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Premium member Presentation Transcript Listen to This: Book 1: Listen to This: Book 1 系别：外语系 CAI制作人：张 硕 辽宁对外经贸学院 2007-09-25Preparatory Lesson 1 Section One: Preparatory Lesson 1 Section One Numbers Years Dates Times Abbreviations Sentence-fillingSection Two: Section Two Vocabulary: Journalist: a writer for newspapers and magazines Dialogues 5W1H Section 3: Dictation: Section 3: Dictation Pay attention to the singular and plural forms of nouns.Homework: Homework Review all sections esp. numbers and times Re-listen to the tape.Preparatory Lesson Two & Three: Preparatory Lesson Two & Three Numbers Letters Times Section OneDialogue--WHY DIDN'T CALL US? : Dialogue--WHY DIDN'T CALL US? Laurance-When did you get here? Soony- Just a few minutes ago. Ikea- We've been waiting for almost an hour. Soony- I'm sorry, but I had car trouble--a flat tire. Laurance-Oh. That's too bad. Couldn't you have telephoned? Soony- I was going to, but I didn't have any change for a pay phone. Ikea- You could have gotten some change in a store. Soony- Not really. The tire went flat out on the edge of town. There wasn't any place to call from. Ikea- WelL at least you're here now. No need to wait any longer. So let's get started! Slide8: NEW: a flat tire:轮胎瘪了 Could you have telephoned?此句用虚拟语气,有"你该做而没有做"的责备之意. change:零钱.这里指硬币. a pay phone:公用电话.公用电话是收费的,所以也称a pay phone. went flat=became flat,went 在这里是系动词. get started(口语)=begin workSection Two: Section Two Vocabulary: agency：an organization, company, or bureau that provides some service for another: a welfare agency. quality: character with respect to fineness, or grade of excellence: food of poor quality; silks of fine quality. responsibility: the state or fact of being responsible Vocabulary （Con’t）: Vocabulary （Con’t） interview: interviewer; interviewee management: the act or manner of managing; handling, direction, or control. trainee: a person being trained, esp. in a vocation; apprentice. train (v.) fantastic: fantasy; Wonderful or superb; remarkable: a fantastic trip to Europe definitely: (used to express complete agreement or strong affirmation): Are you starting your diet tomorrow? Definitely! Exercises: Exercises Who What When Where Why How 5W1H Section Three: Section Three Dictation: Groups of words and phrases.Homework: Homework Dictation in Pre. 3 Listen to the tape once or twice in order to get all the details.Preparatory Lesson 4-5: Preparatory Lesson 4-5 Three sections Section one: numbers Section Two: short dialogues Section Three: dictationSection One: Section One Coin: in American currency dime 一角硬币 =10 cents nickel 五分镍币 =5 cents quarter ¼ = 25 cents penny（便士）=1 cent Listen to the names of coins Add up the total amount.Where Are We?: Where Are We? Laurance-Where on earth are we? Soony- Judging by all the traffic, I'd say we're near the heart of the downtown area. Laurance-What did I do wrong? Did I take a wrong turn? Soony- I'm not sure, but I think that you turned left when you should have turned right. Laurance-Well, now the,problem is how to get back onto the main highway. Soony- Well, if I may offer a suggestion ... Why don't you stop and ask a policeman? Laurance-Yeah, yeah, yeah, I think I see one up there in the next block. Phrases: Phrases on earth:(口语中用于疑问句加强语气)究竟,到底,全然. heart of the downtown area: heart=center; downtown area指繁华的商业区. If I may offer a suggestion:直译为"如果我可以提个建议的话". Section Two Vocabulary: Countries and Cities: Section Two Vocabulary: Countries and Cities Dutch Houston Brazil Chicago Sweden Miami Venezuela Tokyo Egypt Detroit Bombay MoscowSection Two (con’t): Section Two (con’t) Country and Nationality names Germany German Italy Italian France French Spain Spanish Holland Dutch Brazil Brazilian Sweden Swedish Venezuela Venezuelan Greece Greek Egypt EgyptianSection Three: Section Three Homework: Dictate the sentences in Lesson 5. Lesson One--Two: Lesson One--Two New words and phrases Dialogues (short & long) Dictation Section One: Section One New words and phrases Cab：taxi Account: a person whose job is to keep and examine the money accounts of business of people Lemonade: lemon Dialogue: CATCHING A BUS : Dialogue: CATCHING A BUS Laurance- Is this where I catch the bus for the zoo? Soony- You can take a T-30 from here, but then you have to walk about six blocks. Laurance- That doesn't sound too bad. Soony- Actually, if you go to the bus stop in the next block, you can take a Z-8 which will let you right off in front of the zoo. Laurance- Maybe that's what I'll do. Thanks a lot. Soony- You're welcome. Want’s new?: Want’s new? 1. T-30,Z-8:都是公共汽车的编号 2. which will let you right off...:是定语从句, 其先行词是Z-8bus,意思是"这趟车正好把你拉到动物园门口".Section Two: Section Two Vocabulary: Landlord：店主；房东 Sense of humor：幽默感 Bar: pub Chain Pigeon：鸽子 Waistcoat: 马甲Section Two （Con‘t）: Section Two （Con‘t） Discussion Interview（missing words） True or False questions Conversation Story off：表结束Section Three: Section Three Dictation: Self-introduction A boy’s intro.Homework: Homework Section Three in Lesson 2 Dictation 1: My name is … Dictation 2: There is some sugar, there some coffee, …AIRPORT BUS: AIRPORT BUS laurance--What time does the bus leave for the airport? soony--I don't know. It used to leave every half hour, but I think the schedule's been changed. laurance--Do you know the telephone number to call? soony--It's Enterprise 7--4700.At least that's what it used to be. laurance--Yeah, I'll try it. (PAUSE) They don't seem to answer. soony--I expect that it's a little too-early. I don't think they open until nine o'clock. What’s new?: What’s new? every half hour:是每隔半小时,类似的短语还有:every other day/every three weeks/every twenty days Enterprise 7-4700:是较旧的电话系统.电话机上除标有数码外还有英语字母. 所以拨EN7-4700即可Dialogues in Lesson 3,4: Dialogues in Lesson 3,4 Short dialogues within multiple choices 5W1H: who what where + how when why Section Two Conversations: Section Two Conversations Conversation—missing words fill in the blanks imitate the dialogues Interview Section three as Homework: Section three as Homework Dictation 1. There is a small shop at the end of our road… 2. This evening I am going to the cinema…Lesson 4-10: Lesson 4-10 Dialogues Part I Listening Comprehension Section A 1. A) The man hates to lend his tools to other people. B) The man hasn’t finished working on the bookshelf. C) The tools have already been returned to the woman. D) The tools the man borrowed from the woman are missing. 2. A) Give the ring to a policeman. B) Wait for the owner of the ring in the rest room. C) Hand in the ring to the security office. D) Take the ring to the administration building.Slide36: 3. A) Save time by using a computer. B) Buy her own computer C) Borrow Martha’s computer. D) Stay home and complete her paper 4. A) The man doesn’t have money for his daughter’s graduate studies. B) The man doesn’t think his daughter will get a business degree. C) The man insists that his daughter should pursue her studies in science. D) The man advises his daughter to think carefully before making her decision. 5. A) The cinema is some distance away from where they are. B) He would like to read the film review in the newspaper. C) They should wait to see the movie at a later time. D) He’ll find his way to the cinema. 