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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript The Greek Culture: The Greek Culture Presentation by Janelle LoghryHistory: History Early Philosophy Greece achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. Following the defeat of Communist rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. A military dictatorship, which in 1967 suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country, lasted seven years. The 1974 democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. Greece joined the European Community in 1981. Facts: Facts Population: A little less than 11 million. Religion: Greek Orthodox — 98 percent; Muslim — 1.3 percent; other — 0.7 percent. Size: Slightly smaller than Alabama. President: Costas Caramanlis Greece is known as the cradle of democracy. The Genesis Story: The Genesis Story Pelasgian: There was nothing but the goddess of all things, called Eurynome, and she had arisen from solely Chaos. She divided the seas, and danced, and from her movement creation had initiated. From her delicate fingers she begot a snake god, Orphion, and her child, seeing this breath-taking goddess prance about, was filled with desire, and coiled himself around his mother. She was impregnated with the Universal Egg. From this egg all the universe sprang: the sun, moon, stars, earth, and all the world's creatures and critters. Eurynome then created seven planetary powers, and placed a Titan and Titaness to watch over each. The first man emerged from the dust of Arcadia; his name was Pelasgus.He taught the rest of mankind all it needed to know about surviving. Homeric/Orphic: it was Nyx [light] and Erebus [darkness] who gave birth to a silver egg in which Eros hatched and thus set the world in motion. This Eros was nothing like the mischievous cherub often associated with the Roman's Cupid, though; this Eros was double-sexed with four heads and had created the earth, sky, moon, and planets. Nyx was personified as a triad of Night, Order, and Justice, and was the ruler of all of this until her power was granted to Uranus. Olympian: First there was Chaos, and from Chaos, Gaia, or mother earth, emerged. She soon had her son Uranus, who instantly showered her with fertility and impregnated her with the Hecatoncheires [hundred-handed giants], Cyclops, and Titans. Uranus and Gaia were also the parents off all the seas, mountains, and natural features of the world. Mythology continued: Mythology continued Their gods were personalized with individual strengths and flaws; gods made mistakes, got embarrassed and were caught cheating on their spouses. But, also there were gods who were heroic, wise, loving, and developed essential crafts like weaving. Because Greece is a country of mountains and islands, in which isolated communities were able to develop their own distinctive beliefs and ways of life, the country is particularly rich in local folklore traditions. The Greeks used myth to explain natural phenomena, cultural variations, traditional enmities, and friendships. It was a source of pride to be able to trace one's descent from a mythological hero or a god. There are 4 different types of Gods Olympians: The superior Gods Aphrodite,(love and beauty)Ares,(war) Apollo(Arts) Titans: the beings who ruled before the coming of the Olympians Gaia (Earth Goddess), Atlas Chthonians: these are the Greek gods and goddesses of Earth and the Underworld Hates, Thanatos (Death) Free spirits: do not fit into a specific category Asklepios (Healing) Nike (Goddess of victory) Women’s Early Roles: Women’s Early Roles Controlled by the men Learned to read, household skills, simple mythology, spent most time at home with the other women Marriage: Girls got married in their teens, often to 30 year old men. Fathers chose the husband. Girls must be virgins before marriage Wedding Ceremony: Make an offering to the Gods and then share a cake with her husband. Women were not regarded as a part of the family until the first child was born. Life expectancy: 35-40 years because of child bearing. Respectable women would not be seen in public. The men inherited all of the wife’s possessions at the time of marriage. Women’s roles continued: Women’s roles continued Three classes of women Wives class: Stay at home and weave. Could not go in public except for religious ceremonies. Concubines: Poor women, led to prostitution for survival. Hetaerae: Educated women. Companions to men for a price. Meet men at parties. Intellectual companions as well. Greek Men: Greek Men Leaders of the household Hunting, and work Social Life Not there much for the family Elders have a high status and should be treated with respect. Dress: Dress Clothing for both women and men consisted of two main garments—a tunic and a cloak. Fabric was brightly colored and made by hand by the women. Womens’ tunic reached to the floor. Men’s were usually above the knees. Music and Food: Music and Food Greek Music Greece is the source for an original European cuisine. The climate of Greece is conducive for growing olives and lemon trees and both of them form an important part of Greek cooking. Vegetables like aubergines and courgettes are commonly used. Garlic, thyme, basil, oregano also find pride of place in Greek food. Honey is used as flavor for desserts and the famous Feta cheese is usually a specialty ingredient. The Olympics: The Olympics Hippias of Elis, a fifth century BC sophist, was the first to compile the initial victor list of the Olympic Games. According to him, the first athletic contest, the foot race, was held at Olympia, in Western Peloponnese, for the first time in 776 BC, in honor of the Olympian God, Zeus. the Olympic Games were not the first athletic events to be organized in the Mediterranean area. Ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians had a long tradition in athletic activities as shown by athletic scenes carved on the tombs kings and nobles. The Myceneans adopted all Minoan games and introduced chariot racing and more track events. In the Mycenean world the chariot was considered extremely important, as it is not only used in hunting and in war but for religious and funerary ceremonies as well. The Illiad and the Odyssey mention competitive games and sport. In Class Topics: In Class Topics Power Distance: High Uncertainty aviodance: High Masculine Culture Indivualist culture: Very competitive. Any Questions? Sources: Sources Received on October 15, 2005, http://www.greekculturalcentre.org/factsaboutgreece.htm Received on October 15, 2005 http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/athens2004/2002000505_olygreekfacts10.html Received on October 17, 2005 http://www.ahtg.net/TpA/modgreece.html Received October 20, 2005 http://www.angelfire.com/ca3/ancientchix/ Received October 20, 2005 http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grdr/hd_grdr.htm Received October 27, 2005 http://www.areopagus.net/beginning.htm#1 Received November 1, 2005 http://www.targetwoman.com/articles/greek-food.html Received November 1, 2005 http://encarta.msn.com/media_681500053/Reb%C3%A9tika_Music_of_Greece.html You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.