Charlie Chaplin1

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Charlie Chaplin:“The Little Tramp” (Charlot) : 

Charlie Chaplin:“The Little Tramp” (Charlot)

Biography : 

Biography Charlie Chaplin, considered to be one of the most amazing stars of the early days of Hollywood, lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the Silent Film Era, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character: the man with the toothbrush moustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane and a funny walk.

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Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in Walworth, London, England on April 26th, 1889 and his parents were both music hall performers. Then, his father separated from his mother to perform in New York City. So, Chaplin’s mother tried to resurrect her stage career. Unfortunately, her singing voice had a tendency to break at unexpected moments and, in these moments, the stage manager putted the little Charlie, with only five years old at the stage to sing a popular tune. So, because of all these things of the career of their mother, Charlie and his half-brother, Syd Chaplin (born Sydney Hawkes), spent their lives in and out of charity homes and workhouses and between their mother's bouts of insanity. Chaplin began his official acting career at the age of eight, touring with The Eight Lancashire Lads. At eighteen he began touring with Fred Karno's vaudeville troupe, joining them on the troupe's 1910 US tour. He travelled west to California in December 1913 and signed on with Keystone Studios popular comedy director Mack Sennett, who had seen Chaplin perform on stage in New York. Charlie soon wrote to his brother Syd, asking him to be his manager.

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While that, at Keystone, Chaplin appeared in and directed thirty-five (35) films, starring as the Little Tramp in nearly all. In November 1914 he left Keystone and signed on at Essanay, where he made fifteen (15) films. In 1916, he signed on at Mutual and made more twelve (12) films. In June 1917 Chaplin signed up with First National Studios, after which he built his own studio, The Chaplin Studios. In 1919 he and Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and D.W. Griffith formed The United Artists (UA). Chaplin's life and career was full of scandal and controversy. His first big scandal was during the First World War, during which time his loyalty to England, his home country, was questioned. He had never applied for US citizenship, but claimed that he was a "paying visitor" to the United States. Many British citizens called Chaplin a coward. Then, the FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover and some people on the House Un-American Activities Council (HUAC), started to believe that he was injecting Communist advertising into his films.

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Chaplin's later film The Great Dictator (1940), which was his first "talkie", also created lots of stir. In the film, Chaplin plays a humorous caricature of Adolf Hitler. Some people thought the film was poorly done and in bad taste. However, it grossed over $5 million and earned five Academy Award Nominations. Another scandal occurred when Chaplin briefly dated with Joan Barry, a girl with 22 years old. However, Chaplin's relationship with Barry came to an end in 1942, after a series of harassing actions from her. In May of 1943 Barry returned to inform Chaplin that she was pregnant, and she clamed that the unborn child was his. During 1944, blood tests proved that Chaplin was not the father, but at that time blood tests were inadmissible evidence and he was ordered to pay $75 a week until the child turned 21.

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Chaplin was also scrutinized for his support in aiding Russia against the invading Nazis during The Second World War, because the USA government questioned his moral and political views, suspecting him of having Communist ties. For this reason HUAC subpoenaed him in 1947. However, HUAC finally decided that it was no longer necessary for him to appear for testimony. Conversely, when Chaplin and his family travelled to London in 1952, he denied the re-entrance to the United States. So, he and his wife decided to settle in Switzerland, instead. In contrast to many of his boisterous characters, Chaplin was a quiet man who kept to himself a lot. He also had an "un-millionaire" way of living. Even after he had accumulated millions, he continued to live in shabby accommodations.

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In 1921, Chaplin was decorated by the French government for his outstanding work as a filmmaker, and was elevated to the rank of Officer of the Legion of Honour in 1952. In 1972, he was honoured with an Academy Award for his "incalculable effect in making motion pictures, the art form of the century." In 1975, the England's Queen, Elizabeth II knighted him. Chaplin's other works included musical scores he composed for many of his films. He also authored two autobiographical books, "My Autobiography" in 1964 and its companion volume, "My Life in Pictures" in 1974. Chaplin died of natural causes while he was sleeping on December 25th, 1977, at his home in Switzerland. In 1978, Chaplin's corpse was stolen from its grave and was not recovered for three months; he was re-buried in a vault surrounded by cement.

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Charlie Chaplin was considered one of the greatest filmmakers in the history of American cinema, whose movies were and still are popular throughout the world, and have even gained notoriety as time progresses. He is considered the King of The Silent Film Era and he really is because no one had ever bring so much things to the cinema as Charlie Chaplin. His films show, through the Little Tramp's positive outlook on life in a world full of chaos, that the human spirit has and always will remain the same.