6. A) He’s been to Seattle many times. B) He has chaired a lot of conferences. C) He has a high position in his company. D) He lived in Seattle for many years. Slide37: 7. A) Teacher and student. B) Doctor and patient. . C) Manager and office worker. D) Travel agent and customer 8. A) She knows the guy who will give the lecture . B) She thinks the lecture might be informative C) She wants to add something to her lecture . D) She’ll finished her report this weekend 9. A) An art museum. B) A beautiful park. C) A college campus D) An architectural exhibition 10. A) The houses for sale are of poor quality B) The houses are too expensive for the couple to buy C) The housing developers provide free trips for potential buyers D) The man is unwilling to take a look at the houses for sale Slide38: Passage 1 11. A) Synthetic fuel B) Solar energy C) Alcohol D) Electricity 12. A) Air traffic conditions B) Traffic jams on highways C) Road conditions D) New traffic rules 13. A) Go through a health check B) Carry little luggage C) Arrive early for boarding D) Undergo security checks Slide39: Passage 2 14. A) In a fast-food restaurant B) At a shopping center C) At a county fair D) In a bakery 15. A) Avoid eating any food B) Prepare the right type of pie to eat C) Wash his hands thoroughly D) Practice eating a pie quickly 16. A) On the table B) Behind his back C) Under his bottom D) On his lap 17. A) Looking sideways to see how fast your neighbor eats. B) Eating from the outside toward the middle C) Swallowing the pie with water D) Holding the pie in the right position Slide40: Passage 3 18. A) Beauty B) Loyalty C) Luck D) Durability 19. A) He wanted to follow the tradition of his country B) He believed that it symbolized an everlasting marriage C) It was thought a blood vessel in that finger led directly to the heart D) It was supposed that the diamond on that finger would bring good luck 20. A) The two people can learn about each other’s likes and dislikes B) The two people can have time to decide if they are a good match C) The two people can have time to shop for their new home. D) The two people can earn enough money for their wedding Slide41: 1. A) They went a long way to attend the party. B) They didn't think much of the food and drinks. C) They knew none of the other guests at the party. D) They enjoyed the party better than the other guests. 2. A) To the bookstore. C) To the market. B) To the dentist's. D) To the post office. 3. A) Dr. Andrews has been promoted for his thoroughness. B) She disagrees with Dr. Andrews on many occasions. C) Dr. Andrews used to keep his patients waiting. D) She dislikes Dr. Andrews as much as the new physician.Slide42: 4. A) Tom is usually talkative. B) Tom has a very bad temper. C) Tom has dozens of things to attend to. D) Tom is disliked by his colleagues. 5. A) To pickup the woman from the library. B) To make a copy of the schedule for his friend. C) To find out more about the topic for the seminar. D) To get the seminar schedule for the woman. 6. A) The woman has to get the textbooks in other ways. B) The woman has sold her used textbooks to the bookstore. C) The man is going to buy his textbooks from a bookstore. D) The man doesn't want to sell his textbooks to the woman.Slide43: 7. A) Attend a conference. B) Give a speech. C) Meet his lawyer. D) Make a business trip. 8 A) Jessie always says what she thinks. B) Jessie seems to have a lot on her mind. C) Jessie is wrong to find fault with her boss. D) Jessie should know the marketing director better. t 9. A) Heien is talkative. B) Helen is active. C) Helen is sociable. D) Helen is quiet. 10. A) Jimmy will regret marrying a Frenchwoman. B) Jimmy is not serious in making decisions. C) Jimmy is rich enough to buy a big house. D) Jimmy's words are often not reliable.STAN IS WILLING TO GO THE EXTRA MILE : STAN IS WILLING TO GO THE EXTRA MILE 1--You're the only person who knows what really happened. 2--That's not quite true. Stan Bailey was there, too. 3--Oh. Was he there? I didn't know that. 2--Well, actually, he wasn't there all the time, but still I think he saw enough to give some valuable insight on the matter. 1--Do you think I should call him? Would he be willing to help? 2--No problem. You know Stan. He's the kind of guy that's always willing to go the extra mile. 3--Hey. That's right. I remember one time when he gave up two days of vacation just to help me out with a problem I had. 1--That's good to know. I guess I'll give him a call today, then. What’s new in the conversation?: What’s new in the conversation? 1）Stan Bailey：人名。 2）insight：真知灼见；深思熟虑的看法。 3）willing to go the extra mile： 意思是乐意做任何事情来帮助别人。 4）help me out with a problem I had： 帮助我解决难题。 I had是修饰problem的定语从句。 5）give hime a call=phone him/call him CAN I HELP? : CAN I HELP? laurance--Hey! What's the rush? soony--The bank closes in half an hour and I need to cash a check. laurance--I can lend you some money. soony--I need to cash a check because I'm going on a trip this weekend. Actually, I want to buy some traveler's checks. laurance--Hmm. Can I help in any way? soony--You can drive me to the bank if you want to.My car's out of gas. laurance--Yeah. Glad to. Let's go. soony--Wait just a minute. I have to get my checkbook out of the desk. Want’s new?: Want’s new? 1）rush：忙碌，匆匆忙忙。以rush构成的短语如，a rush of work/ rush hour/gold rush等。 2）out of gas：没有油了。gas=gasoline; out of表示“没有” 短缺”，除与be动词连用外，还与run连用。如：I ran out of ink. He always runs out of money before the next pay day.AN ENJOYABLE NIGHT : AN ENJOYABLE NIGHT laurance--The _______ ______ certainly was ___ ________ ____,wasn't it? soony--____ ______ ____,then? laurance--_________.I don't think I've ever been with_____ ___ _______ _______ ___ people. soony--_____ ____ ______,aren't they? I think they're ____ __ ___ ____ ________ _______ I've ever been with. laurance--I certainly ____ ____ _____ _________! I think it was __________! soony--I find ______ _____ ____ ___,too. One needs that _____ ___ _______ now and again just to _____ the old gray matter _____ _______ ________! laurance--_____ ____ _____ ___ ______ ______ ______? soony--Not for another two months. We're taking __ _______ _______ because so many of us are going ___ ___ ___ ____. laurance--Well,____ ____ ____ when you‘re going to meet again.____ _____ ___ _____ ____. Soony--Don’t worry. I will. AFTER THE GAME : AFTER THE GAME laurance--Did you watch the game last might? soony--I sure did. I wouldn't have missed it for anything! laurance--I think it was one of the best games I've ever seen. soony--Me too. I thought both teams played super ball. Too bad one had to lose. Laurance--Yeah. I thought they were evenly matched. It could have gone either way! soony--That shot that won in the last fifteen seconds was really something. 注解:: 注解: 1）I wouldn‘t...for anything.此句是虚拟语气。 for anything=no matter what had happened. 2）played super ball:球踢得好极了。 3）evenly matched:势均力敌。match是“相匹配”之意。 4）It could have gone either way.=Either team could have won or lost. It指的是球赛的结果。因为实际上输赢已定，所以此句用了虚拟语气，反映说话人的看法而已。 5）really something:意思是“非同寻常的事情。” Lesson 11-18: Lesson 11-18 Practices with the textbook Practices --DialoguesAFTER THE GAME : AFTER THE GAME laurance--___ ____ ______ ____ _____ _______? soony--I sure did.