Developing a Healthy Lifestyle

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Developing a Healthy Lifestyle: 

Developing a Healthy Lifestyle Sheila Brown & Schaun Brown October 4, 2001

ALARMING TRENDS: 

ALARMING TRENDS Diets are falling short of the mark Desirable physical activity levels are not being met Obesity rates are skyrocketing Adult diseases are showing up in children Source: Changing the Scene, USDA.

Adverse CVD Risk Factor Levels in Children: 

Adverse CVD Risk Factor Levels in Children 27.1% Percent of children, aged 5-10, with 1 or more adverse CVD risk factor levels 60.6% Percent of overweight children, aged 5-10, with 1 or more adverse CVD risk factors levels Source: Freedman DS et al. Pediatrics 1999; 103:1175-82.

Percentage of US Youth who met Dietary Recommendations for Calcium Intake by Age and Sex,1988-94: 

Percentage of US Youth who met Dietary Recommendations for Calcium Intake by Age and Sex,1988-94 Males Females Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, CDC

Beverages Available in US Food Supply (Gallons/Person/Year): 

Beverages Available in US Food Supply (Gallons/Person/Year) Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Statistical Bulletin No. 939, 1997

Diet –Risk Factor for Three Leading Causes of Death: 

Diet –Risk Factor for Three Leading Causes of Death Heart Disease Cancer Stroke

Diet –Known Factor for:: 

Diet –Known Factor for: Diabetes High Blood Pressure Osteoporosis Iron Deficiency Anemia

Diabetes: 

Diabetes 7th leading cause of death in the US Approximately 30,000 children have Type 2 Diabetes

High Blood Pressure (HTN): 

High Blood Pressure (HTN) 1 in 4 adults have HTN Decrease sodium intake, increase physical activity, and maintain healthy body weight

Osteoporosis: Loss of Bone Mass: 

Osteoporosis: Loss of Bone Mass Low dietary intake of calcium during childhood/adolescence By Age 17---- 90% bone mass established By Age 21--- calcium no longer added to bones After Age 21— a steady loss of calcium begins.

Iron Deficiency: 

Iron Deficiency School age youths and female adolescents ---greatest risk of iron deficiency.

Iron Deficiency: 

Iron Deficiency One of the most prevalent Nutrition problems of children. Leads to shorten attention span, irritability, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. (National Health/Education Consortium)

Literally Growing Before Our Eyes!: 

Literally Growing Before Our Eyes! Obesity and overweightness — affects 10 million US Children Obesity-contributes to 300,000 deaths yearly Annual cost to health care system--$70 billion (US Sec. of Agriculture - Dan Glickman)

Obesity: 

Obesity Percentage of overweight children and adolescents - doubled in past 20 years. OBESE children - more likely to become obese adults.

How Do Children Become Obese?: 

How Do Children Become Obese? Increase in calories Decrease in physical activity

Dietary Guidelines for Americans-2000: 

Dietary Guidelines for Americans-2000 Aim for Fitness Build a Healthy Base Choose Sensibly

Guidelines: 

Guidelines Aim, Build and Choose------for good health. Written for healthy children > than 2 years old and for adults.

What can you do???: 

What can you do??? OFFER: grain products fruits and vegetables low fat dairy products lean meats, poultry and fish

Consider the following:: 

Consider the following: Serving large amounts of foods that are high in fat or have added sugars

GET MOVING !!!!!!: 

GET MOVING !!!!!! Get regular physical activity! Children and adolescents need 60 minutes per day

Physical Activities for Children and Teens: 

Physical Activities for Children and Teens Ride bicycle Walk Play tag Ride scooter PE class Dance Swim

Kid’s Activity Pyramid Source: Team Nutrition, USDA, September 2000. : 

Kid’s Activity Pyramid Source: Team Nutrition, USDA, September 2000.

Taylor School District: 

Taylor School District

Taylor School District: 

Taylor School District

Taylor School District: 

Taylor School District

Exercise… In School and Out: 

Exercise… In School and Out

“Food Works” http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/Educators/scholastic.html: 

“Food Works” http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/Educators/scholastic.html

Build a Healthy Base Let the Pyramid Guide Your Food Choices: 

Build a Healthy Base Let the Pyramid Guide Your Food Choices

Servings for Children, Servings for Older 2-6 years Children and Teen Girls: 

Servings for Children, Servings for Older 2-6 years Children and Teen Girls Grains Group-----6 Vegetable-----3 Fruit-----2 Milk-----2 Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs and Nuts-----2, for a total of 5 oz. Grain Group-----9 Vegetable-----4 Fruit-----3 Milk-----3 Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs and Nuts-----2 for a total of 6 oz.

What is your upper limit of fat for calories consumed?: 

What is your upper limit of fat for calories consumed?