Similarities within the Chaplin Comedies : 

Female Similarities Most of Chaplin comedies had many similarities among them. The first similarity was how the female characters were portrayed. Women in these comedies were often portrayed as feeble, weak, gullible, dependent, and not able to stand up for themselves. Male Similarities The second similarity between these three comedies is how the men are portrayed. Often times, the men are the stronger characters. The hero is always a small kind fellow who is broke and the villain is always portrayed as a gigantic bully. Another similarity is the way in which the hero always triumphs the villain; he uses comedy and brains to win. Similarities within the Chaplin Comedies

Movies : 

Movies Twenty Minutes of Love (1914)Those Love Pangs (1914)The Star Boarder (1914)Recreation (1914)The Property Man(1914)The Masquerade (1914)Mabel's Strange Predicament (1914)Mabel's Married Life (1914)Mabel's Busy Day (1914)Mabel at the Wheel (1914)Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914) His Trysting Place (1914)His New Profession (1914)His Musical Career (1914)Her Friend the Bandit (1914)Getting Acquainted (1914)Gentlemen of Nerve (1914)The Fatal Mallet (1914)The Face on the Bar Room Floor (1914)

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Cruel, Cruel Love (1914)Caught in the Rain (1914)Caught in a Cabaret (1914)A Busy Day (1914)Between Showers (1914)Making a Living (1914)A Film Johnnie (1914)Tango Tangles (1914)His Favorite Pastime (1914)The Knockout (1914)Laughing Gas (1914)The Rounders (1914) The New Janitor (1914)Dough and Dynamite (1914)His Prehistoric Past (1914)Tillies Punctured Romance (1914)Mixed Up (1915) His New Job (1915)A Night Out (1915)The Champion (1915)In the Park (1915)A Jitney Elopement (1915)

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The Tramp (1915)By the Sea (1915)Work (1915)A Woman (1915)The Bank (1915)Shanghaied (1915)A Night in the Show (1915)Charlie Chaplin's Burlesque on Carmen (1915)Charlie Chaplin's Burlesque on Carmen (1916)The Floorwalker (1916)Police (1916) The Fireman (1916)The Vagabond (1916)One A.M. (1916)The Count (1916)The Pawnshop (1916)The Essanay-Chaplin Revue of 1916 (1916)Behind the Screen (1916)The Rink (1916)Easy Street (1917)

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The Cure (1917)The Immigrant (1917)The Adventurer (1917)A Dog's Life (1918)The Bond (1918)Shoulder Arms (1918)Sunnyside (1919)Day's Pleasure (1919) Il Monello (1921)The Nut (1921)The Idle Class (1921)Pay Day (1922)Hollywood (1923)The Pilgrim (1923) Souls For Sale (1923) The Gold Rush (1925)The Circus (1928)Show People (1928)City Lights (1931)Modern Times (1936)The Great Dictator (1940)Monsieur Verdoux (1947)Limelight (1952)King in New York (1957)A Countess from Hong Kong (1967)

The Great Dictator : 

The Great Dictator This is Chaplin’s first dialogue picture, The Great Dictator (1940), has I have already told. This was an act of defiance against German dictator, Adolf Hitler and the Nazism, filmed and released in the United States one year before it abandoned its policy of isolationism to enter in The Second World War. Chaplin played the role of a Nazi dictator, "Adenoid Hynkel", Dictator of Tomainia, clearly modeled on Hitler. The film also showcased comedian Jack Oakie as "Benzino Napaloni", dictator of Bacteria, which was a copy of the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, and the Fascism.

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Paulette Goddard (who would be Chaplin’s third wife) filmed with Chaplin again (Modern Times, Regency and Russian Opinion) depicting a woman in the ghetto. The film was seen as an act of courage in the political environment of the time, both for its ridicule of Nazism and for the portrayal of overt Jewish characters and the depiction of their persecution. Chaplin played both the role of Adenoid Hynkel and also that of a look-alike Jewish barber cruelly persecuted by the Nazis. The barber physically resembles Chaplin's Tramp character, but is not considered to be the Tramp. At the conclusion, the two characters Chaplin portrayed swapped positions through a complex plot, and he dropped out of his comic character to address the audience directly in a speech.

The Little Tramp (Charlot) : 

The Little Tramp (Charlot) His Way of Walk The way of Charlot’s walk is unmistakable. It is marked by feet turned out, separated knees and a irregular way to move, which are accompanied by the movement of his walking stick. His Clothes His typical clothes are a very short coat, large and deformed trousers and leaky shoes, all in black tones.

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His Walking Stick Charlot’s irregular way of move is accompanied by the swing of his walking stick, a fundamental element of Chaplin’s character. His Jacket Charlot’s jacket is always buttoned wrongly, as if it was dressed quickly, in a critic to the elegant clothes of that time. His Hat After the first movies, where he used to use a cylindrical hat, Chaplin adopts to Charlot the unmistakable black bowler hat. His Face Charlot’s face has a make-up very obvious, with a face markedly white, which shows the famous moustache and the eyes and the eyebrows are showed with black pencil.

Videos : 

Videos Charlie Chaplin – The Table Ballet: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoKbDNY0Zwg Charlie Chaplin – The Great Dictator: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S0xDRd3s6Bw Charlie Chaplin – The Modern Times, Funny Song: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nYDZyceryYQ Charlie Chaplin – The Modern Times 1/9: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDnDaDYZ2AQ Charlie Chaplin – The Modern Times 2/9: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fyyt3JGGvk&feature=related Charlie Chaplin – The Great Dictator, Brams: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RFgkuTomwIs

Sources : 

Sources Internet: IMDB – http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000122/ Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chaplin Youtube – http://www.youtube.com

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THE END

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