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Slide1: 

Emergency Response José A. Carpena, PE Area Director Puerto Rico Area Office Occupational Safety and Health Administration 2005 SWRI Annual Meeting

Workplace Emergency : 

Workplace Emergency An unforeseen situation that threatens your employees, customers, or the public, disrupts or shuts down your operations, or causes physical or environmental damage.

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Types of Emergency • Earthquakes • Hurricanes • Tornadoes • Energy/utility outages • Fire hazards • Hazardous materials releases • Terrorism

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Employees must know how to report emergencies "911" is a common method for reporting emergencies if external emergency personnel are used at your workplace Workplace Emergency Reporting and alerting emergencies

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Workplace Emergency OSHA’s Recordkeeping and Reporting Fatality: Death of one or more employees from a work-related incident Catastrophe: In-patient hospitalization of three or more employees as a result of a work-related incident

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Emergency Preparedness Essential elements of emergency preparedness planning: • Identify hazards and assess risk. • Assess capabilities and resources. • Develop an emergency plan and procedures. • Integrate the plan with the community plan. • Conduct training. • Public relations. • Conduct Drills and Exercises. • Develop Plan Audit Procedures.

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OSHA’s Response Plans National Emergency Management Plan (NEMP) Regional Emergency Management Plan (REMP)

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OSHA’s Response to Emergency To assist local response agencies in any way possible within agency capabilities (Non-enforcement) To initiate workplace investigation (Enforcement)

Non-enforcement role vs. Enforcement: 

Non-enforcement role vs. Enforcement World Trade Center after 9-11 Construction site

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Incident Command System

OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926: 

OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926

OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926: 

OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 29 CFR 1926.23: First Aid and Medical attention, and 1926.50: Medical services and first aid Procedures: Ensure medical personnel is available for consultation and advice on occupational health matters Provide suitable facilities for quick drenching and flushing of the eye Training: In the absence of readily accessible medical services, a person with a valid certificate in first aid training General Requirements for all Workplaces

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Additional Requirements for Workplaces referenced in other standards 29 CFR 1926.35: Employee emergency action plan Procedures: Prepare and implement a written action plan that includes: Emergency escape procedures Procedures for those who remain to conduct critical operations Means of reporting fires and emergencies Procedures to account for employees after the emergency Training: Review emergency action plan with each employee when the plan is developed, responsibilities shift, or the emergency procedures change. Provide specific training to employees who are expected to assist in evacuation

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29 CFR 1926.34: Means of egress Procedures: Maintain unobstructed egress from every building and structure where employees are working Mark all exits with signs and mark access to exits where it is not immediately apparent how to exit OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 General Requirements for all Workplaces

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 General Requirements for all Workplaces 29 CFR 1926.24: Fire protection and prevention, 1926.150: Fire protection 1926.151: Fire prevention Procedures: Develop fire protection program Provide fire extinguishers and other firefighting equipment Training: If a fire brigade is necessary, adequately train them.

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Additional Requirements for Specific Workplaces/Operations 29 CFR 1926.64: PSM of highly hazardous chemicals 29 CFR 1926.65: HazWoper, Emergency response to hazardous substance releases

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Additional Requirements for Specific Workplaces/Operations 29 CFR 1926.651: Specific excavation requirements Procedures: Provide emergency rescue equipment when an excavation contains or potentially contains a hazardous atmosphere Ensure that person(s) attend the equipment in case of emergency. Provide and ensure the use of a safety harness and lifeline when employee(s) perform work in bell-bottom pier holes or similar deep and confined footing excavations

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Additional Requirements for Specific Workplaces/Operations 29 CFR 1926.800: Underground construction Procedures: Develop and maintain a check-in/check-out procedure Provide means to summon emergency assistance Ensure monitoring is performed Select, provide, and make available approved self-rescuers Training: Instruct employees on fire prevention and emergency procedures Ensure rescue teams are familiar with jobsite conditions Qualify rescue team members at least annually

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Additional Requirements for Specific Workplaces/Operations 29 CFR 1926.950: Power Transmission and Distribution Procedures: Provide spotlights or portable lights for emergency lighting when needed to work safely at night Training: Provide training and ensure that employees understand emergency procedures and first aid fundamentals, including CPR

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Exposure to silica dust in construction work

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Requirements that Support Emergency Response and Preparedness 29 CFR 1926.55: Gases, vapors, fumes, dust, and mists Procedures: Ensure that employee exposures do not exceed the limits provided by the standard. Exposures should be limited through engineering controls, administrative controls, and, as a last resort, PPE 29 CFR 1926.59: Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1926.103: Respiratory Protection 29 CFR 1926.1103: 13 Carcinogens 29 CFR1926.1117: Vinyl chloride

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Additional Requirements for Specific Workplaces/Operations 29 CFR 1926.60: Methylenedianiline (MDA) Procedures: Develop and implement a written plan for emergency situations where there is a possibility of an emergency: Identify emergency escape routes before construction begins Equipped employees with PPE and clothing until emergency is abated Include elements prescribed in 1910.38 and 1910.39 Training: Provide employees with info and training on MDA, IAW 1910.1200(h) Ensure employees who must wear respiratory protection, receive training as per 1910.134

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 29 CFR 1926.1127: Cadmium Wrecking, demolishing, and salvaging structures Cutting, brazing, grinding, or welding Procedures: Develop and implement a written plan Select and provide appropriate respirators for emergencies Training: Provide training to include emergency procedures, prior to/at the time of initial assignment to a job involving potential exposure to Cd Ensure employees who must wear respiratory protection receive training (29 CFR 1910.134) Health Hazard Related Standards: Cadmium (Cd) DANGER...CADMIUM...CANCER HAZARD...CAN CAUSE LUNG AND KIDNEY DISEASE... AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY...RESPIRATORS REQUIRED IN THIS AREA

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Requirements that Support Emergency Response and Preparedness 29 CFR 1926.28: Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) 29 CFR 1926.95: Criteria for PPE Procedures: Provide and ensure the use and maintenance of appropriate PPE for site operations and hazards Ensure any employee-owned equipment is adequately and properly maintained

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 For additional information on Emergency Preparedness, visit OSHA’s web site at www.osha.gov and select “Safety and Health Topics” Emergency preparedness

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OSHA Requirements for Emergency Response and Preparedness in Construction Industry 29 CFR 1926 Methods for reducing asphalt fume exposure: Substituting low fume asphalt Isolate process and minimize generation of fumes Control devices for reducing asphalt fume emissions Training and education Proper use of PPE Health Hazard Related Standards: Asphalt Fumes

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