___ ______ _____ ______ ______ for anything! laurance--I think it was ____ ___ ____ _____ games _____ _____ _____. soony--Me too.I thought ____ _____ _____ ______ ______.Too bad one had to _____. laurance--Yeah.I thought they were ________ ______. __ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______! soony--That shot ____ ____ ___ ___ ____ _______ _______ was really something.译文: 译文 laurance--昨晚你看球赛了吗？ soony--当然看了。说什么我也不能不看这场球赛。 laurance--我认为这是我看到的最精彩的一场比赛。 soony--我也这么看。我认为双方都踢得极好。可惜总有一方得输。 laurance--是的。我认为双方势均力敌，都有可能或输或赢。 soony--最后十五秒时射进的那一球确实了不起。 MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS : MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS (Sound of piano playing) laurance--Listen! Somebody's playing the piano. soony--Yeah, it sounds nice, doesn't it? I wish I could play a musical instrument. laurance--Don't you play the violin? soony--No,but my sister does. Actually, she's pretty good at it. laurance--I took flute lessons for a couple of years, but I never learned to play very well. I guess I don't have any musical talent. soony--Oh, that's not true. You sing very well. I can't even do that! Slide55: 1)play the piano:说演奏某种乐器时,乐器前要加定 冠词,下句中还有play the violin. 2)It sounds nice...:sound是系动词,nice是表语.此句与you look happy是同样的结构. 3)wish用以表示愿望,其宾语从句中的动词必须要虚拟语气. 4)musical instrument:乐器. 5)She's...good at it:be good at sth.是擅长做某事. 6)took flute lessons:原意是上笛子课. 7)talent:天资,才能. 听力练习 : 听力练习 (Sound of piano playing) laurance--Listen!__________ playing the piano. soony--Yeah,____ ______ _____,doesn't it?I wish __ ______ _____ a musical instrument. laurance--______ ____ _____ _____ _______? soony--No,but my sister does.________,she's pretty ______ ___ ___. laurance--I ______ flute lessons for __ _______ ___ _____, but I never ________ to play very well.I guess I don't have any ________ _______. soony--Oh,that's not _____.You sing _____ _____.I can't ______ do that! WHAT'S YOUR HOBBY? : WHAT'S YOUR HOBBY? laurance--What do you do __ _____ ____ ____? soony--Oh, _______ ________ I read...watch TV...___ ___ ____ ______. laurance--Don't you have ____ _______,like _______ _______ or things like that? soony--No,I don't have any hobbies. _____ ______ _____? laurance--I have just one--___________.____ __________, but it's ___ _____ _____ ______. Slide58: laurance--What do you do in your spare time? soony--Oh, nothing special I read...watch TV...go to the movies. laurance--Don't you have any hobbies, like stamp collecting or things like that? soony--No,I don't have any hobbies. How about you? laurance--I have just one--photography. It's expensive, but it's a lot of fun. Slide59: 1)nothing special:没有什么特别的事.注意nothing,anything,something 三个词的形容词是放在其后的. 2)hobby:业余爱好 3)How about you?=Do you have any hobbies? 4)photography:摄影.由Photo+graphy构成的新词... Annan Disappointed in Slow Deployment of Liberia Peacekeepers: Annan Disappointed in Slow Deployment of Liberia PeacekeepersSlide61: 1) deployment  n.部署 2) vanguard  n.先锋，先头部队 3) reinforcement  n.加强，援军 4) senate  n.参议院，上院 5) transitional  adj.变迁的，过渡期的 6) stabilize  v.稳定 7) disarmament  n.解除武装，裁军 8) indictment  n.控告 9) step down 下台，辞职 10) commitment  n.许诺，委托事项 11) peer  n.同等的人，同辈 12) honor  vt.兑现 13) prevail  vi.流行，盛行Slide62: U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan has expressed disappointment at the slow pace of deployment of peacekeepers to Liberia. Mr. Annan says he expected the arrival of a 2)vanguard force of about 1,500 peacekeeping troops from ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West African States, by the end of the month. Slide63: Then, he says, Liberian President Charles Taylor would leave the country. When that happens, he says the United States would send 3)reinforcements to join the ECOWAS troops and a longer-term United Nations force would be established. But the secretary general says he is troubled by delays in carrying out the plan to end the Liberian conflict.Slide64: "That is very worrying, because the longer we delay the deployment, the more dangerous the situation gets," he said. "So I have asked my military advisors and other officers to be in touch with the ECOWAS forces, with the U.S. and see what can be done to accelerate their deployment." He said. Mr. Annan made his remarks following recent trips to West Africa and to Washington, where he met with President Bush. He says that progress has been made. Mr. Annan says that an understanding has been reached that ECOWAS, the United Nations and the United States have a role to play in Liberia.Slide65: However, U.S. officials continue to work on the details of sending a possible and limited U.S. force to the country, which was established by former U.S. slaves in the 19th century. U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell has met with members of the 4)Senate to discuss the plan. On political issues in Liberia, Secretary General Annan says that talks are continuing in Ghana to work on a two-year 5)transitional government for Liberia to 6)stabilize the situation, pave the way for 7)disarmament and prepare for elections.Slide66: He says the international community continues to wait for Mr. Taylor, who is under 8)indictment for war crimes, to 9)step down and go to Nigeria. "And he has made a 10)commitment not only to his African 11)peers but to the whole world and one is expecting him to 12)honor that commitment," said the U.N. chief of President Taylor. "So at this stage, we are acting on the assumption and the expectation that he will step down and leave office."Slide67: "And he has made a 10)commitment not only to his African 11)peers but to the whole world and one is expecting him to 12)honor that commitment," said the U.N. chief of President Taylor. "So at this stage, we are acting on the assumption and the expectation that he will step down and leave office." Meanwhile, as a relative calm has 13)prevailed in Liberia's capital, Monrovia, a seven member U.N. assessment team is investigating the possible return of United Nations staff and aid workers. Jenny Badner VOA news, New York.News 2: News 2 1) ensuevi.跟着发生，继起 2) intelligence n.情报 3) justify v.证明……是正当的 4) lawmaker n.立法者 5) condolence n.哀悼，慰问 6) sponsor vt.发起 7) resolution n.决议 8) unique adj.唯一的 9) bond n.联结 10) inquiry n.质询，调查 11) craft vt.手工制作，构思 12) settlement n.协议 13) scrutiny n.详细审查 14) prop up 支撑，支持 15) embattled adj.被敌人围困的 16) moderate v.缓和 17) insistence n.坚持 18) pre-condition n.前提 19) alleged adj.声称的，所谓的 20) uranium n.铀 21) come clean 说出真相 22) enduring adj.持久的，不朽的 23) staffer n.