERGY IN HAITI : 

PROBLEMATIC OF ENERGY IN HAITI Problematic of energy in Haiti - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.1 Firewood 1.2 Electricity 1.3 Oil products 1.4 Bagasse 1.5 Solar energy 1.6 Wind energy 1.7 other sources

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.1 Firewood satisfies to about 74% of the national demand in energy between 3.4 and 4.1 millions of metric tons every year / 10-15 millions of trees / from 1.6 to 1.7 millions of Teo

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.1 Firewood USING : between 3.4 and 4.1 millions of metric tons every year 10-15 millions of trees about 1.6 to 1.7 millions of Teo In rural localities : branches or dead trees In cities by dry cleaning and bakeries : cut trees In urban households: Charcoal from cut trees

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.1 Electricity Cities are endowed of public electric networks Installed capacity : 250 MW , per capita 31 watts 560 GWH = per capita 80 kWh / year In the capital : 10 – 15 hours per day

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.2 Electricity SOURCES 1991 2004 72 % Hydro 25 % Hydro 28 % Thermal 75 % Thermal

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.3 Oil products Used in thermal power stations and especially in transportation 20% of the energy consumed in Haiti

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.4 Bagasse Used in mini distilleries 140 000 tons per year / 15% used like fuels

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.5 Solar energy Used in : households / drying the linen agricultural sector / drying the harvests Since years 90 : Photovoltaic path

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.6 Wind energy Always be used for navigation (coasting, fishing) In 1991 : a wind park of a 150 kW power

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI : 

1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 1.7 Other sources Human and animal energies Fiels of using : transportation, fishing, construction

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION : 

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 Haiti - Production and import Primary energy (In Thousands of tons equivalent of oil Tteo and in percentage %)

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION : 

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 Firewood and charcoal are destroying the forests Surface in forest 1923 1952 TODAY 60% 18% 1.5%

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION : 

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 Hydro, solar and wind energies are under eploited

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION : 

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 Solar energy Daily radiation nearing 5kWh/m2 Haiti is an excellent wind layer Winds speed 5 – 7 m/s

3 – IMPROVEMENT : 

3 – IMPROVEMENT Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 3.1 Projects of substitution 3.2 Research using the renewable energies Faculty of agronomy had a cooperation with Wallon Region of Belgium Faculty of Science had organized seminaries and exhibitions for its students in solar energy

4 – PROSPECTS: 

4 – PROSPECTS Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 The University of State of Haiti (UEH) decides to lead serious research succeeding to a correction of the situation finding international cooperations permitting a transfer of technology in renewable energies This research will aim to find technologies being able to: ●         Increase the energy production ●         Especially be adapted to the Haitian reality with regard to the small isolated farming localities Integrate the increasing public awareness of the improvement and the management of environment.

5 – CONCLUSION: 

5 – CONCLUSION Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004 THANK YOU ALL !

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