What Counts as a Serving???: 

What Counts as a Serving??? 1 slice of bread ½ cup of pasta ½ cup of vegetables 1 medium apple 1 cup of milk 2 T. of peanut butter 2 oz of processed cheese

Plant Foods—Foundation of your Meals: 

Plant Foods—Foundation of your Meals Start with: A variety of whole grains Fruits Vegetables

Why Do Kids Need Calcium?: 

Why Do Kids Need Calcium? Strong Bones Reduces risk of Osteoporosis Keeps teeth strong and healthy

How Much Calcium Does A Child Need?: 

How Much Calcium Does A Child Need? 1-3 years old------------------500 mg 4-8 years old------------------800 mg 9-18 years old---------------1300 mg

Where is the Calcium?: 

Where is the Calcium? Examples: Yogurt---1 cup Milk----1 cup Orange Juice with added Calcium---1 cup Macaroni and Cheese---1/2 cup American Cheese-----2 ounces

Milk’s Package of Nutrients: 

Milk’s Package of Nutrients

What Kind of Milk is Best???: 

What Kind of Milk is Best??? Whole, Low-Fat, Fat-Free, and Chocolate Milk All have 300mg of Calcium per 8 oz. glass Each has a different amount of fat

Sources of Iron: 

Sources of Iron Enriched and whole grain breads Lean meats Cereals Spinach Cooked dry beans Shellfish

Choose a Variety of Grains Daily!!: 

Choose a Variety of Grains Daily!! Especially Whole grains— Brown Rice Oatmeal Popcorn Whole Wheat Enriched grains are a new source of folic acid

Choose a Variety of Fruits and Vegetables Daily!!: 

Choose a Variety of Fruits and Vegetables Daily!! Provides: Vitamins Minerals Fiber

Which Fruits and Vegetables Provides the Most Nutrients?: 

Which Fruits and Vegetables Provides the Most Nutrients? Vitamin A—orange vegetables, dark leafy green, orange fruits, tomatoes Vitamin C—Citrus fruits, broccoli, peppers, leafy greens, potatoes

Nutrients in Fruits and Vegetables: 

Nutrients in Fruits and Vegetables Folate: Cooked dry beans and peas, peanuts Oranges and orange juice Dark-green leafy vegetables, green peas Potassium: Baked white or sweet potato Bananas, apricots, prunes, orange juice, dry beans

Apple Mania? List the names of all the kinds of apples that you Remember!!!!: 

Apple Mania? List the names of all the kinds of apples that you Remember!!!!

Many Children Flunk Healthy Eating!!!: 

Many Children Flunk Healthy Eating!!! <15% school children eat recommended servings of fruit 30% consume recommended milk group servings Only 2% meet all recommendations of the Food Guide Pyramid

Choose Sensibly!!!!: 

Choose Sensibly!!!! Diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol Moderate intake of sugars Prepare foods with less salt

Know the Different Types of Fats!!: 

Know the Different Types of Fats!! Saturated Fats Unsaturated Fats Cholesterol

Food Choices Low in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol: 

Food Choices Low in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Select vegetable oils Choose lean meats Limit intake of high-fat processed meats Use egg yolks and whole eggs in moderation Select low-fat dairy products

Three Steps to Healthy School Meals: 

Three Steps to Healthy School Meals

Choose Beverages and Foods to Moderate Intake of Sugars~~: 

Choose Beverages and Foods to Moderate Intake of Sugars~~ Carbohydrates— simple sugars complex (starches and dietary fiber) Sugars can promote tooth decay— Bacteria Lack of exposure to Fluoride

Added Sugars!!!!!: 

Added Sugars!!!!! In the US, the #1 source of added sugar(s) is…... NON-DIET SOFT DRINKS How much sugar is in one 12 oz regular soft drink???? Answer: 9 teaspoons

Check Label for Added Sugars!!!: 

Check Label for Added Sugars!!! Look for these words:

Choose and Prepare Foods with Less Salt~~~~: 

Choose and Prepare Foods with Less Salt~~~~ 2400 mg of Sodium per day Approximately 1-1 ¼ teaspoon per day

yourSELF http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/Educators/yourself.html: 

yourSELF http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/Educators/yourself.html

Steps to Develop a Healthy Lifestyle!!!!: 

Steps to Develop a Healthy Lifestyle!!!! Make a list of ways that you can influence the lifestyle of your students.

Project: 

Project Develop two (2) lessons. One should focus on exercise and one should focus on healthy eating. Lessons must be taught to a specific classroom or grade level.

Project: 

Project Name of topic Objective (what do you expect to accomplish?) Who will you teach? What will you teach? When will it be taught? Results (how many were reached, how was the lesson received?) Resources used to prepare the lesson. (Deadline for completion—December 4, 2001.)

Lessons: 

Lessons Mail copies of both lessons to: Sheila Brown Arkansas Dept of Education 2020 West Third, Suite 404 Little Rock, Arkansas 72205 Telephone—501-324-9502

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