职员 Slide69: Had the war in Iraq, with the 1)ensuing controversy over 2)intelligence used to 3)justify it not occurred, Tony Blair would probably receive an even warmer welcome than the one he is likely to get on Capitol Hill. 4)Lawmakers in Congress remember that in the days after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States, Mr. Blair was among the first foreign leaders to express 5)condolences to Americans. In January 2002, he came to Washington to be present during President Bush's first post-attack State of the Union Address. Peter King, a New York Republican who 6)sponsored a House 7)resolution to give Mr. Blair a congressional gold medal, remembers.Slide70: "And that evening President Bush said, 'Once again we are joined together in a great cause, and we are so honored the British Prime Minister has crossed an ocean to show his unity of purpose with America. Thank you for coming, friend.' And indeed, Tony Blair has been a friend of the United States, and just as important as that he has been a friend and supporter of democratic values, he realizes the 8)unique nature of the 9)bonds between the United States and Britain and indeed between the United States and Europe," said Mr. King. However, when Congressman King made that statement, Mr. Blair had already been under intense pressure for weeks from government 10)inquiries into information used to justify British participation in the Iraq war.Slide71: In House debate on honoring Mr. Blair, lawmakers praised him for his leadership in helping to 11)craft a peace 12)settlement in Northern Ireland and his cooperation in the war on terror, as well as in Afghanistan and Iraq. However, some warned against giving him a congressional honor at a time when he faced intense 13)scrutiny on the Iraq intelligence issue, saying it would appear to be "14)propping up" an 15)embattled politician. Massachusetts Democrat Ed Markey said Mr. Blair deserved credit for acting as a 16)moderating force in the months leading up to the Iraq war.Slide72: "But for Tony Blair's 17)insistence, President Bush would have never gone to the United Nations," he said. "It was he, Tony Blair, who made the 18)pre-condition to his support that the United States would go to the United Nations in order to secure a vote, and for that he deserves enormous credit." On the eve of Prime Minister Blair's visit, Congressman Markey and 40 other Democrat members of the House sent a letter to President Bush.Slide73: In it, they urge the president to ask Mr. Blair to turn over what they call "all relevant intelligence" about 19)alleged Iraqi attempts to obtain 20)uranium from Africa, saying this would be an opportunity "for both leaders to 21)come clean with the American people and the world". Before leaving for Washington, Mr. Blair again defended British information about Iraqi uranium purchase attempts, saying London had solid intelligence separate from other information. Lawmakers expect the British prime minister's speech to Congress to focus on 22)enduring bonds between the United States and Britain, and the need to persevere in Iraq, Afghanistan and in the war on terror.Slide74: Meanwhile, back to the gold medal, Prime Minister Blair will not be receiving it on this trip, as many had assumed. It takes several months for a medal to be struck. Also, the House and Senate-approved resolution has only just been sent to President Bush for his signature. Congressional 23)staffers say he will likely return later this year to receive the honor. Dan Robinson VOA news, Capitol Hill.Lesson 19: Lesson 19 Short brief reports of “Happy New Millennium” celebrations Supply the missing words (countries and places), listen and enjoy. Different places have different types of celebrations.Cultural notes: : Cultural notes: 千禧年（millennium）又名千福年。在早期，千禧年的观念主要来自犹太人对末世的期待，通常也隐含着基督徒扬威世界的时刻即将来临之意。 千禧年教义明载于『新约』中『启示录』的第20章：千禧年是基督再度降临，撒旦被打入地狱，而殉道者复活并与基督共同统治千年的许诺。而到了这千年的末期，撒旦会再度作乱，但最后终归彻底失败。然后所有死者都将聚集起来，接受最后审判。 天主教会认为圣经上所载的千禧年，只是一段寓言式的叙述，千禧年并不在未来发生，而是已在五旬节便开始了。因此他们认同世上的天国就是教会。当西罗马帝国灭亡，蛮族肆虐欧洲大陆之后，许多人都相信公元1000年会是千禧年的开始。在中世纪时，千禧年的观念在宗教狂热人士间广为盛行。十四世纪黑死病肆虐后，千禧年主义又再度复活。到了十五世纪，一些教派团体则提出千禧年主义，用来对抗教会的权威。十九世纪后，人们对科学、知识的信心日渐增强，千禧年的概念亦被重新诠释成为人类创造全新世界秩序的进程。 时至今日，第二度的千禧年又将来临，千禧年在宗教上的涵义，已扩展为全人类的庆典活动；而原本隐含的末世意味，也被跨世纪的喜悦与期许所取代。Slide77: Stamps:New words: : New words: Solicitor--Chiefly British An attorney who advises clients on legal matters, represents clients in certain lower courts, and prepares cases for barristers to present in the higher courtsSlide79: Cultural notes: James Bond films: A series of spy films with the main character named Lames Bond, who is working for the British intelligence agency and whose code number is 007. Some of the titles include You Only Live Twice, From Russia with Love, Golden Finger, Tomorrow Never Dies, Die Another Day, ect.Cultural notes:: Cultural notes: UNESCO - the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was founded on 16 November 1945. For this specialized United Nations agency, it is not enough to build classrooms in devastated countries or to publish scientific breakthroughs. Education, Social and Natural Science, Culture and Communication are the means to a far more ambitious goal: to build peace in the minds of men.UNESCO (Con’t): UNESCO (Con’t) Today, UNESCO functions as a laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge universal agreements on emerging ethical issues. The Organization also serves as a clearinghouse – for the dissemination and sharing of information and knowledge – while helping Member States to build their human and institutional capacities in diverse fields. In short, UNESCO promotes international co-operation among its 192* Member States and six Associate Members in the fields of education, science, culture and communication. Lesson 20: Lesson 20 Dictation Doctor Sowanso is the Secretary General of the United Nations. He’s one of the busiest men in the world. He’s just arrived at New Delhi Airport now. The Indian Prime Minister is meeting him. Later they’ll talk about Asian problems. Yesterday he was in Moscow. He visited the Kremlin and had lunch with Soviet leaders. During lunch they discussed international politics. Tomorrow he’ll fly to Nairobi. He’ll meet the President of Kenya and other African leaders. He’ll be there for twelve hours. The day after tomorrow he’ll be in London. He’ll meet the British Prime Minister and they’ll talk about European economic problems. Next week he’ll be back at the United Nations in New York. Next Monday he’ll speak to the General Assembly about his world tour. Then he’ll need a short holiday.Short dialogues in Page 155-160: Short dialogues in Page 155-160 Try to find the details with Who, Where, When, What, Whose and How Dialogue 4 (imitation) Statements and special questions with rising tone: Didn’t catch up with. e.g.: (1) --Where’s Tom’s room?↘ --On the second floor. --Where? ↗ --On the second floor. Not sure with the floor. --Where’s Tom's room? ↘ --On the second floor. --The second floor? ↗ --Yes.The Time Ball美国海军天文台千禧年的报时球: The Time Ball 美国海军天文台千禧年的报时球 在十九世纪，从一个突显的位置将报时球降下是一个用来与周遭乡村及海上的船 传达时间的有效方法。从1845年开始，美国海军天文台就在每一天的正午将报时球降下做为美国早期的报时服务。在20世纪末，为了纪念这个传统的报时方法，美国海军天文台在华盛顿特区的大楼顶端建造了一个这个纪念性的报时球，在美国东方标准时间的除夕深夜12点整降下报时球，用以象征公元200年的开始。同时，也不要今年的忘记日光节约时间是在10月31日星期天的凌晨两点结束。The time ball: The time ballSlide86: Telephone Call Be familiar with the regular sentences on the phone; try to write down the notes: Date ______ Time ______ From ______ To ______ Subject______________________________________Homework: Homework Dictation: Old Arthur without textbook; consulting the unknown words with your dictionary. (guess the spelling through the sound you hear; and then look up the word you guess in the dictionary to make sure whether its form is correct)Lesson 21: Lesson 21 Homework-checking: Homework-checking Old Arthur Everyone knows him as Old Arthur. He lives in a little hut in the middle of a small wood, about a mile from the village. He visits the village store twice a week to buy food and paraffin, and occasionally he collects letters and his pension from the post office. A few weeks ago, a reporter from the local newspaper interviewed him. This is what he said: I get up every morning with the birds. There is a stream near my hut and I fetch water from there. It’s good, clear, fresh water, better than you get in the city. Occasionally, in the winter, I have to break the ice. I cook simple food on my old paraffin stove; mostly stews and things like that. Sometimes I go to the pub and have a drink, but I don’t see many people. I don’t feel lonely. I know this wood very well, you see. I know all the little birds and animals that live here and they know me. I don’t have much money, but I don’t need much. I think I’m a lucky man.Lesson 21-22: Lesson 21-22Internet: English chatting words on net网络聊天常用英语 : Internet: English chatting words on net 网络聊天常用英语 HRU? How are you? 