Frank Lloyd Wright : Frank Lloyd Wright Architect
Rhiannon Baca Early Life : Early Life Frank Lloyd Wright was born on June 8th, 1867 in Wisconsin
Wright left high school to study engineering at the University of Wisconsin, where he already had dreams of becoming an architect
Wright moved to Chicago to pursue his career when he was only twenty years old. The Beginning : The Beginning Wright began work under architect Joseph Lyman Silsbee.
Wright drafted the construction of his first building, the Lloyd-Jones chapel, or Unity chapel. “Form and Function are One” : “Form and Function are One” Wright then began working under famous and very influential architect Louis Sullivan.
While Louis Sullivan has his own theory, “Form follows function,” Wright adapted his own take on the theory, “Form and Function are One”
Wright acknowledges Sullivan as an influence in his career. Marriage : Marriage In 1889, Wright married Catherine Tobin and created a home for them in Oak Park, Illinois. The Beginning : The Beginning Wright’s career began in 1890 when he was assigned all the residential designs for Sullivan’s firm.
Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan parted ways in 1893, only after six years together.
The split was said to have happened because Wright was accepting money for “bootleg” designs, which was a violation of their agreement. The Beginning : The Beginning Wright then started his own business in Chicago the architectural design field, creating many residential homes.
After about five years, Wright moved his business to his home, in Oak Park.
Wright showed much talent in his early years, creating homes with natural materials and horizontal lines.
His designs were considered “Prairie Houses”. Prairie Houses : Prairie Houses Prairie Houses complemented the land and nature in Chicago.
These homes had an open plan.
They were created with straight lines and unfinished materials. The Willets House : The Willets House Wright designed this home in 1901
The house is symmetrical from the street view
One of the first Prairie homes.
Wright also designed much of the furniture. Edwin H. Cheney House : Edwin H. Cheney House This house was designed in 1903 for Edwin Cheney and his family.
This home is a single level home.
While building this home, Wright fell in love with Mamah Cheney and they had an affair. Larkin Administration Building : Larkin Administration Building Created in 1904, this was Frank Lloyd Wright’s first major public work as an architect.
This building had many new inventions, such as air conditioning, glass windows, and built-in desks.
It was made from red brick. The Unity Temple : The Unity Temple The Unity Temple was constructed between 1905-1908.
This building was created with reinforced concrete.
It was considered to be one if Wright’s most important structures. The Robie House : The Robie House The Robie House was built between 1908 and 1910.
It is credited as being his greatest Prairie Style home.
Wright designed every piece of the home, from the exterior to the interior and the interior furniture. Escape to Europe : Escape to Europe Before the Robie House was finished, Mamah and Frank Lloyd Wright fled to Europe to continue their affair.
This scandal was very significant and could have destroyed Wright’s ability to practice architecture in the U.S. Wasmuth Portfolio : Wasmuth Portfolio Ernst Wasmuth agreed to publish Wright’s works into a portfolio.
This was the first considerable amount of exposure that Wright had received in Europe.
This contained linework plans and perspectives of his work.
His work had an immediate impact in Europe. Taliesen : Taliesen Wright returned to the United States in 1910 and built a new home named Taliesen.
He lived there until 1914 when a young servant decided to murder seven people in the home and then set the house on fire. Imperial Hotel : Imperial Hotel After rebuilding Taliesen, Wright started construction on the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo.
This is one of his best known buildings in Japan.
The façade and pool have been moved to The Museum Meiji Mura Hollyhock House : Hollyhock House During the same time as the Imperial Hotel, Wright also constructed the Hollyhock house.
This building has a very unique design, with exterior walls tilted about 85 degrees.
This building is now in the center of Barnsdall Art Park. Taliesen II and III : Taliesen II and III After the first fire of Taliesen, Wright rebuilt the structure.
Taliesen II then had a major fire and was burnt to the ground.
Wright started rebuilding yet again, naming the property Taliesen III.
This building is still standing and is a National Historic Landmark. Graycliff : Graycliff Finished around 1929, this building overlooks Lake Erie in New York.
This was one of his most “innovative” designs of the period.
The property has much focus on water, featuring a fountain and a pond. The Taliesen Fellowship : The Taliesen Fellowship In 1932, Wright opened up Taliesen for the use of students.
Students were allowed to design and work on projects using the Taliesen property. Fallingwater : Fallingwater Fallingwater was built for the Kaufmann family.
It was built over a 30’ waterfall.
Instead of seeing the waterfall, the Kaufmann family heard and lived with the sounds of the waterfall, as Wright wanted.
This building was named “the best all-
time work of American architecture”. The Johnson Wax Building : The Johnson Wax Building In 1936, Wright designed the Johnson Wax building and its interior.
Like many other designs, this building too was named a National Historic Landmark. Usonia : Usonia From 1930-40, Wright created homes called “Usonian Homes” which were created for middle income families.
These homes were smaller homes.
These homes had a strong connection between nature and the interior of the home. Taliesen West : Taliesen West Taliesen West was finished in 1937 and became Wright’s winter home until his death.
Taliesen West is now used for the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.
It is located in Scottsdale, Arizona. Honeycomb House : Honeycomb House Also known as Hanna House
First non-rectangular structure
This is said to be the first and best example of his new hexagonal design.
The design gave the home a look of a “Honeycomb” which is where the name came from. Beth Sholom Synagogue : Beth Sholom Synagogue In 1953, Wright designed the Beth Sholom Synagogue.
It is the only synagogue to be designed by Wright.
It has steep walls that resemble a mountain-like structure. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum : Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Wright designed the very popular Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum in Manhattan.
It is said that it took Wright 15 years and 700 sketches to complete the design for the Museum.
The building has been criticized because it is so artistic itself, that is may overtake some of the artwork within. Gammage Auditorium : Gammage Auditorium This was Wright’s last building that he designed.
It is located on Arizona State University’s campus in Tempe, Arizona. Death : Death Frank Lloyd Wright Died on April 9th, 1959. He had surgery four days prior to his death and was expected to fully recover. His outlook on architecture influenced many people across the world, especially his view on incorporating nature into his designs. He created 1,141 designs in his life, 532 which were finished works. He is probably one of America’s best architects to have ever lived.