logging in or signing up geography and history of ancient greece Raffaele Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 4362 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (2) Dislike it (0) Added: February 14, 2008 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 2 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: cruxcode (37 month(s) ago) wow! Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: ruiz_and (43 month(s) ago) Can I download? Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: princessirene (45 month(s) ago) can i download the presentation? Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: zaqqaz (60 month(s) ago) Can i dowland this presentation? Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript The Geography and History of Ancient Greece: The Geography and History of Ancient Greece Three important factors:: Three important factors: 1. The sea. Mediterranean influenced development The Adriatic on west, Aegean on east, Peloponnesian peninsula Many islands and coast of Asia were Greek2. The mountains: 2. The mountains Separated city-states (polis) from each other -- Encouraged diversity 3. The climate: 3. The climate Climate is “Mediterranean” Arid and hot in summer Cool and rainy in winter Cold and snowy in mountains Lifestyle affected by geography:: Lifestyle affected by geography: Outdoor lifestyle—marketplace, etc. Clothing simple Dryness made people live in villages for water Farming fairly easy – usually enough food for all Seafaring—fishermen and traders Traveled all over Mediterranean Lifestyle: Lifestyle Most Greeks were farmers, some craftsmen, fishermen Life hard and short – 35 yrs. Slavery was widely practiced Male-dominated society Women had no political rightsReligion gave rise to culture:: Religion gave rise to culture: Polytheistic – large pantheon of gods – the “Olympians” Gods represented natural forces and human behavior Anthropomorphic – “man-form”Survey of Greek History:: Survey of Greek History: Importance of archeology First Greek-like civilization was the Minoan – island of Crete Excavated by Sir Arthur Evans, 19th c. Minoan culture – c. 3000-1450 B. C. E.: Minoan culture – c. 3000-1450 B. C. E. Capital was Cnossos (Knossos) High level of culture Beautiful architecture, etc. From them comes legends of Theseus and the MinotaurMycenean Culture- 1600-1200: Mycenean Culture- 1600-1200 Conquered Minoans around 1400, capital was Mycenae People who fought the Trojan Wars (Iliad, Odyssey) Had an aristocractic form of gov’t – many small kingdoms Mycenae excavated by Heinrich Schliemann– 1870’s: Mycenae excavated by Heinrich Schliemann– 1870’s Also excavated Troy They had a written language Eventually conquered by northern invaders – the Dorians Greece enters the Dark Ages The Dark Ages—1100-700: The Dark Ages—1100-700 Primitive times—few foreign contacts Established their characteristic culture By 700 alphabet from PhoeniciansDark Ages: Dark Ages Homeric epics written (Troy falls in 1250 B. C.) --Iliad, Odyssey c. 800-700 B. C. Polis (city-states) are forming First Olympic games held 776 B. C. Age of Colonization/Expansion—700-500 B. C.: Age of Colonization/Expansion—700-500 B. C. Establishment of colonies all over Mediterraean Pan-hellenic Centers established – Olympia, Delphi, etc. “Hellenes”Delphi – dedicated to Apollo: Delphi – dedicated to Apollo “The navel of the world” People/polis consulted oracle about important questionsArt flourished in this age: Art flourished in this age Hesiod – Theogony (the birth of the universe and gods); Works and Days 700 B. B. Homer – Iliad and Odyssey— Tales of the Trojan wars The great heroes – Achilles, OdysseusTwo city-states emerged as leaders – Athens and Sparta: Two city-states emerged as leaders – Athens and Sparta Very different Athens a democracy Sparta a military dictatorship (Sparta conquered most of Peloponnesian peninsula in 500’s) Classical Era– 499-400 : Classical Era– 499-400 Greece reached her pinnacle of culture and power Athens military and cultural leader Flowering of art, architecture, philosophy, science Persian Wars begin Classical Era: Persian Wars begin Classical Era Series of battles from 490-479 B. C. led by Athens Little Greece conquers mighty Persia under Darius, Xerxes Battles such as Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis are still studiedClassical Age: Classical Age After war Delian League formed – controlled by Athens in extensive empire Purpose was to prevent Persia from returning Classical Era: Classical Era Often called “Age of Pericles” Supported extensive building in Athens Supported drama productions Athens colonized all overClassical Era ended by Peloponnesian War-431-404: Classical Era ended by Peloponnesian War-431-404 Other polis alarmed at Athens’ domination Sparta formed coalition Athens eventually defeated War extremely bloody and longSparta – Athens’ rival: Sparta – Athens’ rival A military dictatorship Warriors lived to fight, lived apart from families in barracks Sparta controlled surrounding peoples -- serfs Eventually defeated in 371The Fourth Century—399-300 : The Fourth Century—399-300 Era of political confusion Foreign wars/revolutions Great era for culture, philosophy flourished – era of Plato and SocratesSocrates, Plato, Aristotle: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle Each made his contributions Socrates Plato’s teacher Plato Aristotle’s teacher Socrates executed by Athens in 399 Rise of power in Macedonia : Rise of power in Macedonia Athens still the leader, but weaker Philip I of Macedonia extends power Athenian leaders warn of danger Battle of Chaeronea ends Greek independence, conquered by Philip and his 18 yr. old son Alexander Hellenistic Age – 336-30 B. C.: Hellenistic Age – 336-30 B. C. Alexander, the Great (336-323) conquered most of known world, extended Greek civilization Conquered as far as Persia, IndiaAlexander, the Great: Alexander, the Great Great military leader and ruler Was educated, student of Aristotle Reorganized govt’s of conquered areas, “Hellenized” these areasAfter Alexander’s death:: After Alexander’s death: Empire divided among generals Greece never independent again Greece culture continued to spread Rome conquers Greece in 30 B.C.Hellenistic Culture: Hellenistic Culture Greek art, drama, philosophy, literature, etc. continued to dominate Roman religion similar to Greek Greek culture influenced Christianity Hellenistic Art: Hellenistic Art More emotional, ornate than “Classical” More humanistic Some great contributions from this eraThe End: The End You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.