你好吗 M2. Me, too. 我也一样。 BF Boyfriend 男朋友 GF Girlfriend 女朋友 BTW By the way随便说一下 BBL Be back later稍后回来 BRB Be right back很快回来 CU See you再见 CUL See you later下次再会 DIIK Damned if I known我真的不知道 FE For example举例 FTF Face to face面对面 FYI For your information供参考 IAE In any event无论如何Slide92: IC I see我明白 ICQ I seek you ILU I love you我爱你 IMHO In my humble opinion依愚人之见 IMO In my opinion依我所见 IOW In other words换句话说 LOL laughing out loudly大声笑 NRN No reply necessary不必回信 OIC Oh, I see哦,我知道 PEM Privacy enhanced mail保密邮件 RSVP Reply if you please请答复 TIA Thanks in advance十分感谢 TTUL Talk to you later以后再讲 TY Thank you谢谢 VG very good很好 WRT With respect to关于 WYMM Will you marry me愿意嫁给我吗 Lesson 23 A Story of Christmas: Lesson 23 A Story of Christmas It was just a few days until Christmas in San Francisco, and the shopping downtown was starting to get to us. I remember crowds of people waiting impatiently for slow moving buses and streetcars on those little cement islands in the middle of the street. Most of us were loaded down with packages, and it looked like many of us were beginning to wonder if all those countless friends and relatives actually deserved so many gifts in the first place. This was not the Christmas spirit I’d been raised with.Slide94: When I finally found myself virtually shoved up the steps of a jammed streetcar, the idea of standing there packed like a sardine the whole way home was almost more than I could take. What I would have given for a seat! I must have been in some kind of exhausted daze because as people gradually got off, it took me a while to notice that there was room to breathe again.Slide95: Then I saw something out of the corner of my eye. A small, dark-skinned boy – he couldn’t have been more than five or six – tugged on a woman’s sleeve and asked, “Would you like a seat?” he quietly led her to the closest free seat he could find. Then he set out to find another tired person. As soon as each rare, new seat became available, he would quickly move through the crowd in search of another burdened woman who desperately needed to rest her feet.Slide96: When I finally felt the tug on my own sleeve, I was absolutely dazzled by the beauty in the little boy’s eyes. He took my hand, saying, “Come with me,” and I think I’ll remember that smile as long as I live. As I happily placed my heavy load of packages on the floor, the little emissary of love immediately turned to help his next subject.Slide97: The people on the streetcar, as usual, had been studiously avoiding each other’s eyes, but now they began to exchange shy glances and smiles. A businessman offered a section of newspaper to the stranger next to him; three people stooped to return a gift that had tumbled to the floor. And now people were speaking to one another. That little boy had tangibly changed something – we all relaxed into a subtle feeling of warmth and actually enjoyed the trip through the final stops along the route.Slide98: I didn’t notice when the child got off. I looked up at one point and he was gone. When I reached my stop I practically floated off the streetcar, wishing the driver a happy holiday, noticing the sparkling Christmas lights on my street in a fresh, new way. Or maybe I was seeing them in an old way, with the same open wonder I felt when I was five or six. I thought, “So that’s what they mean by and a little child shall lead them…”Vocabulary:: Vocabulary: Cover charge: n. A fixed amount added to the bill at a nightclub or restaurant for entertainment or services. Back stroke: 仰泳 (Corner Restaurant Jokes) Further information: breast stroke 蛙泳 Butterfly stroke 蝶泳 Free-style stroke 自由泳Slide100: BillSlide101: At the Customs Customs Office海关 Declare v. to make due statement of, esp. goods for duty or income for taxation. The Smuggler About Missing Children APB: 英文全称：All Points Bulletin，APB一词意指警方对罪犯所发出的全面缉捕通告。Lesson 24: Lesson 24 Dictation Are you a morning person or an evening person? That’s the question. When do you work best? For me the answer is easy. I work best in the morning. All my creative work is done before lunchtime. I get up at about eight, and then have breakfast. I listen to the radio a bit, and read the papers. And then I start. Usually I work from nine or nine-thirty until twelve but after that I’m useless. On a good day I write fifteen hundred words of more, sometimes two thousand words, in the morning. Then after lunch I go for a walk, or read. In the evening I like to relax, go to the pub or go out and meet people. If you’re a writer you need self-discipline. But if you’re tired, it shows: the mind and body must be fresh.Slide103: Calculations Addition: Add __ and ___ Subtraction: Subtract ___ from ___ Multiplication: Multiply ___ from ___ Division: Divide ____ from ___ ★ Square（ab2） and square root （√x）fraction: 基数词 / 序数词 （分子大于1，分母变复数1/8 one eighth or a eighth3/8 three eighths2.46 %--two point four six percent$2.46--two point forty-six dollar two dollars and forty-six (cents): fraction: 基数词 / 序数词 （分子大于1，分母变复数 1/8 one eighth or a eighth 3/8 three eighths 2.46 %--two point four six percent $2.46--two point forty-six dollar two dollars and forty-six (cents) $2.05 -- two dollars and five $2.50 -- two dollars and fiftytelegrams: telegrams Tips on making notes:: Tips on making notes: It’s not a good idea to write your notes in complete sentences. Keep notes short. Use abbreviations, but not so many that you can’t understand your own notes later! Use words like because, therefore, but, or and to show how ideas are related. Use the dash--. It’s a very useful punctuation mark in note-making. Use a lot of space then you can expand your notes later. Put each separate idea on a new line. Use the layout to help make the meaning clear. Use new paragraphs, headings, CAPITAL LETTERS and underlining.Supplementary reading:: Supplementary reading: A lawyer is a person with a very special knowledge of the law –both civil and criminal. Because of this knowledge the lawyer can help people plan their affairs in accordance with law. In other words, he helps people keep out of trouble as well as helping those who are already in trouble. He helps to ensure freedom of thought and action and to bring about peace between person and person, and person and government. He prepares agreements and contracts by which one person makes sure that another person will carry out his promises. He prepares wills and documents transferring property. He gives advice to people on domestic and family relationships and on business problems. The lawyer is not only a champion and advocate of the rights of his client but also an officer of the court sworn to uphold the Constitution and the law.Lesson 25: Lesson 25 Dictation: Well, I think that this problem of teenagers getting into trouble with the law is mainly caused by unemployment. You see, because of the high level of unemployment, so many teenagers nowadays leave school and find that they have no chance of getting a job, and this obviously makes them feel bored and frustrated. And as a result of this, they’re much more likely to get drunk and so on. Another thing of course is that you get groups of unemployed teenagers wandering around the streets with nothing to do, which can easily lead to trouble of one sort or another.Slide109: AISI As I see it IMHO In my humble opinion FWIW For what it is worth CMIIW Correct me if I’m wrong AAMOF As a matter of fact BION Believe it or not FYI For your information MYOB Mind your own business SOP Standard operating procedure TAFN That’s all for now BCNU Be seein’ youNumbers: Numbers 1. Time: 12:01:50 twelve one and fifty seconds 2. Score: Celtic three, Manchester City nil = 3:0 3. Travel: 2,800 pounds a head (for each person) 4. Index: The Dow Jones Index has fallen by 0.4 (point four) to 2064.8 (two o six four point eight). 5. Cost: 68p = sixty-eight pence 6. Huge number: 3,250,000 = 3m 250thSuperstitions 1: Superstitions 1 Most of today’s superstitious beliefs can be traced back to those of primitive people who had no understanding of the laws of nature. They were surrounded by mysteries—lightning, rain, eclipses, birth and death, to mention only a few. The apparent miracle of a flower growing from a tiny seed or a tadpole becoming a frog surely proved that there were unseen spirits around. But since life in those times was hard and full of danger, primitive man decided there were more bad spirits than good ones. His problem was to figure out how to keep the evil spirits happy and satisfied so they would not harm him. Hi invented charms and tokens as well as all kinds of countercharms. Thus out of ignorance and fear came superstitions.2: 2 Knocking on Wood. People knock on wood after speaking of good fortune or a hope for the future. This practice resulted from the early belief that trees, the sources of wood, were the homes of gods. The noise made by knocking on the tree would keep them away overhearing any good news and perhaps trying to alter it. Crossing Your Fingers. Often people cross their fingers when making a wish. They believe this will make the wish come true. Cross Your Heart. Sometimes people who want you to understand they are telling the truth will say, “Cross you heart and hope to die,” while making a large cross over the heart.3: 3 Umbrellas. Many years ago in the Old World, when umbrellas were umbrellas were made big enough to cover a whole family. When opened indoors, these clumsy, thick things usually hurt someone or broke something in the house. They were bad luck indeed, and especially so when the closed umbrella was used for a whipping.4: 4 Walking Under a Ladder. In some Asian countries criminals were hanged from the seventh rung of a ladder propped against a tree. Since death was thought to be contagious, people who walked under the ladder would be in danger of catching death from the ghost of the hanged man.5: 5 Breaking a Mirror. Breaking a mirror will mean seven years of hard luck. When early man believed that the reflection he saw of himself in a pool of water was his soul, or “other self.” This other self would be injured if disturbed in any way. About 2,000 years ago, the Romans decided that it meant not only bad luck but seven whole years of it. That number was chosen because it was thought that life renewed itself every seven years. The Romans thought it would take a person that long to recover from such a blow.6: 6 Number 13. When man first learned to count by using his ten fingers and two feet as units, he came up with the number 12. What stretched beyond—13—was unknown and therefore mysterious to early man. He found he could divide 12 into halves, quarters, or thirds. But 13 would not divide evenly. However, 13 was regarded as lucky by the ancient Chinese and Egyptians.7: 7 Friday the 13th is based on the Norse legend about the goddess Freya, who was banished to the mountains as a witch. It was believed that on Friday of each week, a day called “witches’ Sabbath,” 12 witches and the devil met. This added up to 13 evil spirits bent on mischief. Black Cats. The superstition about the evil that ban come your way when a black cat crosses your path goes back to the Middle Ages. It was believed that black cats were the companions of witches. After seven years of service the cats themselves changed into witches or devils.8: 8 Sneezes. Your friends are likely to say, “God bless you” or “Gesundheit” (the German for “good health”) or “Felicita” (Italian for “happiness”) when you sneeze. Early man believed that a person’s spirit or soul was in the form of air or breath and was contained in the head. The act of bowing toward the sneezer was also counter—magic and meant “May your soul not escape.”Dictation: Dictation It was early afternoon, and the beach was almost empty. It was getting hot now. Most of the tourists were still finishing their lunch back at the hotel, or taking their afternoon siesta in the air-conditioned comfort of their rooms. One or two Englishmen were still lying stretched out on the sand, determined to go home with a good suntan, and a few local children were splashing around in the clear shallow water. There was a large yacht moving slowly across the bay. The girl was on board. She was standing at the back of the boat, getting ready to dive. Jason put on his sunglasses and casually wandered down towards the sandy beach.Slide120: Lesson 25-26Slide121: Dates 4 / 7 / 77 —— four seven seventy-seven 4th Sep., 1977 —— forth of September nineteen seventy-seven Years 1918 —— nineteen eighteen 2000 —— two thousand Telephone Numbers 014414466 —— oh one double four one double four double six 0 —— oh.The Little Mermaid : The Little Mermaid Long ago and far away, the King of the mer-people ruled all the lands under the sea. He had six beautiful mermaid daughters, who loved to play in the clear blue water. But they were not allowed to rise to the surface and look at the world where human beings lived. “You are all much too young to leave the sea,” said their grand mother. “But I will tell young strange tales of the world of human beings if you are very good.” As the Princesses grew up, they each swan up to view the outside world. At last it was they turn of the youngest Princess.Slide124: Above the waves, the sky was dark. As a great storm blew up, a ship was driven upon rocks near the shore and a young man was thrown into the water. The little mermaid brought him safely to shore, leaving him on a sandy beach. The little mermaid hid and waited. Soon some girls came along the beach and found the young man. “It’s the Prince!” they cried. “Where is the lovely girl who saved me?” he asked. But no one knew. The little mermaid swam sadly away. She had fallen in love with the handsome Prince. “I shall visit the sea witch and ask for her help.” She said. “So you want to become human? I shall take your voice as payment,” cackled the witch. “But to be truly human man. If he chooses another, you will turn into sea foam before dawn.”Slide125: So the little mermaid gave her lovely voice to the witch and became human. She joined the crowd at the Prince’s palace and before long had become close to the close to the Prince. But without her voice, she could not tell him who she was. One day the Prince said, “We are sailing to meet a beautiful Princess. I may marry her. “The little mermaid thought that her heart would break.” When the Prince met the lovely Princess, he was dazzled by her beauty. The wedding was planned to take place the next day. The little mermaid wept. “You can save yourself,” cried her sisters from the sea, “if you kill the Prince!” But the little mermaid loved him too much to do so and threw herself into the sea. But she did not turn into foam. She became spirit of the air and was happy at last.Lesson 27: Lesson 27 The Hare and the TortoiseSlide127: There was once a hare who was very proud of his running. "No one is as speedy as me!" he cried. "Would anyone like to race?" "No thanks!" laughed the other animals. "We know you can run faster than any of us." But one little voice piped up politely behind him. ""I'll give you a race if you like, Mr. Hare, it said. The hare turned around in surprise. Standing before him was a wrinkly old tortoise. "Oh my!" replied the hare. "You make me tremble, Mr. Tortoise."Slide128: But the old tortoise was serious, so it was agreed that the two would race to the oak tree and back. "On your marks! Get set! Go!" yelled the squirrel. In a couple of seconds, the hare was nearly out of sight. The tortoise set off in his usual slow way. When he reached the tree, the hare was so confident that he sat down to rest. But he soon fell fast asleep!Slide129: An hour later, he woke up and heard cheering in the distance. Leaping to his feet, he run as fast as his legs would carry him, but the tortoise's head bobbed over a line a whisker before the hare's. "Being quick on your feet is a fine thing, Mr. Hare, but slow and steady wins the race." said Mr. Tortoise.Slide130: 机场常见的英文标志： Information 询问处 Baggage Cart 行李车 Security Check 安全检查 Departure 出境 Arrival 入境 Transit Lounge 过境室 Quadrant 检疫 Immigration 查检护照证件 Customs Information 或Customs Service 海关服务台 Animal and Plant Quarantine 动植物检疫 Money Exchange 或Foreign Currency Exchange 外币兑换处 Duty Free Shop 免税店 No Entry 禁止进入 Dictation: Dictation A. 1. Her mother is old. Fragile, and needs help. 2. She is a designer. 3. No, because she cannot find a satisfactory job in the place where her mother lives. B. My problem is with my mother, who is now well over seventy and a widow and becoming very fragile, and she really needs my help. But where she lives, in the country, there’s no work available for me—I’m a designer—and she can’t come and live with me because she says she doesn’t like the climate because it’s too bad for her rheumatism, which is actually true—it’s very cold here. And if I go and work there as something else where she lives, perhaps as a secretary, it means we have to take drastic drop in salary. So I don’t really know what Homework: Homework Write a note about the process of cooking a dish. Step by Step 2000 Unit 2 Part IVLesson 28 : Lesson 28 Homework-checking Step by Step 2000 Unit 2 Part IV Don’t attempt to write to muchSlide134: Note-taking is a very complex skill. But it is essential in listening. It helps us organize facts and retain concepts for later use. Taking good notes requires us to do two things quickly. First, to recognize the main topics; and second , to write down the important details and supporting examples as we hear and understand. In other words, our note-taking should keep pace with the speaker’s thinking process.Slide135: The general principle for note-taking is to reduce the language by shortening the words and sentences that we hear. It is important to remember that we should not attempt to write too much. That is to say, we should learn to write the minimum to give sufficient meaning. And we should also learn to choose an appropriate time to write the notes quickly and lay them out clearly.Slide136: Some commonly used Latin abbreviations are often very useful in note-taking. For example, cf.---compare of compare with; i.e.---that is; e.g.--- for example; and etc.--- et cetera, and so on. One way to take notes of dialogues or conversations is to write down different speakers’ words in separate spaces, such as separate columns of lines. This will help us sum up each speaker’s views and opinions correctly. Of course, note-taking is a highly personal skill. So we should make constant efforts to develop good ways of note-taking which are most effective and suitable to ourselves.selling: selling Open market SupermarketPolling: Polling Female voter reading sample ballot Voters selecting candidates in voting boothsInheritance tax:: Inheritance tax: A UK tax started in 1986 which replaced capital transfer tax. It is levied on the value of a deceased person's ‘estate’, and includes property, land, investments, and other valuable assets. Small estates are not liable to tax. Similar taxes are imposed in several countries, and can be traced back to Roman times. In the USA, such taxes are collected by the individual states, with an estate tax being imposed federally, based on the amount left, not owned; there is also a gift tax, to prevent evasion.Beneficiary:: Beneficiary: 1. a person or group that receives benefits, profits, or advantages. 2. a person designated as the recipient of funds or other property under a will, trust, insurance policy, etc. 3. Ecclesiastical. the holder of a benefice.Slide141: Judo— (柔道 jūdō?), meaning "gentle way", is a modern Japanese martial art (gendai budō) and combat sport, that originated in Japan in the late nineteenth century. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the object is to either throw one's opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue one's opponent with a grappling maneuver, or force an opponent to submit by joint locking the elbow or applying a choke. Kicks, punches, and thrusts are also practiced, but only in pre-arranged forms. They are not allowed in judo competition or freestyle practice.Slide142: Ultimately, the philosophy and subsequent pedagogy developed for judo became the model for almost all modern Japanese martial arts that developed from "traditional" schools (koryū). Practitioners of judo are called jūdōka. 1982 the late Dr. Jigoro Kanro opened the first of judo in Japan. Dr. Kano’s purpose in developing judo as a sport was to make avaible the physical and mental training of jujitsu without the techniques that could cause injury. Stripped of the deadly locks and throws of jujitsu, the new sport of judo became safe even for women and children.Slide143: Karate—(空手道) (listen (help·info)) or karate-dō (空手道?) is a martial art that developed from a synthesis of indigenous Ryukyuan fighting methods and kempo. "Karate" originally meant Chinese hand, but was later changed to a homonym meaning "empty hand" in Japanese. It is known primarily as a striking art, featuring punching, kicking, knee/elbow strikes and open handed techniques. However, grappling, joint manipulations, locks, restraints/traps, throws and vital point striking also appear in karate. A practitioner of karate is called a karateka (空手家).Slide144: Taekwondo—(also spelled taekwon-do or tae kwon do) is a martial art and combat sport originating in Korea. One of the most widely practiced martial arts in the world, it is the national sport of South Korea and one form of sparring, shihap kyeorugi, is an Olympic sporting event. 白带（10级）. 白黄带（9级）. 黄带（8级）. 黄绿带（7级）. 绿带（6级）. 绿蓝带（5级）. 蓝带（4级）. 蓝红带（3级）. 红带（2级）. 红黑带（1级）.Vocabulary:: Vocabulary: Referee—(in certain games and sports) a judge having functions fixed by the rules of the game or sport; umpire. --Law. a person selected by a court to take testimony in a case and return it to the court with recommendations as to the decision. --One to whom something is referred, especially for settlement, decision, or an opinion as to the thing's quality. Probation—a trial period during which your character and abilities are tested to see whether you are suitable for work or for membership Probationer—a person undergoing probation or trial.If I were a Boy Again: If I were a Boy Again If I were a boy again, I would practice perseverance more often, and never give up a thing because it was or inconvenient. If we want light, we must conquer darkness. Perseverance can sometimes equal genius in its results. “There are only two creatures,” syas a proverb, “who can surmount the pyramids—the eagle and the snail.” If I were a boy again, I would school myself into a habit of attention; I would let nothing come between me and the subject in hand. I would remember that a good skater never tries to skate in two directions at once. The habit of attention becomes part of our life, if we begain early enough. I often hear grown up people say “ I could not fix my attention on the sermon or book, although I wished to do so” , and the reason is, the habit was not formed in youth. If I were to live my life over again, I would pay more attention to the cultivation of the memory. I would strengthen that faculty by every possible means, and on every possible occasion. It takes a little hard work at first to remember things accurately; but memory soon helps itself, and gives very little trouble. It only needs early cultivation to become a power.Slide147: If I were a boy again, I would cultivate courage. “Nothing is so mild and gentle as courage, nothing so cruel and pitiless as cowardice,” syas a wise author. We too often borrow trouble, and anticipate that may never appear.” The fear of ill exceeds the ill we fear.” Dangers will arise in any career, but presence of mind will often conquer the worst of them. Be prepared for any fate, and there is no harm to be freared. If I were a boy again, I would look on the cheerful side. Life is very much like a mirror: if you smile upon it, I smiles back upon you; but if you frown and look doubtful on it, you will get a similar look in return. Inner sunshine warms not only the heart of the owner, but of all that come in contact with it. “ who shuts love out ,in turn shall be shut out from love.” If I were a boy again, I would school myself to say no more often. I might write pages on the importance of learning very early in life to gain that point where a young boy can stand erect, and decline doing an unworthy act because it is unworthy. If I were a boy again, I would demand of myself more courtesy towards my companions and friends, and indeed towards strangers as well. The smallest courtesies along the rough roads of life are like the little birds that sing to us all winter long, and make that season of ice and snow more endurable. Finally, instead of trying hard to be happy, as if that were the sole purpose of life, I would , if I were a boy again, I would still try harder to make others happy.Transfer desk:: Transfer desk: At the transfer desks you can obtain more information about your transfer or you can check in for your connecting flight. These desks are located on the various piers. For further information about your transfer or to check in for your connecting flight, you can go to one of the transfer desks. You can find transfer desks at the following locations:Check-in:: Check-in: Here's a sound piece of advice to all travellers: make sure you get to the airport in plenty of time! We recommend the following check-in times for flights: two hours prior to departure if you are flying to a European destination three hours prior to departure if you are flying to a destination outside EuropeVocabualry:: Vocabualry: Dosage-- the administration of medicine in doses. -- the amount of medicine to be given. Diamorphine-- Pharmacology. Carcinoma--Pathology. a malignant and invasive epithelial tumor that spreads by metastasis and often recurs after excision; cancer. At the Lost Property Office: At the Lost Property Office Slide152: This morning: Yesterday morning: Last week: Vocabulary: Vocabulary Morphine--an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain, as in severe injury or metastasis cancer. Conscience--the inner sense of what is right or wrong in one's conduct or motives, impelling one toward right action: to follow the dictates of conscience. have something on one's conscience, to feel guilty about something, as an act that one considers wrong: She behaves as if she had something on her conscience. in all conscience-- in all reason and fairness; certainly; assuredly. Also, in conscience. —Related forms conscienceless, adjective conscienceless, adverb conscienceless ness, noun A Forever Friend 永远的朋友: A Forever Friend 永远的朋友 "A friend walk in when the rest of the world walks out." "别人都走开的时候，朋友仍与你在一起。” Sometimes in life, 有时候在生活中， You find a special friend; 你会找到一个特别的朋友; Someone who changes your life just by being part of it. 他只是你生活中的一部分内容，却能改变你整个的生活。 Someone who makes you laugh until you can't stop; 他会把你逗得开怀大笑；Slide155: Someone who makes you believe that there really is good in the world. 他会让你相信人间有真情。 Someone who convinces you that there really is an unlocked door just waiting for you to open it. 他会让你确信，真的有一扇不加锁的门，在等待着你去开启。 This is Forever Friendship. 这就是永远的友谊。 when you're down, 当你失意， and the world seems dark and empty, 当世界变得黯淡与空虚， Slide156: Your forever friend lifts you up in spirits and makes that dark and empty world suddenly seem bright and full. 你真正的朋友会让你振作起来，原本黯淡、空虚的世界顿时变得明亮和充实。 Your forever friend gets you through the hard times,the sad times,and the confused times. 你真正的朋友会与你一同度过困难、伤心和烦恼的时刻。 If you turn and walk away, 你转身走开时， Your forever friend follows, 真正的朋友会紧紧相随， Slide157: If you lose you way, 你迷失方向时， Your forever friend guides you and cheers you on. 真正的朋友会引导你，鼓励你。 Your forever friend holds your hand and tells you that everything is going to be okay. 真正的朋友会握着你的手，告诉你一切都会好起来的。Slide158: Mini-- 1961, abbreviation of mini-car, a small car made by British Leyland (formerly British Motor Corp.). As an abbreviation of mini-skirt, it is attested from 1966. The vogue for mini- as a prefix dates from the 1960s.Slide159: Pathetic--causing or evoking pity, sympathetic sadness, sorrow, etc.; pitiful; pitiable: a pathetic letter; a pathetic sight. Pitiable--evoking or deserving pity; lamentable: pitiable, homeless children. --evoking or deserving contemptuous pity; miserable; contemptible: a pitiable lack of character. —Related forms pit·i·a·ble·ness, noun pit·i·a·bly, adverb You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.